Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Orlenko Sergey Jrievich

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 8

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166 kb

ECOGEL IS THE NEWEST COMPLEX OF WATER SUPPLY FOR FRUIT PLANTS

abstract 1231609125 issue 123 pp. 1888 – 1894 30.11.2016 ru 231
From 2011 to 2015 in the laboratory conditions there were studied the physical properties of absorbents in the controlled environment. There was defined that in the variant of the "soil+water" the usual colloidal mass is formed and in variants "soil+absorbents+water" - a mixture of soil and gel. There was determined that the least diurnal evaporation was fixed at the use of the mixture: soil+ preparation “Ecogel-1”. In the control variant of the experiment the full water evaporation was marked on 31st day after beginning of the experiment, in the variant with the use of the absorbent Aqua Life the whole water evaporated on 48th day, and at the use of preparations Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 the duration of evaporation of the same amount of water supply at temperature 22-24оС and air moisture in 55-60% continued 57-65 days. In the result of five-year laboratory researches there was determined the possibility of development of water-saving technology for fruit plantations. When we used absorbents (granules, powders) in planting process and watering resulting the gel-like mass completely collapses the root system of fruit plants and the operation of the system "soil-roots-leaves" will not depend on the physical condition of soil and environment due to water consumption for transpiration
355 kb

IMPACT ON WAYS OF WATER SUPPLY BIOMETRICS APPLE SEEDLINGS

abstract 0901306043 issue 90 pp. 653 – 669 30.06.2013 ru 1257
This article has explored different ways of watering annual apple seedlings in pots. The greatest phytomass was obtained with pellets of Aqualife supersorbents in the version of 10gr. dosage
310 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF WATER SUPPLY OF FRUIT PLANTS

abstract 0901306044 issue 90 pp. 670 – 679 30.06.2013 ru 1013
It is established that in a vegetative experience the most effective way to water supply was application of AquaLife supersorbent granules
123 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF WAYS OF FRUIT TREES WATER SUPPLY

abstract 1221608077 issue 122 pp. 1116 – 1124 31.10.2016 ru 238
Nowadays, fruit trees are subjected to influence of abiotic stress-factors. The reaction of fruit plants on the influence of media plays an important role. Experiments were conducted in two (Northern and Central) fruit zones of the Krasnodar region since 2013 to 2015, there was shown the possibility of application of hydroabsorbents as a stable source of water supply of fruit trees in specific natural conditions of the South of Russia in the conditions of field experiment. There were shown the peculiarities of technological ways of water supply of fruit trees in specific natural conditions of the south of Russia. There was determined that the necessity in watering of a garden’s plots with the use of hydroabsorbents Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 with the supporting of soil’s moisture in 80% in Northern zone in the end of May, in central fruit zone in the middle of May. There was proven that the application of hydroabsorbents Ecogel-1 and Ecogel-2 guarantees the stable water supply in limits of 75-80% from NV since planting in apple-trees of varieties of Renet Simirenko and Golden Delicious grafted on the stock M9 and planted on the scheme 4,0 х 1,0 м during three years. The work of the system of “soil-roots-leaves” independently on weather and soil conditions is provided
135 kb

INFLUENCE OF PREPARATIONS OF THE TRADEMARK “ECOGEL” ON THE GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF APPLE-TREES

abstract 1231609124 issue 123 pp. 1878 – 1887 30.11.2016 ru 260
Introduction of new elements of fruit cultivation technology into production is one of the elements of intensification of the branch. The problem of providing plants with moisture is the key in modern technology. The purpose of the research is a development and manufacturing of innovative methods of water supply of modern fruit plantations. Researches were conducted in two fruiting zones of the Krasnodar region (Northern and Kuban) with the aim of assessment of influence of different ways of water supply on the growth and productivity of apple-tree varieties: Idared and Gala Schniga grafted on the stock М9 and planted in 2012 due to the scheme 3,5x0,8 m. There was determined that the application of the absorbent Aqua Life and absorbents with the addition of recommended elements (Ecogel-1; Ecogel-2) increase the acclimation rate of seedlings on 2- 6%. The presence of proper conducting system to supply with the moisture and nutrients the overhead part (roots-leaves) and a large number of photosynthezing apparatus promoted to obtain the high-quality fruit productivity, accumulation of phytomass and increase of fruit quality. We have found, that complexes of hydroabsorbents on the basis “Aqua Life”, “Ecogel-1” and “Ecogel-2” in conditions of Kuban in fruiting apple-tree plantations on dwarf stocks showed the high effectiveness on water supply, for the first time
1133 kb

MORPHOLOGIC AND ANATOMICAL CHANGES OF ORGANS OF APPLE TREES DEPENDING OF MEANS OF REGULATIONS OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

abstract 0901306070 issue 90 pp. 1034 – 1052 30.06.2013 ru 695
According to the results of anatomical researches is determined, that under three sides spring punning of roots simultaneous annual applying of regalis number of grown closed (fruit) buds increase about 22–26 % during the first year, but then influence becomes weak and about the fifth year it needs the second (repeated) pruning of roots. Under two-sides pruning of roots a little decrease of size (caliber) is noticed in such sorts of apples as Gala and Golden Delicious
3465 kb

SEDIMENTS WATER SUPPLY AREAS OF FRUIT OF KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 0771203064 issue 77 pp. 744 – 767 30.03.2012 ru 1147
We present a brief description and analysis of the weather conditions of 2005-2011 in North, Piedmont, and the Kuban Krasnodar fruit zones. In the course of many years of research, the optimal conditions for precipitation of water supply as one of the most im-portant factors in increasing the productivity of agro-phytocenoses in the region
2999 kb

THE SOIL-CULTIVATING UNIVERSAL UNIT APU-1

abstract 1572003014 issue 157 pp. 182 – 206 31.03.2020 ru 11
Ensuring the food security of the country in the conditions of growing consumption of crop products and excluding dependence on foreign producers poses a serious question for science to increase the volume of production while maintaining soil fertility. One of the important tasks in solving this problem is to create a moisture-saving and moisture-accumulating soil layers. This article focuses on the cultivation of winter wheat. In addition to providing moisture in the cultivated layer, crop losses are observed as a result of the defeat of plants by Fusarium. Also, to ensure the co-storage of the fruit layer, it is necessary to reduce the use of chemical means of protection, less intensive impact on the treated surface by the running systems of power facilities and working bodies of machines, but with compliance with the primary requirements for the treated surface. To complete the tasks, we have developed a universal plow with a turning beam. Chisel working bodies are installed on the front of the beam. The formation turnover is performed by the disk working bodies installed further. The main element is a skating rink. The article presents the scheme of sets of plow on different types of work, as a universal combined machine and to perform individual types of work
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