Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo

Name

Valkevich Svetlana Ivanovna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

associated professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Shuya State Pedagogical University
   

Web site url

Email

svalkevich@yandex.ru


Articles count: 8

Sort by: Date Title Views
145 kb

EMBROIDERY IN THE IVANOVO REGION IN THE XIX – XX CENTURIES

abstract 1291705024 issue 129 pp. 287 – 296 31.05.2017 ru 34
The author carried out a research about the beginning of embroidery craft in Ivanovo region in the XIX – XX centuries. Flax weaving has become a foundation for embroidery—one of the most peculiar feature of Ivanovo region. The author proves that the folk craft of embroidery has deep artistic-vocational traditions and historical roots. Motifs of the ornament, symbolic designs were also common not only for North-Western Russia but also were widespread in the present Ivanovo region, former Vladimir, Kostroma and Yaroslavl provinces. The research found out that those who lived this territory used to live in Novgorod lands that was often proved by the motifs of the embroidery that were quite popular in that part in ancient times. The techniques of embroidery and patterns of the drawing echo with the ones from Arkhangelskay province in the XVIII – XIX centuries. By the end of the XVII and the beginning of the XIX centuries Ivanovo region was well-developed in crafts that became an important part of folk culture of the Upper Volga region. The author researches the organization of embroidery craft after the October revolution of 1917, formation of craft groups and their reorganizations. It was also found out that by the middle of the XX after the Great World War of 1941-1945 the craft was reorganized one more time. New experimental and creative workshops were formed; new production locations were built for factory workers on a state level, special favorable conditions were created for effective work. With the advent of Perestroyka in 1990s embroidery as a craft was almost lost. The implication of the research is that the history of every country entirely depends on the artifacts which bear global information about the epoch they were created
231 kb

MAIDEN HEADWEAR OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN TRADITIONAL RUSSIAN CULTURE OF XVIII-XIX

abstract 1281704021 issue 128 pp. 309 – 318 28.04.2017 ru 105
The author carried out a research about folk motifs in maiden headwear in the Russian north. The author finds out that headwear is an important part of women’s clothing that reflected aging and social changes in the lives of Russian women. Headwear had certain elements of the Upper world– the sun, water, goddess outstretching their hands into the sky. The author found out that a lot of attention was attached to a human head in women’s headwear: it had solar symbol on most of the embroidery (a radiant disk). If there were five elements on maiden’s bands, it was an indicator of a child-bearing age and often was followed by a marriage. A decorative element with 5 beams and female bodies with outstretched hands indicated her maidenhood, a connection with the sun and upper gods. Seven fragments of this pattern at the top point to child- bearing goddess; 7 pointy lines on the top on the headwear in the Russian north. The author also explains the meaning behind motifs on the headwear which represents a cosmologic system; it emphasizes the connection with the Universe. The author concludes that those motifs also revealed a complex nature of human outlook as helped ward off sinister forces. The symbols are multifaceted and require profound understanding. The structure per se expresses in every component a complex nature of the world
146 kb

RUSSIAN COSTUME IN RUSSIA OF THE XIV– XVIII CENTURIES

abstract 1271703013 issue 127 pp. 235 – 245 31.03.2017 ru 171
The article dwells on the reason that brought about changes in Russian folk costume in the XIV–XVIII centuries. Long time ago Russian towns that were located on the banks of Volga as well as Nizhniy Novgorod that had close connections with South Baltic and with Ganza played a significant role. It also establishes a connection between Russian population and overseas merchants from the areas of the Caspean, Blue (Aral) seas, and South-Western coast of the Baltic Sea. The author reviews a range of goods that were sold. The author shares their findings about Nizhniy Novgorod and later on Russia could get the merchant goods from Europe’s major cities during the XIV–XVIII centuries. The author also determines the fabric that was imported from Asian and Western countries that was used for manufacturing clothes for Russian nobility, merchants, and rich peasants. The author introduces new findings about women’s garment (pinafore) and new method of embroidery. Russian North because if its location (sea and ground ways) and business was adopted urban traditions which resulted in a new type of a pinafore dress. The author dwells on the business between Russia, Persia and Central Asiaand also finds out the contribution of the people from the area of the Volga River who enriched a range of artistic expression in Russian folk costumes and introduced oriental motives in them. Bright and dynamic accents appeared inholiday costumes of Russian people. Those clothes were made from eastern and European fabrics. The author examines the clothes of that time and infers that the fabric and decorative elements that were imported form abroad considerably enriched Russian folk costume: new methods of embroidery and bright colors in decorative elements
128 kb

THE GENESIS OF ECCLESIASTICAL EMBROIDERY IN ANCIENT RUSSIA

abstract 0851301029 issue 85 pp. 369 – 380 28.01.2013 ru 1425
The article traces the history of origin of ecclesiastical embroidery in Ancient Russia, the use of works of embroidery in the design of Christian worship and decorative furnishings of the temples. The process of creation and artistic features of the medieval Russian art sewing
131 kb

THE GENESIS OF ORNAMENTAL EMBROIDERY IN ANCIENT RUSSIA

abstract 0891305025 issue 89 pp. 355 – 366 29.05.2013 ru 1003
The article traces the history of origin of ornamental embroidery in Ancient Russia and the use of works of the embroidery in the design of Christian worship. The process of creation and artistic features of the medieval Russian art sewing is also presented in the article
3601 kb

THE SYMBOLISM OF ORNAMENT IN RUSSIAN FOLK COSTUMES

abstract 0921308075 issue 92 pp. 1117 – 1126 31.10.2013 ru 2322
The article reveals the meaning of several Slavonic signs and symbols on the embroidered ornaments of Russian folk costumes and objects of domestic decor. The role of decoration of embroidered national costumes traces in the transmission of values and meanings of ethnic culture. Perpetuation of national cultural traditions in Russia
150 kb

THEMES AND MOTIVES OF ORNAMENT FOLK EMBROIDERY IN THE RUSSIAN NORTH IN XVIII CENTURY

abstract 1191605046 issue 119 pp. 642 – 652 31.05.2016 ru 387
The article discloses a feature of graphic ornamental motives of embroidery in clothing and household decoration, typical for the North-West region of Russia in the XVIII century. The semiotic status of the Russian clothing and household decorations with decorative ornaments embroidery with figurative ornamental motives as a group of functionally related items have remained very high, having both utilitarian and sign pragmatics for millennia. Despite the sociohistorical processes, changing the external shape of the suit, the symbolism of embroidery patterns remained unchanged and continued to exist until the twentieth century. In connection with the political events, readier subjects and fine motives can be traced in the Russian folk embroidery due to the resettlement of Novgorod in the XV century. This is the way from Novgorod to Arkhangelsk and the path from Veliky Novgorod to Vologda where Novgorod settled, keeping their culture. It is proved, that there is a correlation between the zoomorphic pendants, amulets female ornaments of the tenth century and plot embroidered with iconic ornamental motives of the North-West region of Russia. People piously observed the laws of their fathers and grandfathers. The embroidery from generation to generation has been portraying images of ancient mythology. The most common images in the northern Russian embroidery were the goddess of Mokos, Rozhanitsy, birds, horses, moose, deer, and wild animals and plants, depicted in subject compositions. The zoomorphic motives are also the images of flying dragons, symbolizing lightning, they are often found in Russian folk tales. Fire Dragon was considered the protector of property and fire. The people’s attitude to fire was special: it was called "You sir, the King-fire", and it was regards’ a god. One of the main roles in the embroidery is given to the technical side. Counted Russian embroidery stitches do not only recreate the image, but also express its essence
117 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF STATE SUPPORT OF SMALL BUSINESS ON IRRIGATED LANDS

abstract 0791205033 issue 79 pp. 474 – 483 31.05.2012 ru 1255
This article analyzes the economic development of agriculture which is possible in terms of market unity and public relations and the need for state support of small business on irrigated lands
.