Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Melikov Izzet Melukovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

associated professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Dagestan State Agricultural University
   

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Articles count: 7

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389 kb

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE DE-FORMATION IN TIRES 30.5-32 WITH A DIF-FERENT INTERNAL STRUCTURE

abstract 1511907011 issue 151 pp. 116 – 129 30.09.2019 ru 4
The objective of the research was to study the patterns of deformation with the different internal structure in a tire envelope with the standard size of 30.5-32 in propulsion units for modern mobile farm vehicles. The research method is experimental with the use of «a tire tester» and specially developed devices for determining the deformations of the tire envelope concerning the rim in circular and radial directions. Output indicators of a wheel with the pneumatic tire are determined by the ability of the tire to be deformed so that at small hysteresis losses in the rubber-cord envelope the largest area of the contact with a substructure have been created. This circumstance has special significance when developing the tires for mobile farm vehicles with the high power saturation, the patterns of deformation of which are poorly studied now. The analysis of the carried out experimental researches has shown the expediency of application of the experimental tires with the same standard size, offered in the work, on the propulsion units of the mobile farm vehicles instead of diagonal and radial tires. The rolling resistance of the experimental tires 30.5E-32 is lower than the rolling resistance of serially produced tires, and the developed area of contact is higher and that provides the decrease in the condensing impact on the soil
871 kb

REDUCING THE NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF KINEMATIC DISCREPANCY IN THE TRANSMISSION OF FOUR-WHEEL DRIVE WHEELED VEHICLES

abstract 1141510062 issue 114 pp. 840 – 852 30.12.2015 ru 639
The article discusses different types of drive axles of all-wheel drive machine. It is shown that if blocked drive of driving axle easy, it is able to provide the best traction drive qualities of the all-wheel car, if compensation of kinematic mismatch in movement of front and rear wheels. The article provides analysis of the causes of kinematic mismatch and its consequences. The analysis was given for the existing methods to reduce negative influence of kinematic discrepancy on the work of the four-wheel drive wheeled machine in locked mode. The method of reduction of kinematic mismatch by regulations of the air pressure in the tires of the wheels with one-time control of the leading moments on the axes was suggested. We show the relationship between the difference of kinematic radii of the wheels of different axles and the difference of the moments leading to them. The algorithm and description for the system of automatic control of air pressure in the tire, which realizes the proposed method, were presented. We have described experimental methods of determining the energy losses evaluation from kinematic mismatch when moving all-wheel drive machine. The article presents the results of the this assessment in relation to the agricultural wheel tractor of class 5 moving at different substructures
299 kb

REGULARITIES OF DEFLECTION IN THE DIAGONAL AND RADIAL TIRES OF THE GRAIN COMBINE PROPULSIONS

abstract 1341710014 issue 134 pp. 164 – 173 29.12.2017 ru 509
The aim of the study is to investigate the regularities of deflection in the diagonal and radial tires for the grain combine propulsions of high productivity. The research method is experimental. The "tire tester" and specially designed devices for revealing the deflections of the inner and outer tube relative to the rim in the circumferential and radial directions have been used. The outcome indices of the pneumatic-tired wheel are determined with the tire capability to deflect so, that at low - hysteresis losses in the rubber-cord casing and its acceptable tensions, based on a resource, the largest area of contact with supporting base would be created. This circumstance acquires the particular significance developing tires for grain combines of high performance, the deflection regularities of which are poorly studied at present. The analysis of experimental studies showed the feasibility of using the grain combine propulsions instead of the diagonal radial tires of the same size. The resistance to rolling of radial tires 30.5 R-32 is lower than in diagonal tires 30.5 L-32, and the developed contact area due to the increase of length is higher, which reduces sealing effect on the soil
317 kb

THE ANALYSIS OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSPENSION BRACKET AND TIRES ON LOADING OF WHEELS OF THE CAR WHEN MOVING ON A MULCH BACKGROUND

abstract 1091505067 issue 109 pp. 971 – 980 29.05.2015 ru 762
The existing settlement modes of loading of wheels of cars are defined for the conditions which are closest to road service conditions and are reflected in the existing standards. However these standards can't be applied to an assessment of functional qualities of systems of cushioning the cars which are operated in the conditions of agricultural production. The small step of roughnesses, change the cushioned characteristics under the influence of operational factors lead to emergence of the off-design modes of the movement. The purpose of the work was the research of loading of wheels of the car when moving on mulch of grains. For the purpose of obtaining characteristics of the roughnesses influencing car wheels we have recorded a smoothed microprofile of the field and got the statistics, rated autocorrelated function, spectral density of influence of a microprofile. For carrying out the researches the known mathematical model of a car road system was accepted. Influence of speed of the movement, normal rigidity of springs and tires, coefficients of damping of a suspension bracket and tires on vertical fluctuations and loading of wheels of forward and back axes of the car is investigated. The executed researches showed that the movement of the car is followed by fluctuations of indicators of loading of running system with obviously expressed periodic components. The change of the coefficient of damping of a passive suspension bracket and tires in possible limits has no essential impact on loading of wheels. Values of normal roughness of springs of forward and back axes of the car, normal rigidity of tires at which dynamic load of wheels of the car is minimum are established
439 kb

THE CHARACTER OF DEFLECTION OF THE OVERSIZE TIRES WITH LOW PRESSURE IN TRACTOR PROPULSION UNITS OF CLASS 5

abstract 1321708098 issue 132 pp. 1231 – 1242 31.10.2017 ru 143
The aim of the article has been the study of deflection laws in tractor oversize low-pressure tires, intended for class 5 tractor propulsion. The research method was experimental. The "tire tester" and specially designed devices for determining the deflections of the inner and outer tube relative to the rim in the circumferential, radial and collateral directions have been used in it. A number of factors determine outcome indices of the wheel with pneumatic tyre. Among them the ability of the tire to deform so that at low - hysteresis losses in the rubber-cord casing and admissible stresses in it, based on resource, the largest area of contact with the supporting base has been created. This circumstance is of particular importance in the development of tractor tires of low pressure, deflection characteristics of which are poorly studied at present. Analysis of experimental studies showed the necessity of the feasibility of creating the tire with the cord orientation in its casing so that in the zone of perception of the vertical and longitudinal forces the cord threads would work in a mode close to the extension, but in the area of contact it would work in bending. These requirements will best meet the tire in which the cord threads are parallelly located in adjacent layers and directed at a predetermined angle in the direction of effect of the axial forces on the wheel in oncoming fibers
2373 kb

THE RATIONALE OF THE RIGID CHARACTERISTICPARAMETERS OF THE COMBINE HARVESTERS OF HIGH PERFORMANCE

abstract 1521908022 issue 152 pp. 257 – 274 31.10.2019 ru 4
The purpose of the study was to substantiate the rigid parameters of tyres in propulsion units for the combine harvesters of high performance. A research method is analytical with the use of a mathematical model of the combine harvester in which damping and rigidity of the drive axle tyres in circumferential and radial directions are taken into account. Values of the rational rigid characteristics of the pneumatic tyre have been generally determined by the ability of the tyre to be deformed so that to reduce the angular, vertical and horizontal skeleton oscillations of a combine harvester to ensure the high-quality technological process of the threshing and harvesting. The specified circumstance gains the special importance at the development and introduction of the new tyre modes for the combine harvesters of high performance. The analysis of the conducted analytical researches has been showed the expediency of using the threads of a cord in the propulsion unit of combine harvesters instead of diagonal or radial tyres of the same standard size with an original position of them. The offered pneumatic tyre of 30.5E-32 used as the leading one, and promotes the reduction of the angular oscillation amplitude and operating speed of a combine and also angular and vertical accelerations up to 1.42 times
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