Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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183 kb

TO THE PROBLEM OF LEGISLATIVE REGULATION OF RULES OF COMMISSION OF NOTARIAL ACTIONS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1051501060 issue 105 pp. 980 – 998 30.01.2015 ru 734
The article defines several theoretical and practical issues of the execution of the notaries actions based on the comprehensive review of the norms of the effective legislation on notaries, drafts of Federal Law “On notary and notaries service in the Russian Federation”, and legal practice
466 kb

OPTIMIZATION OF GRAPE GROWING TECHNOLOGY BASED ON USING THE METHOD OF YIELD PROGNOSIS

abstract 1051501061 issue 105 pp. 999 – 1033 30.01.2015 ru 581
The article highlights the questions of preliminary determination of the yield of vineyards, grape harvest prediction method to determine the optimal length of fruit cutting of shoots and load bushes wintering eyes, kidneys examined productivity index wintering buds (CP), which shows how many inflorescences have an average for each left eye escape when cutting to length, including the dead. It was found that the yield of grapes has a great influence the degree of differentiation of inflorescence of rudiments in the central buds overwintering buds. From the moment of laying the harvest of grapes in hibernating little eyes in the form of embryonic inflorescences until commercial harvest takes two growing seasons. During this period the generative organs of grape plants are affected by many factors of the environment. Heterogeneity was found of buds along the length of one-year matured shoots. It is expressed in the fact that many grape varieties fruitfulness buds at the base of the shoot are much lower compared with upstream eyes. A certain death of wintering buds (primarily, the main kidney) at the end of the growing season, before the autumn frosts. The main reason for the death of buds during the growing season - from defeat fungal diseases. Taking into account the percentage of deaths of buds proposed a new exponent forming embryonic kidney main inflorescence - productivity index of buds by the ratio of embryonic stems to the number of buds, including the dead. Thus, annual forecasting of grape harvest next year to cutting the bushes by the proposed method makes it possible to scientifically establish the optimal cut length of shoots and fruit load on the bush eyes. This helps to realize directly the potential of each variety and vineyard site and get maximum yields even in years with low fruit tab formations
163 kb

PEAR AS A SOURCE OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES FOR PRODUCTS OF FUNCTIONAL PURPOSES

abstract 1051501062 issue 105 pp. 1034 – 1045 30.01.2015 ru 651
Biochemical quantitative and qualitative indices of pear fruit have been investigated in six varieties of pears grown in Prikybanskoy horticultural zone of the Krasnodar region. The investigation has been done with pear fruit in the stage of maturity for harvesting and after 90 days after storage in refrigerator. Quantitative content of dry matter, sugars, vitamins C and P and fraction pectin content in fruits and squeezing of fruits as well as changes in the process of storage have been established
335 kb

ECONOMIC-BIOLOGICAL FEATURES AND EXTERIOR MAINTENANCE OF YOUNG CATTLE IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1051501064 issue 105 pp. 1046 – 1074 30.01.2015 ru 564
In the Krasnodar region there is a unique gene pool of animals both for dairy and meat. To assess the heifers the authors formed five experimental groups of animals, the most common species in the region. The authors studied the main economic, biological and exterior features: live weight, measurements, assessment of the exterior. The studies found that among intensive species with the largest body weight throughout the growing period, in 8-month old Charolais heifers superior Simmental ones at 17.4 kg. In one year old Simmental heifers were 9.2 kg (R˂0,05) ahead of Charolais and in 15 months – 10 kg (R˂0,05). Over the entire period of growth the highest rates of relative growth rates of heifers were obtained by red steppe breed type named Kuban, which had an advantage over the Aberdeen-Angus – 19.1%, Charolais – 5.6%, Hereford – 6.2%, and the difference between them and Simmental weren’t fixed. When growing, the animals become less tall, more stretched, wide and massive. We have noted that during the period of cultivation we had increased indices: stretch (9% – Red Steppe, 13.8% – Charolais, 16.1% – Hereford); chest (5.4% Aberdeen Angus). This reduces the index of long legs of red steppe – 5.6%, 10.9% for Charolais. The study of linear growth of animals confirms that the animal meat breeds of live weight increase was due to the extension of the body and increase the width of the pelvis and chest. Some different facts were observed in heifers of Red Steppe breed. For them, the most characteristic increase in the width of the chest was 1.44 times, as well as increasing the depth of the chest and chest girth behind the shoulders
326 kb

PECULIARITIES OF NON-INFECTIONAL ARTHRITIS IN GROWING POULTRY IN AN INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1051501065 issue 105 pp. 1075 – 1097 30.01.2015 ru 897
The problem of industrial poultry farming is the emergence of a growing birds’ arthritis. Inflamed joints are usually seen in poultry and accompanied by the inability to take food and water. The most characteristic of this problem in broiler chickens, young chickens of egg cross, i.e. birds of a short period of use. This is the reason for their rejection of the herd. Culling chickens are 10%, which furthermore reduces the total amount of livestock and leads to a reduction in the cost-effectiveness of growing birds. The analysis of our data gives a reason to believe that the main reason for culling poultry is acute inflammation of the joints or arthri-tis. According to the authors to ensure optimal rearing program, which should include the prevention of premature retirement of birds not only due to infectious diseases, but also the prevention of metabolic disorders and the exclusion of factors that could cause disruption of immunological reactivity. Currently, this program needs to be improved, which is particularly important in relation to vaccine pre-vention
311 kb

INFLUENCE OF IMMUNIZATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNAL ORGANS OF YOUNG EGG HENS

abstract 1051501066 issue 105 pp. 1098 – 1121 30.01.2015 ru 729
Assessment of the nature of the impact of preventive immunization of growing chickens on the results of cultivation and state agencies involved in immune reactivity is the first step in finding ways to eliminate the negative effects of immunization. The results show that the healthy birds posses two sharp peaks of exceeding norms by weight of the liver – aged 50 days and 84 days - more than 20%. Spleen weight at the age of 40 days exceeds 20%, and 50 days shows the greatest deviation from the norm. In the future, the relative weight of the spleen de-creased, and 84 days of age comes into compliance with the norm. The most significant change in the relative weight of the spleen and liver of poultry is set at the age of 50 days. The authors attribute this fact with a forced need to implement an immune response in a specified bodies accumulating overload antigenic incentives
956 kb

INDIGENOUS GRAPE VARIETIES OF THE REPUBLIC OF ABKHAZIA

abstract 1041410001 issue 104 pp. 1 – 23 30.12.2014 ru 945
The article gives an overview of the results of studies on indigenous grape varieties of the Republic of Abkhazia and the identification of their agro-biological characteristics
3472 kb

PIST – IS THE NEWEST BLACK BERRY WINE GRAPE VARIETY WITH COLORED FLESH AND JUICE, FOR THE PRODUCTION GLOBAL BENEFIT RED WINES

abstract 1041410002 issue 104 pp. 24 – 42 30.12.2014 ru 993
Newest technical black berry variety named Piste (“Faith” in Greek) with colored flesh and juice breeded at Athens Institute of Viticulture (Greece) by researchers Zamanidi P., L. Troshin and P. Radchevskii in 2007 by crossing the Greek varieties Afoos (Mavrodafni x Alicante Boucher) with Ukrainian variety Odessa black (Alicante Bouchet x Cabernet Sauvignon). Duration of production period is 146-155 days. Growth of shoots is strong (2,1-3,0 m). The percentage of productive shoots is more than 90. The yield is very high: 25-30 t / ha. The average weight of clusters is 250 g. It can be characterized by high winter hardiness, drought resistance and increased resistance to fungal diseases in comparison with varieties of Vitis vinifera. Flower is hermaphrodite. Cluster is medium, conical, sometimes with wings, medium density. Berry is small, round, blue-black color with a thick waxy coating. The skin is medium thickness, dense and durable. Pulp and juice are intensely colored. Very high sugar content. Variety is intended for the production of intensely colored dry red wines of excellent class, as well as high-quality sparkling wines, dessert, sweet and liqueur wines; suitable for the manufacture of high-quality strong colored juices. When used in blends with other varieties enhances color, full flavor and enhances the bouquet of the wine
165 kb

THE METHOD FOR HYPOTHESIS TESTING BASED ON SET OF SMALL SAMPLES AND ITS APPLICATION IN THE THEORY OF STATISTICAL CONTROL

abstract 1041410003 issue 104 pp. 43 – 57 30.12.2014 ru 818
We have proposed the method for testing of independence of two alternative variables on the basis of statistics of non-numeric data. The method is aimed at application in problems of statistical quality control. Testing of independence is based on set of small samples, i.e., in the Kolmogorov’s asymptotics, when the number of unknown parameters of the distribution increases in proportion to the data size
257 kb

ABOUT THE METHODOLOGY OF STATISTICAL METHODS

abstract 1041410004 issue 104 pp. 58 – 85 30.12.2014 ru 913
The purpose of the article - to justify the need to develop the methodology of statistical methods as an independent scientific direction. The models of mathematician and applied specialist are presented. We have obtained the conclusions on teaching and research and discussed five major unsolved problems of statistical methods: the effect of deviations from the traditional prerequisites; use asymptotic results for finite sample sizes; selecting one of the many specific tests for the hypothesis; organization of theoretical work in the field of statistical methods; conduct applied research and teaching of statistical methods
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