Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Chekrygin Val. V.

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 2

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THE INFLUENCE OF APPLE-TREE CROWN FORMING ON THE FRUIT QUALITY IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOOTHILL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION GARDENING

abstract 1511907023 issue 151 pp. 255 – 264 30.09.2019 ru 38
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of the conditions of the foothill horticultural zone of the Krasnodar region and the crown shape on the agrobiological characteristics of the growth and fruiting of apple trees of the Idared and Renet Simirenko varieties. The objects of the study are Idared and Rennet Simirenko, trees of winter apple varieties, grafted on MM 106 rootstock. Trees were planted according to the 5 × 3 m scheme; crown width 2.0 ... 2.5 m. Orientation of rows from east to west. The garden is located on the northern slope with a slope of 3 degrees. The scheme of experience: option 1 - sparse-tiered crown (control); option 2 - flattened crown. In the experiment there were 2 options, in each option 10 typical trees were taken. Repetition: tree - plot. The location of the experiment is the Abinsky district of the Krasnodar region. Agricultural records of growth and fruiting of apple trees were carried out according to generally accepted methods, statistical processing of research results was performed by the method of variance analysis described by B. Dospekhov. The results of our studies showed that when flattening crowns, the variety Idared increases the average weight of apples by 22.9%, the yield of fruits of the highest and first grade by 43.6%, the intensity of integumentary coloring of fruits in the peripheral zones increases by 1.44, and in the center crowns 2.7 times, compared with sparse-tier crowns. In the variety Renet Simirenko, the fruit weight increases by 8.9%, the yield of the highest and first grade fruits by 14.6%, the number of fruits with color by 18.7%. Thus, in apple orchards with a 7 x 4 m planting pattern (on MM106 stock) under the conditions of the foothill horticultural zone of the Krasnodar region, flattened tree crowns should be formed for the Aydared variety (aged 14-15 years), which significantly improves the quality of the products
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