Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Romanyukin Alexander Egorovich

Scholastic degree

Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

All-Russia scientific research institute of grain crops of I.G. Kalinenko
   

Web site url

Email

vniizk30@mail.ru


Articles count: 2

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EFFECT OF HIGH FREQUENCY CURRENTS ON THE YIELD AND QUALITY INDICATORS OF SEEDS OF SPRING BARLEY VARIETIES OF PRIAZOVSKY 9

abstract 0681104037 issue 68 pp. 409 – 418 28.04.2011 ru 1981
The article reviews the results of studies on the effect of treatment of seeds before sowing currents of very high frequency (UHF) in a laboratory setting, "Khazar-2P on crop yield and seed quality spring barley Priazovsky 9 varieties
346 kb

ORIGIN OF SORGHUM AND DEVELOPMENT OF ITS BREEDING

abstract 1271703017 issue 127 pp. 281 – 294 31.03.2017 ru 835
Sorghum is cultivated in many countries of the world on around 50 ml hectares. The main producers of sorghum are India, Nigeria, Sudan and the USA. Sorghum comes from equatorial Africa. India and China are the secondary places of origin and formation. The USA achieved great success in breeding, seedgrowing and agro technologies of grain sorghum. In the country sorghum occupies 14.4% of the world amount of sowing areas; the gross yield is 40%. Sorghum breeding on Don was started by E.S. Yakushevsky in 1938. In 1963 after a long break the work was restarted at the Zernograd Breeding Station headed by Ya.I. Issakov. At present the amount of sowing areas for sorghum is constantly increasing in RF (220.3 thousand ha in 2015). It occurs due to aridity of climate and more frequent use of the crop as insurance. Besides, the development of white kernel varieties gave an opportunity to use sorghum for starch and spirit. There are 221 varieties and hybrids of sorghum registered in the State List. The main directions of breeding work with grain sorghum are early maturity, suitability for mechanical harvesting, productivity and grain quality. The ARRIGC developed the white kernel early maturing varieties ‘Velikan’, ‘Zernogradskoe 88’, ‘Ataman’ without necessity to be dried after harvesting, with productivity of 8 t/ha. The main directions of breeding work with sweet sorghum are early maturity, high intensity of initial growth, low height, resistance to lodging, high productivity and quality of green chop. The ARRIGC developed the varieties for fodder use (‘Listvenit’), for spirit and treacle (‘Debyut’ and ‘Zernogradsky Yantar’). Sorghum due to origin and varietal diversity even in dry and hot parts of the world allow obtaining stable, high yields of grain and green chop. This makes sorghum the leading grain-forage and food crop
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