Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Lisovoy Vyacheslav Vitalievich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Krasnodar Research Institute of Agricultural Products Storage and Processing
   

Web site url

Email

kisp@kubannet.ru


Articles count: 12

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163 kb

APPLICATION OF EMF SHF IN PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES FOR VEGETABLE MATERIAL AND SECONDARY RESOURCES

abstract 1181604087 issue 118 pp. 1350 – 1362 29.04.2016 ru 400
The article analyzes the proprietary methods of processing of vegetable raw materials and secondary resources with the use of electromagnetic fields (EMF SHF). Analysis of the database of Rospatent World Intellectual Property Organization led to the conclusion that EMF SHF used in the processing of vegetable raw materials in the following processes: drying, reduction of microbial contamination (decontamination), juice production and extraction. It is established that the application of EMF SHF is the most effective in preparation for drying a plant raw material and not directly at the stage of drying, thus reducing the loss of heat-labile active compound in the drying process, and therefore obtain a finished product of higher quality and nutritional value. The patented methods of extraction of vegetable raw materials extraction process performed that extracting directly EMF SHF does not allow pre-hold inactivate enzymes contained in the raw material and lead to undesirable oxidative and hydrolytic processes, and hence a decrease in the yield of extractable substances in the extract and the deterioration of its quality . Therefore, as in the case of drying plant material, EMF SHF can be more effectively used in preparation for an extraction process. Based on the analysis, it was concluded that the relevance of developments in the field of technologies of processing of vegetable raw materials and secondary resources using EMF SHF at the stage of their preparation for such basic processes - drying, extraction, etc.
152 kb

CHARACTERISTIC AND FEATURES OF MODERN TOPINAMBUR VARIETIES

abstract 1201606038 issue 120 pp. 552 – 562 30.06.2016 ru 344
The article lists the characteristic and scrutinizes features of modern topinambur varieties. Data, characterizing acres in crops and crop yield abroad and in Russian Federation, are analyzed. Classification traits of topinambur varieties, included in the state register of selection achievements, are studied. Data on crop yield, duration of vegetative period, composition of carbohydrate complex, content of vitamins, macro- and microelements are systematized. The article studies most popular foreign topinambur varieties. The carried out analysis of scientific sources on agrobiological properties and chemical composition of topinambur varieties allowed choosing varieties, which are the most promising for industrial processing
176 kb

CHARACTERISTIC OF EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES AND WAYS OF STORING OF TOPINAMBUR TUBERS

abstract 1201606037 issue 120 pp. 537 – 551 30.06.2016 ru 185
The article analyzes the existing technologies and methods of storage of tubers of topinambur. We have analyzed the traditional methods of storage of tubers of topinambur - in containers, boxes or bags in storage or in the ground clamps. Russian and foreign topinambur tubers storage technologies in modified atmosphere, with use of easily removable wax coating, with plant extracts treatment, at different storage temperatures are studied. We have also carried out analysis of scientific and patent sources led to the conclusion that existing technologies and methods of storing topinambur tubers, which do not allow reducing to the maximum extent the weight loss and the inulin hydrolysis during storage. A reasonable conclusion was made about the advisability of further studies in the field of innovative technologies and methods of preparation for storage and storage of topinambur tubers, ensuring minimal weight loss, as well as maximum preservation in their structure of inulin, vitamin C and other biologically active substances during storage
287 kb

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF EXISTING AND DEVELOPED TECHNOLOGIES OF SUCROSE EXTRACTION FROM SUGAR BEET COSSETTES

abstract 1211607031 issue 121 pp. 620 – 629 30.09.2016 ru 144
The article presents the comparative characteristics of the current (diffusion) and developed (diffusion-press) sucrose extraction technology from sugar beet cossettes. We have presented the graphs of the influence of raw juice pumping value on its cleanliness and residual content of sucrose in partially desugared beet cossetes, the influence of partially desugared beet cossetes pressing power on residual content of sucrose in the pressed pulp and losses of sucrose with pressed pulp and also the technological scheme and regimes of diffusion-press extraction of sucrose from sugar beet cossettes. The criteria for determining the boundary parameters of diffusion and press sucrose extraction stages are identified. The comparative assessment of technological and economic indicators of the existing and the developed technologies of sucrose extraction from the beet cossettes is shown. The developed technology allows reducing raw juice pumping value simultaneously increasing its purity, thereby providing reduction of auxiliary materials and energy resources consumption, as well as increasing sugar yield. The technology of diffusion-press extraction of sucrose is implemented on 2 sugar beet factories of the Russian Federation. The economic effect from its implementation is more than 45 mln. rubles
143 kb

EFFICIENCY OF TETRA+ FEED ADDITIVE APPLICATION IN CHRONIC MYCOTOXICOSES OF PIGS

abstract 1211607053 issue 121 pp. 897 – 906 30.09.2016 ru 238
The article describes the efficiency of a feed additive called "Tetra+" during chronic mycotoxicoses of pigs. The purpose of carrying out series of experiments on sows was to determine the therapeutic and prophylactic effectiveness of innovative feed additive "Tetra+" during combined chronic mycotoxicosis in pigs and to study the influence of feed additive on the growth, weight, preservation and overall resistance of sows. The results of the experiments revealed that a feed additive "Tetra+" has had a positive impact on large-fruited of pigs; it can also be concluded that the feed additive "Tetra+" has a positive effect on the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and has antitoxic properties
203 kb

FOOD SUPPLEMENTS BASED ON VEGETABLE RAW MATERIALS IN THE PRODUCTION OF BAKED GOODS AND PASTRIES

abstract 1221608076 issue 122 pp. 1098 – 1115 31.10.2016 ru 470
The article provides an analysis of currently known technologies and methods of production of food supplements based on vegetable raw materials. It has been established that a great interest from the standpoint of macro and micronutrients we have for nutritional supplements baseв on artichoke. Our analysis led to the conclusion that, despite the significant number of developed and implemented newest technologies, the development of complex processing of vegetable raw materials to produce dietary supplements is still relevant. Researches in the field of enriched and functional bakery and pastry products are actual and timely, with a special importance in the manufacture of such products of food additives, positively affecting the quality of finished products, and containing a complex of vitamins, food fibers, macro - and microelements
160 kb

MODERN WAYS OF INULIN PRODUCTION FROM PLANT MATERIALS

abstract 1181604088 issue 118 pp. 1363 – 1376 29.04.2016 ru 256
The article presents the results of the patent research in the field of modern production technologies of Inulin from plant material. It has been established that the differences of the currently known methods of production of inulin are concluded in selecting raw materials pretreatment inulin-containing modes type extractant and extraction methods, methods of purification inulincontaining extract and methods for producing the final product. A significant amount of Inulin production methods is based on use of freshly feedstock. A number of methods have been patented involving the extraction Inulin from plant raw materials previously stabilized by drying. In most of the methods, inulin extraction is carried out at elevated temperatures with water or aqueous salt solutions. Several technologies involve extraction with organic solvents at low temperatures. Have been patented several processes in which the extraction is replaced by a separation process using inulincontaining juice and physical and mechanical methods. Some of the known processes provide for the extraction process to further operations, such as blanching vegetable raw materials, sonication, vibration impact, processing enzymes. The most promising direction to improve manufacturing technology of inulin from fresh plant raw materials is to conduct research on the use of electromagnetic fields at microwave frequencies, the inactivating effects of which on enzyme systems is an established fact that, in turn, would eliminate the use of chemical agents for inactivation of oxidative enzymes. In addition, considering that more effective are the methods for the preparation of inulin from freshly harvested plant material, are relevant researches on development of innovative technologies to prepare it for storage and its storage, which will provide inhibition of unwanted biochemical and microbiological processes that occur during storage and lead to a loss of inulin
223 kb

RESEARCH OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS INFLUENCE ON CHANGES OF MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION OF THE SURFACE OF FRUITS DURING STORAGE

abstract 1261702059 issue 126 pp. 844 – 855 28.02.2017 ru 168
Long-term storage of fruits can be achieved by means of their special preparation by pre-treatment before storage by electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency (ELF EMF). In the current study patterns of influence of ELF EMF pre-treatment of fruits on the effectiveness of reducing microbial contamination during storage for the development of effective technological modes of preparation of fruits before storage are revealed. Qualitative and quantitative characteristics of microbial contamination of the fruits’ surface were studied. Effective modes of fruits (apples and pears) treatment by ELF EMF were established - for apples: frequency - 22 Hz, current - 10 A for 40 minutes, and for pears: frequency - 26 Hz, current - 5 A for 50 minutes, allowing to reduce to the maximum extent the microbial contamination of their surface, and also to reduce the loss of their weight from microbial spoilage during storage. The terms of storage of processed by ELF EMF fruits under refrigeration were established - for apple varieties Idared and Golden Delicious - within 8 months, for pear variety Conference - for 7 months
134 kb

RESEARCH OF QUALITY, SAFETY AND CONTENT OF BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES OF FOOD RED BEET

abstract 1131509048 issue 113 pp. 652 – 662 30.11.2015 ru 612
The article presents results of research of quality, safety and content of biologically active substances of food red beet roots of Bordo 237 variety, grown in the Krasnodar region in 2014. On the basis of the research carried out it was established, that there are carbohydrates, proteins, organic acids and mineral substances in the food red beet roots of Bordo 237 variety. Food red beet roots are a source of dietary fibers (pectin, protopectin, hemicelluloses and cellulose), possessing antitoxic, antioxidant, radiation protective, cholesterol-lowering and lipid correcting qualities, and also a source of vitamins C, B9 (folic acid) and P-active substances, possessing antioxidant properties. Due to high content in food red beet of a complex of microelements – iron, zinc, manganese and copper, and a complex of macro elements – potassium and magnesium, it can be recommended for prophylaxis and treatment of hypertension, atherosclerosis and other diseases of heart and vascular system, and for prophylaxis of iron-deficiency anemia. Thus, the research of quality, safety and content of biologically active substances showed that food red beet roots of Bordo 237 variety are a high quality component ingredient for creation of food products of specialized and functional purpose
155 kb

RUSSIAN AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF THE APPLICATION OF BIOPREPARATIONS IN STORAGE OF FRUITS

abstract 1341710017 issue 134 pp. 205 – 217 29.12.2017 ru 86
The article analyzes the ways of ensuring a stable quality and use of biopreparations patented in Russia and abroad. The most famous biopreparations developed by Russian scientists. The analysis of literature sources and patent information has show that the development of methods for storing plant raw materials with using biological protection means is actual. Research in the field of the use of biopreparations for the processing of agricultural products is of high practical importance, since they allow a significant reduction in losses during storage. The application of biological protection treatment technologies is the most effective, environmentally safe and economical way of preparing for storage of plant raw materials
.