Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Malysheva Nadezhda Nikolaevna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Ministry of agriculture and food processing industry of the Krasnodar region
   

Web site url

Email

nstipidi@mail.ru


Articles count: 5

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190 kb

CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTS OF RICE SEED PRODUCTION IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607019 issue 121 pp. 459 – 474 30.09.2016 ru 1141
We have performed an analysis of the current state of rice seed production in the Krasnodar region. It is shown that over the last 10 years in Kuban a full variety changing took place, which was caused by State support of rice seed production on the federal and the regional levels. Agricultural producers of the Krasnodar region have completely stopped cultivation of medium-ripening rice of Liman variety, increasing acreage of new varieties such as Victoriya, Sonet, Diamant, etc. which allowed to increase crop yield from 47,1 centner/ha in 2006 to 63,0 centners/ha in 2015 and to improve the quality of commercial grain, decreasing the content of red-grain forms average in the Krasnodar region from 20,5% in 2006 to 1,8% in 2015. Legal basis of realization of state agrarian policy in the field of seed production of agricultural crops, including rice is reviewed, recent changes in the legislation of the Krasnodar region concerning seed production of agricultural crops are shown, as it was reflected in the Law of the Krasnodar region № 3062-KZ dated 28.11.2014 "On the regulation of certain relations in the field of seed production in the Krasnodar region". Areas contributing to the development of the rice seed production in the Kuban region are identified for further conducting of variety changing, introducing new high-yielding varieties into production as well as varieties of special purpose for import substitution
310 kb

CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTS OF THE RICE MARKET IN RUSSIA

abstract 1221608031 issue 122 pp. 431 – 447 31.10.2016 ru 233
Analysis of rice market in the country was conducted, as well as assortment of rice products was studied. It is shown that rice is the most popular grain in Russian Federation and in percentage of cereal products in shops they occupy 29% and in diet of Russian people – 41%. It is found that in Russia round grain japonica varieties are the most popular kind. It is mentioned that for the last years consumer market demands diversity of rice products, including long-grain and exclusive varieties, imported from abroad. It is shown that in big cities demand for such products has increased from 5% to 15%. Analysis of milled rice balance was conducted. It is found that volume of milled rice in the domestic market of the country is annually about 680-800 thousand tons exceeding the average demand value by 54,8 to 172,3 thousand tons. Promising breeding directions are observed for increasing assortment of rice products in Russian markets with a view to import substitution. It is mentione that Russian breeders have developed group of exclusive varieties: Rubin, Mars, Viola, Violetta, Avstral, Ivushka, Natasha, Aromir etc. It is shown that special purpose varieties currently occupy 3,5% of rice acreage in the Krasnodar region and their cost is by 20-70% higher than that of traditional rice varieties. It was found that for their implementation into production and promotion on the consumer market we need to develop agricultural techniques of cultivation and seed production scheme in accordance with the biological characteristics, conduct marketing activities, promotion of a healthy diet
233 kb

FEATURES OF LAYING SEED NURSERIES OF LONG-GRAINED RICE VARIETIES FOR INCREASING VOLUMES OF SEEDS PRODUCED IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

abstract 1191605007 issue 119 pp. 117 – 133 31.05.2016 ru 536
The article reviews four variants of laying nurseries of primary branches of seed production of long-grained rice varieties of the Kuban breeding taking into account their biological features, plots area ranges from 0,7 m2 to 1,1 m2 , seeding rate for one family – from 100 pcs./m 2 to 170 pcs./m2 . We have studied traits of long-grained rice varieties of the Kuban breeding - Ivushka, Avstral, Kurazh, affecting the yield and quality of seeds: yield, multiplication factor and fractional composition of seeds depending on laying multiplication nursery of first year progeny. The differences between varieties by the type of tillering, vigor, germination of seeds depending on planting system are shown. Optimal way for laying seed nurseries is found: for long-grained varieties with medium tillering (Kurazh type) – row length – 3,3 m and seeding rate – 120 caryopses/m2 ; for those with intensive tillering (Ivushka type) – row length – 3,8 m and seeding rate - 120 caryopses/m2 . This will allow using mechanical method of sowing using selective cassette seeding-machine in the primary seed production, reducing cost of seed production and increasing efficiency of labor, increasing volume of seed production of long-grained rice varieties in short terms and accelerating their implementation in the Kuban region for import substitution
163 kb

GENETIC ANALYSIS OF TRAITS INHERITANCE IN DEVELOPMENT OF COLD TOLERANT RICE VARIETIES FOR THE CONDITIONS OF RUSSIAN RICE-GROWING

abstract 1281704093 issue 128 pp. 1320 – 1332 28.04.2017 ru 192
Hybridization was performed for nine hybrid combinations between Russian early-ripening varieties Novator and Serpantin and South Korean cold-tolerant introduced samples Odaebueo и Tinbubueo. As a result, 283 hybrid caryopses in eight combinations were obtained, which were later studied in growing conditions. Study of trait inheritance in F1 hybrids was conducted, heterosis effect of studied hybrid populations was determined by productivity and individual elements of yield structure, using indicators of the degree of phenotypic dominance (hp) of quantitative traits. Significant variability in agronomic traits of F1 hybrids was determined. The manifestation of heterosis in productivity was noted in combination Odaebueo / Tinbubueo, in which super dominance was observed by all the studied traits forming productivity, in the hybrid progeny. Using the "halves method", analysis for cold resistance of 227 F2 plants in eight hybrid populations was performed. Seven lines with increased resistance to low positive temperatures during germination were identified in five hybrid combinations, which is 3% of the studied material. It is shown that in breeding for cold resistance as mother plants in hybridization it is necessary to use rice varieties (samples) that are resistant to low positive temperatures during germination, and as paternal - more productive varieties, adapted to soil and climatic conditions of rice growing area of the Krasnodar Region
209 kb

STARTING MATERIAL FOR BREEDING COLD TOLERANT RICE VARIETIES

abstract 1241610039 issue 124 pp. 632 – 649 30.12.2016 ru 296
27 introduced variety samples of rice from 8 countries were studied by the complex of biological, morphological, agronomic traits to select the most valuable genotypes for including them into breeding programs on development of cold tolerant rice varieties. It was found that the studied introduced varietal samples were characterized by variation in duration which varied from 120 to 182 days. Variety samples from Bhutan ATTEY, PARO DUMBJA (White) had shown response to photoperiod and the panicles didn’t appear in conditions of Krasnodar region. During the study there were selected high productive forms Obongbueo and Tinbubueo from S. Korea with grain weight 81.67 g / vessel and 74.43 g / vessel, respectively. According to results of research there were selected five cold tolerant samples Tong Jing 29 (China), Giza 178 (Egypt), Istigbol and Mustagillik (Uzbekistan), ZAKHA (Bhutan), evaluation result of which were on the same level with those of standard check variety Kuban 3, as well as those of samples with increased resistance IR83222- F8-14 and IR83222-F8-156 (Philippines), PARO DUMBJA (White) and THIMPHU DUMBJA (Bhutan). As a result of research there were selected three introduced rice variety samples Tong Jing 29 (China), Tinbubueo (S. Korea) and SR 30084-F8-156 (Philippines) which by duration, morphotype and agronomic traits are considered as candidates for further hybridization and breeding as sources of useful traits and properties
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