Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Melnik Mariya Alekseevna

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Institute of monitoring for climatic and ecological systems SB RAS
   

Web site url

Email

melnik-m-a@yandex.ru


Articles count: 2

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COMPARATIVE ENERGY CHARACTERISTIC OF FUNCTIONING OF PERSONAL SUBSIDIARY FARMS: IMPLEMENTATION OF THE METHODICAL APPROACH

abstract 1341710020 issue 134 pp. 241 – 251 29.12.2017 ru 17
Currently, personal subsidiary farms (PSF) have an important place in solving of the food security problem in some regions and the country as a whole. The organization of optimal and sustainable management strategy of maintenance for PSF should be planned according to the study of functioning of PSF. The authors propose a unified methodical approach for complex accounting of energy costs of external and internal flows involved in the production of agricultural products. Comparative energy characteristic of the functioning of the two personal subsidiary farms located in the Tomsk oblast and having different socio-economic and climatic conditions is presented in the article. Both farms are located in the taiga zone of Western Siberia. Calculations of the energy content of all the incoming and outgoing flows involved in the economic activities of PSF showed that the flow of technogenicanthropogenic energy is the most energy-intensive for both farms. Some conformity in the energy structure of consumption of their own product takes place despite the different types of stockbreeding specialization. An assessment of the level of selfsufficiency in food has shown that more favourable socio-economic conditions create preconditions for an increase of the anthropogenic flow. While PSF located in remote areas are forced to conduct of business activities with maximum using of natural resource potential
850 kb

GIS-TECHNOLOGIES AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE ADVERSE CLIMATIC PHENOMENA LIMITING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRARIAN NATURE MANAGEMENT

abstract 1241610040 issue 124 pp. 650 – 661 30.12.2016 ru 440
With ongoing climatic changes in the background the tendency to increase the frequency and intensity of manifestations of natural hazards in more parts of the Russian Federation has been observed. The agricultural nature management is most sensitive and reliant on natural factors capable to cause it an extensive material damage. Thereby a detailed study of the natural hazards and risks, which can put the greatest negative consequences for conducting agricultural activity, is required. Analysis and visualization of spatial-temporal dynamics of the unfavorable climatic phenomena can be successfully implemented through modern geographical methods – GIS-technology. In proposed study, the software product ArcGIS as the basic working tool has been chosen, which allowed integrating into a single information environment the electronic spatial oriented maps and databases. In the capacity of model object, which is clearly demonstrating efficiency of the use of GIS-technologies, in the article the territory of the southern taiga of Western Siberia is presented. The currently compiled GIS project by a team provide a formation procedure of the geodatabase by types of natural hazards, a digital cartographic basis and the process of filling the attribute tables necessary data and information with a detailed quantitative characteristic. The multi-aspect spatio-temporal analysis of the agro-climatic parameters with the use of GIS technology, has allowed characterizing the southern taiga of Western Siberia as the territory with rather high extent of manifestation of dangers of natural character. The resume on the rational use of GIS technology for a comprehensive quantitative assessment and integrated regional analysis of agricultural risks of natural origin are proved
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