Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Danilova Marina Ivanovna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 5

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119 kb

EDUCATION: THE HIDDEN TREASURE?

abstract 0791205037 issue 79 pp. 526 – 536 31.05.2012 ru 1596
Education plays a central role in shaping personality. Moreover, the particular importance are the values and ideals, which are formed through a process of education and training. Today the moral component of the education system is one of the priority tasks of the state
133 kb

INNER WORLD OF LIVE BEINGS AS OBJECT OF KNOWLEDGE OF GERMAN CLASSICAL PHILOSOPHY

abstract 0791205031 issue 79 pp. 449 – 459 31.05.2012 ru 1206
In this article, the review of the results of retrospective research of ideas of the subjective world of live beings in German classical philosophy is given
236 kb

ORIGIN, EVOLUTION AND DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION IN NATURE

abstract 1051501009 issue 105 pp. 187 – 208 30.01.2015 ru 567
The article considers current trends and unsolved problems in studies of the origin and evolution of communication in nature. Distinctive features of natural language, its biological, cognitive and sociocultural foundations are revised from the perspectives of new findings in this field. The article also investigates the main characteristics of primal and basic forms of "communication" (e.g. in bacteria and plants). It is argued that to them are more applicable non-representational models of communication, because they are not based on the representation of meanings or the processes of cognition and interpretation. On the example of the acoustic signals of birds and primates it is shown that they have such linguistic features as referentiality, plasticity and sociocultural heritability. Discovery of the faculty, for instance in some species of birds, for a "semantically compositional communication" ("semantic compositionality"), reveals also the presence of the "protosyntax" in animal communication. Considered studies enable to bring together features of communication in nature and natural language and to see the evolution of communication as the more gradualistic process than previously thought. Nevertheless, it is emphasized that there is a need for the development in the modern studies the socio-cultural approaches to communication that take into account the non-genetic inheritance system and the cumulative nature of culture
139 kb

RADICALISM IN SOLVING THE PEASANT PROBLEM IN RUSSIA

abstract 0791205036 issue 79 pp. 511 – 525 31.05.2012 ru 1460
This article considers the problem of radicalism in solving the peasant problem in Russia in XIX-XX centuries that relates to the solution of the same tasks in the modern Russia. We studied and applied in our research the works of different authors who studied problems of national land tenure. We characterized main features of radicalism in solving peasant problem, determined directions of state policy and the specific of mentality and economic culture of Russian Peasantry in XIX-XX centuries. Based on this we made the relevant conclusions
187 kb

THE NATURAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE ORIGIN OF CULTURE

abstract 1091505037 issue 109 pp. 608 – 623 29.05.2015 ru 492
The article revises the classical nature/culture opposition from the point of new discoveries and studies of "cultural traditions" that were found in nature in different species (bees, ants, birds, monkeys, etc.). Special attention is given to the socially mediated mechanisms of inheritance and learning, considered particular cognitive foundations of cultural traditions. A number of studies have shown that the main feature of culture that exists in the human community is its cumulative nature. Cumulativeness is characterized by the ability to social development that is based on the consideration, accumulation and improvement of the achievements of previous generations and on distributed actions resulting from the increasing complexity of knowledge and social activities. Considering examples of the origin and development of means of communication, creation of new tools and "technology" of their usage, scientists show that small cumulative effects are presented in nature. In this regard, the work moderates categorical statements, according to which "cultural traditions" in nature have only accumulative and no cumulative characteristics. The article shows the necessary individual cognitive prerequisites for the origin of such cumulative culture. It is also argued that for an explanation of that origin the study of the social grounds of the communication are required, furthermore, there is necessity to take into account the various manifestations of "social intelligence" that is significant for formation of inter-subjective knowledge and "social memory". It is presupposed that the cumulative nature of the evolution is essential not only for sociocultural but also for other genetic and non-genetic inheritance systems
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