Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Tsatsenko Lyudmila Vladimirovna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

Web site url

Email

t-lemna@yandex.ru


Articles count: 62

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1010 kb

SOVIET PORCELAIN AS A RESOURCE OF INFORMATION IN THE COURSE OF "HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF SCIENTIFIC AGRONOMY"

abstract 1091505029 issue 109 pp. 500 – 511 29.05.2015 ru 759
The article focuses on the forms of transmission of knowledge in agronomy. We can separate verbal or word form, literary, through books and visual, through the works of art. In this regard, the porcelain is treated as a separate independent resource of information on the history of agriculture in the period from 1917 to 1975. In the study of the history of the popularization of agronomic knowledge in Russia we included visual images of porcelain taken from the catalogues of private collections, books, photographs of exhibitions and illustrations. As a tool of the analysis method we used sketches and visual notes. This article has a brief review of the history of the development of porcelain in our country and we have emphasized the Soviet propaganda porcelain. In the studied period we were highlighting another distinct type of porcelain - peasant porcelain, where the focus was on the images of life and living conditions of rural workers. In the database of images we included the works of leading artists such as N. Dan'ko, V. Kuznetsov, S. Chekhonin, R. Vildie, Z. Kobyletska and many others. In the agitation porcelain there was a reflection of several areas: gathering fruit and vegetables; harvesting; a reflection of village life and rural life; exhibitions and fairs; the theme of work and leisure in rural production. Visual analysis of small forms on the example of images of harvesting showed the most common crops (grapes, cotton, tomatoes, apples, various vegetables). Image of fruits and vegetables are a documentary reflection of the history of spreading and introduction of a number of crops in different agroclimatic zones of the country. Thus, porcelain is one of the sources of information on the history of agriculture in our country, covering a certain period from 1917 to 1975, acting as a separate resource, which clearly reflects the bygone era
1581 kb

SOVIET POSTERS IN PROMOTING AGRONOMIC KNOWLEDGE

abstract 1071503097 issue 107 pp. 1493 – 1511 31.03.2015 ru 791
We attempt to combine professional agronomic knowledge with familiarity with graphic art presented in the form of a poster in the paper. The term "poster" is considered a large loose-leaf edition, combines visual and typographic elements and execute graphic communications. The main idea of the poster is to convey the information to the reader quickly and accurately. In the study of the material we have formed complex scientific and educational resources on the history of agricultural science, including the history of the popularization of agronomic knowledge. In our work, the poster is treated as an object of analysis, as the material of social and cultural analysis and as a tool to gather information on the development of agronomic knowledge through their visualization. In the course "History and methodology of scientific agronomy" one of the competencies of students is familiarity with the methodology popularization of agronomic knowledge, understanding of what is happening. In this regard, an attempt was made to consider the Soviet poster as a source of information on the development of scientific agriculture in the period from 1917 to 1980. The aim was to analyze the main events of this period, elements of the technology of agricultural production, species and varietal diversity of crops, as well as various events in the agricultural sector. The article considers four basic types of posters: promotional, political, instructional, scientific and educational. Each of these types of posters performs its function. The poster covered all stages of agrarian sector of the country, was a historical reflection of the Soviet period and always remained mobile, online and popular art form. Today, his role is small, because it has changed the ways of presenting information. However, its historical role unchanged, he has served as the Foundation of the modern advertising industry, including agronomic knowledge
596 kb

SPECIES DIVERSITY OF LONG GOURD LAGENARIA SICERARIA (MOLINA) STANDL

abstract 0951401039 issue 95 pp. 708 – 719 30.01.2014 ru 969
The issues of international spread of fruits of long gourd lagenaria and the introduction of it in culture are considered in the article. We have shown how to use it as a vegetable crop and considered varietal diversity of this species. The biological characteristics of lagenaria cultivation as vegetable plants, including peculiarities of the reproductive system have been marked. We have also considered the issues of cultivation and distribution of long gourd lagenaria (zycca) for food
366 kb

SPIKE PRODUCTIVITY IMPLEMENTATION IN COLLECTION SAMPLES OF WINTER SOFT WHEAT

abstract 1572003021 issue 157 pp. 282 – 292 31.03.2020 ru 22
The work is devoted to studying the productivity of an ear of winter soft wheat samples from the collection of the All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources named after N.I. Vavilov (VIR). The study attempted to conduct a pre-selection study of collection material on the elements of spike productivity. The concept of pre-selection research is based on the study of initial collection material according to given characteristics in order to identify the best genotypes for further use in breeding practice. In the analysis of the collection material, the following characteristics were used as indicators of spike productivity: length of the main spike (cm), number of spikelets in the main spike (pcs), number of grains in the main spike (pcs), grain weight from the main spike (g), 1000-kernel weight (g). Plant height was one of the basic indicators of the studied material, because a number of samples differed in alleles of short-stem genes. According to the results of two years of research, according to the indicator «1000-kernel weight», the varietal sample Cologna lunga razza 188 (Italy) was identified as 71,20 g. According to the indicator «number of grains in an ear», the varietal sample Fenotipo 1 (Italy) was 57,3 g. Also according to the totality of indicators, the varietal sample Kaloyan (Bulgaria) with an average of two years of research with a 1000-kernel weight – 51,77 g, the number of grains in an ear – 51,6 pcs. and a mass of grains per ear – 2,71 g.
200 kb

STUDY OF PRODUCTIVITY OF MAIN EAR OF THE LANDRACE VARIETIES OF WINTER WHEAT

abstract 0981404069 issue 98 pp. 949 – 958 30.04.2014 ru 906
The article presents the results of study of the reproductive capacity of landrace varieties of winter wheat on the example of the chief of the ear. Analysis of sales productivity was conducted by the method of F. M. Kuperman. We have also considered the relation of actual productivity number formed flowers on the 6th stage of ontogenesis
182 kb

STUDY OF THE COLLECTION OF HYBRIDS OF TOMATO F1 WITH RESISTANCE TO POWDERY MILDEW FOR GROWING IN WINTER GLASS GREENHOUSES

abstract 1501906016 issue 150 pp. 143 – 155 28.06.2019 ru 120
Modern domestic tomato hybrid should be competitive with tomato hybrids of foreign selection. To create a model of a future hybrid, a collection of modern tomato hybrids of domestic and foreign selection presented on the seed market was investigated. During the study, a modern method of genetic study of the genotype of tomato Real-Time PCR was used. As a result of the study, a model of a modern tomato hybrid with tolerance to powdery mildew of tomato was described. In the future, it is planned to carry out breeding work to create such a hybrid. In the course of studying the F1 collection of tomato hybrids, it was found that the modern model of a tomato hybrid should have the following characteristics: a semi-vegetative type of growth with closely spaced internodes, early and medium ripening, a simple type of inflorescence with 4–5 fruits if the average weight of fruit is more than 200 grams; with 6–7 fruits weighing up to 150 grams for collection by tassels. High strength of fruits with the absence of concentric and radial cracking, suitable for long-distance transportation, is required. In the genotype of the modern hybrid model, in addition to tomato powdery mildew resistance (Oidiun lycopersici), it is necessary to have a complex of resistance genes to such diseases as tobacco mosaic virus (Tomato mosaic tobamovirus), Fusarium oxysporum, verticillosis wilt of the tomato; ), brown spot of tomato (Cladosporium fulvum). It is also desirable the presence of a gene of resistance to the yellow leaf curl virus of tomato (Tomato yellow leaf curl virus) and the gall nematode (Meloidogyne incognita)
204 kb

STUDYING THE REPRODUCTIVE POTENTIAL OF PLANTS OF BEZOSTAYA 1 WHEAT HAVING ADDITIONAL SPIKELETS ON THE LEDGE OF THE RACHIS

abstract 1201606046 issue 120 pp. 664 – 674 30.06.2016 ru 253
The article discusses the effect of additional spikelets in the variety of Bezostaya 1 on the realization of productivity of the examined plants. We traced the frequency of occurrence of multirov spikes and studied the effect of this phenomenon on the productivity and the main quantitative characteristics of the studied plants. The article demonstrates the structure distinction of productivity for abnormal and normal ears. Experience was one-way vegetation, planted in triplicate, time of experiment - 2013 - 2015 years. The study revealed that the most frequent was the emergence of 1-4 additional spikelets per spike. Some quantitative characters had a slight deviation, these include the number of spiked ledges on the kernek, spike length and plant height. To a large extent we increased the characteristic values such as the number of grains per ear, number of spikelets per spike, number of grains onto the ledge, head weight and the weight of grains spike. We significantly reduced weight of 1000 grains. It was revealed that more localized spikes were mostly in the middle, the most productive part of the ear. As a result, changes have affected not only the quantitative characteristics related to the productivity of the ear, but also its architectonic whole
469 kb

THE CARTOON «CHUDESNITSA» AS A RESOURCE OF INFORMATION OF THE HISTORY OF AGRICULTURE IN THE SOVIET PERIOD

abstract 1291705055 issue 129 pp. 746 – 757 31.05.2017 ru 179
In the article, the methods of representation, popularization and propagation of scientific achievements of agronomy in the Soviet period are considered. This topic may be interesting not only as an example of methods for educating young people about the current achievements of agriculture, but also serves as a valuable source of knowledge on the history of agronomy. This article considers the use of such of conveying information as a cartoon. Along with such forms of fine arts as: a poster, textiles, postage stamps and lacquer miniature, a cartoon is an example of data visualization. Having a background of an easy and sometimes jocular narrative, the necessary information is delivered to the viewer. After watching the cartoon, a person who is not previously acquainted with this issue will already have a general idea about it. A specialist, paying attention to details, is able to see and highlight the information necessary for himself, such as history and peculiarities of cultivation of the culture. In this article, as an example, we have considered the Soviet cartoon "Chudesnitsa." It tells about the appearance of corn in our country and the reasons for its sharply increased popularity. The article lists scenes of the cartoon that carry information directly on the history and technologies of agriculture, as well as on the accompanying industry. The effectiveness of this method of information transmission to people of all ages and professions is noted, as well as multitasking of its use in the educational program of specialists
1529 kb

THE HISTORY OF THE POPULARIZATION THE SCIENTIFIC AGRONOMY OF THE SOVIET PERIOD IN THE ARTISTICAL IMAGES

abstract 1301706039 issue 130 pp. 527 – 553 30.06.2017 ru 320
The article is devoted to the methods of popularization of knowledge on scientific agronomy that was used in the Soviet period. Methods of visual transmission of information such as postcard, badge, matchbox label, agitation poster, textiles and porcelain, as well as an animated film have been considered. The influence of these methods on the development of agriculture is shown. At the same time, the reverse process is also the effect of the progress and achievements of agriculture on the art of that time. Each method is unique and the article describes the scope and influence of each of them on the society of that time. An extensive database has been collected for each examined method and images analyzed in terms of the history of agronomy and technologies used in agriculture, as well as their use in the popularization of this sector. The use of such methods of information transfer in the present time is noted, both for solving such an urgent problem - increasing the prestige of agriculture, and in the educational process of specialists of this industry. The materials described in the article are recommended for introduction to the course "History and methodology of scientific agronomy". It is shown that the given resources could contain a large number of useful and even unique information, which makes them an object for collection, detailed study and structuring in databases
994 kb

THE INTERPRETATION OF THE ARTWORK AS A TECHNOLOGY LEARNING PROCESS IN THE SUBJECT AREA IN THE COURSE OF "HISTORY AND METHODOLOGY OF SCIENTIFIC AGRONOMY"

abstract 1091505080 issue 109 pp. 1154 – 1168 29.05.2015 ru 652
In the article on the example of the works of great artists we consider the image of the subject as an object for the study course of "History and methodology of scientific agronomy". The emphasis on the image as the object of study, in the modern world has become popular for several reasons. On the one hand - this is a documentary confirmation of events, the state of the object, and sometimes the only proof of a bygone era. On the other hand – the works of art is multifaceted information about the study area, recorded by the artist with a careful rendering of details, environment, transfer of colors, shapes. The presented approach, the interpretation of art paintings allows us to develop creative potential of students. During the learning process, we have formulated the criteria for material selection: the ability to collect material in accordance with the task; ability to define basic accents and navigate through all the work; the ability to compare the artwork with the selected research topic. The article discusses the experience of creating an electronic database of a library of electronic resources for students so they were able to obtain enough empirical information. It is shown that the created database provide information on: the history of development of agriculture of our country, types of rural labor in Russia, the history of gardens and floriculture, as a branch of agricultural production, tillage instruments, history of agriculture; plant care, history of plant introduction in Russia. The experience of creation of electronic resources through databases, allows the teacher to have a resource for organization rich intellectual environment of the educational process. The value of electronic databases on clusters is that they represent a logical collection of images
.