Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Коnоnеnко Sergey Ivanovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
    North-Caucasus Research Institute of Animal
   

Web site url

Email

Kononenko@nm.ru


Articles count: 32

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226 kb

PRODUCTS OF PROCESSING OF RAPESEED IN FEEDING OF FARM ANIMALS AND POULTRY

abstract 1171603016 issue 117 pp. 284 – 304 31.03.2016 ru 160
In the current economic conditions of the import substitution, special importance is given to the search for new feed sources, methods of preparing them for feeding, the use of biologically active substances and enzymes. At the forefront of feed production is rape as breeding work with this culture has showed positive results. Currently, selectionists have bred yellow double-zero "00" varieties of rapeseeds free of erucic acid of "Canole" type, that have low glucosinolate level. The development of new and modern technology standards are required for preparation them for feeding, since they are fundamentally different from the previously used rapeseed varieties and have fewer restrictions for feeding to different types of farm animals and poultry. The article presents a fairly lengthy and reasoned review of the literature of a large number of authors on the topic, as well as given rapeseed market analysis, rational and advanced methods of preparing rapeseed processed products for feeding to young and adult animals. Much attention is paid to the use of a variety of biologically active substances and enzymes, which improve digestion and absorption of nutrients from rations with rapeseed processingproducts, increase productivity and reduce feed costs per unit of production. The use of processing products of rapeseed improves the profitability of livestock production. Feeding of rapeseedcake to cattle increases the protein content and volatile fatty acids in the rumen content, increases the number of infusoria and decreases ammonia levels. The inclusion of rape forage in diets of farm animals and poultry improves hematological parameters. Products of rapeseed processing of the varieties with low glucosinolatesa1re recommended for the rations of farm animals and poultry depending on the species, age and physiological state
262 kb

PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF TRITICALE IN FEEDING

abstract 1161602057 issue 116 pp. 821 – 849 29.02.2016 ru 659
In the decision to establish solid fodder resources in the arid parts of Southern Russia triticale should take its rightful place. It must be introduced instead of winter wheat, inferior to the yield, quality and output of nutrients per unit of area. It is necessary to maximize the potential of new varieties of winter triticale, as the productivity of animals largely depends on the varietal characteristics of the culture. Triticale has attracted special attention by its ability to exceed the parental forms on productivity and quality, and resistance to adverse soil and climatic conditions and the most dangerous disease is not inferior to rye. The generalized data of most researchers characterize triticale as a factor in increasing the productivity of animals and reducing the cost of feed per unit of output, although in some cases there is a negative trend in reduction of productivity by the replacement of cereal grain components for winter triticale. Due to the enrichment of compound feed with triticale grain by enzyme preparations and enzyme-probiotic supplements we can greatly increase productivity, digestibility of main nutrients, improve meat quality and reduce the cost of feed per unit of output. We can increase the productive effect of triticale grain by extrusion. In physiological metabolic experiments, it is found that by extruding of triticale grain the digestibility of the main nutrients is increased by 1.3-1.8%. Extruding of triticale before feeding promotes slaughter yield and increases the levels of protein in the muscle. The use of triticale in rations instead of wheat reduces the cost of the diet, the cost of the manufactured products and increases profitability. The study of achievements of scientists from various scientific organizations necessitates the further breeding work with the culture of triticale and requires the development of innovative technological methods that can help reduce the concentration of pentosans and beta-glucans in the grain
164 kb

HEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF PIGS WHEN USING YAKON TUBERS AND ADSORBENTS IN RATIONS

abstract 1151601004 issue 115 pp. 76 – 86 27.01.2016 ru 372
Under the current conditions, it is very important to boost the production of pork and improve its sanitary and hygienic quality for the successful handling of problems subjected to import substitution of meat products. This can be reached by means of strengthening of food reserve. For that purposes, in the frame of two experiments yacon tubers in combination with enzymatic agent protosubtilin GZx have been introduced in the intakes of fattening pork stores instead of fodder beat, and various doses of carbitox adsorbent have been additionally added when superfluous background of heavy metals was observed. During the 1st experiment, the substitution of fodder beet with the similar quantity of yacon tubers has allowed the animals of experimental group to outweigh the ones from the control group on 7,5% in the terms of gross formation of body weight, and to gain 100 kg of body weight for 7 days ahead of the animals from control group as well. Additionally, fodder costs per product have been reduced and the morphological and biochemical values of animals blood have been optimized. Based on the data from 2 nd experiment, it has been defined that the better dose for feeding of adsorbent carbitox was 2,0 kg per tonne of concentrates thereby the animals of 3rd experimental group had reasonably higher body weight gain and thereby higher feed-conversion ratio by products. Therewith, the animals intermediary metabolism has been speeded up due to optimization of morphological and biochemical values of blood and reduction of heavy metals content in blood serum, in other words level of zinc, lead and cadmium was not exceeding maximum allowable concentration
259 kb

ACTUAL PROBLEMS IN ORGANIZATION OF FEEDING IN MODERN CONDITIONS

abstract 1151601060 issue 115 pp. 951 – 980 27.01.2016 ru 539
Modern pig farming is a leading global livestock industry, but the organization of adequate balanced feeding is actual for the industry. Digestibility of metabolizable energy of feed depends on various factors, including the content of non-starch polysaccharides, which have a negative effect on the digestibility of key nutrients of the feed, lead to a decrease in growth rate and conversion efficiency of nutrients. Enzyme preparations which composition generally includes Xylanase, cellulase, β-glucanase activities, may avoid the negative impact of non-starch polysaccharides. Today's promising preparation that combines the functions of two feed additives - feed enzyme and probiotic, is an enzyme preparation Cellobacterin that, due to the particular organization of the enzyme complex, increases the digestibility of barley grain and effectively effects on sunflower meal. As a probiotic preparation it inhibits the development of pathogenic microorganisms and promotes the formation of beneficial microflora in the digestive tract. The introduction of Cellobacterin enzyme preparation into the compound feed with a high content of barley grain and sunflower meal increases the body weight of young pigs by 4.8% and reduces the cost of feed per 1 kg of live weight gain. The results of hematological studies found no significant deviations from the physiological norm in the morphological picture of the blood in experimental animals. The group, where Cellobacterin was added, showed higher vitamin A content by 2.8% as compared to the control, while vitamin E is found in both groups on the same level. Based on the results of the research to improve the productivity and growth rate in compound feed based on barley and sunflower meal with higher fiber content, it is recommended to include in the compound feed Cellobacterin enzyme preparation at the rate of 1 kg per 1 ton of feed
141 kb

COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE NUTRITIVE VALUE OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF PEA AND CHICKPEA GRAIN IN DROUGHT CONDITIONS

abstract 1071503092 issue 107 pp. 1416 – 1425 31.03.2015 ru 853
The article presents materials on comparative study of the nutritional value of chickpeas and peas which are widespread in the arid zone of the Southern Urals. The scheme of the scientific and economic experiments involved the assessment of yield formation of chickpeas and peas during the vegetation. The study showed that different varieties of chickpea and pea have considerable difference in the content of nutrients. The amount of crude protein in the pea grain ranged from 25.1 to 26.8%, and chickpea – 21.7 - 22.9%. With regard to the fat, its highest concentration was in chickpea grain - 3.63%, on average, which is 1.16% higher than on average in the pea grain. The chemical composition of the pea and chickpea grain of different varieties points to differences in their composition and homogeneity within the culture. Basing on the study, we recommend to sow chickpea and pea grain in the middle of May to obtain the highest yield, this, in turn, has a positive effect on the nutritional value of the crops. When selecting plants for cultivation in the conditions of the Southern Urals, it is preferable to choose the variety of Madonna pea, which has a higher potential for yield than the chickpea variety Krasnokutsky-123. It has been experimentally found that chickpea grain has better moisture-retaining power in a bound condition during the vegetation period as compared to the relevant characteristics of pea grain, which is a positive drought-resistant value of crop. In structural elements of the harvest the peas showed the trend of the highest rates in comparison with the corresponding elements in chickpeas
240 kb

EFFECT OF FAT ADDITIVE ON THE PRODUCTIVITY

abstract 0931309009 issue 93 pp. 124 – 155 30.11.2013 ru 1028
The author has studied the efficiency of diets with kiselgura. Introduction of the kiselgura into the mixed fodder for chicken-broilers favors increasing of live weight by 4.8 % and average daily weight gain by 5.0%
243 kb

THE OUTLOOK FOR SORGHUM IN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

abstract 0901306010 issue 90 pp. 135 – 166 30.06.2013 ru 1239
The article gives theoretical and practical justification of sorghum use in animal feeding. The results of the study of organization of forage resources for livestock and poultry with the use of forage sorghum are shown. The ways and directions for the increase of nutritive value and productive effect in the diets for animals and poultry are determined
136 kb

DIGESTION EXCHANGE PECULIARITIES OF BROILER CHICKENS DURING FEEDING ECOLOGY DISTURBANCE

abstract 0871303033 issue 87 pp. 418 – 427 30.03.2013 ru 1358
In the conditions of the North Caucasus during aflatoxin B1 tolerant level in the ration it is desirable to breed the broiler chickens cross “Smena-4” and “Ross 308” adding toxi-nyl preparation in the amount of 2 kg/t
218 kb

EFFECT OF FERMENTS ON PRODUCTIVITY

abstract 0871303006 issue 87 pp. 85 – 112 30.03.2013 ru 1645
The author has studied the efficiency of diets with NATUPHOS 5000 enzyme preparation. Adding the enzyme preparation into the mixed fodder for chicken broilers favors increase of live weight by 4,5 % and average daily weight gain by 6,1 %
200 kb

WAYS IMPROVING THE USE OF NUTRIENTS DIETS

abstract 0861302006 issue 86 pp. 55 – 79 28.02.2013 ru 1500
Our introduction of the enzyme preparation MEC-AGRICULTURE-3 into the mixed fodder for young pigs favors increase of live weight by 6.0 % and average daily weight gain by 7.8 %
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