Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Akimenko Yuliya Viktorovna

Scholastic degree

Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

South Federal University
   

Web site url

sfedu.ru

Email

akimenkojuliya@mail.ru


Articles count: 10

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288 kb

ASSESSMENT OF RESISTANCE OF THE BROWN TYPICAL SOIL OF THE UTRISH NATIONAL RESERVE TO CHEMICAL POLLUTION

abstract 1041410042 issue 104 pp. 585 – 594 30.12.2014 ru 1052
The article gives an assessment of resistance of the brown typical soil of the Utrish national reserve to pollution with heavy metals (Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb) and oil on biological indicators
163 kb

BIO-DIAGNOSTICS OF RESISTANCE OF GREY FOREST SOILS OF ADYGEA TO POLLUTION WITH Zn, Cd, Mo, Se

abstract 1081504043 issue 108 pp. 591 – 602 30.04.2015 ru 995
The essential part of a soil cover of the Republic of Adygea is occupied by gray forest soils. Thus they still remain a little studied, including concerning their resistance to chemical pollution. Contamination of gray forest soils of Adygea with Zn, Cd, Mo, Se causes deterioration of their biological properties. In most cases, the degree of reduction of the values of biological indicators is directly dependent on the concentration of pollutant in the soil. According to the degree of toxicity to the biological properties of the investigated elements form the following sequence: Se > Zn > = Cd > Mo. Biological parameters investigated in research (activity of catalase and dehydrogenase, cellulolytic ability, abundance of bacteria of the genus Azotobacter, radish root length) may be used for purposes of monitoring, diagnosis and regulation of chemical pollution of gray forest soils Zn, Cd, Mo, Se
272 kb

BIOLOGICAL FEATURES OF THE BLACK SOIL DEPOSITS IN THE BOTANICAL GARDEN OF SFU

abstract 1041410043 issue 104 pp. 595 – 606 30.12.2014 ru 1104
We have studied changes in flora, humus content, peroxidase activity and polyphenoloxidase in ordinary black soils in natural succession of different-age deposits. We have also selected stage successions in uneven deposits
230 kb

CHANGE OF BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF RENDZINA SOILS OF WESTERN CAUCASUS AT POLLUTION BY ZINC, CADMIUM, MOLYBDENUM AND SELENIUM

abstract 1061502046 issue 106 pp. 746 – 757 28.02.2015 ru 989
Rendzina soils are very widespread in the Caucasus. Because of their ecological and genetic characteristics Rendzina has significant buffering capacity to chemical pollution. The object of investigation was calcareous leached soil. Location selection - Azishskaya ridge on the border of the Republic of Adygea and the Krasnodar region. As pollutants, we have selected Zn, Cd, Mo, Se, since soil contamination with these elements in the south of Russia is not uncommon. Contamination of zinc, cadmium, molybdenum and selenium causes deterioration in the biological properties of calcareous soils of the Western Caucasus. We have investigated the toxicity of the elements formed following series due to their influence on Rendzina soils: Zn> Se> Cd> = Mo. The study attempted to analyze the entire range of concentrations of the examined elements in the soil, currently occurring in nature. In most cases, all the investigated substances registered direct correlation between the concentration of the pollutant in the soil and the degree of reduction of biological indicators. The activity of catalase and dehydrogenase cellulolytic ability, plenty of bacteria of the genus Azotobacter, length of roots of radish can be used to monitor, diagnose and regulation of chemical pollution of soil Zn, Cd, Mo, Se
387 kb

CHANGES IN BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF BROWN FOREST SOILS UNDER AGRICULTURAL USE

abstract 1121508053 issue 112 pp. 714 – 724 30.10.2015 ru 1218
Agricultural use leads to a significant transformation of soils. The first to use the soil for cultivation react most sensitive biological indicators. The purpose of the study - to establish the effect of using the brown forest soils for planting apple orchards for their biological activity, in particular on the humus content, enzyme activity (catalase and dehydrogenase). For the control, we have selected forest area adjacent to arable land. Because of violations of the natural vegetation, there are changes in hydrothermal conditions of the soil. Humidity soil plowed off under forest, while temperatures gets considerably higher. Plowing, compared with the control, revealed significant loss of humus (50%) in the upper most disturbed horizons. In the lower horizons of the values of this index were quite low (1.5%) on all sections of the test. The decline in humus content, as well as overheating and draining soil tillage results in a change of enzymatic activity not only in the surface layers, but also in the whole profile. Due to the movement of the most favorable hydrothermal conditions in the underlying horizons, an increase of enzyme activity over control values in the deeper layers of the soil. The article shows a possibility of the use of biological indicators as indicators of changes in the brown forest soils as a result of agricultural use
524 kb

DYNAMICS OF ENZYME’S ACTIVITY OF BLACK SOIL WHEN POLLUTING WITH ANTIBIOTICS

abstract 0851301046 issue 85 pp. 579 – 588 28.01.2013 ru 1784
In the article, we have studied the effect of antibiotics on enzyme’s activity of black soil. Introduction of the high doses (600 mg/kg) of antibiotics benzylpenicillin, nystatin) leads to considerable decrease in enzyme’s activity of soils. The class of hydrolyses is most sensi-tive to the action of antibiotics, their activity decreases for 50-70% from control values, the class of oxidore-ductase is least sensitive (10-40%). Antibiotic’s action on enzyme’s pool of soils has the prolonged character
161 kb

DYNAMICS OF RESTORATION OF BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF BLACK SOILS POLLUTED WITH OIL

abstract 1041410040 issue 104 pp. 562 – 571 30.12.2014 ru 1057
Negative impact of oil on biological properties of soils right after pollution is shown in the article. Eventually, there is their restoration. However, even in some years after pollution, the biological properties of soils aren't restored completely
159 kb

EVALUATION OF RESISTANCE OF BLACK SOILS OF THE CRIMEA TO POLLUTION WITH OIL AND HEAVY METALS USING BIOLOGICAL INDICATORS

abstract 1041410044 issue 104 pp. 607 – 616 30.12.2014 ru 991
This article presents an assessment of the stability of the black soil of the Crimea to contamination with heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni) and oil using biological indicators
215 kb

MICROORGANISMS RESISTANCE OF THE CHERNOZEM POLLUTION BY ANTIBIOTICS IN THE CONDITIONS OF FIELD MODEL EXPERIMENT

abstract 1041410008 issue 104 pp. 140 – 153 30.12.2014 ru 1419
In article the problem of environmental pollution by veterinary antibiotics and acquisitions of resistance of pathogenic microorganisms to them is considered. In the conditions of field experiment resistance of chernozem microorganisms to pollution oxytetracycline and tylosin is studied
223 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF HYDROTHERMAL CONDITIONS ON THE CATALASE ACTIVITY OF THE ZONAL SOILS OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1041410084 issue 104 pp. 1129 – 1142 30.12.2014 ru 2016
Hydrothermal conditions have a significant effect on catalase activity of soils of the South of Russia. The linear dependence of catalase activity in the upper horizons soils from average annual rainfall, aridity index of de Martonne and the coefficient of moisture of Mezentseva. In terms of catalase activity of the entire humus profile we revealed that the maximum activity has leached black soil, located in the medial climate conditions of the South of Russia
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