Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Kurnosova Natalya Sergeevna

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 5

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420 kb

ECONOMIC AND BIOENERGY ASSESSMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF WINTER WHEAT CULTIVATION IN THE CENTRAL ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1381804012 issue 138 pp. 60 – 77 30.04.2018 ru 5
The article presents the results of bio-energetic and economic evaluation of alternative technologies for cultivation of winter wheat, developed in long-term stationary experiments at Kuban State Agrarian University. We study the effect of four factors on the productivity of winter wheat, quality of soil, fertilizers system, systems of soil tillage and systems of protection. We have processed the data for 7 technologies in two rotations of 11 fields grain-grass crop rotation in the Central part of the Krasnodar region on leached black soil of plains of the agricultural landscape. We have established, in the first crop rotation, on the example of varieties of Batyka and Krasnodarskaya 99, that there were changes in costs of production, net profit and the cost of 1 centner of grain, depending on the technology, and the comparative evaluation of bioenergy impact of alternative technologies of winter wheat cultivation to consumption energy costs total energy. We have calculated ratio net of efficiency depending on the technology of cultivation of winter wheat. On the basis of economic and bioenergetic calculations for farms with different level of economy we have proposed an alternative technology: for economically strong, economically average, economically weak farms and for farms located in protected areas where is prohibited the use of chemicals. Thus, producers have a choice of alternative technologies of winter wheat, which will contribute to maximizing profits and obtaining competitive products
279 kb

METHODS OF CLASSICAL STATISTICS IN STUDYING THE DEGREE OF "RISKINESS" OF TREND-SEASONAL PROCESSES

abstract 1001406114 issue 100 pp. 1734 – 1744 30.06.2014 ru 680
The article studies the degree of "riskiness" of natural time series, which are inherent properties of the seasonal trend. The authors have made an analysis the result of which is the effect relationship between weather conditions and the dynamics of the behavior of the monthly volumes of mountain rivers
132 kb

PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION OF AGRARIAN PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT

abstract 1301706086 issue 130 pp. 1189 – 1197 30.06.2017 ru 51
The article discusses the issues of organizing the management of agricultural production; it reveals the properties of socio-economic systems as an object of management, provides an overview of existing approaches to management organization, concludes that the complexity and heterogeneity of socio-economic systems objectively determines certain specifics of the organization of their management systems; the content of the category "agroeconomic systems" and their specificity as an object of management are disclosed, a set of principles, reflecting the multifunctionality of agriculture and the totality of various aspects of managing agroeconomic systems of various levels is given. It is proposed to systematize the totality of these principles in the context of such groups as: theoretical and methodological principles (system approach, dynamism and variability of the functioning environment, integrated assessment of the development of the agricultural sector, balanced development of elements of agroeconomic systems), principles reflecting the specific features of the formation of agro-economy (taking into account the peculiarities of the natural and climatic conditions of development, taking into account the level of development of rural territories as a spatial basis for conducting agricultural production, taking into account the level of development of agricultural production, taking into account the level of investment attractiveness of the agricultural sector), principles ensuring balanced development of agro- (rational division of labor, rational distribution of production, proportionality of the development of elements of the agri-food complex, maintenance of the balance of economic interests of managing subjects), the principles regulating the formation of the management system (adequacy of the management system, the optimal balance between the elements of the management system, complexity, economy). It is argued that securing a high level of controllability of the agrarian production system is possible only if the effective interaction of all subjects of the management system is achieved through the coordination of their objectives and the definition of the scope of their managerial competencies
164 kb

SPECIFICS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

abstract 1331709074 issue 133 pp. 998 – 1012 30.11.2017 ru 41
The article deals with the organization of the management of development of agro-economic systems at various levels, assesses the existing approaches to the localization of the management object in relation to agroeconomic systems, points out that agriculture is most often designated as managed subsystems as a part of the national economy, agro-voluntary complexes as territorial-sectoral formations of different levels, cluster type structures, integrated agro-industrial structures and allied other types of agricultural producers, farms of different categories, agricultural production and agrarian potential of rural areas conclude that radical economic reforms have led to the destruction of the agro-industrial complex as a single entity of public administration and transformation of a multilevel system of management of agricultural production and caused the loss of controllability of the agrarian sector, it is pointed out that the restoration of manageability by agricultural production can be it is ensured by consolidating the efforts of all economic agents of agrarian relations: the state (federal, regional and municipal authorities), branch unions and associations, corporate integrated units, consumer cooperatives and economic entities of all categories (agricultural organizations, peasant (farm) households, farms population), describes a set of principles governing the process of forming the management system of agricultural production, the results are given systematization of management tasks, the essence of the management mechanism is revealed, it is proved that, due to the generality of management functions and a certain uniformity of managerial activity, the similarity of information flows ensuring the rational interrelation of subjects and management objects in the process of realizing these functions is observed, and a certain level of typicality of information flows creates objective prerequisites for the formation of a typical system of information support for the management of economic entities of specific types
149 kb

TOURISM SEGMENTATION AS A CONDITION OF THE CONTEMPORARY MARKET OF TOURISM

abstract 0891305061 issue 89 pp. 912 – 923 29.05.2013 ru 880
The necessity to divide tourism to different parts has been stated in the article; we have also examined lots of tourism classifications and proposed the author’s segmentation of tourism according to nowadays tourism market condition
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