Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Osykin Sergey Vladimirovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 19

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1437 kb

ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES AND MEANS OF CULTIVATION

abstract 1501906002 issue 150 pp. 0 – 0 28.06.2019 ru 28
Due to the disconnectedness of production processes, prevention of soil degradation and plant diseases, as well as the difficult establishment of functional dependencies between the parameters of the working bodies and the physicomechanical properties of the soil, the richness of foreign technology, there is the problem of creating innovative structural and technological solutions for basic soil tillage including for the purpose of import substitution. To solve it, KubGAU has developed: “Multifunctional plow” (patent of the Russian Federation No. 2618342); “Plow with rotary bar” (utility model RF patent No. 184196); “Multifunctional plow with a rotary bruce” (positive decision on the patent application of the Russian Federation). Formal models, schemes and descriptions are given
206 kb

ANALYSIS OF EXISTING HYPOTHESES OF MECHANISMS OF INFLUENCES OF ACOUSTIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS ON TREATED LIQUID

abstract 1301706017 issue 130 pp. 253 – 267 30.06.2017 ru 87
The article compares various hypotheses that explain the mechanisms of the influence of the magnetic field with different characteristics on liquids, physico-chemical and biological systems. Physical effects that cause specific biological activity of water (magnetic treatment of water, production of thawed water, degassing, etc.) make water be metastable or non-equilibrium states. Water attracts the attention of researchers as a likely universal mediator in the transmission of electromagnetic field signals to the biological level. Water is involved in a variety of chemical and metabolic reactions, so the question about the ability to change the properties of water and solutions under the influence of fields of different nature: an electromagnetic field with different frequencies, with different combinations of field orientations (parallel constant and variable magnetic field, slope fields, rotating magnetic fields, magnetic fields close to zero and electric fields) arises. At the heart of existing methods for treating liquids lie methods that use the energy of the acoustic and magnetic fields, as well as complex methods of influencing the electromagnetic field in combination with thermal heating, pressure change, etc. The analysis of existing hypotheses about the mechanisms of the influences of fields of a different nature on the treated liquid makes it possible to put forward a hypothesis about the possibility of the joint influence of the acoustic and magnetic fields on the liquid by means of the acoustic and magnetic device
221 kb

APPLICATION OF ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR ENHANCING OF IN-HEAVE MICROCLIMATE

abstract 1061502008 issue 106 pp. 135 – 150 28.02.2015 ru 482
One of the integrative indicators of over-all performance estimation is profitability of the production. It is possible to increase competitiveness of beekeeping production as well as national food security via implementation of efficient electrical technologies. Enhancing of microclimate parameters in hives allows us to enhance the intensity of spring development of bees. The counting of integrate heat losses in heaves with ozone treatment and without the one was carried out. Using the obtained results and graphs we can develop the automation system for in-heave microclimate control. The article presents the graphs of heat losses in a beehive on the outdoor temperature and relative humidity, which were obtained experimental. It is proved that when the outdoor temperature from -15 to 8 ° C and the change in ambient air humidity of 60 to 100% heat loss beehive decrease from 4-5 W to 0.2-0.4 W. It is concluded that treatment of bees by ozone, while reducing the concentration of pathogenic microorganisms, will reduce the energy loss by reducing the air exchange, i.e. improve conditions for the development of the bee colony
1165 kb

APPLICATION OF THE IMITATION MODELING FOR OPTIMIZATION OF CONSISTENCE OF THE CULTIVATION AGGREGATES FOR CROP FARMING

abstract 1061502033 issue 106 pp. 529 – 549 28.02.2015 ru 499
The main indicators of efficiency of a cultivation machine are the following: productiveness and fuel consumption, which depend on complexity of work, operating depth and structure of the machine (type of the tractor and plough). The optimal structure of cultivation aggregate for the needs of each exact farm is complicated to do due to different determined and stochastic factors. In this case, Monte Carlo imitation modeling is proposed to use. As a result of models’ analysis, it is defined that all aggregates could be divided onto 4 groups of efficiency. Curves demonstrating dependence of fuel costs, compensation of losses caused by breakdown of agricultural terms and soil compaction caused by quantity of aggregates are built. After integration of the whole amount of aggregates into a common traditional technology of cultivation and after selection of its characteristics (quantity of aggregates, general fuel costs and losses costs, including fuel costs) it was proposed to split it onto 3 category modes: hard (according to technological mode – 2 or 5 shifts), normal (4-10 shifts), mild (6-15 shifts). The obtained models can be successfully applied in software of on-board computers in tractors and PCs of the engineers as well. Dynamical models for other technological processes in plant breeding could be obtained in the same way. All developed models allow us to make one more step towards precision farming and reduce costs for manufacture of end products
161 kb

COMPLIEX APRROACH TO THE TECHNOLOGY OF PRODUCTION OF GRAIN AND SPIKE CULTURES

abstract 0871303026 issue 87 pp. 336 – 350 30.03.2013 ru 913
The article presents the new direction for union technical characteristics with productivity, and formal models for every method of production of grain and spike cultures and for general technology
323 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF AN ELECTRO-ACTIVATOR BASED ON THE DATA ON WATER QUALITY AND REQUIREMENTS FOR WORKING HERBICIDE SOLUTION

abstract 1071503079 issue 107 pp. 1216 – 1234 31.03.2015 ru 477
Based on this analysis, it was found that it was necessary to develop an electro-activator with adjustable parameters. Analysis of the literature showed that there are no analytical expressions relating the degree of activation solutions, conductivity, temperature and geometric parameters of an electro-activator. The article presents a block diagram of the system "Electro-activator - working solution - weeds", a mathematical model of the subsystem "Electro-activator" allows to describe the parameters of the solution at the outlet of the electro-activator and its mode of operation. An expression is derived which allows to determine the critical mode of installation and adjustment range of current management. When exceeding the rated range of the control the main energy will focus on the process of aerogenesis. We have implemented the coefficient of aerogenesis, which has a significant impact on the temperature of the solution in the chamber and an electrically. This factor must be taken into account as well as the approach mode to the critical or exceeded. The calculation for the resulting mathematical model makes it possible to design an electro-activator for a company which has different water sources and apply different plant protection products. Also, in the future, the result of the research will allow developing engineering techniques for calculations
182 kb

EFFICIENCY OF USING OF THROTTLING ELEMENTS AT THE PUMP PLANTS

abstract 0931309010 issue 93 pp. 156 – 165 30.11.2013 ru 757
In the article, we have examined the operation modes of the pump units when their efficiency is regulated by the force of throttling. Formulas for optimal operation mode are derived and zones for efficient work of the electric pumps with different initial parameters of reg-ulations are defined
343 kb

ENGINEERING TECHNIQUES FOR DEFINITION OF PARAMETERS MEASURES OF AN ELECTRO-ACTIVATOR

abstract 1071503080 issue 107 pp. 1235 – 1249 31.03.2015 ru 445
The article presents an engineering method for defining electro-activator parameters. We have developed an engineering method for calculating an electro-activator with improved performance that can reduce the complexity of the design calculations and include a critical mode of the electro-activator at which the process leads to passivation. We have proposed an automated management scheme based on electro-activator functional and electrical schematics. One of the benefits of the resulting model of calculations of an electro-activator is to identify a possibility of automating the process of managing and stable operation. The current in the electro-activator can be adjusted depending on performance. Automatic maintenance of performance and capacity control for the benefit of the cameras is possible, giving an automatic valve with an analog controller. When the temperature rises above or current exceeds the desired value, we can face signaling and a complete shutdown of the installation. The use of temperature sensors, pH, conductivity and flow can be implemented, as well as centralized information collection and development of the control algorithm. Monitoring and maintenance of an electro-activator can be fully automated with the equipment of industrial automation. Also, on the basis of the proposed engineering method for calculating, it is possible to develop a software product. That will allow designing computer simulation when planning an electro-activator
195 kb

FEASIBILITY STUDY AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PRODUCTION OF ELECTROACTIVATORS

abstract 1101506060 issue 110 pp. 908 – 927 30.06.2015 ru 556
The feasibility study is required in determining the effectiveness of the implementation of electrotechnical products. The main aim is to determine the magnitude of the economic effects of using key and related results in agriculture. The article presents a feasibility study of production and implementation electroactivator device in the production of 5 units monthly, 60 units per year. It is the device cost calculation based on investment, energy costs and wages. Capital investment in new plant is the cost of materials and installation. The magnitude of the value of individual elements of the unit is determined by the price lists. Determining the cost-effectiveness and technical feasibility in the production when introducing electrified units involves additional investment and operating costs, this is reflected in the cost of production. The comparison was made for the device with a new electroactivator developed in KubSAU and using chemical means of Lakmus. Calculations of economic efficiency of investments for the farm which has 225 hectares of arable land have shown that basic income will be obtained by reducing operating costs. Net present value was determined for different levels of the bank rate and inflation
809 kb

IMITATION MODELING WHEN ANALYSING THE EFFICIENCY OF AGGREGATES FOR TILLAGE

abstract 1021408066 issue 102 pp. 1017 – 1042 31.10.2014 ru 528
The choice of the most optimal composition of aggregates for tillage for work in a certain economy is very difficult from many determined and casual factors. In connection with what, it is suggested to conduct researches with the use of quantificational and quantifier algebra logic. Also we need minimum influences on ecology, being characterized as a predicate of "minimum of expenses on indemnification of erosive losses of soil". For the agricultural technique of Russia, countries of the CIS and distant foreignness with the well-known norms of making (by the productivity) and expense of fuel imitation modeling is applied, on the method of Monte Carlo (Monte - Carlo Simulation), allowing to build a mathematical model for prognostication of necessary amount of aggregates at different normative agroterms with corresponding damages
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