Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Marchenko Alexey Yurievich

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associated professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 14

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376 kb

THE SIMULATION EXPERIENCE OF THE WORKING BODIES OF THE EQUIPMENT FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES USING METHODS OF ENGINEERING GEOMETRY AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS

abstract 1471903001 issue 147 pp. 0 – 0 29.03.2019 ru 33
The article presents the results of the research on modeling of working bodies of agricultural equipment by methods of engineering geometry and computer graphics. The design and the principle of operation of the equipment on the basis of working bodies in the form of screw drums is shown on the example of a device for the preparation of concentrated feed
287 kb

IMPROVEMENT OF WORKING BODIES’ FORMS FOR DEVICES FOR FORAGES PREPARATION BY METHODS OF ENGINEERING GEOMETRY AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS

abstract 1291705047 issue 129 pp. 578 – 598 31.05.2017 ru 94
Improvement is offered for working bodies’ forms in devices for preparation of forages by methods of engineering geometry and computer graphics. That opens not only great opportunities for intensification, increase in productivity and efficiency of the technological processes, but also opens ways for creation of small-sized devices for their realization. Constructive study of geometry of working bodies surface, allows us to give wavy movement to particles of forage and impart them the movement with bigger power consumption. In such installations forage particles components, meeting walls of working body, change their direction and, meeting other portions of particles of forage components, mix up. From loading to unloading, throughout the installations working body length, flexible and strong waves of forage particles components movement inside the working body are born. The conducted pilot studies have shown that as a result of working bodies’ forms improvement of devices for preparation of forages by methods of descriptive geometry such devices can be implemented in a variety of industries
332 kb

THE FINISHING CLEANUP AND STRENGTHENING PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL PURPOSE CARS DETAILS

abstract 1261702025 issue 126 pp. 327 – 342 28.02.2017 ru 117
Results of engineering and scientific search of improvement of resource-saving machine technologies of finishing and cleanup processing of cars details, development of new camps and technologies are presented. The possibility of low-frequency fluctuations with big amplitude can be implemented due to assembling flat or curvilinear elements on external surfaces of the relative screw reel. The use of computer modeling enabled us to obtain a relative screw drum that provides not only giving movement to loading masses with a big fluctuations amplitude, but also compression of loading masses in the process of their motion from loading to unloading. In such machines increase in processing efficiency is reached not only due to achievement of great movement amplitudes values of the loading masses, but also at the cost of compression of loading masses in processing and intensity increase of their mixing. The scheme of the machine for continuous processing with mechanization of separation of details from working environments particles is provided. Results of researches of quality and surfaces micro hardness change processed in the offered machines designs show that details processing time makes 3-6 min
324 kb

MODELING OF CONTACT FORCES IN THE CONCENTRATED FORAGES COMPONENTS’ MOVEMENT IN RELATIVE SCREW DRUMS

abstract 1251701026 issue 125 pp. 377 – 396 31.01.2017 ru 118
Analytical research results of contact forces of interaction of concentrated forages components’ particles in their movement in relative screw drums are presented. It is shown that contact forces – the most difficult forces by their nature; result from stochastic (probable) collision of bulks particles and in particular of concentrated forages components’ particles. Therefore the main objective of this modeling – to describe the stochastic phenomena of the so-called conditional contacts of particles for which some assumptions are accepted, for example, in forcing of mass of concentrated forages components’ particles by the walls of the rotating relative screw drum in the radial direction there will simultaneously arise contacts caused by geometry of a screw drum, i.e. the property of its walls is pressure transfer in relation to the mass of particles in the direction of the modeled movement. Schemes of engagement of concentrated forages components’ particles contacting in the relative screw drum, the probable schedule of sliding speeds values change in their consecutive contacting, their density distribution are demonstrated
542 kb

THE METHOD OF ENGINEERING CALCULATION OF DRIVE DEVICES FOR FORAGES PREPARATION

abstract 1191605050 issue 119 pp. 690 – 707 31.05.2016 ru 144
The article presents results of the study of devices for preparation of feed based on the relative helical drums. In addition, we have created a method of calculation of the drive, including motor power. We have given a calculation sheet for relative helical drums of types of 5.1 and 3.1, as well as typical schemes of devices for preparation of feed (feed-making machines) composed of hollow equilateral triangular of hollow tetrahedrons pyramids and hollow octahedra. The created method of calculation of the drive was tested in the calculation of power consumption of feed-making machines based on spiral reels of 5.1 type mounted using hollow tetrahedrons and spiral reels of 3.1 type, assembled from hollow octahedra. It is shown that in the calculation of the actuator, we should not only take into account the mass loading of feed components, the relative weight of the screw drum assembled with wheels, for a symmetrical load location, but also a lot of download components of feeds, arranged in a spiral relative the drum asymmetrically to the axis of rotation. Thus, summing up the power of the electric motor, required for relative rotation of the screw drum symmetrically loaded and also under asymmetric load we define the motor power for the device for preparation of feed, or feed-making machine
5855 kb

THE APPLICATION OF ASC-ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE RATIONAL DESIGN FEATURES AND PARAMETERS OF THE MODES RELATIVE TO THE SCREW DRUMS FOR MIXING ANIMAL FEED

abstract 1201606001 issue 120 pp. 1 – 48 30.06.2016 ru 152
The authors have developed and manufactured a large number of different designs of relative helical drums for mixing animal feed. We have conducted 749 field experiments with the drums of the 10 different designs with different parameters modes of operation. In all experiments, we measured the quality of the feed mixture. However, directly based on empirical data, rational choice of design features and parameters of the operation modes of the reels is not possible. For this, you must first develop a model reflecting these empirical data. The construction of meaningful analytical models of different types of drums is a difficult and demanding scientific task, the complexity of which is due to the large variety and complexity of forms of drums and their mode of usage, a large number of diverse physical factors affecting the processes in the drum. As a consequence, the development of analytical models associated with a large number of simplifying assumptions that reduce their versatility and reliability. Therefore, it is important to search of a mathematical method and software tools provide a quick and simple for the user to identify and influence the design of the drum and the parameters of the operating modes on the quality of the feed mixture directly on the basis of empirical (experimental) data. The work proposes a solution to this problem with the use of a new universal innovative method of artificial intelligence: automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis) and its programmatic Toolkit – universal cognitive analytical system called "Eidos". In the system of "Eidos" we have implemented a software interface that provides direct input into the system large amounts of empirical data from Excel file. Created on their basis in the system of "Eidos" system-cognitive model allows the visual form to reflect the effect of the structure of the drum and the parameters of the operating modes on the quality of the resulting feed mixture and to develop on this basis the science-based and appropriate recommendations for the rational choice of design features and parameters of the modes relative to the screw drums. We have also given a numerical example
323 kb

SMALL-SIZED MACHINES CREATION VIA ENGINEERING GEOMETRY AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS METHODS

abstract 1271703005 issue 127 pp. 126 – 137 31.03.2017 ru 249
A number of small-sized machines for division of loose materials on the basis of screw drums created with use of engineering geometry and computer graphics methods, in particular of the engineering geometry section: curves and surfaces. In these machines, unlike the known ones, the effect of the movement of bulks on the curvilinear surfaces of screw reels with imposing of low-frequency fluctuations from the vibrator on this main movement is used. Such addition of two movements does not only increase productivity, but also provides self-cleaning of the sifting surfaces of screw drums. The standard machine’s schemes are presented with use of low-frequency fluctuations on the basis of the screw drums made of several screw punched strips with smooth screw lines on perimeter and also of screw drums of only one of punched strips with various form of cross section of the sifting surface
569 kb

PROSPECTS OF USE OF RELATIVE SCREW AND COMBINED REELS FOR DEHYDRATION OF MANURE AND DRYING CHICKEN DUNG, AND ALSO FOR PRE-SEEDING PROCESSING OF SEED MATERIAL

abstract 1131509054 issue 113 pp. 761 – 772 30.11.2015 ru 291
The article presents the experience of creation of the equipment on the basis of the relative screw and combined drums providing highly effective technological processes, because for such drums it is characteristic not only creation of fluctuations to processing subjects with an amplitude of movement of 15-1000 mm and more, but also the opportunity to operate oscillatory process, changing transport or technological effect. Therefore, works on creation of the equipment, for realization of such technological processes, are extremely important and actual for dehydration of manure, drying of chicken dung, and for preseeding processing of seed material. We present kinds of the equipment in which vibroactivators are absent. Equipment samples in which relative screw and combined drums aren't rotated are also presented. They are fixed elastically on a bed and are supplied with vibroactivators. In such devices during the operation of the vibroactivator, processing subjects as a result of the circulating movement in the relative screw and combined drums in the planes, perpendicular axes of their symmetry, receive the additional movement from the walls of drums of various geometrical forms inclined to each other
934 kb

PROSPECTS OF USE OF RELATIVE SCREW AND COMBINED REELS FOR MIXING BULKS

abstract 1131509055 issue 113 pp. 773 – 787 30.11.2015 ru 449
The article reveals a possibility of using equipment based on relative screw and combined drums for mixing of bulks. Change of relative positioning of flat elements of sidewalls of internal surfaces in relative screw drums allows operating the difficult and spatial movement of streams of bulks. In relative screw drums we have developed effective processes of mixing and sets of the equipment, which are characterized by that fact the difficult and spatial screw movement taking place in relative screw drums is dismembered on rather simple, in the kinematic relation, in the movements. The difficult and spatial screw movement with a big amplitude of 15-1000 mm and more, in the offered equipment constructions on the basis of relative screw or combined drums, is reported to bulks by elements of the relative screw or combined drums of various parameters and configurations which becomes complicated also screw lines on perimeter of a relative screw drum with various number of calling and the directions from each other or rounds of the springs fixed in the relative combined drums
383 kb

VIBRATION TECHNOLOGY WITH A LARGE AMPLITUDE OF PARTICLE MOTION OF FEED COMPONENTS

abstract 1071503118 issue 107 pp. 1807 – 1824 31.03.2015 ru 486
The article has revealed the contradiction between the way of technological impact and the means of implementation of technological transport in existing processes of feed preparation. There has been shown the possibility of eliminating this contradiction by menus of completely new technological equipment on the basis of relative screw drums and the opportunity to improve their productivity. There are no exciters in the offered design of vibrating machines. There is no need for them because the move mend of mass loading particles is provided by the original constructions of relative screw drums committing a rotary motion around its own axis. For implementing of feed preparation process the geometry of the relative screw drum and its dynamism must be individual: the shape, spatial orientation, the impact of forces providing feed components particles simultaneously with rotational-translational and vibrational motion. In the result, the continuously running through the inner cavity of the relative screw drum particles of feed components perform rotational-translational movements with super imposed vibrations inside this drum, due to this process the particles of feed components are mixed intensively
.