Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Khotina Yulia Vasilyevna

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associated professor

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Kuban State Technological University
   

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Articles count: 10

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143 kb

AGITATION AND MASS FORMS OF ART IN THE 20-IES OF THE XX CENTURY IN RUSSIA

abstract 1211607034 issue 121 pp. 660 – 670 30.09.2016 ru 218
The article deals with the forms of agitation and mass art, the creation of which was authorized by the Bolsheviks in the 20ies of the XX century for effective advocacy activities. It is noted, that agitation and mass art is one of the most important and effective means of policies and has played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power. Propaganda direction was manifested in the both of drawing and painting and was aimed at the formation of a new proletarian thinking in a socialist society. It is stated, that the content of works of art is determined, above all, by the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown, that in the works of art displayed figures of the new revolutionary themes, events and characters, but also significant presence of the image of the new man - working men and women, sailors, soldiers, peasants was traced. Festive decoration of cities and towns, from the capital to the smallest provincial towns was filled with agitation and propaganda content. The conclusion is that artistic and political design of squares, streets, public buildings should help to create a festive mood, increase employment, ideological and socio-political activity of the workers. In general, new forms of agitation and propaganda were created through art, by turning the novelty of content, depth of the emotional impact, thematic literacy and specificity for the necessary psychological mood of society during the study period
167 kb

CREATING NATIONAL LITERATURE AS A FACTOR IN THE SOVIETIZATION OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507100 issue 111 pp. 1531 – 1545 30.09.2015 ru 406
The article describes the creation and use of the national literature and national Circassia’s language, as a major factor of Sovietization of the North Caucasus in the process of integration of the region in Soviet geopolitical space in the 1920s-1930s. The article is made in the framework of regional competition: "The North Caucasus: Tradition and Modernity" in 2014 - the Krasnodar Territory. 14-11-23007 Project Type "(p)", the theme: "The Role of the national intelligentsia in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space of the. Nineteenth century. - 20-ies. Twentieth century. (based on the Adyghe people). " It is pointed out that the development of the national writing by Circassian intelligence became not only an important matter of national life of Adyghe people, but also a key part of the national policy of the Soviet authorities towards national minorities. It is noted, that in many respects, revolutionary events in Russia became one of the most powerful external factors that stimulated the revitalization of Circassian intelligentsia in the development and diffusion of national literature. It is shown that in the course of the policy of "language building" in the national autonomies within the first twenty years of the Soviet government the graphics based writing changed three times (Arabic, Latin, Russian) and three times they were eliminating illiteracy. The conclusion is that intellectuals deprived of the possibility to solve these issues, and a key influence on the development of national literature evolution of Circassians had views of the Bolsheviks in the language policy. In general, the issue of writing, mostly related to the problem of education in specific historical circumstances, has acquired great social and political importance, and has become an important part of the national policy of the Soviet government in matters of Sovietization of the North Caucasus
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CULTURAL DISTURBANCES OF RUSSIA IN THE POST-REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD

abstract 1311707071 issue 131 pp. 861 – 871 29.09.2017 ru 44
The article examines the artistic life of the country in the post-revolutionary period, which was characterized by the active creative work, diversity and to some extent inconsistency in culture. It is emphasized that the coup that took place in 1917, provided the impetus as the development of certain areas in the arts and cultural sector in general. It is concluded that the main feature of art as a component of the revolutionary culture of the country was to maintain the ideas of the Bolsheviks and the promotion of the new government, as well as the submission of the new government of each of the areas of cultural activity in Russia. Attention is focused on the fact that the development of art and culture in such difficult and tense post-revolutionary years in the country not only did not stop, but even continued to rise. The Bolsheviks understood the specific role of art, which manifests itself in the fact that it acts as a means of social and psychological impact. After all, art gives a person an opportunity to relive their lives of those who made history and now works. Therefore, it becomes clearer and more accessible sense of political, class and economic relations a lot is through the art. The culture of the country after the fateful October originally reflected the changes in the country and the time itself is filled with a variety of events. Every type of art in its own way conveys the spirit of the era, the atmosphere reigning in the post-revolutionary society. The article says that the Soviet culture was increasingly being filled with proletarian, internationalist, and socialist content. That is why characteristic of that time was the desire to penetrate art in people's daily lives
132 kb

KUBAN PRINTED PUBLICATIONS IN THE 20- IES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (FROM THE HISTORY OF ADVOCACY ACTIVITIES)

abstract 1201606020 issue 120 pp. 320 – 329 30.06.2016 ru 185
The article deals with advocacy, organized with the help of publications by the Bolsheviks in the 20-ies of XX century in the Kuban. It is noted that the press has performed as one of the most important and effective means and played a huge role in the establishment of Soviet power in the Cossack region. The central agency of procurement and distribution of print "Centropechat" at the Central Executive Committee occupied the distribution of official media. It is stated that the content of propaganda and agitation conducted among the civilian population and in the army was determined, above all, as the military-political situation that prevailed in the 20-ies. It is shown that agitation and propaganda carried out by the military newspapers and magazines in difficult conditions and post wartime and the specific tasks were set before the Soviet propaganda organs. The conclusion is that a flexible system for the implementation of advocacy was created during this period. She assumed deepening cooperation and coordination of all the means of propaganda and agitation, which made the Soviet propaganda very successful and effective. The efforts of awareness-raising structures were aimed at creating political awareness and stimulating social activity of the population in this difficult time. The press acted as one of the most powerful tools used by the authorities to achieve the consolidation and integration of society that were the most relevant in the 20ies
150 kb

LOCAL HISTORY OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS AS A FACTOR OF INTEGRATION OF THE REGION IN THE SOVIET GEOPOLITICAL SPACE (TO THE HISTORY OF ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS)

abstract 1111507099 issue 111 pp. 1518 – 1530 30.09.2015 ru 410
The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)». The article is made in the framework of regional competition: «North Caucasus: tradition and modernity» 2014. – Krasnodar region. 14-11-23007 the type of project «A (P)» The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)».Formation of the Soviet national local history through adyghe intelligentsia began in 20-ies. The active participation of the twentieth century intellectuals in the regional movement was caused and anxiety for the fate of cultural heritage and culture in general, and the changes in the conditions of work and life. Everywhere there were different forms of organization and scale of local history, which set themselves common objectives: a comprehensive study native land, to disseminate knowledge about the homeland of the people. The study region was closely connected with the identification, collection, accounting, protection and use of a variety of historical and cultural monuments. "Golden Age" of the national local lore came in the first post-revolutionary decade. During this period, the efforts of national intelligence unified both within the local history organizations and leading independent research has done a great organization, research served as the basis for further research activities. There was intense accumulation of sources, there were papers on various subjects of national history, attempts writing generalizing works, establish cooperation with the regional and central and local history research organizations
149 kb

MONUMENTS OF THE FEBRUARY AND OCTOBER REVOLUTION IN THE TERRITORY OF RUSSIA

abstract 1301706023 issue 130 pp. 310 – 320 30.06.2017 ru 142
The article is devoted to the study of the monuments of revolutions of 1917 in Russia. It is emphasized that from the historical point of view, almost all monuments represent the embodiment of the losses and sufferings of humankind in various armed conflicts. This is especially true for the revolutions of 1917, which changed the entire modern history of the country, and even after 100 years cause a special interest both in the international scientific community and among ordinary people. This study specifies that after the final establishment and approval of the Soviet government, the new government realized that it was needed to create a certain basis, namely, its political symbolism as a foundation for the formation of image of the new government. The most important component of this process was the desire of the authorities to the formation of the ideas of the Soviet people about themselves and their place in the world, and, as a consequence, the folding of the foundations of Soviet patriotism, because the new generation who had no idea about the Russian Empire, began its life in the country, which had an ideology, but just started to develop the system of socialist values. The attention is paid to the fact that the monuments are one of the important elements of the historical and cultural heritage, which reflected the past experience of mankind, broadcast through architectural and sculptural symbols to the present, which contributes not only to the cultural enrichment of mankind, but also used by people to influence worldviews contemporaries. The article says that modern youth need to know the history of their country, not to forget about the numerous victims of various wars, to preserve peace and appreciate life
168 kb

THE ACTIVITY OF SEARCH ORGANIZATIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR

abstract 1091505088 issue 109 pp. 1252 – 1266 29.05.2015 ru 419
The article describes the types and forms of search movement activity of the Krasnodar Region in the formation, preservation and reconstruction of historical and cultural heritage of the Great Patriotic War. The search movement in Russia is the unique socio-cultural phenomenon. In Krasnodar region this movement began in the 80s. Today it is 16 specialized public search organizations. Kuban searchers found the remains of more than 10,000 Soviet soldiers and recognized the names of 220 of them; they have carried out more than 700 expeditions. The main activities of the search organizations of Kuban in the area of historical and cultural heritage of the Great Patriotic War are conducting field exploration works; the establishment of names of the dead, found in the course of search operations and search for their relatives; reburial of the soldiers; assist in the elimination of explosive devices of the Great Patriotic War; patriotic education; military and historical reconstruction; the popularization of the military history of the region. The main purpose of search organizations is to recreate and perpetuate the memory of killed people in the defense of the Fatherland. Through the forms of activity, practiced by search organizations of the Krasnodar region, formed valuable attitude to the historical past, carried out patriotic education, readiness for armed defense of the motherland
149 kb

THE ARCHITECTURAL AND THE SCULPTURAL SYMBOLS OF THE HISTORICAL AND THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE CIVIL WAR ON THE TERRITORY OF KUBAN

abstract 1201606019 issue 120 pp. 307 – 319 30.06.2016 ru 165
The article deals with issues related to the analysis of the problems of historical and cultural heritage of the Civil War, namely, the role of war in the development of architectural and sculptural symbolism in Krasnodar. It is stated that the historical and cultural heritage, which is kept properly and is presented correctly to younger generation, emerges as a necessary means of regulation and integration of contemporary Russian society. It is noted that the monuments of the Civil War and its participants are a valuable research material for the most complete study of the problem of historical and cultural heritage. It is said that a large number of monuments, that have become an integral part of the appearance of many cities of our country, are constructed after the war in the Soviet Union. Several tens of busts, tombstones and obelisks has been established for died military and civilians during the war. Krasnodar was a survivor of a terrible fratricidal war, where the main element acted Cossacks, was no exception. Memorial monuments and obelisks of human tragedy become an important part of life, both the capital of the Kuban and the entire Krasnodar Territory as a whole. They allow you to save a vivid memory of the tragedy of the Civil War. It is emphasized that Civil War monuments play evident and significant role in the education of the young growing generation now. The conclusion is that the architectural and sculptural symbolism of the Civil War, which is presented in Krasnodar, is multifaceted and diverse. Today it is one of the most important elements of patriotic education and the preservation of the historical memory of a terrible fratricidal war. The architectural and sculptural symbolism, which has prevailed since the end of war and the establishment of Soviet power, carried out and provides a vital link to the past present and future, it contributes to maintaining a sense of patriotism and belonging to the human tragedy of our past
162 kb

THE NATIONAL ADYGHE INTELLECTUALS, AGITATION AND PROPAGANDA ACTIVITY OF THE SOVIET POWER IN THE BLACK SEA AREA IN THE 20TH. XX CENTURY. (TO THE INCORPORATION PROBLEM IN THE RUSSIAN SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SPACE)

abstract 1001406067 issue 100 pp. 1030 – 1045 30.06.2014 ru 928
Questions, which are considered in the article, are connected with participation of the national Adyghe intellectuals in functioning of agitation and propaganda structures of the Soviet power in the Black Sea area in the 20th of the XX century. The article is made in the framework of regional competition: «North Caucasus: tradition and modernity» 2014. – Krasnodar region. 14-11-23007 the type of project «A (P)» The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)»
156 kb

THE ROLE OF ADYG INTELLECTUALS IN THE FORMATION OF HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL HERITAGE OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF S. SIYUHOV PRACTICE)

abstract 1011407150 issue 101 pp. 2242 – 2255 30.09.2014 ru 842
The article discussed the role of Adyg intellectuals in the formation of historical and cultural heritage of the North Caucasus on the example of S. Siyuhov. The article is made in the framework of regional competi-tion: «North Caucasus: tradition and modernity» 2014. – Krasnodar region. 14-11-23007 the type of project «A (P)» The topic is «The role of national intelligence in the incorporation of the North Caucasus in the Russian geopolitical space at the end of XIX century – the 1920s (by materials of Adyghe people)»
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