Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Belyuchenko Ivan Stepanovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 38

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237 kb

ABIOTIC PECULIARITIES OF SMALL RIVERS OF THE STEPPE ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1091505008 issue 109 pp. 126 – 145 29.05.2015 ru 714
Steppe rivers (Eja, Beysug, Chelbas et al.) occupy a vast Azov-Kuban plain, whose total length reaches 4800 km and catchment area of the entire hydrological network of up to 24 000 km. Dams and silting increase flooding of agricultural land and many rivers severely degraded with a reduction of its water content and its quality. Landscapes of the steppe zone occupy a middle reaches of the largest rivers - Beysug River, Chelbas, Eja and differ of transaccumulative character and accompanied by numerous beams and small slope that prone to weak erosion. The valleys of the steppe rivers are characterized by high and gentle slopes and floodplains of river slightly wavy and their deep areas are swamped. As a parent rocks it is dominated by loess clay and clay. Features of soil cover are determined by topography. Black soils were formed on the plain, eroded and meadow-black soils are on the slopes, and meadow-bog soils - in areas with stagnant water. The climate is characterized by moderate winter and hot summers with insufficient moistened soil and low air humidity. The vegetation of the river systems of the steppe zone is divided into marsh, meadow, meadow-steppe vegetations and vegetations of saltmarshes. The ichthyofauna of small rivers is very scanty that is determined by the hydrological regime. Plowing of lands along the water bodies, the development of wind and water erosion is typical for steppe rivers; therefore siltation and overgrowing of rivers are widespread
226 kb

AGGREGATE COMPOSITION OF COMPLEX COMPOSTS

abstract 0931309069 issue 93 pp. 1019 – 1044 30.11.2013 ru 1106
In this article, we review the influence of different pro-duction technologies for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in the soil under alfalfa, and the impact of culture on the accumulation of nitrogen in the soil
2489 kb

APOGEOTROPIC SHOOTS OF CEREALS

abstract 0981404062 issue 98 pp. 844 – 869 30.04.2014 ru 859
Apogeotropic shoots of cereal different of wide range of types of shoots, noticeable differences on characteristic, features of development, their role in the herbage, the seasonal dynamics of crop formation, experiencing noticeable effect on the reaction conditions of soil fertility and humidity. Multiyear cereals in the process of shoot formation form the generative, hidden generative, elongated, short side and underground runners. Multiyear cereals are widely distributed throughout the world, including the tribe Antropogoneae, Chloridaeae, Maydae, Peniceae, Tripsaceae, Festucoideae and others that presented in different parts of the world, and perennial and annual forms. Many cereals are allocated notable longevity, which is largely determined by a wide adaptability to vegetatively propagate. Between northern and southern grasses differences are observed throughout the development of individuals, beginning with emergence. In the southern cereal first sheet has a lancet or ovoid shape and bent at a right angle to his vagina, it is the northern linear subulate form. Cereals are different typology of different shoots. Most large divergence is characterized with erect shoots in both groups of cereals
209 kb

COLLOIDAL SYSTEMS OF WASTES OF DIFFERENT PRODUCTION AND THEIR ROLE IN THE FORMATION OF COMPLEX COMPOSTS

abstract 0931309068 issue 93 pp. 996 – 1018 30.11.2013 ru 1125
Dispersed colloidal particles pertaining to positive colloids is played important role in the process of the interaction of organic wastes (sewage sludge, defeca-tion mud, chicken manure, etc.) with various wastes of mineral raw materials (phosphogypsum, lime powder, halite, etc.)
223 kb

COMBINED PLANTING OF ANNUAL CROPS - IMPORTANT PROBLEM OF PRACTICAL ECOLOGY

abstract 1021408078 issue 102 pp. 1211 – 1235 31.10.2014 ru 504
Self-regulation of agricultural systems is based upon taking into account the interaction of their components released in variety of species and trophic relations; agricultural systems is diversified in towards a sustainable, productive and strategic development of the systems; one of the most promising areas of diversification of agricultural systems is considered to be an introduction to the practice of combining crops, known in agriculture for a long time, which shows us the nature. The most developed technology for creating combined crops is the practice of creating mixtures and the nature of the relationship between their different components
399 kb

COMPLEX COMPOST AND CIRCULATION OF NITROGEN AND CARBON AT THE AGROLANDSCAPE SYSTEMS

abstract 0971403060 issue 97 pp. 864 – 890 31.03.2014 ru 1213
Complex compost includes all elements of the periodic table and is valuable due to the complexity of its system. Among the elements forming a chemical composition of the complex compost we can identify two most important, which are distinguishing a specific character of the interaction with each other and defining the basic processes to ensure vegetation of living system - nitrogen and carbon. Nitrogen determines the rate of energy and connects with living forms of organic matter; it is included as the part of protein and is a major element in determining the productivity of ecosystems. At the cycle of carbon its organic forms and carbon dioxide take a part, presenting the main factors of the processes of respiration and photosynthesis
375 kb

COMPLEX COMPOST AND DETOXICATION OF AGROLANDSCAPE SYSTEMS

abstract 0971403059 issue 97 pp. 838 – 863 31.03.2014 ru 690
Toxicity complex compost arises during compiling of organomineral mixtures of various waste of life, agriculture and mineral industries. One of detoxification factors of complex compost is the ability of heavy metal cations to the formation insoluble compounds, which are fixed by clay materials and different disperse systems, and differ markedly by calcium content, acidity and humus soil-absorbing complex
268 kb

COMPLEX COMPOST AND ECOLOGICAL NICHE OF LIVING ORGANISMS IN AGROLANDSCAPES

abstract 1011407063 issue 101 pp. 1005 – 1031 30.09.2014 ru 684
Ecological niche acts as an important evolutionary function of living organisms in the ecosystem and determines its properties, which are caused by the nutrient requirements, mobility, ability to reproduction, biochemical features, structural features limits tolerance to environmental conditions, opportunities performing certain actions in the specific biocenosis; in the process of divergence (species, their internal and external properties and abiotic characteristics) features of ecological niches are changed , there are new kinds of living organisms and, of course, the formation of new ecological niches
1860 kb

DIAGEOTROPIC SHOOTS OF PERENNIAL GRASSES IN THE SOUTHERN REGIONS OF THE CIS

abstract 0981404063 issue 98 pp. 870 – 887 30.04.2014 ru 907
Studying of perennial cereals of southern and boreal origin led to the allocation of plagiotropic shoots of rhizomes, stolons, that are placed in the soil or on the surface from the apical or lateral kidney of various structures with modified leaves, the beginnings of roots at nodes and developing of type kidney - lengthened shoots. Two types was allocated: type of solid finned cylinder and type of intermittent cylinder with scattered around the periphery of vascular bundles: first include cereals temperate regions and is characterized by separation from the epidermis continuous sclerenchyma ring, the second type (sorghum and millet) no continuous mechanical ring and vascular bundles relatively evenly spaced along the periphery of the shoots
189 kb

DISPERSITY OF WASTES AND THEIR PROPERTIES

abstract 0921308077 issue 92 pp. 1141 – 1162 31.10.2013 ru 1166
Dispersity of wastes of all productions including domestic, agricultural, industrial and violations of the natural systems which are heterogeneous and dispersed formations comprising two or more phases with the developed surface is discussed. Disperse systems of wastes are classified into true solutions, systems of finely dispersed of colloids, coarsely dispersed (mainly mineral wastes) and highly dispersed (organic waste)
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