Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Grachyova Natalia Nikolaevna

Scholastic degree

Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Azov-Blacksea State Agroengineering Academy
   

Web site url

Email

Grann72@mail.ru


Articles count: 10

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163 kb

A COMPUTER MODEL OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF AIR-FUEL MIXTURE EMERGENCY EXPLOSIONS

abstract 1061502019 issue 106 pp. 301 – 312 28.02.2015 ru 996
In this article the basic principles of air-fuel mixture explosions and striking factors, such as air-striking wave, gas streams, splinters, flame heat, light radiation and sharp sounds are observed. The calculation technique of the emergency emission consequences which is for a quantitative estimation of air-striking wave parameters at air-fuel mixture explosions forming in the atmosphere at industrial failures is given. The basic structural elements of calculation algorithm are listed. It is supposed partial depressurization or full destruction of the equipment containing combustible substance in a gaseous or liquid phase, the emission of this substance in the atmosphere, the air-fuel mixture cloud formation, the air-fuel mixture initiation (ignition) and the explosive transformation (deflagration or detonation) in the air-fuel mixture cloud. The technique allows making the approached estimation of air-striking wave various parameters and defining the probable degrees of men defeat and building damage at failures with air-fuel mixture cloud explosions. The given technique is developed in C# language in the integrated environment of software Microsoft VisualStudio 2010 working out. The program fragment in which the calculation of dimensionless Px pressure and dimensionless Ix impulse is given
340 kb

ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF PREPLANT TREATING OF SEEDS WITH INDUSTRIAL ALTERNATING ELECTROMAGNETIC FREQUENCY (EMF PF 50 HZ) ON THE GERMINATION ENERGY OF MIDRIPENING SPRING BARLEY SEEDS OF THE VARIETIES OF VAKULA, VIKONT, RATNIK

abstract 1181604071 issue 118 pp. 1129 – 1138 29.04.2016 ru 554
The use of physical factors for preplant stimulation of seeds increases vigor, germination and improves the yield of agricultural products. One of the effective ways to improve seed grain quality is to impact on the seeds using physical factors, in particular, an alternating electromagnetic field of industrial frequency of 50 Hz (EMF of IF of 50 Hz). We studied the impact of EMF of IF of 50 Hz on the energy germination of mid-ripening spring barley seeds of promising varieties Vakula, Vikont, Ratnik. Carrying out the experimental studies we used a laboratory setup with annular pole points of rectangular cross section. Our disperse analysis resulted in data on germinative energy of seeds of spring barley varieties Vakula, Vikont, Ratnik, which showed that while treating seeds of spring barley by an alternating electromagnetic field of industrial frequency of 50Hz, we obtained the best values of germinative energy of seeds of Variety Vikont with a mode of processing being equal to W = 16%, T = 2 c, L = 0,03 m
142 kb

EXPERIMENT PLANNING ON PRESEEDING PROCESSING OF SEEDS BY VARIATION ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD OF INDUSTRIAL FREQUENCY

abstract 0911307040 issue 91 pp. 603 – 612 30.09.2013 ru 1190
Experiment planning is presented in the article on preseeding processing of seeds by variation electromagnetic field of industrial frequency. The results of preliminary laboratory researches are given
385 kb

INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR CALCULATING ILLUMINATION OF INDUSTRIAL PREMISES

abstract 1161602009 issue 116 pp. 139 – 150 29.02.2016 ru 645
Nowadays on the market, there is a large variety of CAD systems and specialized software; however, to solve effectively research and design problems there remains task of development and implementation of national Russian-language information systems that are compatible with the requirements of Russian regulations to support the design and research of industrial buildings and facilities parameters. Being irrespective of the sizes and structure of the industrial enterprises, there are a number of approved design techniques, including calculations of lighting, heating, ventilation, water supply and so on. To improve the efficiency of the interested experts work on their basis there were developed efficient algorithms as well as information systems and database. In the article there is justified the necessity of the developing information systems and processes of industrial premises designing on the example of lighting calculation. We have highlighted the main ways of increasing project work efficiency of engineering and technical personnel on industrial enterprises. For their practical implementation, there is required proper organization of information flows by creating programs and databases complex. The article includes information about the "Calculation of lighting industrial enterprises" subsystem that is the part of the "Designing of industrial enterprises" information system. We have presented methodology of work with the software product in the mode of calculation of industrial premises lightning with fluorescent lamps using the method of light flux utilization factor
348 kb

INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES IN THE TASKS IMPLEMENTATION OF ASSESSING THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE FUEL MIXTURE EMERGENCY EXPLOSIONS

abstract 1161602013 issue 116 pp. 190 – 201 29.02.2016 ru 601
In the article, we have described the main causes of the fuel-air mixtures explosion and such affecting factors as air blast and fragmental fields. Explosions are performed using various sources of energy. The scale of the explosions consequences depends on their detonation power and the environment in which they occur. The range of the affected areas can reach several kilometers. The basic parameter that characterizes the explosives is the maximum pressure. Increasing distance from the explosion, the maximum pressure and pulse decrease and action duration increases. There is presented method, which is developed in Windows-based applications that allows investigate the dependence of the destruction level on the distance and the explosion epicenter. Algorithm of application operation implements automatically filling of the "molar mass of combustible material, g/mol" field depending on the user’s choice of the flammable substance name. After calculating the raw data, the user moves to the calculation of all the parameters and sees the results of the calculation. By default, the calculation results are presented in tabular form. Further, the results of calculation are presented with a graphical representation of data. The developed software can be used in the educational process at studying such disciplines as "Theory of burning and explosion", "The production safety", "Protection in emergency situations", and also be recommended to practical workers in the sphere of labor safety, prediction and assessment of the technological accidents and catastrophes consequences, teachers of this profile disciplines
374 kb

INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES OF MONITORING POWER TRANSFORMERS CONDITION

abstract 1161602010 issue 116 pp. 151 – 165 29.02.2016 ru 672
To solve the problem of reducing the power supply system’s reliability a prompt full-scale diagnostics based on modern methods can help. Inculcation of information systems for the operational diagnostics implementation allows providing the operating personnel with information that enables to predict possible infringements in power transformers work and to prepare in advance an action plan to address them. The paper presents fragments of the developed monitoring system of power transformer using programmable logic controllers. Within the work of the system there were marked such groups of controlled parameters as information about temperature and the cooling system work; magnitude of windings voltage per phase; the windings current values per phase; information about being transmitted and transmitted power; information about the insulation state. There is designed a functional scheme of the system for monitoring the state of the power transformer. There is described a general algorithm of system functioning. There is developed graphical operator interface that allows to monitor the object state and to manage the system state. Using XML markup language there was designed format of data packets. Designed hardware and software package can be used in the educational process, as it allows to improve the quality of students training, to bring them closer to the realities of modern professional activities; in operational activities as complying with the approved domestic calculating methods replacement of foreign software; in science in solving problems of analysis and optimization of operating parameters of power transformers
202 kb

MODELING OF THE AIR TEMPERATURE CHANGING PROCESS IN INTERGRANULAR SPACE DURING THE MICROWAVE-RECIRCULATION GRAIN DRYING WITH ACTIVE AERATION

abstract 0991405012 issue 99 pp. 201 – 210 30.05.2014 ru 1217
The article is devoted to the mathematical modeling of the air temperature changing process in intergranular space during the microwave-recirculation grain drying with active aeration
121 kb

THE CRITERION EQUATION OF GRAIN DRYING BY THE ACTIVE AERATION WITH ELECTRO ACTIVATION AIR

abstract 0731109035 issue 73 pp. 379 – 387 30.11.2011 ru 2109
The article is devoted to deduction of the criteria equation for grain drying by the active aeration with the electroactivated air use. The criteria equation is deduced with the use of the grain thick layer drying equations by the active aeration and the similarity theory
214 kb

THE METHOD OF THE DRYING GRAIN INTENSIFICATION WITH ACTIVE VENTILATION USING MICROWAVERECYCLING

abstract 1261702051 issue 126 pp. 723 – 734 28.02.2017 ru 619
The need of improving the grain drying technology is due to a significant volume of this operation, high specific energy and high standards to preserve quality of grain. In this regard, the development of new technologies and equipment aimed at reducing the cost of fuel and electricity, providing the preservation of grain quality has essential meaning to reduce the drying cost. Usually, the electrophysical effects on the dehydrated material not only contribute to the thickness reduction or destruction of the boundary layers and increase the surface of phase contact, i.e. they cause the combined effects of the intensification of the drying process that is economically favorable and they say for a broader practical use of electrotechnologies. Method of grain drying using microwave recycling in installations of active aeration bunker type allows increasing productivity compared with standard technology for up to 30% and reducing process energy consumption by 17%
391 kb

THE STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF AN ALTERNATING ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD OF COMMERCIAL FREQUENCY ON CROP SEED QUALITY OF SPRING BARLEY

abstract 1081504044 issue 108 pp. 603 – 616 30.04.2015 ru 886
The process of the presowing seed treatment with alternating electromagnet field of the commercial frequency (EMF CF) 50 Hz is economically efficient. The use of the EMF CF 50 Hz in the unit with ring pole pieces allows increasing the germinating energy and power. The electromagnet seed treatment in the units with ring pole pieces is the perspective process of the presowing treatment which does not make unhealthy influence on the operating personnel. At the presowing treatment we have to take into account three factors, they are the arrangement of seeds in the working chamber, the time of treatment and the seed humidity. In this article the authors recommend to promote the unit consisting of a magnetic circuit with ring pole pieces of the rectangular cross-section, a magnetizing coil and an embedding of the non-magnetic material in the working chamber which allows increasing the germinating energy of spring barley by 10% and the germination by 7%. As field experiences have shown the highest seed germination and good crop capacity take place in the work chamber zone with boundaries R1=0,012 m and R2=0,035 m at seed humidity from 12% till 18% and the time of seed treatment is 0,9-2,75 s. The addition to crop capacity has run to 7% as a result of the spring barley treatment
.