Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Yablonskaya Yelena Karlenovna

Scholastic degree

Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Technological University
   

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Email

yablonskay@mail.ru


Articles count: 12

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307 kb

ECOLOGY-ECONOMICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE APPROPRIATENESS OF USING GROWTH REGULATORS, IMMUNIZERS AND ANTIDOTE OF HERBICIDES DURING GROWTH OF THE WINTER WHEAT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1101506080 issue 110 pp. 1205 – 1220 30.06.2015 ru 695
The article provides an overview of the phytosanitary condition of crops for 2011-2014 g in the Krasnodar region. In recent years, we can observe increasing of the crop losses from pests and diseases of plants. The using of different pesticides in intensive cultivation technologies of winter wheat can’t resist this. Pathogenic microorganisms acquire resistance to drugs used and become more aggressive. This creates a lot of environmental problems. Plants are almost always under environmental stress. However, it is impossible to refuse of pesticides. And they are not able to observe the immune system of the plant, and in some cases inhibit it. The present level of development of science has led to the emergence of new methods of plant protection, which is based on increasing of the capacity of the immune plants, rather than the destruction of pathogens, as in the case of the use of pesticides. We propose to apply so called "agrochemical cocktails"
152 kb

INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY OF THE INTEGRATED USING OF GROWTH REGULATORS, IMMUNIZERS AND ANTIDOTE HERBICIDES IN CULTIVATION OF WINTER WHEAT IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1101506079 issue 110 pp. 1194 – 1204 30.06.2015 ru 555
At present, the cultivation of agricultural products is on a level where the growth of productivity and quality is only possible by using the latest achievements of science. Scientists have been developing elements of agro-technologies of complex applications of growth regulators, fungicides and fertilizers in growing winter wheat, providing a significant increase in productivity and quality of agricultural products, reduction of labor costs, energy and all kinds of resources, sustainable harvesting, even in the zone of risky agriculture. Plant growth regulators have multifunctional properties, which are expressed in the regulation of plant growth and development, and in increasing their resilience to adverse weather conditions and many diseases. However, despite the fact that there are many examples of extremely high economic efficiency of plant growth regulators, in terms of production and use of pesticides are much inferior. Retardants and defoliants are used more widely. However, low rates of regulators and elicitors, the ability to manage with their help the growth and development of plants; change the resistance of plants to various external factors determines their prospects. We propose to apply the "agrochemical cocktails." It will induce the systemic plant resistance to the whole growing season, which is not possible in the case of using only one of the fungicides and bactericides. It is necessary to take into account the features of the functioning of the immune system of plants and to develop technological methods of influence on the key stages of the immune response of plants
322 kb

STABILIZATION OF MRNA CEREALS IN VITRO UNDER THE SILICON INFLUENCE

abstract 1321708056 issue 132 pp. 685 – 719 31.10.2017 ru 250
The differential stability of mRNA is an important mechanism for posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Messenger RNA stability is controlled by specific genes and growth conditions. The review examines the theoretical possibility of mRNA stabilization in vivo as a consequence of replacing carbon atoms (C) or phosphorus (P), composed of nucleic acid on the silicon (Si) atom. During isolation of poly-(A)+mRNA from plant tissues by the two-cycle affinity chromatography on poly-(U)-Sepharose, regular changes in poly- (A)++mRNA yield were observed. The changes varied both with the plant genotype and growth conditions. Celite treatment of heated and unheated total RNA preparations from developing corn kernels and from green and etiolated wheat seedlings. Messenger RNA that differed in the length of poly- (A)-sequences was used for hybridization. It is evident that a reduction of poly-(A)-length causes alterations in spatial structure of mRNA, and associated proteins and cations Mg++ become accessible to celite absorption. Heating promotes melting of secondary structure, already initiated, and increases the efficiency of mRNA stabilization by celite. Interpreting the facts interact celite with mRNA in vitro and stabilization of mRNA in vivo by cycloheximide with a modern point of view can be considered with the position research of the phenomenon of RNA interference
189 kb

STUDYING THE INFLUENCE OF FUROLAN, METHIONINE AND THEIR COMPOSITIONS ON THE WATER BALANCE AND ANATOMICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WINTER WHEAT LEAVES OF KRASNODARSKAYA 99VARIETY

abstract 1161602082 issue 116 pp. 1306 – 1321 29.02.2016 ru 539
The plant body cells must contain a certain amount of water for a normal life. Water deficiency in cultivated plants was due to using herbicides used in intensive technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops. The conditions of the environment determine the sensitivity of the plant to herbicide. Soil and climatic conditions of winter wheat grown in the time of herbicide treatment are important for the effectiveness of its actions. It was found, that plants grown under shade or high humidity are more sensitive to herbicides than ones grown in bright sunlight and in times of drought. During drought, and in the open sunny spot, plant development is faster and become more stable. On soils rich in humus, we may grow less herbicide-resistant plants than in soils poor in organic matter. Herbicides are moved through the vascular system of plants with nutrients and metabolic products, they cause general poisoning as deformation of the stem and leaves of the plants, growth inhibition, chlorosis, fragility of leaves and stems, sterility, reducing the amount of free to bound water, which is particularly important for combating perennial weeds that have strong and well-developed root system. Monocots are able to immobilize the leaf herbicides. Latency of herbicides and their immobilization are carried out in various ways. Elucidation of the physiological characteristics that determine the resistance of plants to water scarcity and the effects of the herbicides is the most important task, the solution of which is not only of great theoretical, but also has practical significance
168 kb

SYNTHESES AND STUDY THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY DERIVATIVES OF FURYL(PHENIL)PIRAZOLIL (PIRAZOLONIL)METANES, FURYL(PHENIL)IZOKSAZOLILMETANES AND 5-FURFURYL(BENZIL)-4,6-DIMETIL-2-OKSO-1,2-DIGIDRO-3-PYRIDINCARBONITRILES

abstract 0691105035 issue 69 pp. 418 – 430 30.05.2011 ru 1623
In this article the review about the results of syntheses of new derivatives of pyrasoles,I soxazoles and pyridines, containing furan fragment is given. New methods of the syntheses of material are offered and estimation of their biological activity is made
3337 kb

THE ANTIDOTE ACTIVITY OF FUROLAN AND METHIONIN COMPOSITION TO HERBICIDES 2,4-D

abstract 0961402058 issue 96 pp. 827 – 840 28.02.2014 ru 1027
The most important results of applying the composition of the matter which has antidote functions furolan and methionin against the herbiside 2,4-D are reviewed in this article
403 kb

THE APPLICATION OF EXOGENOUS ELICITORS IN AGRICULTURE

abstract 1091505087 issue 109 pp. 1235 – 1251 29.05.2015 ru 499
In recent years, there is an increasing in crop losses from pests and diseases of plants worldwide. The use of different pesticides in intensive cultivation technologies of winter wheat can not resist it. Pathogenic microorganisms acquire resistance to drugs used and become more aggressive. This creates a lot of environmental problems. Plants are almost always under environmental stress. In this state, they are immunodeficient. However, it is impossible to reject pesticides completely. But pesticides are not able to replace the immune system of the plant, and in some cases are suppressing it. The article provides an overview of commonly used exogenous elicitors. We discuss the most important results of the joint use of the composition of preparations of eliciting action which are furolan and methionine. The present level of development of science has led to the emergence of new methods of plant protection, which is based on increasing the capacity of the immune plants, rather than the destruction of pathogens, as in the case of the use of pesticides. The yield increase by the use of biogenic elicitors as immunizers from 10 to 30% depending on the year, the varieties of plants and especially on infectious pathogens. The elicitors are used for soil treatment, seed soaking and plants, spraying the plants during the vegetation
293 kb

THE APPLICATION OF FUROLAN PLANT GROWTH REGULATOR AND IMMUNIZER ON SUNFLOWER CULTIVATION IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607093 issue 121 pp. 1522 – 1544 30.09.2016 ru 355
Sunflower is one of the most important oilseed crops, which are of great economic importance in Russia and in the world. It is very adaptive crop in terms of climatic conditions range, for that reason it is cultivated on a vast territory of the Russian Federation in various weather conditions. Sunflower oil has high nutritional and taste qualities, it is used numerously in food and is applied in various fields of food industry. The biologically active linoleic acid, phosphatides and fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, which are of great nutritional value to humans, are contained in the oil. According to its calorific capacity, sunflower oil is on the first place among vegetable oils. Due to biological characteristics of sunflower, the Krasnodar region is the most favorable region of the Russian Federation for obtaining high and stable yields of this crop. However, here the drought is observed during the summer period and it affects adversely the productivity and quality of sunflower seeds. The increasing of resistance to unfavorable weather conditions is possible only based on detailed study of physiological features of productivity formation and seeds quality that is highly important task in view of the current geopolitical situation in Russia. One way of solving this issue is the appliance of the growth regulators, possessing anti-stress activity that improve the quality of sowing seeds and increase the productivity and plant resistance to stressful environmental factors. These drugs include growth regulator called Furolan, which was created in KubGTU and is certified for use in Russia. It is not toxic and is used in nano-dozes, there is no its residual quantities in the products and environment. Furolan has a positive effect on physiological and biochemical processes, improves the productivity of plants, their resistance to unfavorable growing conditions by increasing the resistance to dehydration as well as to the risk of fungal diseases
191 kb

THE ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMICAL EVALUATION OF FUROLAN TREATMENT IN SUNFLOWER CULTIVATION IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607092 issue 121 pp. 1504 – 1521 30.09.2016 ru 583
Sunflower is one of the most important oilseed crops, which are of great economic importance in Russia and in the world. It is very adaptive crop in terms of climatic conditions range, for that reason it is cultivated on a vast territory of the Russian Federation in various weather conditions. Sunflower oil has high nutritional and taste qualities, it is used numerously in food and is applied in various fields of food industry. The biologically active linoleic acid, phosphatides and fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K, which are of great nutritional value to humans, are contained in the oil. According to its calorific capacity, sunflower oil is on the first place among vegetable oils. Due to biological characteristics of sunflower, the Krasnodar region is the most favorable region of the Russian Federation for obtaining high and stable yields of this crop. However, here the drought is observed during the summer period and it affects adversely the productivity and quality of sunflower seeds. The increasing of resistance to unfavorable weather conditions is possible only based on detailed study of physiological features of productivity formation and seeds quality that is highly important task in view of the current geopolitical situation in Russia. One way of solving this issue is the appliance of the growth regulators, possessing anti-stress activity that improve the quality of sowing seeds and increase the productivity and plant resistance to stressful environmental factors. These drugs include growth regulator called Furolan, which was created in KubGTU and is certified for use in Russia. It is not toxic and is used in nano-dozes, there is no its residual quantities in the products and environment. Furolan has a positive effect on physiological and biochemical processes, improves the productivity of plants, their resistance to unfavorable growing conditions by increasing the resistance to dehydration as well as to the risk of fungal diseases
187 kb

THE HERBICIDES ANTIDOTES OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS (OVERVIEW)

abstract 0941310033 issue 94 pp. 460 – 479 27.12.2013 ru 1320
The extensive overview of the currently used herbicides antidotes of agricultural crops is reviewed in this article. The most important results are discussed and the technology of combined application is described
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