Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Gorpinchenko Kseniya Nikolayevna

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 21

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187 kb

BIOENERGETICS ESTIMATION OF LONGTIME FERTILIZERS’ APPLICATION IN THE CROP ROTATION

abstract 1301706061 issue 130 pp. 856 – 872 30.06.2017 ru 275
The influence of the crop rotation type, predecessor and different doses of mineral fertilizers on the yield of winter wheat varieties was investigated and bioenergetics estimation was given. Investigations were carried out in the North-Kuban Agricultural Experiment Station in two ten field crop rotation: grain tillage and grain - grass tillage rotation of prolonged stationary experience. The soil is the black soil, low in humus, powerful, with humus content (0-30sm), depending on the power of nutrition backgrounds in the arable soil layer. It was found that the selection of predecessors and the differentiated application of mineral fertilizers ensure stable high yields of grain and they exceed the varieties without fertilizers by 40-79%. Winter wheat yield depends on the crop rotation of 8-15%; from its predecessor - 15-18% and 27-31% of the fertilizer. A strong correlation between yield and agronomic methods was determined. The most effective predecessor for the wheat cultivation by the turnover of furrow slice is sainfoin, peas and wheat. More labor intensive and energy-consuming predecessors are grain maize and sugar beet
200 kb

COMMERCIALIZATION AND TRANSFER OF INNOVATIONS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION

abstract 1011407102 issue 101 pp. 1587 – 1597 30.09.2014 ru 1015
The expediency of creation of the Center for commercialization and technology transfer at Kuban state agrarian University, providing access to a wide range of users existing in different areas of agriculture innovation in the formation of the database, enhancing their introduction into the production and maintenance in use on the principles of franchising
322 kb

CONCEPTUAL APPROACH TO THE MANAGE-MENT OF THE INNOVATION PROCESSES IN CEREAL PRODUCTION OF THE REGION

abstract 0831209019 issue 83 pp. 244 – 268 30.11.2012 ru 1444
The article is devoted to the conception of the innova-tion development of the grain production of the re-gion. Using the process of aim achievement, joining the main problems, tasks, measures and their versions achievement to the united system, the model of grain production innovation management is formulated
177 kb

CROP YIELD AND PRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY OF WINTER BARLEY GRAIN IN THE HEAVY LEACHED BLACK HUMUS OF THE WESTERN PRE-CAUCASIAN REGION

abstract 1311707132 issue 131 pp. 1612 – 1626 29.09.2017 ru 133
The influence of different agricultural technologies on the yield of winter barley variety ‘Gordei’ was studied. Economic evaluation was given to the researched factors. The studies were carried out at the experimental station of Kuban State Agrarian University in the conditions of polyfactorial long-term soil monitoring. The soil is represented by strongly leached, light-clay black humus with an average thickness of the humus horizon - 150 cm. It was found that with the change of technology (fertilizer, tillage, sowing method, means of protection) winter barley yields increases to 50% in comparison with the control. According to the analysis of bioenergetic and economic evaluation it makes sense to use the variants 022, 111 and 222 at plowing, where the maximum net efficiency ratio and net income are noticed
306 kb

EFFICIENCY OF CULTIVATION OF DIFFERENT WINTER WHEAT CULTIVARS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE WEST CAUCASUS

abstract 1231609081 issue 123 pp. 1152 – 1181 30.11.2016 ru 318
The influence of the crop rotation type, predecessor and different doses of mineral fertilizers on the yield of two winter wheat cultivars (Lira and Krasnodar 99) was investigated. The investigations were carried out in the North-Kuban Agricultural Experiment Station in two five-crops: grain tillage and grain - grass tillage rotation of prolonged stationary experience. The soil is the black soil, low in humus, powerful, with humus content, depending on the power of nutrition backgrounds in the arable (0-30sm) soil layer is 3,95-4,00%, of mineral nitrogen is 5,9-8,3 mg / kg of soil, of exchangeable potassium is 330-360 mg / kg of soil. It was found that the maximum value of the winter wheat crop structure elements is noticed in the fertilizer systems with complete mineral fertilizer, and the minimum value - with PK and NK. Winter wheat yield depends on the crop rotation of 8-15%; from its predecessor - 15-18% and 27-31% of the fertilizer. Grain quality was generally determined by the dose of fertilizer. High and higher doses of fertilizers contributed to the protein content from 11.7 to 12.3% and fibrin content - 23,5-24,0%. A strong correlation between yield and agronomic methods was determined
322 kb

EFFICIENCY OF CULTIVATION OF DIFFERENT WINTER WHEAT CULTIVARS IN THE CONDITIONS OF INSUFFICIENT HUMIDIFYING IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1201606088 issue 120 pp. 1322 – 1336 30.06.2016 ru 365
The influence on the predecessor, on the time of sowing and various mineral nutrition levels, on the productivity of seven cultivars of winter soft wheat of Krasnodar Agricultural Research Institute selection was investigated. On the basis of the obtained experimental data and production audit it was found that all studied cultivars under the total complex of cultivation technological methods are able to form the yield of 6-7 t / ha with the payment of one kg of active ingredient of fertilizer by the grain within 6.50-9.86, and 8.56- 10.71 kg. Soil was ordinary chernozem with a low humus content powerful humus content, depending on the power of backgrounds in the arable (0-30sm) soil layer is 3,95-4,00%, of mineral nitrogen is 5,9-8,3 mg / kg of soil, mobile phosphorus is 22,4 - 26,6 mg / kg of soil, of exchangeable potassium is 330-360 mg / kg of soil. Predecessors are winter wheat, sunflower, white mustard cultivated on seeds. The main tillage is resource-saving with the mulching of 0-10 cm layer. Studied sowing terms are the 20th of September, the 1st and 10th of October. The backgrounds of mineral nutrition: 1-without fertilizer N0P0К0; 2-minimum dose of complete mineral fertilizer N60P30К30; 3-average dose N90P60К60; 4-high dose N120- 160P90К60. Seeding rate is 5 million germinating seeds per hectare. The objects of the research were seven winter soft wheat cultivars of Krasnodar Agricultural Research Institute selection. We studied winter wheat cultivars with different combination of biological characteristics and predecessors. This combination is contributed to the yield growing from 4,26-5,82 t / ha up to 6,97-7,2 4,26-5,82 t / ha with the payment of one kilogram of active fertilizer substance with the output of grain within 8,52-12,0kg
185 kb

GUIDELINES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROGRAM FOR IMPROVING THE INNOVATION PROCESS IN GRAIN PRODUCTION OF THE REGION

abstract 1011407103 issue 101 pp. 1598 – 1611 30.09.2014 ru 771
In this article we give methodical recommendations about drawing up the program of development of innovative process in grain production as the main instrument of realization of innovative policy of innovative development of the region consisting in an assessment, development and a concept assessment, providing the program and definition of the mechanism of its realization
185 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF SEED CROPS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1151601056 issue 115 pp. 894 – 907 27.01.2016 ru 461
The main detected problems in selection system and seed industry consist of depreciation of laboratory equipment and specialized technique; the lack of funds and low incentives for creators of sorts; decreasing of volumes of elite and original seeds production in the Krasnodar region; common use of low reproduction seeds in production of grain. The existing stairs of seed multiplication system are examined, as well as their organizational and legal status. Directions of improvement of system of state support in this field are defined on the basis of presenting subsidies and preferences on purchasing of import of highly specialized equipment, provided that there are no domestic equivalent; correction of requirements in order of receipt of support for development of elite and original seed industry. The necessity of creation of united seed selection center of seed industry in the Krasnodar region on the basis of a specialized research Institute (KNISH of Lukyanenko). Though, as the result of providing by center of consistent recommendations on peculiarities of cultivation of sorts and their adaptive placement, maintenance of contractual relations based on principals of franchising, evaluation of sort and sowing index of quality of seed lots and hybrids, will allow to speed up the development of domestic seed industry, increase the quality of corn farming in region
237 kb

IMPROVING THE SALES SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1321708021 issue 132 pp. 265 – 276 31.10.2017 ru 157
Based on the analysis of modern production and sales of agricultural products, the main problems of this sphere, the impact of various economic and political phenomena on it, state support and foreign sanctions were studied. The issues of improving the implementation of agricultural products, the direction of development and improvement of the sales management system are considered. The influence of the seasonal factor in the sale of agricultural products producers was established. On the example of the sale of eggs of representatives of small forms of management with the help of the construction of the polynomial trend and the seasonality index, a forecast for 2017 and 2018 is made. The sales activity of the enterprise should directly focus on the current monitoring of the market situation, cooperation with other producers, joint search for partners with the goal of not only short-term cooperation, but also possible conclusion of any long-term contracts taking into account the forecasted sales volume. We have proposed measures to improve the implementation of agricultural products, the direction of development and improvement of the management of sales and storage of products through the establishment of wholesale distribution centres. Various methods for the formation of such centres are indicated. Prospects from the implementation of these projects and possible problems of their creation are explored
517 kb

PHARMACO-TOXICOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF TISSUE DRUG MICROBIOSTIM

abstract 0400806005 issue 40 pp. 35 – 47 25.06.2008 ru 3216
Рharmaco-toxicological evaluation of drug Microbiostim, not possessing toxic and allegic action, normalizing biochemical and hematological blood indexes of cows and decreasing multiple of introduction and expense of drug under combinative use with endometrogan-T, increasing on 10% the therapeutic efficiency and decreasing length of sterility on 20,9 days with comparison with PDS has been given in this article.
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