Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Kushnir Nadezhda Vladimirovna

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Kuban State Technological University
   

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Articles count: 10

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207 kb

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AND INDICATORS OF THE INFLUENCE OF THE INTERNET ON THE INTELLIGENCE USING DATA MINING

abstract 1201606051 issue 120 pp. 755 – 769 30.06.2016 ru 126
In the article, we present the analysis and improvement of existing methodologies for assessing the intelligence factor, taking into account its use of the Internet on a regular basis. Today, the use of the Internet in our daily activities and tasks become practice that is more common. The Internet has become a popular and most frequently used means of obtaining information quickly and in large volume. The authors suggested the presence of the Internet and its impact on the everyday use of psychological and intellectual life of the people that can be recorded because of user IQ scores. It is suggested here also gets its development in the search for and analysis of system models, allowing determining the numerical values of the parameters. Specifically, it is proposed to use a large variety of statistical data to clarify the unknown parameters that determine the levels of human intelligence, taking into account the impact of the Internet. These statistics include information such as the number of people with higher education, the number of Internet users, the degree of the Internet penetration in society, the most typical tasks that use the Internet users, and others. For the processing and analysis of the test statistics in the work proposed to use tools data mining, ie, data mining. We have also considered the most typical approaches Data mining, applied in similar research areas. We have analyzed what specific principles and methods can best approach to solving the problems of intelligence assessment indicators. The result of the article was a number of conclusions, in particular, the feasibility of applying clustering to analyze data in the field. Also, in certain cases, we provided the use of Kohonen neural network in the vector quantization network format. Methods: analysis of scientific literature and online sources of information on the current level in the field of IQ research; modeling; Methods systematization (tabular calculations and compilation); Experiment (real human test data). Methodological bases of research: a systematic approach (considering IQ in the form of a functional multi-component dependencies), probabilistic and statistical approach (provides guidance for constructing mathematical models linking together IQ and the influence exerted on it using the Internet, and to assess the reliability of a computer program ) qualimetric approach (determines the need multicriterion diagnostic influence of factors on the level of intelligence)
248 kb

DIAGNOSIS OF EFFECTIVE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (ON THE EXAMPLE OF DEPARTMENTS AND FACULTIES)

abstract 1131509096 issue 113 pp. 1355 – 1379 30.11.2015 ru 435
The purpose of this research is the development of models and methods of multiparameter diagnostic effectiveness of educational environments. We know, that a criterion-diagnostic system for monitoring the effectiveness of higher education institutions - educational Macromedia is being designed, which is not the monitoring of the effectiveness of educational microenvironments and meso-environment - departments and faculties. The issue of the research - to increase the productivity (efficiency) of functioning of educational environments. The problem of research is the question of how to diagnose the effectiveness of educational environments objectively and comprehensively. The urgency of this problem is due to: the need to ensure the effective functioning of educational institutions, their sustainable innovative development; increasing demand for general and vocational education, as well as its transition to a multi-level system. Methodological basis of the research: a competence-based approach (considered an important target value of the educational process formation of the competences and personal and professional qualities of students, integrating knowledge, skills and readiness for their effective use in solving of life, professional and educational problems), metasystem approach (considering the educational environment as a metasystem, including relatively independent subsystems - educational environment of lower level of the hierarchy), qualimetric approach (considering the effectiveness of the educational environment as an integrative figure, which is diagnosed on the basis of estimating a set of criteria), synergetic approach (considering the educational environment as a self-organizing system, and the efficiency of its functioning - as an indicator of the success of the use of resources for further development). Synergetic approach is relatively new in the evaluation of the effectiveness of the educational process and the educational environment as a whole
272 kb

ELEMENTS OF CONTROL OVER HIERARCHIE SYSTEMS WITH ASSUMED HIERARCHY

abstract 1091505086 issue 109 pp. 1224 – 1234 29.05.2015 ru 404
The article presents a mathematical model of control over dynamic hierarchy system. The model was proposed for dealing with systems with assumed order in the technical problem of predicting destructions depending onto the amount of defects on different scale levels. The problem of the closest to a certain point of shelf life of hierarchy system is solved. The example of approach control during the given time is given. The problem concerns mathematic programming. Formulation of multi-parameter vector optimization criteria (improvement) with its own hierarchy and the formal exercise of multi-criteria optimization of the model parameters. The research can achieve clarity about the conditions under which the structure is preserved. Managing sustainable development system with a given level of the hierarchy for the technical systems can only be achieved in keeping
446 kb

METHOD AND MODE OF COMPARISON OF THE PRIMARY IMAGE WITH THE MODEL BY MEANS OF SEGMENTATION AND PIXEL CALCULATION

abstract 1091505085 issue 109 pp. 1213 – 1223 29.05.2015 ru 432
The article analyzes intellectual methods of image comparison. We give a brief description of existing methods: metric, topological and stochastic designed to solve this problem, indicating their advantages and disadvantages. This method is based on comparing of images by means of separation of the given domain into segments and calculation of pixels having certain optical density. The illustration example is presented. A computer program was created to use this method. The value of the segment is given by the operator with following limits: more than 3 single pixels and less than half of chosen square of image. The program makes up a segmental matrix of the image, which is compared in some interval of time to the current matrix. This method is used for interval monitoring of objects from the same point of observation
416 kb

MODELING AND DIAGNOSIS OF TRAINING PRODUCTIVITY OF SCIENTIFICPEDAGOGICAL PERSONNEL

abstract 1201606052 issue 120 pp. 770 – 784 30.06.2016 ru 112
The article presents the criteria for the effectiveness of the scientific and pedagogical workers of higher skill levels for the preparation of scientific and pedagogical staff. It is known that the preparation of the teaching staff (PhDs) - one of the most important activities of higher education institutions; Moreover, when the state accreditation of higher education institutions compulsorily taken into account indicators that reflect the impact of training candidates. Also, of course, that the training of the teaching staff (PhDs) - activities that require both high levels of research and pedagogical competence. This means that the results of scientific and teaching staff higher qualification levels for the preparation of the scientific staff - both indicators of research and pedagogical competence; own training of researchers - an area of "crossing" of scientific and pedagogical activity. Unfortunately, the increase in the number of scientific personnel being prepared does not always mean quality growth. Often trained scientific personnel (PhD) not only do not approach the level of competence of its research (the results of research) to the supervisor, and stopped to engage in scientific activities after defending his doctoral dissertation (or engaged at a low level). Therefore, the article authors consider it expedient to propose indicators that reflect not only the amount and timeliness of the research training (PhD thesis defense sometimes occur many years after graduate school), but also the productivity of this activity. From the point of view of the authors, the success of research training only can be considered productive when prepared by the scientific supervisor candidates of sciences are highly qualified scientific personnel, ie conduct high-level research, the results of which are recognized by the scientific community; the same is true of the scientific advice (highly qualified scientific workers - doctors). The practical significance of the study results - in the possibility of objective monitoring of research activity of scientific-pedagogical personnel of higher qualification. Methodological bases of research: a systematic, competence, sociological, and metasystem qualimetric approaches. Methods: modeling, methods of quality control, methods of set theory, relations and graphs. Normative base of research: the Federal Law "On Education" (2012), the federal state educational standards of higher education (2014, 2015). The work was performed as part of research projects "Monitoring of the research activities of educational institutions in the information society" (№ 16-03-00382) and "Modern information and educational environment" (16-36-00048) with the financial support of the Russian Humanitarian Foundation from 17.03. 2016.
278 kb

MODERN MODELS AND METHODS OF DIAGNOSIS OF METHODOLOGY COMPETENT TEACHERS

abstract 1201606053 issue 120 pp. 785 – 812 30.06.2016 ru 334
The purpose of the research is development of models and methods of diagnostics of methodical competence of a teacher. According to modern views, methodical thinking is the key competence of teachers. Modern experts consider the methodical competence of a teacher as a personal and professional quality, which is a fundamentally important factor in the success of the professional activity of teachers, as well as a subsystem of its professional competence. This is due to the fact that in today's world, a high level of knowledge of teachers of academic subjects and their possessing of learnt basics of teaching methods can not fully describe the level of professional competence of the teacher. The authors have characterized the functional components of methodical competence of the teacher, its relationship with other personalprofessional qualities (first - to the psychological and educational, research and informational competence), as well as its levels of formation. Forming a model of methodical competence of the teacher, the authors proceeded from the fact that a contemporary teacher high demands: it must be ready to conduct independent research, design-learning technologies, forecasting results of training and education of students. As a leading component of the methodical competence of the teacher is his personal experience in methodological activities and requirements of methodical competence determined goals and objectives of methodical activity, the process of the present study, the formation of patterns of methodical competence of the teacher preceded the refinement of existing models methodical activity of scientific and pedagogical staff of higher education institutions and secondary vocational education institutions. The proposed model of methodical competence of the teacher - the scientific basis of a system of monitoring of his personal and professional development, and evaluation criteria and levels of her diagnosis - targets system of vocational training and re-training of high school teachers. Innovation policy is a model of methodical competence of the teacher, and the main model of the mechanism of its formation - methodical activity (in close connection with other activities). Research methods: analysis of scientific and methodical literature and best practice methodological activities in educational institutions, modeling, methods of the theory of sets and relations, methods of quality control, methods of multivariate analysis systems. Methodological bases of research: a systematic, qualimetric, competence and process approaches. The work was performed as part of research projects "Monitoring of the research activities of educational institutions in the information society" (№ 16-03-00382) and "Modern information and educational environment" (16-36-00048) with the financial support of the Russian Humanitarian Foundation from 17.03. 2016
253 kb

NEW SCIENTOMETRIC INDICATORS RESISTANT TO ARTIFICIAL “IMPROVEMENT”

abstract 1271703038 issue 127 pp. 557 – 583 31.03.2017 ru 129
The article presents the new criteria suitable for the diagnosis of the productivity of research and the importance of its results for the scientific community, are resistant to artificially "improve". It is known that generally accepted measure of the productivity of research scientists is the h-index, which is calculated based on a statistical method of scree. This indicator is applicable to research teams (organizations). However, the h-index and a number of other scientometric indicators based on citation, are easy to be artificially increased (fraudulent schemes action). New scientometric parameters adequately reflecting the importance of research results, and not amenable (or very difficult to) to be artificially "improved" are therefore needed; moreover, it is recognized around the world: the true score (not fictitious) of the significance of the results of a research scientist for the scientific community - is a complex metrological (scientometric) task. The authors argued that such indicators are primarily index latitude demand for research results, as well as a number of other parameters of copyright. Despite the fact that authors indicators, the same as the h-index are based on citation, their large values indicate that the scientific community recognizes the results of the research activities of scientific and pedagogical workers; moreover, these indicators can be considered as a criterion to identify really promising (productive) researchers. The problem of adequate assessment of the productivity of research activities and the significance of its results, the authors consider in the context of the problems (larger problems) of the effectiveness of educational environments. The practical significance of research results lies in the possibility of their use for constructing criteriondiagnostic apparatus for monitoring research activities of scientific institutions (including higher educational institutions). Research methodology: systemic, metasystemic, probabilistic-statistical and qualitative approaches. Research methods: cognitive, structural, functional, and mathematical modeling; methods of graph theory, sets and relations; system-cognitive analysis; methods of quality control (theory of latent variables); methods of probability theory and mathematical statistics (first of all – a method of scree), methods of analytical geometry; methods of the mathematical theory of limits
230 kb

PARAMETERS OF RESEARCH ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS AS CRITERIA FOR DIAGNOSTICS OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

abstract 1331709010 issue 133 pp. 91 – 114 30.11.2017 ru 235
The article reflects the relationship between the parameters of research activities of students and the characteristics of the educational environment in higher education. It is known that the research activity of students is an integral part of the educational process, therefore, the parameters of research activity can and should be indicator variables reflecting certain aspects of the educational environment. According to modern views, all types of research activities of students (educational, research, scientific and practical and research) is the most important mechanism for the development of their research competence. In addition, the parameters of research activities of students - the reflection of the relationship of scientific and educational activities in higher education, and this - one of the most important factors of competitiveness of the educational environment. The authors substantiate that the parameters reflecting the research activity of students characterize, first of all, such aspects of the educational environment as its intensity, social activity, dominance, coherence, mobility, stability, reliability and efficiency. This is due to the fact that the research activity of students is a transdisciplinary process that depends on the same factors as the educational process as a whole and is characterized by the same didactic goals (tasks) as the educational process as a whole. In identifying the relationship between the parameters of research activities of students and the characteristics of the educational environment, the authors also took into account the relevance of such a task as ensuring continuity between levels of continuing education. The theoretical significance of the results of this study is that they can be the basis for further scientific understanding of the problems of the quality of education and the effectiveness of educational environments, the practical significance is that they can be applied in the systems of socio-pedagogical and psycho-pedagogical monitoring and the effectiveness of the educational environment, as well as monitoring the student's personal and professional development). Methodological bases of research: system, sociological, competence, probability-statistical and qualimetric approaches (leading methodological basis - competence approach). Research methods: modeling; methods of graph theory, sets and relations; systemiccognitive analysis; methods of qualimetry (theory of latent variables); methods of mathematical statistics (first of all - the method of rocky scree); methods of the theory of limits
216 kb

QUALIMETRIC ESTIMATION OF INTEGRATION OF RESEARCHERS INTO THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY, BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF CITATIONS

abstract 1181604074 issue 118 pp. 1168 – 1186 29.04.2016 ru 126
The article presents the criteria for evaluating the integration of researchers in the scientific community, based on an analysis of its citations. It is known, that one of the major components of interscientific communication (communication in the scientific community) is a citation of scientific publications (monographs, articles, etc.). According to the sociological approach, a scientist is a part of society, ie, scientific community; under scientific community we understand scientific mega environment (opposed to research groups of institutions and their structural units). Integration of a researcher to the community has many aspects: on the one hand, it is - the importance of his work to the scientific community, on the other hand, it is - the use of a scientist social mega environment for building for their personal and professional development to improve their research and improve the quality of its results (in the context of the article we will consider the second aspect). Methodological bases of the research: systematic, competence, sociological, and mega-system qualimetric approaches. Methods: modeling, methods of quality control, methods of set theory, relations and graphs. Evaluation (diagnostics) involvement of scientists in the scientific community - is more complicated metrology task than the evaluation of the significance of the results of its research activities. For the authors it is clear that a mature scientist (with a high level of research competence) should intensively use the potential of the social and the cultural science international environment (community) for their personal and professional development, to improve the efficiency of this research activities and the quality of this results. The proposed indicators can be considered as group indicator variables reflecting the level of the behavioral component of the research competence (scientist). Using social media for researcher’s potential – it is necessary, but not sufficient condition for productive research, producing goodquality scientific results. In this situation, negative prognosis is more significant: poor use of social media for researcher’s potential – is a "guarantee" for low productivity of this research activities and the low quality of this results. Only the combination of the highest levels of readiness for research (research competence) with high levels of other competences (as a whole - the social and professional competence, implying the presence of the professional skills of selforganization) can be the factors of successful research
603 kb

SCREE PLOT METHOD AS A BASIS OF SOLVING METROLOGICAL TASKS IN SOCIAL AND HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE FIELDS (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE OBJECTIVES OF ECONOMICS, PEDAGOGICS AND SOCIOLOGY)

abstract 1291705099 issue 129 pp. 1371 – 1395 31.05.2017 ru 62
The article presents the main directions of the application of the scree plot method in solving metrological problems in the social and humanitarian fields of knowledge (economics, pedagogy, sociology, including sciencemetry). It is known that statistical measurements in socio-economic systems are inextricably linked with the processing of primary homogeneous monitoring information. It is also known that empirical averaging (computation of the empirical mean), as the dominant method of mathematical statistics, is becoming a thing of the past, due to moral aging, inconsistency with modern requirements (primarily to measurement results in socio-economic systems); In science meteorology, this method was replaced by the scree plot method (the Hirsch index and other scientometric indicators are estimated on the basis of this method). Despite its enormous potential, the scree plot method, as an alternative to traditional methods of mathematical statistics, is very poorly used in the social and humanitarian fields of knowledge. The authors of this article have shown that this method can be successfully applied in solving various metrological tasks, not only in science (sciencemetry is a branch of science), but also in economics, pedagogy and sociology. In addition, the authors show modifications of the scree plot method, using the example of measuring (measuring) indicators in the economy, sociology and pedagogy; The relationship between the scree plot method and the theory of latent variables (qualimetry) and database technology is grounded. The authors also substantiate that the scree plot method - the basis for the formation of monitoring indicators that adequately reflect the performance of socio-economic systems. The practical significance of the results of this study is that they can be used in socio-economic and psychological-pedagogical monitoring systems (according to modern views, monitoring is an information management mechanism). Methodological basis of the research: system, sociological, competence, probabilitystatistical and qualimetric approaches (leading methodological basis is the probabilistic-statistical approach). Research methods: modeling; Methods of graph theory, sets and relations; Systemic-cognitive analysis; Methods of qualimetry (the theory of latent variables); Methods of mathematical statistics
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