Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Belyuchenko Ivan Stepanovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 38

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284 kb

QUESTIONS OF PROTECTION OF SOIL IN THE AGROLANDSCAPES

abstract 0951401046 issue 95 pp. 822 – 853 30.01.2014 ru 1559
Balance of heavy metals in the topsoil describes their content at admission and take-out for a specific period of time. Sources of heavy metals in the soil are their admission with atmospheric precipitation, sowing material, dust, organic and mineral fertilizers, as well as other components. Take-out of elements from the soil is taken into account with a crop (grain yield of green mass, roots, etc.), as well as with the removal of water and wind erosion
177 kb

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURAL CROPS IN VARIOUS TYPES OF SOWINGS IN THE STEPPE ZONE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1081504004 issue 108 pp. 56 – 70 30.04.2015 ru 1215
In herbaceous communities of annual crops dominate clean sowings, which are characterized by high productivity. However, it is very poorly adapted, different weak transformation of matter and energy and stronger exposed to stressful situations as compared to natural systems. In agroecosystems only structural diversity can supporting many processes on a much aligned level. In agrolandscape system creates mixed sowings that are practiced in forage production of many areas. Great importance is the selection of crops for joint sowing because the relationship of species in created systems are poorly investigated and documented in the literature is not enough. Investigations were carried out on experimental plots on the farm called "Zavety Ilyicha" of the Leningrad district and training farm called "Kuban" in Krasnodar. Formation of joint sowings in different moistening conditions, level of fertility, chemical and physical condition of the soil is a very big problem. Cultivation of different cultures in joint sowings significantly influences the terms the onset of main phases of vegetation in certain species. For example, the placement of sorghum between rows of soybean noticeably extended the period of its vegetation (5-7 days); acceleration of interphase periods was marked for amaranth; height of plant noticeably was changed, leaf area was varied, indicator of competitive features of individual species was differed. The existence of the relationship between the method of sowing crops, their farming practices and composition of species and population of microflora, mesofauna of soil, yield of dry matter and grain was observed
2719 kb

SOD FORM OF PERENNIAL GRASSES

abstract 1001406079 issue 100 pp. 1216 – 1233 30.06.2014 ru 1241
The article considers the peculiarities of turf and sod, specificity of formation of kidneys for regeneration, types of shoots, vegetative mobility and specificity of growth in certain conditions, turf grasses are divided into loosely-and tightly-turf characterized, by specific features of environmental, biological characteristics; forming turf from generative rosettes, elongated and shortened vegetative, side ground shoots, differing specificity of morphological, biochemical and fitocoenotical features
234 kb

SOIL DEGRADATION AND THE ROLE OF FOREST BELTS IN LAND MELIORATION

abstract 1091505079 issue 109 pp. 1132 – 1153 29.05.2015 ru 893
Soil degradation (erodere – eat away, lat.) - a process in which result pieces of rocks and soil are separated from of their initial location. Is then transferred and deposited in some new place. The factors of erosion are water, wind, landslides, rock particles and etc. Erosion is the process of destruction and demolition of the soil cover (or parent rocks) flows of water or wind what causes depletion of fertile top soil layer. The destruction of this layer occurs quickly, and for its restoration required the millennium. Reduction of soil fertility is one of the main problems that are associated with its pollution. Erosion is a natural process that occurs very slowly ever since as the Earth was formed (about 45-50 billion years ago). Realistically, mountains, valleys, plains and deltas on Earth's surface have been created by water and wind erosion as a result of their joint action over a long period of time. Geological erosion was acted at a slow pace for hundreds of years. With the emergence of the human occurred of invasion species which could transform their natural environment. Artificial type of erosion, which acts much faster than the natural erosion, was formed with the appearance human
234 kb

SOIL DEGRADATION AND THE ROLE OF FOREST BELTS IN LAND MELIORATION

abstract 1101506055 issue 110 pp. 815 – 836 30.06.2015 ru 902
Soil degradation (erodere – eat away, lat.) - a process when pieces of rocks and soil are separated from their initial location. Then transferred and deposited in some new place. The factors of erosion are water, wind, landslides, rock particles and etc. Erosion is the process of destruction and demolition of the soil cover (or parent rocks) by flows of water or wind which causes depletion of fertile top soil layer. The destruction of this layer occurs quickly, and for its restoration thousand years are required. Reduction of soil fertility is one of the main problems that are associated with its pollution. Erosion is a natural process that occurs very slowly ever since the Earth was formed (about 45-50 billion years ago). Realistically, mountains, valleys, plains and deltas on the Earth's surface have been created by water and wind erosion as a result of their joint action over a long period of time. Geological erosion was acted at a slow pace for hundreds of years. When humans appeared it occurred to be an invasion of species which could transform their natural environment. An artificial type of erosion, which acts much faster than the natural erosion, was formed because of human
295 kb

THE ROLE OF COMPLEX COMPOST IN THE BIOLOGICAL CYCLE OF ELEMENTS AND SUBSTANCES AND SUSTAINABILITY OF AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES

abstract 1011407053 issue 101 pp. 843 – 874 30.09.2014 ru 1009
Complicated compost with organic and mineral components, has a serious impact on the physical, chemical and biological properties of topsoil significantly modifies its cycles of elements and substances; with the Carboniferous and up to now it has been established the supremacy of the recovery processes in landscapes as compared to oxidation processes through the introduction of complicated compost in their stabilizing factors
234 kb

THE STEPPE RIVERS OF KUBAN, STATE OF THEIR BIOTA AND PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT

abstract 1061502048 issue 106 pp. 772 – 793 28.02.2015 ru 1248
The steppe rivers of Kuban, which form their landscapes in the space between the basins of the rivers Don and Kuban, are divided into two subtypes: the rivers of internal flow which flow into the small ponds (Panura, Kirpili et al.), and the rivers of external flow which flow into the Sea of Azov (Eja, Beysug, Chelbas); direction of flow of these rivers is defined slightly downward from the high right bank of the Kuban (up to 50m) and the eastern slopes (altitude up to 50-170m) of Stavropol Upland; shores of rivers are heavily deforested, subjected to strong anthropogenic pressure and water systems contaminated of organic substances. Plowing of catchment areas to foreshore and plowing dry beams, as well as cutting of forests caused huge harm of river systems. The qualitative composition of microorganisms is not very varied. Polluted rivers and bottom sediments are dominated by saprotrophic microorganisms, spore-bearing and other rod-shaped bacteria. In the samples of sludge we marked high titer thiobacteria and sulfate-reducing bacteria. Complex of actinomycetes was investigated. The species composition of vascular plants includes 135 species from 48 families, most numerous asteraceae, cereals and legumes. The dominant plant of many floodplains steppe rivers is common reed, which contributes to the process of silting soil particles from the fields and the destruction of the sod with overgrazing. Among phytocenoses there is a domination of reed grass-forb deposits on moist soils, mesophilic couch grass-forb and grass-forb xerophytic. In soil biota of floodplains it is dominated by oligochaetes, bottom fauna molluscs and oligochaetes, water - rotifers and cladocerans
512 kb

TROPHIC ASPECTS OF FORMATION OF COM-POUND COMPOST

abstract 0941310015 issue 94 pp. 195 – 221 27.12.2013 ru 1101
Creation of complex compost provides the inclusion of about 10 kinds of organic and mineral wastes, the management of which optimizes their unification in order to create effective compounds, which noticeably change the physical, chemical and biological complexes by enhancing their long activity (4-6 years), ranging from their introduction into the upper layer of the soil, taking into account the development of microorganisms, strengthening water-physical links, enriching chemical ones and extending biological relationships with the expansion of ecological niches
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