Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Kravchenko Roman Viktorovich

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associated professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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roma-kravchenko@yandex.ru


Articles count: 44

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PRODUCTIVITY OF SUGAR CORN DEPENDING ON NITROGEN FERTILIZERS

abstract 1602006013 issue 160 pp. 174 – 184 30.06.2020 ru 42
The article gives a review of the results of studying the features of the formation of sugar corn grain yield depending on the application of nitrogen mineral fertilizers used for sowing and fertilizing. The object of research was the mid-early hybrid of corn called Krasnodarsky Sakharny 280 SV (FAO 280). In the experiment, 2 factors were studied: factor Ā - sowing nitrogen fertilizer (b / ud (k), 15 and 30 kg.d.v. / ha), factor B - root nitrogen fertilizing (b / ud (k), 15 and 30 kg.dv./ha). The total area of the plot is 20 m2, the accounting area is 10 m2. The number of rows in the plot is only 4, including accounting - 2. The plots are systematically placed. In the fall, the main mineral fertilizer was applied at a dose of N30P60K60, under the main tillage - plowing to a depth of 25-27 cm. Four-fold repetition. The predecessor is winter wheat. The counts and observations in the experiment were carried out according to generally accepted methods. Studies have established that the highest yield of ears of sugar corn in milk ripeness - 14.60 and 14.71 t / ha, respectively, was obtained on options with the addition of N30 when sowing + N15 or N30 in root dressing. A further increase in the dosage of nitrogen to 60 kg.d.v./ha does not lead to an increase in yield. The highest level of profitability was obtained with the option of sowing nitrogen fertilizer at a dose of 30 kg.d.v / ha in combination with nitrogen for top dressing at a dose of 15 kg.d.v / ha (N30 + N15)
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GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF SUGAR CORN DEPENDING ON NITROGEN FERTILIZERS

abstract 1592005001 issue 159 pp. 1 – 13 29.05.2020 ru 31
The article provides an overview of the results of a study of the effect of nitrogen fertilizers (sowing and top dressing) on the growth and development of sugar corn plants. The object of research was the mid-early hybrid of corn called Krasnodar Sugar 280 NE (FAO 280). In the experiment, 2 factors were studied: factor Ā - sowing nitrogen fertilizer (b / b (k), 15 and 30 kg.d.v / ha), factor B - root nitrogen top dressing (b / b (k), 15 and 30 kg.dv./ha). The total area of the plot is 20 m2, the accounting area is 10 m2. The number of rows in the plot is only 4, including accounting - 2. The plots are systematically placed. In the fall, the main fertilizer was applied in the background at a dose of N30P60K60, under plowing. Repeating four times. The predecessor is winter wheat. The counts and observations in the experiment were carried out according to generally accepted methods. Studies have established that the phases of “seedlings” and “5-6 leaves” did not depend on nitrogen fertilizers. The “panicle panning” phase in the variants with the introduction of nitrogen occurred 2 days later, and the phase "milk ripeness on the cob" - for 1 day. The height of the plants of the control variant was 202 cm. With an increase in the dose of nitrogen, the height of the plants of sweet corn increased. The maximum (12 cm higher) plant height was on the option using N30 for sowing and root dressing
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AGRO-BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF CORN DEPENDING ON THE DENSE OF PLANT STANDING AND SEED PROTECTOR

abstract 1582004004 issue 158 pp. 39 – 53 30.04.2020 ru 56
The article provides an overview of the results of the study of the growth and development of corn in the conditions of the northern zone of the Krasnodar region, depending on the density of plant standing and seed dressing. The object of research was an early-ripe hybrid of Ross 199 corn. Two factors were studied in the experiment: factor A - plant stand density (60, 70 and 80 thousand units / ha), factor B - seed dresser (Maxim XL (k) and Maxim Quatro). The studies were carried out in accordance with the thematic plan of scientific research of the Department of General and Irrigated Agriculture of Kuban State Agrarian University. The total area of the plot is 1008 m2, the accounting area is 672 m2. The number of rows in the plot is only 8, including accounting - 4. The arrangement of the plots is systematic. Three repetition. The predecessor is winter wheat. The calculations and observations in the experiment were carried out according to generally accepted methods. The technology of growing corn in the experimental plot corresponded to generally accepted for this zone and culture. The predecessor is winter wheat. Our studies have found that the leaf area was largely influenced by the density of plant standing – with the thickening of crops, it decreased by 2.9 thousand m2 / ha or 28.7 %, and there were practically no differences in the leaf area between different variants of seed treatment. Corn plants increase the accumulation of dry matter throughout the growing season. With an increase in the density of plant standing, the accumulation of dry matter decreases, and the studied protectants do not affect this indicator
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GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF CORN DEPENDING ON THE DENSE OF THE STATION OF PLANTS AND SEED DRILLER

abstract 1572003007 issue 157 pp. 75 – 88 31.03.2020 ru 42
The article gives an overview of the results of a study of the growth and development of corn in the conditions of the Northern zone of the Krasnodar region depending on the density of plant standing and seed treatment. The object of the research was an early-ripe hybrid of Ross 199 corn. Two factors were studied in the experiment: factor A - plant stand density (60, 70 and 80 thousand units / ha), factor B - seed dresser (Maxim XL (k) and Maxim Quatro). The subject of research is included in the thematic plan of scientific research of the Department of General and Irrigated Agriculture of KubSAU. The total area of the plot is 1008 m2, the accounting area is 672 m2. The number of rows in the plot is only 8, including accounting - 4. plots The plots are placed systematically. Repeating: 3-fold. The predecessor is winter cereal crops (wheat). The counts and observations in the experiment were carried out according to generally accepted methods. The studies have established that the duration of the interphase and vegetation periods of corn plants depended on the density of plant standing, and with the thickening of crops, it decreased, and protectants did not affect this indicator. In all phases of determination, the maximum height of corn plants was noted with a plant standing density of 80 thousand units / ha. The studied dressers Maxim XL and Maxim Quattro had practically no effect on height. The diameter of the second internode decreased with thickening of the crop
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DETECTED GRAPE VARIETIES OF AFGHANISTAN

abstract 1572003026 issue 157 pp. 346 – 367 31.03.2020 ru 33
The article reports in color on the characteristics of the three varieties and their clones that are common in Afghanistan. In the process of ampelographic screening of vineyards in Afghanistan, three varieties previously undescribed in Russian literature under the local names Aita, Gundyan and Shandyhani were discovered. Their identification by ampelographic and ampelometric characteristics made it possible to establish the original Aita variety, the Gundyan variety as a synonym for Guladan and Shandyhani as a synonym for the world famous Sultanin, or Kishmish. The described varieties are quite common in Afghanistan, reputable in economic returns and are still promising for cultivation in their country, where they are successfully used in the manufacture of dried products and high-quality diet juices. To identify the impact of various environmental conditions on the growth, development, quantity and quality of the crop, these varieties must be tested in all zones of different ecological and geographical areas of cultivation
139 kb

PRODUCTIVITY OF APPLE TREES DEPENDING ON CROWN FORMING IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE PIEDMONT ZONE OF GARDENING IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1562002002 issue 156 pp. 17 – 25 28.02.2020 ru 42
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of the conditions of the Piedmont horticulture zone of the Krasnodar region and the shape of the crown on the productivity of apple trees. Objects of study were trees of winter apple varieties Idared and Renet Simirenko grafted on MM 106 rootstock. The trees were planted according to the 5 × 3 m pattern. In the eighth year, the rounded crowns were transformed into flattened across the row (from the eastern and western sides of the tree) to crown width 2.0 ... 2.5 m. Orientation of rows was from east to west. The garden is located on the northern slope with a slope of 3 degrees. Scheme of experiment: option 1 - sparse-tier crown (control); option 2 - flattened crown. In the experiment, 2 variants; in each variant, 10 typical trees were taken. Repetition tree plot. The place of the experiment is Abinsky district of the Krasnodar region. Agrocounts of indicators of fruiting of apple trees were carried out according to generally accepted methods, statistical processing of research results was carried out by the method of analysis of variance described by B.A. Dospekhov. The results of our studies showed that flattening the crown of apple trees contributes to an increase in the number of fruits formed on them per unit volume of the crown in the variety Idared to 10.1 kg or 1.87 times, and per m2 of the projection of the crown to 15.5 kg or 1.72 times more than crowns without flattening. In the variety Renet Simirenko, the number of fruits according to the same indicators increases by 1.86 and 1.74 times. Also, when flattening crowns, the yield of apples from one tree in the Idared variety increases by 9.6%, and in the Renet Simirenko variety decreases by 7.7% compared with the control
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INFLUENCE OF BASIC PROCESSING AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON AGRIBIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF WINTER BARLEY

abstract 1541910015 issue 154 pp. 161 – 171 30.12.2019 ru 37
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of mineral fertilizers and basic tillage in the technology of cultivating winter barley on its agrophysical properties. Object of research - plants of winter barley cultivar called Rubezh. Soil - typical low-humus heavy-duty leached chernozems. In the experiment, the influence of two factors on the formation of the productivity of winter barley was studied. Factor A - the method of primary tillage: option 1 (A0) - dump plowing to a depth of 20-22 cm (control); option 2 (A1) - chisel for 20-22 cm; option 3 (A2) - disk peeling at 8-10 cm; option 4 (A3) - zero treatment (direct sowing). Factor (B) - fertilizer rate: option 1 (B0) - without fertilizing (control); option 2 (B1) - recommended norm N40P40 + N20; option 3 (B2) - double norm N60P60 + N40. According to the data of our experiments, the general orientation in the technology of cultivating winter barley has been revealed, during the entire growing season, the height of its plants decreases while the tension of its main processing decreases - from 89.6-90.3 cm for deep processing to 87.7 cm for surface processing and up to 73.7 cm at zero. Moreover, the type of tillage did not affect the stem of winter barley plants of the Rubezh variety. At the same time, on all tillage options, one can notice the dependence of the height and density of the stand on the dose of fertilizer application - from 80.6 cm in the control to 84.4 cm at the recommended dose of mineral fertilizers and up to 91.4 with a double. It was also noted in relation to the density of plant standing - from 335 pcs / m2 in the control to 358 pcs / m2 with the recommended dose of mineral fertilizers and up to 376 pcs / m2 with a double
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INFLUENCE OF BASIC TREATMENT ON AGROPHYSICAL SOIL PROPERTIES IN CROPS OF WINTER BARLEY

abstract 1531909002 issue 153 pp. 8 – 18 29.11.2019 ru 65
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of the main tillage in the technology of cultivating winter barley on its agrophysical properties. The object of research was winter barley, sort Rubezh, the predecessor - winter wheat. Soil - heavy duty, low humus, typical leached chernozems. The studies were carried out in a stationary experiment on the basis of the experimental field of the Department of General and Irrigated Agriculture at KubSAU in accordance with generally accepted methods for experiments with grain crops. Scheme of experience (primary tillage): option 1 (A0) - dump plowing to a depth of 20-22 cm (control); option 2 (A1) - chisel for 20-22 cm; option 3 (A2) - disk peeling at 8-10 cm; option 4 (A3) - zero treatment (direct sowing). Based on the research, a general orientation is revealed in the technology of cultivating winter barley to reduce the agrophysical indicators of the soil throughout the growing season of the development of its plants while lowering the tension of its main processing. So, the density of the soil was minimal, and the structure and moisture of the soil, as well as the reserves of productive moisture were maximum on the option with dump plowing to a depth of 20-22 cm. Conducting deep loosening at the same depth (chiseling by 20-22 cm) somewhat worsened these parameters . Implementation of disk peeling in the main tillage (by 8-10 cm) contributed to the deterioration of these parameters. The option of zero tillage was in last place according to these indicators. And only before harvesting, zero tillage contributed to the formation of higher soil moisture and productive moisture reserves
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THE INFLUENCE OF APPLE-TREE CROWN FORMING ON THE FRUIT QUALITY IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE FOOTHILL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION GARDENING

abstract 1511907023 issue 151 pp. 255 – 264 30.09.2019 ru 37
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of the conditions of the foothill horticultural zone of the Krasnodar region and the crown shape on the agrobiological characteristics of the growth and fruiting of apple trees of the Idared and Renet Simirenko varieties. The objects of the study are Idared and Rennet Simirenko, trees of winter apple varieties, grafted on MM 106 rootstock. Trees were planted according to the 5 × 3 m scheme; crown width 2.0 ... 2.5 m. Orientation of rows from east to west. The garden is located on the northern slope with a slope of 3 degrees. The scheme of experience: option 1 - sparse-tiered crown (control); option 2 - flattened crown. In the experiment there were 2 options, in each option 10 typical trees were taken. Repetition: tree - plot. The location of the experiment is the Abinsky district of the Krasnodar region. Agricultural records of growth and fruiting of apple trees were carried out according to generally accepted methods, statistical processing of research results was performed by the method of variance analysis described by B. Dospekhov. The results of our studies showed that when flattening crowns, the variety Idared increases the average weight of apples by 22.9%, the yield of fruits of the highest and first grade by 43.6%, the intensity of integumentary coloring of fruits in the peripheral zones increases by 1.44, and in the center crowns 2.7 times, compared with sparse-tier crowns. In the variety Renet Simirenko, the fruit weight increases by 8.9%, the yield of the highest and first grade fruits by 14.6%, the number of fruits with color by 18.7%. Thus, in apple orchards with a 7 x 4 m planting pattern (on MM106 stock) under the conditions of the foothill horticultural zone of the Krasnodar region, flattened tree crowns should be formed for the Aydared variety (aged 14-15 years), which significantly improves the quality of the products
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INFLUENCE OF BASIC TREATMENT ON AGROPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL IN SUNFLOWER CROPS

abstract 1501906019 issue 150 pp. 182 – 194 28.06.2019 ru 123
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of the main tillage in the technology of cultivation of sunflower on its agrophysical properties. The object of the research was sunflower, the Vulkan variety, the predecessor was winter wheat. The soil was superpowerful low-humus typical leached chernozem. The studies were carried out in a stationary experiment on the basis of the experimental field of the department of general and irrigated agriculture of KubGAU in accordance with generally accepted methods for experiments with grain crops. Variants of experience (basic tillage): Option 1 (A0) - dump plowing to a depth of 25-27 cm (control); option 2 (A1) - chiseling 25-27 cm; option 3 (A2) - disc peeling at 8-10 cm; option 4 (A3) - zero treatment (direct seeding). On the basis of the conducted research, a general trend of agrophysical soil deterioration during the entire vegetation period of sunflower development and with a decrease in the intensity of the main tillage in the technology of its cultivation is revealed. So, the soil density was minimal, and the total porosity and soil moisture, as well as the reserves of productive moisture were maximal when carrying out land plowing at a depth of 25-27 cm to the main tillage. 25-27 cm) slightly worsened these figures. Conducting in the main tillage only surface disc peeling to a depth of 8-10 cm led to a further deterioration in these indicators. And in the last place there was the option where the soil was left without primary treatment under direct sowing of the crop (the variant of zero tillage). And just before harvesting sunflower (September), zero tillage provided the highest levels of soil moisture and reserves of productive moisture
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