Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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161 kb

EFFECTIVENESS OF PROBIOTIC CULTURES AND THEIR CONSORTIUM ON THE MODELS OF EXPERIMENTAL INTESTINAL DYSBACTERIOSIS

abstract 1602006001 issue 160 pp. 1 – 10 30.06.2020 ru 2
The article demonstrates the results of therapeutic and preventive effectiveness of the use of lactic acid bacteria – Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus parabuchneri in laboratory animals, in particular mice and rats. They were isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of a wild quail in experimental violation of the intestinal microbial background. Artificial imbalance of the intestinal microbiota of experimental animals was caused by the use of the antibiotic. As a result of tests it was established that the application of probiotic cultures improved microbial disorders of the gut, however, the use of their consortium in the probiotic promoted consistent clinical result characterized by an elevated level of representatives of the normal flora (lacto- and bifidobacteria) and reduction of the number of representatives of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microbiota, with subsequent achievement of a level characteristic of healthy animals
193 kb

TO THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF N. I. VAVILOV’S RULE ON HOMOLOGICAL SERIES IN HEREDITARY VARIABILITY

abstract 1602006002 issue 160 pp. 11 – 29 30.06.2020 ru 1
100 years ago, on June 4, 1920, 32-year-old Professor of the Saratov University Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov (1887-1943) first reported at the III all-Russian selection Congress at the University of Saratov on his discovery of homological series in the study of parallelisms in the phenomena of hereditary variability by analogy with homological series of organic compounds. This discovery in genetics received the rank of law, the only one after the laws of G. Mendel. This major study was a further development of the genetic idea of C. Darwin on the origin of species. It showed the ways in which close species and genera of plants have a parallel formative process, because the crucial in the process of evolutionary development of living organisms – first of all, their genetic features. In cases where the development of a trait requires the joint and consistent action of many genes, the occurrence of homological series is inevitable, and this does not contradict the random variability of C. Darwin. In addition to its great genetic significance as a law of evolution, the law of homological series in hereditary variability is of great importance for botanists, plant breeders and breeders: it not only determines the place of each form in the plant world, but can also indicate to the breeder possible directions in his practical work. According to a number of geneticists and breeders, if G. Mendel discovered the rules of heredity, then N. I. Vavilov discovered the rules of variability
257 kb

METHOD OF CALCULATION OF THE RESISTANCE MOMENT OF ROTATION OF THE TRACK MODULE ON THE RUBBER- REINFORCED TRACK

abstract 1602006003 issue 160 pp. 30 – 38 30.06.2020 ru 2
In modern combine building over the past few years, there has been a trend towards increasing the productivity of machines and, as a consequence, their physical weight. However, as the weight of the combine harvester increases, the necessary condition for its movement in the field in the course of work is to meet the requirements for its support area. As a result, manufacturers have to increase the size and number of wheels of the machine. One solution to this problem is to replace the wheelset of agricultural machines with replaceable rubber track modules. In this case, the very principle of calculation of the main technical characteristics of the engine changes, and if we are talking about the drive axles of agricultural machinery, the calculation methods can be roughly approximated to the calculation of tracked machines with metal tracks. However, in the case of driven axles, there is an intersection in the calculation methods between the classic calculation of the wheel chassis and the calculation of the tracked chassis. The problem is that the tracked chassis are not usually guided like the wheels, so the calculation methods need to be refined by introducing new evaluation criteria because of new power factors in the track module. The article proposes an alternative calculation model to calculate the maximum resistance torque of a track module on a rubber track
172 kb

THEORETICAL BACKGROUND TO THE SUBSTANTIATION OF LOADING A POTATO STORAGE CONTAINER

abstract 1602006004 issue 160 pp. 39 – 49 30.06.2020 ru 1
Today, the main goal of the State Program is to ensure food independence of Russia within the framework of the Food Security Doctrine, which includes accelerated import substitution, namely the creation of new technologies in the field of potato storage, which in turn will reduce the supply of agricultural products from abroad. But, despite the existing success, the problem of potato losses during transportation and storage still remains in the Russian Federation, comprising from 30% to 40% of the grown crop, in many cases, by the end of storage, losses reach 60%. This article describes a container for transporting and storing potatoes in storage. The disassembled container is transported to the place of loading of the product, where it is mounted and loaded with potatoes. When loading containers for storing potatoes in order to reduce damage, various types of shock absorbers are used. One of the simplest absorbers is the rubberized fabric belts, which are deflected between the opposite edges of the container. The location of the belts, their width and the distance between them will determine the passage of potato tubers when they are loaded. Successful implementation of the presented design will help reduce mechanical damage to tubers and increase the safety of agricultural products
155 kb

THE EFFECT OF THE “REGALIS” PREPARATION ON THE FORMATION OF ORGANS OF APPLE PLANTS AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THE GALA VARIETY ON THE ROOTSTOCK P 59

abstract 1602006005 issue 160 pp. 50 – 61 30.06.2020 ru 1
The work shows the effect of the Regalis preparation on the formation and biochemical composition of organs of apple tree plants (using the Gala variety as an example). Experiments were carried out in 2016-2019. Field experiments were carried out in JSC company "Agrocomplex" named after N.I. Tkachev in the Vyselkovsky district. Planting bookmark - 2007. Tree planting scheme 4.0 × 1.0 m., Irrigation - drip. The soil of the study area is ordinary chernozem (carbonate). It was found that under the action of treatments with the Regalis preparation significant changes are recorded in the structure of fouling wood and the area of the sheet apparatus. The use of a growth regulator helps to accelerate the completion of tree growth processes. This is evidenced by a decrease in the content of IAA in the tops of shoots, by 12% in comparison with the control. The “Regalis” had a significant impact on ensuring the stable fruiting of plants of the Gala apple tree. The annual one-three-time treatment of trees with this preparation in a dose of 1.25 kg / ha provided a stable increase in yield to 14.2-16.3 kg from one tree. Moreover, on average for four years, the best results were recorded in the variant with 2-fold treatment with Regalis (16.3 kg-tree). Further analysis of the yield and commercial qualities of the obtained fruits showed that two and three-fold processing contributed to the production of fruits from 38.5 to 40.8 t / ha, which is 10-11.7 t higher than the control, while increasing the yield of marketable fruits up to 13.3 - 14.0 tons
403 kb

APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE SPHERE OF SPECIALLY PROTECTED TERRITORIES OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1602006006 issue 160 pp. 62 – 72 30.06.2020 ru 2
Geographical information systems are currently considered to be one of the most technologically advanced ways to observe natural processes. In many industries, geoinformation systems have found their application and show a positive effect from implementation. This article discusses the features of their application in the field of specially protected natural territories. The structure is given in accordance with Federal and regional legislation, as well as quantitative characteristics of specially protected natural territories of the Krasnodar region. The article also describes advantages of using geoinformation systems for specially protected natural territories
134 kb

YIELD OF WINTER BARLEY OF VOLZHSKY PERVIY VARIETY DEPENDING ON DIFFERENT SOWING RATES

abstract 1602006007 issue 160 pp. 73 – 82 30.06.2020 ru 2
The article studies the effects of different sawing rates of witer barley on crop yield. The studies were conducted on the experimental field of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Education in the Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy at the Novinki training experimental establishment from 2015 to 2018 on light gray forest soils. The object of research was Volzhsky Perviy variety of winter barley. We studied different sowing rates: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 million germinating seeds per 1 hectare. The predecessor was clean fallow. On average, over 3 years of research, we observed the seeds field germination rate of 84.0-84.5%. The survival rate of plants at harvest was quite satisfactory 51.4-69.3%. We have noticed that an increase in the seeding rate from 2 to 7 million units / ha has led to a decrease in survival rate of plants by 17.9%. The highest grain yield in the experiment - 4.47 t / ha was obtained at a sowing rate of 6 million germinating seeds per 1 ha. An increase in the seeding rate from 2.0 to 7.0 million germinating seeds per 1 ha has led to an increase in the density of the productive stalk from 252 to 367 pcs / m2. The number of grains per spike in the study varied within a narrow range from 38 to 39 pieces, whereas the weight of 1000 grains varied from 32.7 to 33.8 g. We observed high spike productivity from 1.260 to 1.303 g due to the high number of grains per spike. Volzhsky Perviy variety of winter barley, showed good tillering ability when cultivated in the conditions of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The coefficient of total tillering capacity varied from 2.03 to 2.78, whereas the productive tillering capacity varied from 1.99 to 1.42
154 kb

THE STUDY OF THE BACTERICIDAL AND DISINFECTING EFFECT OF THE “HYPONATE BPO” PREPARATION IN RELATION TO THE VEGETATIVE MICROFLORA

abstract 1602006008 issue 160 pp. 83 – 94 30.06.2020 ru 2
Protection of farm animals from diseases remains one of the priority tasks for veterinary practice. A healthy animal is the key to obtaining high sanitary quality of livestock products. Among the veterinary-sanitary and organizational-economic measures carried out for the prevention and control of infectious diseases, disinfection is of particular importance. In the laboratory of veterinary and sanitary expertise of VNIIVSGE-branch of the Federal State Budget Scientific Institution Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, a new composite preparation “Hyponatum BPO” has been developed and is being tested. The studies found that the "Hyponat BPO" has a high disinfecting effect against gram-positive and gram-negative vegetative microflora, located on surfaces of various materials (wood, concrete, tile, stainless steel, plastic), both with the presence of protein protection, and without it
417 kb

A DEVELOPED DECISION-MAKING ALGORITHM IN INTELLIGENT CONTROL SYSTEMS BASED ON THE ASC-ANALYSIS AND THE “EIDOS” SYSTEM

abstract 1602006009 issue 160 pp. 95 – 114 30.06.2020 ru 4
Traditionally, control decisions are made by solving repeatedly the forecasting problem for different values of control factors and choosing a combination of them that ensures the transfer of the control object to the target state. However, real control objects are affected by hundreds or thousands of control factors, each of which can have dozens of values. A complete search of all possible combinations of values of control factors leads to the need to solve the problem of forecasting tens or hundreds of thousands or even millions of times to make a single decision, and this is completely unacceptable in practice. Therefore, we need a decision-making method that does not require significant computing resources. Thus, there is a contradiction between the actual and the desired, a contradiction between them, which is the problem to be solved in the work. In this work, we propose a developed algorithm for decision-making by solving the inverse forecasting problem once (automated SWOT analysis), using the results of cluster-constructive analysis of the target states of the control object and the values of factors and a single solution of the forecasting problem. This determines the relevance of the topic. The purpose of the work is to solve the problem. By decomposing the goal, we have formulated the following tasks, which are the stages of achieving the goal: cognitive-target structuring of the subject area; formalization of the subject area (development of classification and descriptive scales and gradations and formation of a training sample); synthesis, verification and increasing the reliability of the model of the control object; forecasting, decision-making and research of the control object by studying its model. The study uses the automated system-cognitive analysis and its software tools (the intelligent system called "Eidos") as a method for solving the set tasks. As a result of the work, we propose a developed decision-making algorithm, which is applicable in intelligent control systems. The main conclusion of the work is that the proposed approach has successfully solved the problem
223 kb

TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER MODELS BETWEEN THE DEFENSE AND CIVIL SECTOR OF ECONOMY

abstract 1602006010 issue 160 pp. 115 – 129 30.06.2020 ru 2
The article considers the problem of increasing the efficiency of budget expenditures due to the transfer of military technology to the civilian sector of the economy. An analysis of foreign experience has shown that private companies are widely involved in a number of states to solve some of the infrastructure problems in the military sphere. In the USA, private companies provide communications and provide other information services to state power structures, which makes it possible to develop private business on the one hand and save budget expenses on the other. An analysis of domestic experience has shown that the use of military technologies for the production of civilian products and services in some cases can significantly save time and other resources. A model for the interaction of civilian companies with the defense complex and a diffusion model of military technologies have been developed. The article proposes creation of new structures that solve the problems of adapting military technologies to the requirements of civilian customers, as well as a database of adapted technologies and a technical investment center that supports small and medium-sized enterprises in the acquisition of equipment and technical documentation. The authors believe that the approaches proposed in the article to solving the problem of technology transfer will stimulate innovative activity in the country, reduce import dependence and increase the efficiency of budget expenditures
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