Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Sheudghen Askhad Hazretovich

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professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 30

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938 kb

CURRENT STATE AND EFFICIENCY OF BLACK LEACHED SOILS OF WESTERN CAUCASUS

abstract 1531909005 issue 153 pp. 52 – 65 29.11.2019 ru 26
The article studies current state of fertility and productivity of leached chernozem used in the 11-field grain-grass-row crop rotation. Under the conditions of a stationary field experiment, a soil section was laid, a morphological description of the soil was carried out, its magnetic susceptibility χ was measured, soil samples were selected from soil-genetic horizons, in which the particle size distribution, physical and chemical parameters were determined. Studies have shown that leached chernozem is characterized by an addition density of 1.30 g/cm3, a solid phase density of 2.67 g/cm3, a total porosity of 51.9 %, χ = 1,045 × 10-3 units SI, pHwat. 6.5 units, humus content 3.2 %, its stock in the layer A + B = 468.2 t/ha, the sum of the exchange Ca2+ and Mg2+ 42.8 mg.eq./100 g. The use of mineral fertilizers increases the productivity of leached chernozem: the yield of sunflower of 11-field grain-grass-row cultivated crop rotation exceeds the control without fertilizers by 1.02-1.62 t/ha
199 kb

MAGNETIC PROFILES OF KUBAN SOILS OF VARIOUS AGRICULTURAL USE

abstract 1471903013 issue 147 pp. 43 – 52 29.03.2019 ru 31
The article discusses the change in the magnetic properties of soils of different agricultural use, depending on the conditions of soil formation. The objects of study are leached chernozem of Western Ciscaucasia, meadow chernozem and meadow bog soils of rice agrolandscapes. The results showed that with an increase in the degree of hydromorphism, the magnitude of the magnetic susceptibility of the soil decreases. The leached chernozem has the highest magnetization of the profile. In soils formed under the influence of hydromorphic soil formation, magnetic susceptibility is reduced by 3.0-3.5 times in rainfed conditions and deposits, and by 6.0-12.0 times in soils of rice agrocenoses
122 kb

EVALUATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF A MINERAL FERTILIZER SYSTEM OF WIN-TER WHEAT GROWN ON LEACHED CHERNOZEM OF WESTERN CISCAUCASIA

abstract 1491905020 issue 149 pp. 110 – 115 31.05.2019 ru 63
The article shows results of using a mineral fertilizer system on the conditions of the mineral nutrition of winter wheat grown on leached chernozem in 11-field grain-tilled crop rotation conditions of stationary experience. We have also shown the effect of various norms and types of fertilizers on grain yield. Grain increase as a result of using N40 and N40Р30К20 ranged from 0.54-0.50 t / ha, average and elevated rates increased the yield of winter wheat by 0.97 and 1.03 t / ha, which is higher than the control by 17.1 and 18 , 2%
149 kb

CONTENTS AND FORMS OF CHROMIUM COMPOUNDS IN THE WEST FOOT CAUCASUS LEACHED CHERNOZEM IN CONDITIONS OF AGRICULTURAL SOIL GENESIS

abstract 1401806028 issue 140 pp. 123 – 133 29.06.2018 ru 75
Chromium in soils is represented by the following forms of connections: 1) stationary; 2) strongly bound in the composition of primary and partially secondary clay minerals, with one and a half aluminum and iron hydroxides; 3) exchange bound on the surface of one-and-a-half oxides and clay minerals; 4) associated with organic matter of soils; 5) water-soluble compounds. The gross chromium content (70.1-78.3 mg/kg) in leached chernozem is well below clark soils of the world (100 mg/kg). The share of mobile, acid-soluble and acid-insoluble forms of the element compounds is 0.01, respectively; 7.09 and 92.9 % of its gross content. After three rotations of 11-full grain-grass-tillage crop rotation without mineral fertilizers, the chromium content in leached chernozem has not undergone significant changes, even to some extent there is a tendency of its reduction. This indicates the absence of serious natural sources of chromium in the soil. Scientifically-based system of fertilizers for agricultural crops does not lead to anthropogenic pollution of leached chernozem with chromium. The removal of this element with crop yields is compensated by its receipt in the form of ballast with mineral fertilizers
649 kb

MATRIX ORGANIZATION OF SOILS OF RICE AGROLANDSCAPES

abstract 1331709069 issue 133 pp. 905 – 923 30.11.2017 ru 101
Acidic properties of the mineral matrix of meadow chernozem and meadow-boggy soils of Krasnodar region are characterized by a total adsorption capacity of ammonia in the range of 32-61 µmol / g. The lowest acidity of the matrix was observed under conditions of permanent rice cultivation for 80 years (32- 33 µmol NH3/g). The mineral matrix of rice soils depends on the meliorative state and the granulometric composition of these soils. At low fields of meadowboggy soils, heavier in granulometric composition, the total acidity of the mineral matrix is 51- 53 µmol NH3/g on high checks of lighter meadow chernozem soils – 34-45 µmol NH3/g. In the upper soil, with a less acidic matrix, the Fe3+ content increases and the amount of Fe2+ decreases. The reverse pattern is found in the lower soil with more pronounced acidic properties of the matrix. A proportional relationship between the humus content and the acidic properties of the mineral matrix is found. The highest yield of rice is formed on meadow chernozem soils with a less acidic mineral matrix
168 kb

SOIL PRODUCTIVITY OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES DEPENDING ON THEIR MELIORATIVE CONDITION

abstract 1341710088 issue 134 pp. 1083 – 1095 29.12.2017 ru 105
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
321 kb

SELENIUM IN BLACK LEACHED SOIL

abstract 1381804041 issue 138 pp. 160 – 170 30.04.2018 ru 113
The content of selenium in the soils of various genetic types varies widely. Its amount is lower in soils formed on volcanic rocks. On average, it is 0.2-0.6 mg/kg. In the soils formed on sedimentary rocks, the content of selenium is often in the range of 4.5-5.0 mg/kg and depending on the conditions of formation it varies widely, sometimes reaching 100 mg/kg. Predominantly they are alkaline soils, selenium concentrations in the soil solution is 10-6 moles. The content of selenium in most soil types of the Russian Federation and CIS countries varies in the range of 0.01-1.0 mg/kg. Floodplain, chestnut soils, black soils and gray soils are more enriched (0.3 to 1.0 mg/kg), whereas sod-podzolic and sandy soils are relatively depleted (0,05-0,2 mg/kg). Systematic application of mineral fertilizers on the fields of crop rotation leads to a decrease in total content in the leached black soil. Fertilizers contribute to increased mobility of this element and more intensive involvement of it in the biological cycle
170 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE MELIORATIVE CONDITION ON THE PROPERTIES OF SOILS OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES OF KUBAN AND THEIR PRODUCTIVITY

abstract 1321708017 issue 132 pp. 218 – 230 31.10.2017 ru 131
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
169 kb

SOIL PRODUCTIVITY OF DRAIN AGROLANDSCAPES DEPENDING ON THEIR MELIORATIVE CONDITION

abstract 1331709110 issue 133 pp. 1249 – 1261 30.11.2017 ru 220
In the soils of rice fields, eluvial gley processes develop, which are manifested in redistribution of silty particles along the profile, water-soluble humus, mobile compounds of iron and phosphorus. Most intensively, these processes are developed in meadowbog soils, confined to closed depressions of the plains plain. Meadow-black soils lying on elevated relief elements have more favorable physical, physicochemical and oxidation-reduction properties for cultivating rice and accompanying crops in crop rotation. The highest yield of rice is formed on high checks and higher at 12,4 c/ha than on low ones
152 kb

THE CONTENT OF BIOLOGICAL ELEMENTS IN ALFALFA PLANTS WHEN ADDING MICRONUTRIENTS

abstract 1181604062 issue 118 pp. 1026 – 1036 29.04.2016 ru 236
The article presents results of the studies that obtained because of the long-term experience of the Department of Agricultural Chemistry of Kuban State Agrarian University. We have found the optimal dose of micronutrients at different levels of mineral nutrition, to achieve maximum yield of green mass of alfalfa quality. We have calculated the dynamics of the accumulation of nutrients in plants throughout the growing season
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