Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Oberemok Viktor Alexeevich

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associated professor

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Azov-Blacksea State Agroengineering Academy
   

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Articles count: 7

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1999 kb

COMBINED PRIMARY TILLAGE AND COMPARATIVE ENERGY EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF SOIL TREATMENT

abstract 1161602027 issue 116 pp. 369 – 381 29.02.2016 ru 417
Plowing is the main and most energy-intensive way of primary tillage. The development and the introduction of the energy-saving ways of the primary tillage are of great scientific and practical interest. In the Azov-Black Engineering Institute, we have developed a combined method of the tillage and a tool using left-hand blades designed to handle the lower layers of the soil. The tool is designed for a layered tillage providing moldboard shallow and mouldboardless shallow (12 ... 18 cm) subsurface tillage using the cropping and the offset of the lower layer of soil in the direction of the daylight surface. The installation of the left-hand blades is designed to decrease the energy intensity of the technological process by reducing the weight of soil treated by the plow body. The aim of this study is to compare the energy assessment of the three ways of the tillage: - Plowing without skimmers; - Plowing with coulters being at the wall of the furrow; - Plowing with a left-hand blades tool. The study has been carried out using a graphical simulation of the shifting of the center of gravity of the soil layer. The assessment of the energy intensity of the technological process has been carried out by the capacity value consumed to shift the center of gravity of the treated layer of soil at the different depths of the tillage. The results of the study have showed that the change of the total quantity of the shifting of the center of gravity of the treated soil layer ranges from 0.43 ... to 0.67 m in respect of the two first-mentioned ways of plowing, while the same index in respect of the combined tool ranges from 0.37 ...to 0.55 m. The maximum power consumption of the process is also higher in respect of the two first-mentioned ways of the tillage. The power required to shift the center of gravity of the treated layer in respect of both ways ranges from 0.6 ... to 2.0 kW. , while the same index in respect of the combined method of tillage ranges from 0.3 ... to 0.9 kW
219 kb

MODERN METHODS AND FACILITIES OF DECLINE OF TOXIC LEVEL OF WORKING GASES OF DIESEL ENGINES

abstract 1231609048 issue 123 pp. 727 – 741 30.11.2016 ru 155
The problem of environmental protection from toxic contamination, i.e. toxic products contained in exhaust gases, is one of the most pressing in the modern world. Currently, internal combustion engines and vehicles of transport and technological machines rank first in power supply in the global energy balance. The total amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere by tank-automotive equipment exceeds more than three times the emissions released by industrial companies. Besides the vast majority of tracked and wheeled vehicles are equipped with diesel engines, which excel gasoline engines in harmful substances released together with exhaust gases. Therefore the problem of emission control becomes more and more urgent. The aim of this study is the analysis of modern means and methods of reducing the toxicity of exhaust gases released by diesel engines. The existing methods of emission control can be divided into four groups: improving the design of the internal combustion engine; the accounting of operational factors affecting the toxicity of exhaust gases; the use of unconventional fuels; the exhaust gases cleaning in the exhaust pipe. Each method has several major ways to reduce the emission of toxic substances, which are often mutually complementary. We have cited the research date of influencing each of the methods on the emissions of toxic substances in exhaust gases. We have found that reducing the emission of toxic substances in compliance with Euro-6 requirements can only be obtained by the simultaneous use of several methods of reducing emissions. We have proved the effectiveness and economic feasibility of using combined neutralizers to clean exhaust gases
317 kb

THE ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSPENSION BRACKET AND TIRES ON LOADING OF WHEELS OF THE CAR WHEN MOVING ON A MULCH BACKGROUND

abstract 1091505067 issue 109 pp. 971 – 980 29.05.2015 ru 743
The existing settlement modes of loading of wheels of cars are defined for the conditions which are closest to road service conditions and are reflected in the existing standards. However these standards can't be applied to an assessment of functional qualities of systems of cushioning the cars which are operated in the conditions of agricultural production. The small step of roughnesses, change the cushioned characteristics under the influence of operational factors lead to emergence of the off-design modes of the movement. The purpose of the work was the research of loading of wheels of the car when moving on mulch of grains. For the purpose of obtaining characteristics of the roughnesses influencing car wheels we have recorded a smoothed microprofile of the field and got the statistics, rated autocorrelated function, spectral density of influence of a microprofile. For carrying out the researches the known mathematical model of a car road system was accepted. Influence of speed of the movement, normal rigidity of springs and tires, coefficients of damping of a suspension bracket and tires on vertical fluctuations and loading of wheels of forward and back axes of the car is investigated. The executed researches showed that the movement of the car is followed by fluctuations of indicators of loading of running system with obviously expressed periodic components. The change of the coefficient of damping of a passive suspension bracket and tires in possible limits has no essential impact on loading of wheels. Values of normal roughness of springs of forward and back axes of the car, normal rigidity of tires at which dynamic load of wheels of the car is minimum are established
385 kb

THE INFLUENCE OF CONDITION OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE CAR SUSPENSION WITH THE REGULATOR OF THE BRAKE POWERS ON THE BRAKE DYNAMICS

abstract 0861302051 issue 86 pp. 725 – 734 28.02.2013 ru 1159
In the article, the analysis of the influence of the troubles of the suspension elements on the break dynamics of the car, equipped with the regulator of the break powers is represented. It is offered to control the remaining inflexibility of the tail springs when diagnosing the brake system
168 kb

TO SUBSTANTIATE A VEHICLE SPEED WHEN CONDUCTING HARVESTING OF FIELD WORKS

abstract 1281704033 issue 128 pp. 455 – 465 28.04.2017 ru 130
A more efficient use of road transport can be reached both by increasing the carrying capacity of the car and the average speed on the road. Due to limiting the safe load on the axle of the vehicle, a more promising solution is to increase the average speed on the road. Restricting car traffic speed on the roads with asphalt-concrete surface is due to the traffic safety, defined as resistance, steerabililty, vibrations of steering wheels and braking dynamics of the vehicle. The first three factors are influenced by the functional characteristics of the suspension and the state of the road surface. The share of agricultural vehicles mealage on the roads with improved surface does not exceed 65%. Nowadays, 40% of traffic volume and 9% of transport mealage are due to the transportation from the field and to the field. The aim of this work was to study the vibrational load of the load-carrying system and the driver, as well as the vehicle speed during the harvest time. To carry out theoretical research we used mathematical model "vehicle-road" system proposed by V.P. Tarasik. As a result of research we obtained the dependence of the acceleration of the front axle on the vehicle speed. The results showed that the maximum acceleration of the front axle is observed at a speed V = 20 km / h, which corresponds to external influences 1.54 Hz (9.7 rad/sec). The peak values of the vertical acceleration amounted to 5.80 m/s 2. The correctness of the mathematical model was verified by comparing the results of theoretical and experimental research in the mode of uniform motion. The experimental determination of the vibrations of the vehicle sprung mass was carried out using the sound level meter and spectrum analyzer OKTAVA-101 AM, which is equipped with a vibrational pickup AP 98. The given calculations showed that the relative error of the results of theoretical and experimental research is 3.94%, the average value of an error at a confidence coefficient of P = 0.95 is 4.76%, which confirms the correctness of the mathematical model. The studies showed that if the speed is between 14 to 40 km / h, the vibrational load on the driver is from 1.42 m/s 2 to 2.82 m/s 2, that is 2.5 ...3.5 times the sanitary standards set by the requirements of the CH 2.2.4/2.1.8.566 - 96
183 kb

TO THE THEORY OF STRENGTH OF DIESEL ENGINE EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION OF SOOT PARTICLES

abstract 1271703058 issue 127 pp. 836 – 848 31.03.2017 ru 176
The problem of environmental protection from the contamination by toxic products, contained in the exhaust gases, is one of the most topical in the modern world. Nitrogen oxides and soot particles are the most toxic. Getting into the environment and the human body, they cause heavy chronic disease and significantly impair the quality of animal and plant products. The developed gas purification system SCR, the technology of plasma purification of exhaust gases have not found wide practical applications because of their high value. The study of papers dedicated to reducing exhaust gas toxicity shows that the use of combined means of purification, which usually include mechanical, thermal and catalytic methods of purification, is the most effective. Our work deals with the issue of purifying the diesel engine exhaust from fine particulate matter resulting in the combustion of fuel and oil motor partly. The article notes that the carbon is not magnetic, so the use of a magnetic field acting as an agent for the purification of exhaust gas from the carbon soot particles is impossible. The purification in a centrifugal field requires the creation of structurally complex centrifuges, so it is ineffective. We consider the possibility of purifying the exhaust gases from the soot particles in the electrostatic field. The device presents the collecting electrode, which is shaped as a cylinder, and an axial central electrode, which is mounted on an insulated spacer within the cylindrical body. The study deals with the physical and mathematical simulation of processes occurring in the proposed device of the purification of exhaust gases. The equality of the Coulomb force and the Stoks force determines the magnitude of the electrostatic field strength that is necessary for the purification of exhaust gas from the soot particles. We have identified the desired length of the collecting electrode
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