Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Sheudghen Askhad Hazretovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 21

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181 kb

AGROCHEMISTRY OF HUMIC GROWTH REGULATORS IN RICE

abstract 1061502034 issue 106 pp. 550 – 567 28.02.2015 ru 336
The article shows prospects of the use of growth regulators on the nature of humic culture of rice in the first place due to the low field germination of seeds, rice crops lodging. Effect of humate on the growth, development and photosynthetic activity of plants, as well as the consumption of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium results in increased grain yield of rice. Depending on the type of humate yield increased by 5,0-6,4 с/ha. Seed treatment caused a change humates biochemical and technological indicators of the quality of grain. Beans with these options contain more than in the control of protein per 0,13-0,44 % starch - 0,36-1,2 %, decreased membranous grain by 0,2 % and 1 % fracture, raised on vitreousness 1,46-2,0% and the yield of cereals on 1,06-2,0 %
144 kb

AGROECOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY OF APPLICATION OF MICROELEMENTS IN WINTER WHEAT SOWINGS

abstract 0961402036 issue 96 pp. 513 – 526 28.02.2014 ru 533
Based on obtained experimental investigations it is shown that microelements included into winter wheat fertilization system positively influence plants mineral nutrition, quantity and quality of the crop
123 kb

BIOGEOCHEMISTRY AND SELENIUM AGROCHEMISTRY

abstract 0921308045 issue 92 pp. 683 – 693 31.10.2013 ru 676
In the article we show the history of opening of selenium, its distribution in the nature, the value of this microcell in life of plants. We also show the experience of russian and foreign scientists on studying of the influence of selenic fertilizers on a crop and quality of crops
188 kb

BORON FERTILIZERS IN RICE FIELDS OF THE KUBAN REGION

abstract 1041410067 issue 104 pp. 884 – 899 30.12.2014 ru 488
The article presents the effect of boron fertilizer on growth, development and productivity of rice plants, the optimal dose and timing of application of boron fertilizers, providing maximum increase grain yield, calculated the economic loss of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and crop coefficients of their use of fertilizer plants; we have also established the influence boron fertilizer on grain quality of rice
157 kb

CONTENT AND FORMS OF CALCIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE LEACHED BLACK SOIL OF WESTERN CISCAUCASIA UNDER AGROGENESIS

abstract 1051501035 issue 105 pp. 603 – 614 30.01.2015 ru 385
Great practical and theoretical interest comes with a study of the transformation of calcium agrobiogeochemical in agro-ecosystems. The basis of the stability of the soil, as an element of the structure and functioning of the biosphere, constitutes historically approved biochemical cycles and flows of matter and energy, which remain unchanged under anthropogenic impact. Comparative analysis of the total content of calcium leached black soil allowed us to establish its decline after three rotations of grain and grass-tilled crop rotation. Without the use of fertilizers its reduction from baseline was 5.25% in the layer 0-20 cm and 3.87% in the 20-40 cm layer, with their introduction - 9.14 and 9.35%, respectively. This trend suggests a decrease in calcium reserves in the root zone of leached black soil in its agricultural use; this process is more active when using mineral fertilizers. This is obviously due to a large outflow of elements in the fertilizer background with harvest crops, and partly due to the influence of mineral fertilizers as chemical reagents on mineral soils, resulting in the release of calcium and moving it into the lower soil horizons. Along with the total content of calcium and its forms, we have analyzed the activity of calcium ions and calcium potential
176 kb

CONTENT AND STATE OF IRON IN WEST LEACHED CHERNOZEMIC SOILS OF WESTERN CISCAUCASIA UNDER CONDITIONS OF AGROGENESIS

abstract 1071503066 issue 107 pp. 967 – 983 31.03.2015 ru 344
The results of study of groups and forms of iron compounds in leached chernozemic soils of Western Ciscaucasia for three crop rotations according to scheme grain-grass-hoeing are presented. With long-term use of leached black soil in terms of Agrigento there is a substantial change in the contents of the various groups and iron compounds. On the non-fertilized variant of rotation, the total content of this element in the 0-20 cm 21-40 cm soil layer by 69.4 and 66.5% of silicate and by 30.6% and 33.5% free group of compounds of iron. The applied system of fertilizer crop rotation helps reduce the silicate and increase of free group its compounds. In leached black soil a group of desilicated iron in the 0-20 cm layer 24.8 % presents crystallizability and to 75.2% amorphous compounds, 21-40 cm layer, respectively, 26.2 and 73,8 %. Under the influence of fertilizers we have noticed increasing of amorphous and reducing the number of cristallizing forms of the compounds of this element the soil. The number of different groups and forms of iron compounds in leached black soil with systematic use of fertilizers in crop rotation is determined not by the size of introducing this element as impurities, and processes such as the alienation of iron with additional derived products, increase its mobility in the soil due to a shift in the reaction of the soil solution, changes in fractional-group composition of humus. Diagnostic criteria state of iron in the soil are leached quantitative ratio of the content of the various groups and forms of the compounds of this element
235 kb

EFFECT OF "REASIL UNIVERSAL" MULTICOMPONENT FERTILIZER ON RICE YIELD

abstract 1021408021 issue 102 pp. 338 – 350 31.10.2014 ru 526
The efficacy of using "Reasil Universal" multicomponent fertilizers on the rice crops. It is found that the greatest effect for seed treatment before sowing and foliar feeding of plants was reached at a dose of 300 ml/t or ml/ha. This gives better grain yield of rice, respectively, 5, 43 and 5, 79 kg / ha
153 kb

INFLUENCE OF MICROFERTILIZERS ON PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF CORN

abstract 0981404079 issue 98 pp. 1098 – 1112 30.04.2014 ru 518
Positive effect of microelements on productivity and quality grain of corn on the leached black soil of the West Fore-Caucasus has been determined
133 kb

INFLUENCE OF MICROFERTILIZERS ON PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF SUGAR BEET ROOTS

abstract 0981404072 issue 98 pp. 980 – 990 30.04.2014 ru 709
Positive effect of microelements on productivity and quality of sugar beet on the leached black soil of the West Fore-Caucasus region has been determined
154 kb

MICROELEMENTS IN SUNFLOWER CROPS

abstract 1071503039 issue 107 pp. 563 – 577 31.03.2015 ru 497
The obtained experimental data show that the incorporation of trace elements into the system of the sunflower crop has a positive impact on the mineral nutrition of plants, the number and quality of the crop. Foliar feeding of sunflower crops with micronutrients improves nutrition of plants with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, thus creating the preconditions for the formation of highly agrocenosis. The seed yield of sunflower increased by variants with application of micronutrients 1.2-3.5 t/ha or 4.4-12.9 percent. The greatest impact of treatment with boron and copper, exceeding the background option 3.1-3.5 t/ha or 11.5-12.9% respectively. The crop is least influenced by manganese and molybdenum. The examined elements positively influenced the structure of the sunflower crop. The greatest influence on the diameter of the basket, the number of seeds, weight of seeds in the basket, the weight of 1000 seeds was provided by the zinc and copper. Trace elements contributed to the improvement of quality indicators of sunflower. For husk content, the greatest positive effect was cobalt, zinc, manganese and copper, increasing the background option 10.1, 10.4, 10.5 and 10, and 6%, respectively, on the oil content of sunflower seeds had cobalt, copper and zinc. The oil content on these options amounted 55,0, with 55.1 and 55.2%, respectively, increasing this figure by 1.5 to 1.7 %. The acid number at variants with boron, manganese and zinc was the same with the background option and amounted to 1.8. The greatest influence on iodine number provided molybdenum, zinc and copper, which accounted for 170,5, 171,2 and 171,4, exceeding the background option 10.2 and 11.1
.