Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Isakova Natalia Vladimirovna

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associated professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 2

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203 kb

GENERAL SEMANTICS OF A. KORZYBSKI AS A TEACHING METHOD OF "AWARE OF ABSTRACTION"

abstract 1091505032 issue 109 pp. 541 – 559 29.05.2015 ru 608
The article is devoted to the well-known American logician and teacher A. Korzybski, the activity of which was aimed at enhancing the human psyche in the direction of non-identification and non-elementalizm. He called the proposed section of the science of General semantics, and later he created Institute of General semantics in the United States. Scientists believe that human consciousness is limited by the capability of the nervous system and by the use of language. Korzybski supposed his pedagogical purpose to teach people to improve the awareness of abstraction, the ability to see the structure, not only empirical fact. To distinguish between the structures of abstraction it introduces the concept of «map» - a diagram model, any ideological system, all that is formulated people. Korzybski denies the law of identity, which is a global challenge to the laws of thinking: «Whatever you say the thing is, it isn’t». He uses this idea not as a universal code, but as a teaching method for people able to find the way to think under conditions of uncertainty and probability. It is so called «modus operandi» for changing people’s way of thinking. In his work, Science and Sanity, he presents his technique; develop an understanding of his «non-aristotelian» system, which includes the incertainty, nonlocality, nonlinearity, the dependence of the environment. In this regard, it offers every statement be considered as a probability. So every statement must be considered as a probabilistic statement. A. Korzybsky and some modern scientists see the permanent uncertainty not like a problem but a tremendous opportunity for creation and research. In «non-aristotelian» Korzybsky’s theory we have to see the opportunity as the first reality and personal activity as the best language
175 kb

TO THE QUESTION OF THE TRADITION OF MYSTICISM IN RUSSIA

abstract 1341710066 issue 134 pp. 820 – 834 29.12.2017 ru 201
In the article, devoted to the tradition of mysticism in Russia, the nature and forms of mystical comprehension of reality are examined in historical retrospect. The history of the appearance, distribution and change of ways of mastering the world, alternative to science, touches upon the problems of religious and philosophical mysticism. The Orthodox tradition of ishihasm and neoishihasm is analyzed in detail, the importance of its influence on the spiritual life of the society is revealed. The authors introduce historical material about "Alexandrov mysticism" into circulation and comprehend the reasons for strengthening the West European mystical moods in the XIX century. The paper considers the theosophical heritage of E. Blavatsky, the mystical and pedagogical ideas of R. Steiner, «the vitasofia» of J. Bocan, the esotericism of K. Castaneda, who found a large number of admirers in modern Russian society. The authors note that the peculiarity of social consciousness is ideological syncretism and gives the characteristics of this phenomenon. The article analyzes the reasons for the "survivability" of mysticism, the variability of its forms and manifestations, in particular, adaptability to any means of perceiving reality, its desire to merge, or to enter into conflict, with different types of worldview (for example, science, philosophy and religion). The influence of changes in the sphere of informatization and communication on the wide distribution of mystical literature and practices. It is noted that the mechanisms of human interaction with reality through mystical traditions are not always clear, very broad and multivalued, insufficiently studied and require further research
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