Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Treyman Yulia Feliksovna

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Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Don State Technical University
   

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treyman-17@yandex.ru


Articles count: 1

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THE IDENTITY OF THE MEDIEVAL FORTRESS ARCHITECTURE ON THE RIVER GODLIH AND OF THE HUMARA SETTLEMENT

abstract 1231609033 issue 123 pp. 491 – 505 30.11.2016 ru 127
The article describes a scientific hypothesis about architectural and spatial identity of a medieval fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih and of the Humara settlement on the Kuban river. It is revealed that the planning structure and spatial organization of these medieval monuments are similar and consist of three parts each: the citadel, the fortress and the open settlement. The citadel was a monumental multi-tiered tower surrounded by a courtyard and a defensive wall. The fortress perimeter was surrounded by a defensive wall fortified with square towers. The open settlement had no artificial fortifications, and was located in a remote place in the vicinity of the citadel and the fortress. The architecture and construction of the walls and towers of both castles are made in the tradition of the Byzantine building culture. Stone setting of the walls and towers of the fortresses represent a veneer made with armored rows of stones with the backing made with crushed stone in lime-stone mortar between them. Because the fortress at the mouth of the river Godlih was badly damaged during the construction of the Tuapse-Adler railway, we can, basing on the analogy revealed, carry out a hypothetical reconstruction, that will serve as a theoretical justification for its restoration and museums
.