Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Tashpekov Konstantin Yurievich

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 2

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GENETIC PECULIARITIES OF SYMMENTAL LIVESTOCK DROPPED OFF INTO FARMS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1081504041 issue 108 pp. 568 – 580 30.04.2015 ru 1215
Farms of Krasnodar region purchase cattle of milk, combined and meat direction of productivity. Imported cattle are accompanied with documents which differ from analogous ones specified in such cases by pedigree service of Russia. There were studied 1000 heads of symmental cattle of milk-meat direction of productivity imported from Austria. More than 5000 kg of milk can be obtained from cattle of symmental breed of milk-meat direction of productivity, except it they show enough high meat productivity. The analysis of accompanying documents on purchased cattle is joined not only with language barrier but with the lack of knowledge of adopted abbreviations, contractions and other attributes used by foreign breeders abroad. Having studied the accompanying documents connected with hereditary information of purchased cattle there was determined that imported heifers and their mothers were obtained in Austria, and mothers of bulls on 55,5% obtained in Austria and 41,6% in Germany. So, on formation of imported micropopulation of cattle greatly influenced the breeding school of Germany. In accordance with the adopted classification in Austria due to revealed cases of adoption of Holstein blood, there is a ground to consider the present herd as a belonging to the group of pure breed of symmental cattle and in prospect to conduct the mating of cattle with pure breed symmental oxen with the aim of absorption of mixtures of Holstein blood in pedigree. The researches determined that one can purchase the producers with characteristics of milk productivity at daughters of oxen not lower than Austrian indexes on voluminous milking and German – on milk quality, the purchase of symmental cattle from other countries must be subjected to this demand.
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GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF HOLSTEIN HEIFERS BORN WITH THE USE OF EMBRYO TRANSPLANTATION

abstract 1521908024 issue 152 pp. 288 – 296 31.10.2019 ru 235
The article gives results of a comparative study of the growth and development of young cattle of Holstein breed belonging to the Reflection Sovering and Vis Baidial lines, born with the method of transplantation of embryos, and their coevals born with a standard method. Technology of growing of young cattle in both groups was identical, accepted in the economy. During suckling period, the heifers got 300 kg of full-milk. During a period from 3 to 8 months, they were contained in cages for small group maintenance, from an 8 month age, they were contained loose, on pasture grounds. Living mass and average daily increases of experimental heifers changed differently. The rates of height and average daily increases in an experimental group turned out to be higher, than for coevals of the control group. It is proved by the researches, that heifers born with the method of transplantation of embryos are equal to ones who were born with a traditional method in the rates of height and development and even excel coevals at the certain periods. In the age of the first insemination, living mass of heifers of the experimental group was 365 kg, which was 14 kg more compared to coevals of the control group. In all studied age-related periods, heifers of the experimental group excelled coevals of the control group in average daily increases. From their birth and up to 14-th month age, exceeding on increases was 37gr; to the age of the first insemination, heifers of the experimental group were more developed. Taking into account the genetic potential in heifer embryos and their best height and development, it proves the expediency of the use of transplantation of embryos
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