Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Kravchenko Alena Nikolaevna

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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alena_nic@list.ru


Articles count: 1

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THE ACCUMULATION OF 90SR IN CHERRYPLUM DEPENDING ON THE DEPTH OF ITS DISPOSITION IN THE SOIL

abstract 1271703028 issue 127 pp. 416 – 431 31.03.2017 ru 533
With the possible radioactive contamination of the territory, as a result of emergency situations at enterprises of the nuclear fuel cycle, there occurs a task of further use of the soil for agricultural purposes. Researches on the cultivation on contaminated areas of fruit plants in the conditions of the Krasnodar region were not carried out. As a result of the experiment in the field we received experimental material on migration and 90Sr accumulation in vegetative and generative organs of cherry-plum. Research lasted for 8 years. The accumulation of 90Sr, placed on the surface of the soil, in the bark, wood, leaves, and fruit was 7,0×102 ; 4,8×102 ; 9,7×102 and 1.8 ×102Bq/kg. With the penetration of 90Sr in soil at 50 cm accumulation in the bark, wood, leaves, and fruit were: 5,1×102 ; 3,0×102 ; 6,9×102 ; 1,4×102Bq/kg. The experimental material obtained in the field makes it possible to calculate the coefficients of the nuclide transition from polluted soil to the various organs of the studied plant and to make a forecast of the possible use of contaminated areas for the cultivation of fruit crops. Radioactive contaminated areas cannot be left without proper control, since, firstly, non-planted fields are exposed to wind and water erosion of soils, which leads to rapid and large-scale pollution of the environment and, secondly, if it is possible to obtain products from such fields, this should be done for economic reasons
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