Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Gegechkori Bichiko Sergeyevich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

Web site url

Email

gege2003@BK.ru


Articles count: 12

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THE EFFECT OF THE “REGALIS” PREPARATION ON THE FORMATION OF ORGANS OF APPLE PLANTS AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF THE GALA VARIETY ON THE ROOTSTOCK P 59

abstract 1602006005 issue 160 pp. 50 – 61 30.06.2020 ru 13
The work shows the effect of the Regalis preparation on the formation and biochemical composition of organs of apple tree plants (using the Gala variety as an example). Experiments were carried out in 2016-2019. Field experiments were carried out in JSC company "Agrocomplex" named after N.I. Tkachev in the Vyselkovsky district. Planting bookmark - 2007. Tree planting scheme 4.0 × 1.0 m., Irrigation - drip. The soil of the study area is ordinary chernozem (carbonate). It was found that under the action of treatments with the Regalis preparation significant changes are recorded in the structure of fouling wood and the area of the sheet apparatus. The use of a growth regulator helps to accelerate the completion of tree growth processes. This is evidenced by a decrease in the content of IAA in the tops of shoots, by 12% in comparison with the control. The “Regalis” had a significant impact on ensuring the stable fruiting of plants of the Gala apple tree. The annual one-three-time treatment of trees with this preparation in a dose of 1.25 kg / ha provided a stable increase in yield to 14.2-16.3 kg from one tree. Moreover, on average for four years, the best results were recorded in the variant with 2-fold treatment with Regalis (16.3 kg-tree). Further analysis of the yield and commercial qualities of the obtained fruits showed that two and three-fold processing contributed to the production of fruits from 38.5 to 40.8 t / ha, which is 10-11.7 t higher than the control, while increasing the yield of marketable fruits up to 13.3 - 14.0 tons
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SEDIMENTS WATER SUPPLY AREAS OF FRUIT OF KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 0771203064 issue 77 pp. 744 – 767 30.03.2012 ru 1147
We present a brief description and analysis of the weather conditions of 2005-2011 in North, Piedmont, and the Kuban Krasnodar fruit zones. In the course of many years of research, the optimal conditions for precipitation of water supply as one of the most im-portant factors in increasing the productivity of agro-phytocenoses in the region
1133 kb

MORPHOLOGIC AND ANATOMICAL CHANGES OF ORGANS OF APPLE TREES DEPENDING OF MEANS OF REGULATIONS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

abstract 0901306070 issue 90 pp. 1034 – 1052 30.06.2013 ru 695
According to the results of anatomical researches is determined, that under three sides spring punning of roots simultaneous annual applying of regalis number of grown closed (fruit) buds increase about 22–26 % during the first year, but then influence becomes weak and about the fifth year it needs the second (repeated) pruning of roots. Under two-sides pruning of roots a little decrease of size (caliber) is noticed in such sorts of apples as Gala and Golden Delicious
2604 kb

MORPHO-BIOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL CHANGES IN THE OVERGROWING WOOD OF THE GALA APPLE TREE DEPENDING ON THE USE OF THE GROWTH REGULATOR

abstract 1541910028 issue 154 pp. 289 – 299 30.12.2019 ru 11
The work is devoted to studying the nature of the effect of various doses of the drug called "Regalis" on the formation of the vegetative and generative organs of apple plants. Years of research - 2016-2019 Field experiments were carried out in JSC company "Agrocomplex" named after N.I. Tkachev in the Vyselkovsky district. Plantations were laid in 2007. Planting pattern 4.0 × 1.0m., garden irrigated, with support. The soil of the site is ordinary carbonated black soil (chernozem), the thickness of the humus layer is up to 120-140 cm. As a result of field and laboratory studies of the condition of 9-12 year old Gala apple trees grafted on P-59 rootstock, it was established that the annual treatment of apple trees for different phenophases with a preparation Regalis at a dose of 1.25 kg / ha has a significant effect on both the size and the number of vegetative and generative formations. It was determined that triple treatment of apple trees with regalis in 43.11% reduces the number of shoots longer than 60 cm, and double - by 31.39%. Structural changes in the distribution of vegetative and fruitful formations per 1 meter were noted in axial branches of the first order. Under the influence of the drug, the number of full-fledged “closed” buds in 2017 increased by 88.8%, and in 2018 by 70.9% compared with the control. The use of triple treatment with Regalis significantly reduces growth activity and has a positive effect on the passage of organogenesis of apple flower buds
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INFLUENCE OF PREPARATIONS OF THE TRADEMARK “ECOGEL” ON THE GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF APPLE-TREES

abstract 1231609124 issue 123 pp. 1878 – 1887 30.11.2016 ru 260
Introduction of new elements of fruit cultivation technology into production is one of the elements of intensification of the branch. The problem of providing plants with moisture is the key in modern technology. The purpose of the research is a development and manufacturing of innovative methods of water supply of modern fruit plantations. Researches were conducted in two fruiting zones of the Krasnodar region (Northern and Kuban) with the aim of assessment of influence of different ways of water supply on the growth and productivity of apple-tree varieties: Idared and Gala Schniga grafted on the stock М9 and planted in 2012 due to the scheme 3,5x0,8 m. There was determined that the application of the absorbent Aqua Life and absorbents with the addition of recommended elements (Ecogel-1; Ecogel-2) increase the acclimation rate of seedlings on 2- 6%. The presence of proper conducting system to supply with the moisture and nutrients the overhead part (roots-leaves) and a large number of photosynthezing apparatus promoted to obtain the high-quality fruit productivity, accumulation of phytomass and increase of fruit quality. We have found, that complexes of hydroabsorbents on the basis “Aqua Life”, “Ecogel-1” and “Ecogel-2” in conditions of Kuban in fruiting apple-tree plantations on dwarf stocks showed the high effectiveness on water supply, for the first time
123 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF WAYS OF FRUIT TREES WATER SUPPLY

abstract 1221608077 issue 122 pp. 1116 – 1124 31.10.2016 ru 238
Nowadays, fruit trees are subjected to influence of abiotic stress-factors. The reaction of fruit plants on the influence of media plays an important role. Experiments were conducted in two (Northern and Central) fruit zones of the Krasnodar region since 2013 to 2015, there was shown the possibility of application of hydroabsorbents as a stable source of water supply of fruit trees in specific natural conditions of the South of Russia in the conditions of field experiment. There were shown the peculiarities of technological ways of water supply of fruit trees in specific natural conditions of the south of Russia. There was determined that the necessity in watering of a garden’s plots with the use of hydroabsorbents Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 with the supporting of soil’s moisture in 80% in Northern zone in the end of May, in central fruit zone in the middle of May. There was proven that the application of hydroabsorbents Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 guarantees the stable water supply in limits of 75-80% from NV since planting in apple-trees of varieties of Renet Simirenko and Golden Delicious grafted on the stock M9 and planted on the scheme 4,0 х 1,0 м during three years. The work of the system of “soil-roots-leaves” independently on weather and soil conditions is provided
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EFFECT OF TYPE OF FORMATION OF CROWN TO CONTENT PIGMENTS IN APPLE TREE LEAVES

abstract 0611007035 issue 61 pp. 455 – 459 24.09.2010 ru 1487
The results of studies of the effect of different types of formation to the content of pigments in the leaves of apple trees in the central zone of Horticulture Kuban Krasnodar region. It is determined, that the content of chlorophyll «a» and «b» in the leaves is seasonal and depends on the biology class. The highest amount of chlorophyll in the leaves of apple in the autumn varieties (Prima, Gala) cultivars has been observed in August, in the winter varieties (Reinette Simirenko, Florine) - in September
166 kb

ECOGEL IS THE NEWEST COMPLEX OF WATER SUPPLY FOR FRUIT PLANTS

abstract 1231609125 issue 123 pp. 1888 – 1894 30.11.2016 ru 231
From 2011 to 2015 in the laboratory conditions there were studied the physical properties of absorbents in the controlled environment. There was defined that in the variant of the "soil+water" the usual colloidal mass is formed and in variants "soil+absorbents+water" - a mixture of soil and gel. There was determined that the least diurnal evaporation was fixed at the use of the mixture: soil+ preparation “Ecogel-1”. In the control variant of the experiment the full water evaporation was marked on 31st day after beginning of the experiment, in the variant with the use of the absorbent Aqua Life the whole water evaporated on 48th day, and at the use of preparations Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 the duration of evaporation of the same amount of water supply at temperature 22-24оС and air moisture in 55-60% continued 57-65 days. In the result of five-year laboratory researches there was determined the possibility of development of water-saving technology for fruit plantations. When we used absorbents (granules, powders) in planting process and watering resulting the gel-like mass completely collapses the root system of fruit plants and the operation of the system "soil-roots-leaves" will not depend on the physical condition of soil and environment due to water consumption for transpiration
79 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF ROOT SYSTEM OF APPLE-TREES ACCORDING TO THE TYPE OF CROWN FORMING

abstract 0611007036 issue 61 pp. 460 – 463 24.09.2010 ru 1773
We studied the architecture of the root system of apple tree varieties (Idared, Golden Delicious, Rei-nette Simirenko, Florina grafted on the rootstock M9), planted in 2003, according to the scheme 4 x 1 and formed by type: Russian spindle (k) Knip Baum, Bee Baum, Sollux. We found out that on mid loamy soil with drip irri-gation, the bulk of the roots located at a depth of 10 - 60 cm regardless of the type of crown formation. Large (more than 3 mm) roots of Reinette Simirenko and Florin varieties of trees in age of seven have penetrated to a depth of 60 - 80 cm while forming Russian spindle and Knip Baum crown-type and their length and their weight was 5 – 8% of the overall performance
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COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF DIF-FERENT TYPES OF FORMATION OF APPLE TREE ORCHARDS IN THE SEAL

abstract 0611007037 issue 61 pp. 464 – 467 24.09.2010 ru 1736
The article presents the results obtained in experi-ments at the effect of the formation of crown of apple varieties, such as Idared, Golden Delicious, Florina and Reinette Simirenko on economic affect in Kuban region fruit zone. The estimation of different types of forming crowns is given. The best results were obtained in forming crowns in type of Bee Baum and Sollux for all varieties
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