#### Name

Orlov Alexander Ivanovich

#### Scholastic degree

•

•

•

#### Academic rank

professor

#### Honorary rank

â€”

#### Organization, job position

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

#### Web site url

â€”

## Articles count: 129

We have analyzed the current state of the main computer-statistical methods, identified achievements and existing problems, outlined the prospects of further movement and formulated the problems to be solved. We have also discussed the Monte Carlo methods, pseudo-random numbers, simulation, bootstrap and resampling, the automated system-cognitive analysis. We have considered the applications of computer statistics in controlling and properties of statistical packages as the tools for researchers

The real facts presented in this article, demonstrate
the great importance in today's world of strategic
management, methods of analyses of innovations
and investments and the role of the theory of
decision-making in these economic disciplines. We
have given the retrospective analysis of the
development of nuclear physics research. For the
development of fundamental and applied science in
the second half of the twentieth century, we had a
very great importance of the two events: the
decision of US President Roosevelt to deploy
nuclear program (adopted in response to a letter
from Einstein) and the coincidence in time between
the completion of the construction of nuclear bomb
and the end of World War II. The nuclear bombing
of Hiroshima and Nagasaki has determined the
developments in science and technology for the
entire second half of the twentieth century. For the
first time in the entire history of the world the
leaders of the leading countries clearly seen that
fundamental research can bring great practical
benefit (from the point of view of the leaders of
countries). Namely, they can give the brand new
super-powerful weapon. The consequence was a
broad organizational and financial support of
fundamental and deriving from them applied
research. Is analyzed the influence of fundamental
and applied research on the development and
effective use of new technology and technical
progress. We consider the development of
mathematical methods of research and information
technology, in particular, the myth of "artificial
intelligence"

In accordance with the Presidential Decree of 21
August 2012 â„– 1199 one of the 11 integrated
indicators of the activity of executive authorities is
the measure "real disposable income of the
population". For its calculation it is necessary to
measure the level of consumer prices. The article
presents the minimum consumer basket of
physiologically essential food products, designed in
1993 by the Institute of High Statistical
Technologies and Econometrics (IHSTE) based on
the initial data of the Institute of Nutrition of the
Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, and the
results of measuring the cost of the consumer basket
IHSTE and inflation index in 24 years (1993 -
2017). We discuss the application of the developed
tools in Controlling of the level of consumer prices
and living wage. According to M. Orshansky, living
wage can be estimated by multiplying the cost of the
minimum food basket by a factor which is equal to
the quotient of all costs to the costs of food costs for
a poor family. This work is aimed at the elimination
of the monopoly of Rosstat in the calculation of
indices of inflation, the living wage and the real
disposable income of the population. The methods
of the measurement and the use of inflation
constitute an important part of training courses in
econometrics, which are taught in the context of the
scientific-educational complex "Engineering
Business and Management" of the Baumann
Moscow State Technical University. Nobel Laureate
in Economics Vasiliy Leontiev thought that only 1%
of economists analyze the newly collected data, 30%
use the data contained in the publications of
predecessors, and the rest did not turn in their
arguments to the real world. This work belongs to
the 1% of publications (which analyzes the newly
collected data), about which Vasiliy Leontiev wrote

Nonparametric statistics is one of the five points of growth of applied mathematical statistics. Despite the large number of publications on specific issues of nonparametric statistics, the internal structure of this research direction has remained undeveloped. The purpose of this article is to consider its division into regions based on the existing practice of scientific activity determination of nonparametric statistics and classify investigations on nonparametric statistical methods. Nonparametric statistics allows to make statistical inference, in particular, to estimate the characteristics of the distribution and testing statistical hypotheses without, as a rule, weakly proven assumptions about the distribution function of samples included in a particular parametric family. For example, the widespread belief that the statistical data are often have the normal distribution. Meanwhile, analysis of results of observations, in particular, measurement errors, always leads to the same conclusion - in most cases the actual distribution significantly different from normal. Uncritical use of the hypothesis of normality often leads to significant errors, in areas such as rejection of outlying observation results (emissions), the statistical quality control, and in other cases. Therefore, it is advisable to use nonparametric methods, in which the distribution functions of the results of observations are imposed only weak requirements. It is usually assumed only their continuity. On the basis of generalization of numerous studies it can be stated that to date, using nonparametric methods can solve almost the same number of tasks that previously used parametric methods. Certain statements in the literature are incorrect that nonparametric methods have less power, or require larger sample sizes than parametric methods. Note that in the nonparametric statistics, as in mathematical statistics in general, there remain a number of unresolved problems

Control charts are proposed to use as a tool to detect
deviations in the controlling system. This proposal is considered for monitoring flight safety. Possibility of use in practice of airlines of a new indicator of flight safety level and a new method of its monitoring is discussed. As an indicator the ERC of ARMS group,
and as a method of monthly and weekly monitoring â€“ a method of the cumulative sums are offered

We are developing a new organizational-economic
theory - solidary information economy, based on
the views of Aristotle. The name of this theory has
changed over time. Initially, we used the term
"nonformal information economy of the future",
and then began to use the term "solidary
information economy." In connection with
Biocosmology and neo-Aristotelism preferred is an
adequate term "functionalist organic information
economy". This article summarizes the first phase
of work on the solidary information economy. We
have analyzed the array of publications. The main
problems are discussed, the solution of which is
devoted to research related to the considered basic
organizational and economic theory. The founder
of the economic theory is Aristotle. We discuss
Aristotle's positions, on which the economic theory
is based, in particular, solidary information
economy. We prove that the market economy has
remained in the XIX century and the mainstream in
modern economic science - justification of
insolvency of a market economy and the need to
move to a planned system of economic
management. We examine the impact of ICT on
economic activity. We develop the approaches to
decision-making in the solidary information
economy. On the basis of modern decision theory
(especially expert procedures) and informationcommunication
technologies people can get rid of
chrematistics and will understand the term of
"economy" according to Aristotle

The core of applied statistics is statistics in spaces of arbitrary nature, based on the use of distances and optimization problems. This article discusses the various distances in spaces of statistical data, in particular, their conclusions on the basis of appropriate systems of axioms. The conditions and proofs of theorems first published in scientific periodicals

In the training courses on the theory of probability and
mathematical statistics there are various parametric
families of distributions of numerical random variables
considered. Namely, we have been studying the
families of normal distributions, log-normal
distributions, exponential distributions, gamma
distributions, Weibull-Gnedenko distributions, etc. All
of them depend on one, two or three parameters.
Therefore, for a complete description of the distribution
it is sufficient to know or estimate one, two or three
numbers. Parametric theory of mathematical statistics is
widely developed, where it is assumed that the
distribution of observations belong to one or another
parametric family of distributions. This tradition comes
from Karl Pearson, who in the early twentieth century
proposed the use of four parametric family of
distributions. The above families of distributions - are
the subsets of a four-parametric family of Pearson.
Unfortunately, parametric families exist only in the
minds of the authors of textbooks on probability theory
and mathematical statistics. In real life, they are not.
Therefore, modern applied statistics and econometrics
mainly use non-parametric methods, in which the
distribution of observations can have arbitrary form.
First, on an example of a normal distribution, we are
discussing the impossibility of practical use of
parametric families of distributions to describe specific
statistical data. We give the results of research of
metrologists and estimation of convergence in limit
theorems. Then we discuss how the parametric methods
can use for reject outlying observations. It is very
unstable the significance levels for a fixed rejection rule
and the parameter of the rejection rules for a fixed level
of significance. Consequently, the rejection of the
classic rules of mathematical statistics is not sciencebased

The higher the level of quality achieved, the greater the control size - this is the paradox of the classical theory of statistical control. A possible way out is to move to the technical policy based on economic characteristics. Shifting control to the consumer may be economically profitable. We have considered two variants of technical policy - increasing lot size and replacing defective product units at the consumer

The actuality of ecological issues was realized about
50 years ago. The highlight of the ecological
movement to protect the environment has been, in
our estimation, the United Nations Conference on
Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro,
1992), which adopted the concept of sustainable
development. After 1992 the interest in ecology of
broad masses was decreased slightly, although the
environmental problems are not only remained, but
appeared to a greater extent. However, now there is
a legal basis for their decisions. Particularly,
enterprises must have a certified environmental
management system; otherwise they will be unable
to compete in international markets. Awareness by
humanity of need for environmental protection has
led, in particular, to the deployment of scientific
research in the field of ecological safety studies.
Therefore, we have found that it is necessary and
useful to report about the research of our team on
this subject. Ecological security issues are highly
relevant to the energy sector, in particular for gas
enterprises. As an example of the new scientific
results we discuss the innovative approach to the
disposal of drilling waste. The basic idea - the use of
underground non-enveloped tanks in permafrost soil
for disposal of drilling waste. Permafrost is typically
a negative impact on economic development, but in
this situation it is the determining factor for a
positive role, enabling lower costs to ensure
ecological safety and, consequently, improve the
competitiveness of domestic enterprises in the
global gas market. This article is devoted to methods
of dumping drilling waste and the problems that
arise in their burial place. We discuss various
methods of waste disposal, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as the impact on the
environment