Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Orlov Alexander Ivanovich

Scholastic degree




Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Bauman Moscow State Technical University
   

Web site url

Email

prof-orlov@mail.ru


Articles count: 123

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213 kb

PROBABILISTIC-STATISTICAL METHODS IN GNEDENKO’S RESEARCHES

abstract 1001406002 issue 100 pp. 31 – 52 30.06.2014 ru 941
We analyze the probabilistic-statistical methods in the researches of Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko – the academician of Ukrainian Academy of Science, which are very important for the XXI century. We have also discussed the limit theorems of probability theory, mathematical statistics, reliability theory, statistical methods of quality control and queuing theory. We give some information about the main stages of scientific career of B.V. Gnedenko, his views on the history of mathematics and teaching
225 kb

PROBABILISTIC-STATISTICAL METHODS IN KOLMOGOROV’S RESEARCHES

abstract 0981404011 issue 98 pp. 156 – 178 30.04.2014 ru 1043
From a modern point of view we have discussed Kolmogorov’s researches in the axiomatic approach to probability theory, the goodness-of-fit test of the empirical distribution with theoretical, properties of the median estimates as a distribution center, the effect of "swelling" of the correlation coefficient, the theory of averages, the statistical theory of crystallization of metals, the least squares method, the properties of sums of a random number of random variables, statistical control, unbiased estimates, axiomatic conclusion of logarithmic normal distribution in crushing, the methods of detecting differences in the weather-type experiments
175 kb

PROBABILISTIC-STATISTICAL MODELING THE INTERFERENCES FROM ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVES

abstract 1061502016 issue 106 pp. 225 – 238 28.02.2015 ru 457
The movements of electric locomotives create the interferences affecting the wired link. The creation of sufficiently technical effective and at the same time cost-effective means of protection from wireline interferences generated traction networks assumes as a preparatory phase to develop mathematical models of interference caused by electric locomotives. We have developed a probabilistic-statistical model of interferences caused by electric locomotives. The asymptotic distribution of the total interference is the distribution of the length of the two-dimensional random vector whose coordinates - independent normally distributed random variables with mean 0 and variance 1. Limit theorem is proved for the expectation of the total amplitude of the interferences. Monte-Carlo method is used to study the rate of convergence of the expectation of the total amplitude of the interferences to the limiting value. We used an algorithm of mixing developed by MacLaren-Marsaglia (M-algorithm). Five sets of amplitudes are analyzed, selected in accordance with the recommendations of experts in the field of traction AC networks. The most rapid convergence to the limit takes place in the case of equal amplitudes. It was found that the maximum possible average value of the amplitude of the random noise by 7.4% less than the previously used value, which promises a significant economic impact
267 kb

PROBABILITY MODELS FOR OBTAINING NON-NUMERICAL DATA

abstract 1051501003 issue 105 pp. 39 – 66 30.01.2015 ru 453
The statistics of objects of non-numerical nature (statistics of non-numerical objects, non-numerical data statistics, non-numeric statistics) is the area of mathematical statistics, devoted to the analysis methods of non-numeric data. Basis of applying the results of mathematical statistics are probabilistic-statistical models of real phenomena and processes, the most important (and often only) which are models for obtaining data. The simplest example of a model for obtaining data is the model of the sample as a set of independent identically distributed random variables. In this article we have considered the basic probabilistic models for obtaining non-numeric data. Namely, the models of dichotomous data, results of paired comparisons, binary relations, ranks, the objects of general nature. We have discussed the various options of probabilistic models and their practical use. For example, the basic probabilistic model of dichotomous data - Bernoulli vector (Lucian) i.e. final sequence of independent Bernoulli trials, for which the probabilities of success may be different. The mathematical tools of solutions of various statistical problems associated with the Bernoulli vectors are useful for the analysis of random tolerances; random sets with independent elements; in processing the results of independent pairwise comparisons; statistical methods for analyzing the accuracy and stability of technological processes; in the analysis and synthesis of statistical quality control plans (for dichotomous characteristics); the processing of marketing and sociological questionnaires (with closed questions like "yes" - "no"); the processing of socio-psychological and medical data, in particular, the responses to psychological tests such as MMPI (used in particular in the problems of human resource management), and analysis of topographic maps (used for the analysis and prediction of the affected areas for technological disasters, distributing corrosion, propagation environmentally harmful pollutants, various diseases (including myocardial infarction), in other situations), etc.
271 kb

PROFESSIONAL STANDARDS, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND MANAGEMENT IN AEROSPACE INDUSTRY

abstract 1181604016 issue 118 pp. 305 – 332 29.04.2016 ru 458
We should have trained staff to implement innovative strategies. Therefore, it is natural, that a lot of attention is paid to the staffing of the management processes of innovative activity at the enterprises of the rocket and space industry (RCP). Training and human resources management in accordance with current legislation should be based on professional standards. The content of professional standards should reflect the results of forecasting scientific and technical progress in the field, for example, in the RCP. It is necessary to forecast trends in the use of information and communication technologies in solving management problems in the socio-economic sphere in order to reflect these developments in professional standards. The approach to solving this problem is the subject of this article. What should the professional standard be like in the RCP? The main problem lies in the fact that although the standard is to be enacted in the near future, its actual impact on the industry will start in 5 - 10 years and will continue for at least another 10 years, ie, until the 2030s. Professional standards should come from "Education through Science" concept, ie, knowledge, skills, competences, provided by a professional standard, should be based on modern scientific achievements. For example, mathematical methods of research should be based on a new paradigm in the area of knowledge and statistical data analysis methods must meet high statistical techniques. For the development of professional standards in the field of the RCP it is necessary to predict the characteristics of the qualification (level of knowledge, skills and experience) required the employee to carry out professional activities in the RCP in 2020 - 2030. Modern information and communication technologies are creating a fundamentally new situation in the organization of the economy. We have an ability to manage the work of organizational units, scattered throughout the world, from a single center. The requirement of presence in the workplace is mainly a relic of the past. We have a lot of advantages in a remote work
1274 kb

QUANTIFICATION OF THE DEGREE OF MANIPULATION OF THE H-INDEX AND ITS MODIFICATION RESISTANT TO MANIPULATION

abstract 1211607005 issue 121 pp. 202 – 234 30.09.2016 ru 514
In the USSR higher attestation Commission from 1975 to the collapse of the USSR was subordinated not to the Ministry of education and science, but to the Council of Ministers of the USSR directly. However, since then there is a steady trend of gradual reduction of the status of the Commission. Today it is not just included in the Ministry of education, it is just one of the units of one of its structures: the Rosobrnadzor. Reduced status of the HAC inevitably leads to a decline in the status and in the adequacy of scientific degrees assigned as well as scientific ranks. This process of devaluation of traditional academic degrees and titles assigned to the HAC, has reached the point when a few years ago there were abolished salary increments for them. Now, instead of that, every university and research institutes have developed their local, i.e. non-comparable with each other scientometric methods of evaluation of the results of scientific and teaching activities. Despite the diversity of these techniques, there is a common thing among all of them, which is the disproportionate role of the h-index. The value of the Hirsch index starts to play an important role in the protection, when considering competitive cases for positions, as well as in determining the monthly rewards for the results of scientific and teaching activities. By itself, this index is well founded, theoretically. However, in connection with the practice of its application in our conditions, in the collective consciousness of the scientific community there was a kind of mania, which the authors call the "Hirschmania". This mania is characterized by elevated unhealthy interest to the value of the Hirsch index, as well as incorrect manipulation of its value, i.e. inadequate artificial exaggeration of this value, as well as a number of negative consequences of that interest. In this study we have made an attempt to construct a quantitative measure for assessing the extent of improper manipulation of the value of the Hirsch index, and offered a science-based modification of the h-index, insensitive (resistant) to the manipulation. The article presents a technique for all the numerical calculations, which is simple enough for any author to use
180 kb

REAL AND NOMINAL SIGNIFICANCE LEVELS IN STATISTICAL HYPOTHESIS TESTING

abstract 1141510003 issue 114 pp. 42 – 54 30.12.2015 ru 631
In the statistical hypothesis testing, critical values often point to a priori fixed (nominal) significance levels. As such, typically researcher uses the values of three numbers 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, to which may be added a few levels: 0.001, 0.005, 0.02, and others. However, for the statistics with discrete distribution functions, which, in particular, include all nonparametric statistical tests, the real significance levels may be different from the nominal, differ at times. Under the real significance level we refer to the highest possible significance level of discrete statistics, not exceeding a given nominal significance level (ie, the transition to the next highest possible value corresponding discrete statistical significance level is greater than a predetermined nominal). In the article, we have discussed the difference between nominal and real significance levels on the example of nonparametric tests for the homogeneity of two independent samples. We have also studied two-sample Wilcoxon test, the criterion of van der Waerden, Smirnov two-sample two-sided test, sign test, runs test (Wolfowitz) and calculated the real significance levels of the criteria for nominal significance level of 0.05. The study of the power of these statistical tests is accomplished by means of Monte Carlo method. The main conclusion: the use of nominal significance levels instead of real significance levels for discrete statistics is inadmissible for small sample sizes
261 kb

RENEWAL DEPENDENCE METHOD OF LEAST SQUARES BASED NONPARAMETRIC MODEL WITH PERIODIC COMPONENT

abstract 0911307013 issue 91 pp. 192 – 221 30.09.2013 ru 1383
We consider the nonparametric problem of reneval dependence, which is described by the sum of a linear trend and periodic function with a known period. We obtain the asymptotic distribution of the parameter estimates and the trend component. The methods of estimating the periodic component and designing in-terval forecast. In the model of the points of observa-tion, natural for applications, justified by the condi-tions of use. In particular, we prove an asymptotically unbiased estimate of the coefficient of the linear term
1319 kb

REQUIREMENTS AND ESTIMATION OF THE FEASIBILITY OF PROJECTS OF CREATION OF THE PRODUCTS OF ROCKET AND SPACE TECHNICS

abstract 0991405008 issue 99 pp. 124 – 136 30.05.2014 ru 1377
The requirements for the project design stages of creating rocket and space technology are specified. The algorithm of estimation the feasibility of such projects is proposed based on their innovation and investment components
253 kb

RUSSIAN SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL IN THE ECONOMETRICS FIELD

abstract 1211607006 issue 121 pp. 235 – 261 30.09.2016 ru 275
We have considered the formation of the Russian scientific school in the field of econometrics, obtained its obtained scientific results, the possibilities of their use in solving problems of the economy, the organization of production and controlling of industrial companies and organizations, as well as in teaching. As econometrics we consider a scientific and an academic discipline devoted to the development and application of statistical methods to study economic phenomena and processes, in short, statistical methods in economics. Therefore, we can say that a lot of domestic books and articles, in particular, the works by the author of this publication from the beginning of the 70s, are the parts of econometrics. However, in this article we consider only the works, in the titles of which we can see the word of "econometrics". In our country the term "econometrics" has become popular since the mid 90s. However, many publications and training courses are still developed in the western outdated paradigm. They do not conform to the new paradigm of mathematical methods of economics, the new paradigm of applied statistics and mathematical statistics, mathematical methods of research. Russian science school in the field of econometrics operates within the scientific school in the field of probability theory and mathematical statistics based by A.N. Kolmogorov. Russian science school is developed in accordance with the new paradigm of mathematical methods. It is necessary to examine the main results of Russian scientific schools in the field of econometrics. We present the information on the institutional design of national scientific schools in econometrics, in particular, on the activities of the Institute of High Technologies statistics and econometrics
.