Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Belyuchenko Ivan Stepanovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 38

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215 kb

ECOLOGICAL BASES OF SIMBIOGENIC DEVELOPMENT OF PLANT AT COMPLEX SOWINGS

abstract 1071503094 issue 107 pp. 1441 – 1463 31.03.2015 ru 1661
Development of plants in mixed or combined sowings is based on the symbiotic association in the basis of which we have decreased sexual process and its mechanism of genetic exchange among endosymbionts and stimulating of genetic exchange and expansion of the diversity of species among exosymbionts. The exception is the symbiosis of orchids and fungi - activators of orchids mycorrhiza with developed micellar system easily passing on saprophytic option. Coevolution of plant organisms with fungi indicates the specifics symbiogenic conjugate evolution, showing an example of the evolution of a small community with different contact with the external environment. The phenomenon of symbiogenesis has a long history and was manifested in a variety of different types of organisms. Today, some dependence of existence of one species from other organisms is observed at approximately 75% of higher plants and 90% of the animals in varying degrees of symbiogenic dependence from other species and taxa. Originality of symbiogenesis was analyzed by Academician A.A. Takhtadzhyan (1973) during its consideration of origin of eukaryotic cells as process of "assembly" of a complex system. Different approaches to determining the biological essence of symbiosis are known in the history of study of this phenomenon. On the whole phenomenon of symbiosis belongs to the category mutual relations of organisms of different phylogenetic groups
273 kb

ECOLOGICAL BASIS OF FUNCTIONING OF MIXED SOWINGS

abstract 1011407031 issue 101 pp. 522 – 551 30.09.2014 ru 1208
Creation of joint sowings is very complicated modern environmental problem and the solution is impossible without a comprehensive study of the relationship between individuals of different species that are emerging at the level of a plant community. Studying biotic relationships between taxa used in these crops is very important; joint crops include combinations (sowing crops in rows) and mixed crops (crop seeds mixed and sown together); great attention in the mixed and combined sowings has been paid to selection and combination of cultures
247 kb

ECOLOGICAL CONDITION OF AGROLANDSCAPES OF THE KUBAN REGION

abstract 1011407032 issue 101 pp. 552 – 577 30.09.2014 ru 1257
The condition of agrolandscape systems of Kuban has limited number of natural factors, among which an important place is occupied by temperature, moisture, nutrients and places with weediness of sown areas. Basic soils are occupied by cultivation of agricultural crops with a significant presence of segetal communities in the tilled crops, as well as field protective strips. In soils of agricultural landscapes there are actively developing bacteria, actinomycetes and microscopic fungi, the representatives of mesofauna, qualitative composition of which is very varied. When characterizing the soils we can mark a broad aspect of their contamination with heavy metals and oil, as well we pay attention to peculiarities of agriculture
222 kb

FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL SISTEMS AND AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES OF THE WESTERN AZOV

abstract 0991405027 issue 99 pp. 407 – 428 30.05.2014 ru 1388
We know, that in the development of the natural ecosystems of the Western Priazovye its biomass predominates. This ensures the maximum protection from noticeable changes of habitat. Basic succession defining a significant shift of energy flow in the direction to increase of their expenditures to maintain forming populations determined by broad specialization of natural systems on ecological niches, and their individuals have rather small size, the life cycles of many of them are very simple and short. The coastal strip of the Azov Sea has been seriously degraded due to powerful recreational load, especially in the summer. Presumably one should expect an increased anthropogenic load on ecosystems of this area. Quite obvious is a regularity of overload agroecosystem which occupies the territory between the river and other water formations. The relatively low productivity of agricultural systems of the Eastern Azov is limited by number of factors, among which the main place is occupied with the moisture, nutrients and high weediness of sown areas
508 kb

FEATURES OF MINERAL WASTE AND THE EXPEDIENCY OF THEIR USE IN THE FOR-MATION OF COMPLEX COMPOSTS

abstract 1011407054 issue 101 pp. 875 – 895 30.09.2014 ru 1191
This article summarizes the results of the study of physical, chemical and biological characteristics of mineral waste; it analyzes the specific features of its behavior when applied to the soil in pure form and in complex compost; the possibility of using some of them as an ameliorant for improving the fertility of soil common in the steppe zone of the region
240 kb

FEATURES OF PLANT INTRODUCTION IN THE KUBAN REGION

abstract 1021408077 issue 102 pp. 1186 – 1210 31.10.2014 ru 1039
The features of introduction of trees, shrubs and herbaceous species in terms of the Krasnodar region and the south of the CIS are analyzed, the specificity of this process for deciduous and coniferous species, and grasses at their development in the spring and autumn periods, the allocation of forming niches generative organs, microsporogenesis, etc. are discussed. Opportunity to adapt different kinds of herbs and species of shrubs and trees, taking into account seasonal development with allocation of exotic species in the annual cycle of vegetation critical periods for the growing season Kuban has been considered. The results of the horizontal and vertical introduction in the study of the imported seeds and planting material of different species of trees, shrubs and grasses are discussed
218 kb

FEATURES OF THE EVOLUTIONARY DEVEL-OPMENT OF LIFE FORMS OF HIGHER PLANTS

abstract 0991405028 issue 99 pp. 429 – 448 30.05.2014 ru 1633
Climatic cycles associated with global phases of create gasses are the reasons of oscillation ecosystems and their constituent. Ecological capacitance of systems increases or decreases due to the appearance of new ecological niches, which creating favorable conditions for expanding or narrowing opportunities of adapting new types of organization of living organisms and their significant changes. Conjugacy of the biological evolution of living organisms with geological crises and periodic variations in solar activity is observed. Direction in the development of plant life forms since the beginning of their occurrence was quite varied. The most deeply the development of life forms was developed for flowering plants, starting from of different groups of gymnosperms. The main reasons for selection of life forms are due to challenges facing researchers
2429 kb

FORMS OF PERENNIAL GRASSES WITH RHIZOMES

abstract 1001406080 issue 100 pp. 1234 – 1249 30.06.2014 ru 1135
Considering the nature of the development of sod, gemmation resumption for a period of unfavorable conditions, types of shoots, their vegetative mobility and placement in terms of ecological niches rhizomatous grasses are divided into rhizomatous, rhizome-loosely-turf and sod-rhizomatous biomorphological types, that stand out the specifics of environmental and biological characteristics forming generative, elongated, lateral shoots and roots, differing features of morphology, anatomy, biochemistry and phytocoenology forming continuous grass stand
308 kb

IMPORTANCE OF MICROORGANISMS IN THE FORMATION OF COMPOUND COMPOST

abstract 0961402025 issue 96 pp. 335 – 361 28.02.2014 ru 1180
Formation of the compound compost is due to com-pounds of mineral and organic colloids, creating new cycles biogens, enhancing the enzymatic activity of or-ganic matter, respiration of living organisms, the occur-rence of gaseous compounds, especially nitrogen, ex-panding ecological niches. Number of microbial com-munities evaluates the level transformation of organic matter, the activity life-support systems of living organ-isms. Introduction of complex compost to the soil en-hances of possibilities of ecological niches
248 kb

INFLUENCE OF COMPLEX COMPOST ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL

abstract 0951401033 issue 95 pp. 603 – 631 30.01.2014 ru 1394
Complicated compost is used for recultivation of soils and represents a new direction in practical husbandry and ecology defining the artificial creation of complex mixtures of different wastes of industrial and agricul-tural production, as well as household residues and natural materials for the enrichment of organic and mineral dispersed and colloidal systems with purpose to improving their physical, chemical, biological and ecological functions
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