Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Belyuchenko Ivan Stepanovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 38

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238 kb

INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX COMPOSTS ON DEVELOPMENT OF LIVING ORGANISMS IN TOP LAYERS OF ORDINARY CHERNOZEM

abstract 1201606066 issue 120 pp. 1000 – 1022 30.06.2016 ru 417
Complex compost, which is formed in the process of unification of organic and mineral colloids, the formation of new cycles of nutrients, increasing the enzymatic activity of organic matter and respiration of living organisms, the formation of gaseous compounds, increase of ecological niches and land reclamation is a new direction in practical ecology, agriculture and soil science. This line determines of creation and use of complex mixtures of different wastes household, industrial and agricultural production for enrichment soil of organic and mineral dispersed and colloidal systems and improving their physical, chemical and biological and ecological functions. Formation of complex of compost is provided by the enrichment of substrate of organic matter, comprehensive set of mineral substances and their mixed colloidal composition. Microbial communities are determined by the level of transformation of organic matter and activity of life support system and the variety of living species. Entering into the top layer of soil of complex compost contributes to the development and expansion of ecological niches. At the complex compost it is very active increases the number of actinomycetes, especially representatives of the genus Streptomyces, the population of which are accumulated in the top layer of soil in the summer. Actinomycetes series of Cinereus were encountered most often in the soil after introduction of complex compost, Violaceus and Aureus were allocated less
336 kb

INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX COMPOSTS ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ORDINARY CHERNOZEM

abstract 1211607136 issue 121 pp. 2136 – 2164 30.09.2016 ru 517
During the last century, in the biosphere occur expressed processes of soil degradation due to anthropogenic influence, which seriously change of top layer of soil. The agricultural landscape is allocated of noticeable accumulation of various wastes at expense of growing of food crops and grazing of farm animals, as well as due to mineral wastes generated in process production of building materials and fertilizers from natural raw. According to physical and chemical characteristics of wastes of plant origin and natural-raw wastes constitute a non-toxic highly dispersed connection with an admixture of different undecomposed organic and mineral substances. Specificity of physical state is determined there of high dispersion, which is represented by system particles of colloidal substances distributed in various environments. Colloids of natural-raw wastes are characterized by a low rate of diffusion; do not penetrate finely porous membrane of cell structures, different very nonequilibrium insolubility and specific chemical composition. For example, phosphogypsum is characterized by high concentration of sulfur and calcium, and trace amounts of entire table of D.I. Mendeleev. Organic wastes are made by variety of chemical compounds and high concentration of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and other organic substances
231 kb

MICROORGANISMS OF PEDOSPHERE AND PECULIARITIES OF THE SOIL COVER OF AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES

abstract 1211607063 issue 121 pp. 1016 – 1036 30.09.2016 ru 685
The soil by it physical and chemical properties is a poly-dispersed heterogeneous multicomponent unique environment for development of most microorganisms. The soil is the richest natural substrate according to microbial gene fund. Presence of plants and animals in soil maintains it heterogeneous as environment of soil microorganisms, which are main regulators of natural gas composition of atmosphere of Earth, including its macro- and micro-components (including the main "greenhouse" gases - methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide). Recently, the elucidation of these singularities of vital activity of soil organisms has resulted in general conclusion - due to them soil cover serves as a global bio-geo-chemical membrane, through which the exchange of matter and energy between pedosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and main living inhabitants of Earth does its work
223 kb

COMBINED PLANTING OF ANNUAL CROPS - IMPORTANT PROBLEM OF PRACTICAL ECOLOGY

abstract 1021408078 issue 102 pp. 1211 – 1235 31.10.2014 ru 792
Self-regulation of agricultural systems is based upon taking into account the interaction of their components released in variety of species and trophic relations; agricultural systems is diversified in towards a sustainable, productive and strategic development of the systems; one of the most promising areas of diversification of agricultural systems is considered to be an introduction to the practice of combining crops, known in agriculture for a long time, which shows us the nature. The most developed technology for creating combined crops is the practice of creating mixtures and the nature of the relationship between their different components
213 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE COMPOUND COMPOSTS ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND EXTENSION OF ECOLOGICAL NICHES IN AGROLANDSCAPES

abstract 1041410056 issue 104 pp. 744 – 764 30.12.2014 ru 820
The optimum combination of quantitative and qualitative relationships between structures of organic and mineral wastes of various industries provides the formation of compound composts, which improves its physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil, helps conserve macro- and micronutrients, organic matter, enhance ecological niches system, to ensure the development of ecological trophic groups of microorganisms
234 kb

SOIL DEGRADATION AND THE ROLE OF FOREST BELTS IN LAND MELIORATION

abstract 1091505079 issue 109 pp. 1132 – 1153 29.05.2015 ru 893
Soil degradation (erodere – eat away, lat.) - a process in which result pieces of rocks and soil are separated from of their initial location. Is then transferred and deposited in some new place. The factors of erosion are water, wind, landslides, rock particles and etc. Erosion is the process of destruction and demolition of the soil cover (or parent rocks) flows of water or wind what causes depletion of fertile top soil layer. The destruction of this layer occurs quickly, and for its restoration required the millennium. Reduction of soil fertility is one of the main problems that are associated with its pollution. Erosion is a natural process that occurs very slowly ever since as the Earth was formed (about 45-50 billion years ago). Realistically, mountains, valleys, plains and deltas on Earth's surface have been created by water and wind erosion as a result of their joint action over a long period of time. Geological erosion was acted at a slow pace for hundreds of years. With the emergence of the human occurred of invasion species which could transform their natural environment. Artificial type of erosion, which acts much faster than the natural erosion, was formed with the appearance human
234 kb

SOIL DEGRADATION AND THE ROLE OF FOREST BELTS IN LAND MELIORATION

abstract 1101506055 issue 110 pp. 815 – 836 30.06.2015 ru 902
Soil degradation (erodere – eat away, lat.) - a process when pieces of rocks and soil are separated from their initial location. Then transferred and deposited in some new place. The factors of erosion are water, wind, landslides, rock particles and etc. Erosion is the process of destruction and demolition of the soil cover (or parent rocks) by flows of water or wind which causes depletion of fertile top soil layer. The destruction of this layer occurs quickly, and for its restoration thousand years are required. Reduction of soil fertility is one of the main problems that are associated with its pollution. Erosion is a natural process that occurs very slowly ever since the Earth was formed (about 45-50 billion years ago). Realistically, mountains, valleys, plains and deltas on the Earth's surface have been created by water and wind erosion as a result of their joint action over a long period of time. Geological erosion was acted at a slow pace for hundreds of years. When humans appeared it occurred to be an invasion of species which could transform their natural environment. An artificial type of erosion, which acts much faster than the natural erosion, was formed because of human
193 kb

PERSPECTIVES OF DEVELOPMENT OF AGROLANDSCAPES IN THE STEPPE ZONE OF EDGE

abstract 1081504017 issue 108 pp. 232 – 247 30.04.2015 ru 907
Studies of ecosystems allow estimation of difficult processes (physical, chemical and biological), taking place in them and determine how to manage them. At the heart of the natural systems there are freely interacting populations of different taxons, productivity of their above-ground structures, details of which are quite limited, and as underground systems, the data have even less information. In the late 60s and early 70s in the XX century a lot of information appeared associated with problems of environment, its pollution, lack of energy of food resources, clean water; it determined the root cause of the reaction of the population of developed countries on the aggravation of relations between society of people and habitat. Existed for a long time the concept of the exploitation of nature, which reflected on using soils, forests, water and other sources and which showed the power of mankind and its technical power over nature. In reality, this concept was just a common strategy of aphids sucking their environment. Understanding the real situation on the different levels of consciousness of the population defined situation of practical and scientific research in the field of ecology of different directions - chemical, biological, mathematical and other sciences. Development of ecology today will evolve to meet conservation and sustainable development of the biosphere, which experiencing constant anthropogenic pressure. An important problem of agrolandscape systems is an objective assessment of their productivity. Among the issues that determine the development of agricultural systems there are the natural conditions and soil fertility, crop dynamics over the years, the duration of the growing season of individual taxons, as well as the possibility of create of mixed crops, different type of life form, ecological features, physiological diversity of biochemical characteristics. Sowings this type allow, under certain conditions, obtaining stable yields under any climate dynamics and significant reduction of soil erosion. Combined sowing that is practiced in South East Asia, particularly in China, where the main components are the soybean and corn. The usefulness of mixed crops is the stability of yields over the years and the ability to emphasize their resistance to dry weather conditions
283 kb

MORPHOLOGICAL AND CYTO-BIOCHEMICAL BASIS OF SHOOT FORMATION OF CEREALS

abstract 0971403041 issue 97 pp. 562 – 590 31.03.2014 ru 937
Process of shoot formation of cereals is associated with the formation of zone shortened internodes, establishes buds certain capacity and completes transition by growth and formation of crop aboveground mass of each individual. Process of shoot formation is divided into three phases - preparatory, hidden and visible tillering, each of which is different peculiar morphological and cytobiochemical development
283 kb

ORGANIZATION OF SOIL MONITORING OF NORTHERN SLOPES OF CAUCASUS AND POSSIBILITY OF THEIR PROTECTION FROM WATER EROSION

abstract 1101506082 issue 110 pp. 1234 – 1263 30.06.2015 ru 949
Studying the situation and the impact on mountain landscapes of Caucasus allows by means of measurements to establish the most important sources of pollution, to identify the main forms of pressure (emissions, solid wastes, etc.) on the natural landscapes and agricultural systems, to develop a monitoring program with allocation the main objectives and most important tasks of its implementation. The main purpose of monitoring – is to collection of basic information, which will be aimed at addressing specific environmental problems for improvement soil cover on northern slopes of Caucasus and protect it from water erosion. The monitoring program allows getting information, which is due specific problem and conditions of certain area. The main tasks of monitoring the soil cover of northern slopes include concrete achievements in solving problems. At the beginning of monitoring follows determine the range of issues under study. More than often limited resources strictly dictate the need to reduce of measurement program, but always save quality of received material. For solving this problem we have to define the polygons of monitoring and select the objects that are affected by anthropogenic and natural factors. Considering defined technique, it is possible to evaluate the direction of development of particular ecosystem under the influence of a specific mode of action
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