Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Martynenko Yana Nikolaevna

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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mephisto83@inbox.ru


Articles count: 2

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THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPOSITION OF MICROORGANISMS, WHICH WERE ISOLATED FROM NEWBORN CALVES AND PIGLETS AT ACUTE INTESTINAL DISEASES

abstract 1321708058 issue 132 pp. 728 – 741 31.10.2017 ru 339
One of the reasons extensions acute intestinal diseases in newborn calves and piglets is absence at them of formed immune system and colonization resistance. For this reason, their intestine often occupies relative pathogenic microorganisms, which in the subsequent cause diarrheal diseases. The characteristic feature of the last time is the fact that these diseases have the associated disposition and composition of association can be the most various but not only biological objects (for calves and piglets), and also territorial borders. The goal of this work was in comparative study of the structure microorganisms, which were isolated from newborn calves and piglets at acute intestinal diseases in Krasnodar territory and the establishment of the dominant species. During the bacteriologic examination of pathological material was detach and finger 1299 isolate calves and 476 from piglets which was found to belonged to 6 families: Enterobacteriaceae, Streptococcaceae, Enterococcaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Alcaligenaceae, Alteromonadaceae. Studies have shown that dominant logic value in nosological profile of the allocated bacteria belongs to enterobacterium, enterococcus, streptococcus, the share of which in the general pool of isolates has made 70,1%, 15,9% and 11,1%, respectively. At the same time among the enterobacterium detached as from calves, and pigs, the prevailing species was E. coli (55,6%), streptococcus – S. bovis (24,9%), enterococcus – E. faecium and E. faecalis (88,3%). Meanwhile, along with the general character of frequency separation of certain types of bacteria, also their specific preference is set. That why from calves there were more often selected enterobacter, citrobacter, kluyvera, E. faecalis, S. cricetus, S. mitior, S. parauberis and P. aeruginosa. Whereas from pigs more often were allocated protei, providencia, shigella, E. mundtii, E. casseliflavus, S. acidominimus, S. oralis, S. pneumoniae, S. vestibularis и Alcaligenes fecalis than from pigs
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THE SPREAD OF COLIBACTERIOSIS OF PIGS IN THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1361802029 issue 136 pp. 179 – 188 28.02.2018 ru 68
The article presents data on the prevalence of colibacillosis of pigs in farms of the Krasnodar region in the period 2010-2016. Colibacillosis is widespread in pig farms of the Krasnodar region. In different years, it was recorded at 32.6 - 55.6% of bacterial infectious diseases of pigs. And only in 2013-2014, in farms of the region colibacillosis was not registered. Among the bacterial pathology, colibacillosis in pigs in the farms of the Krasnodar region is in the first place after staphyloccocus (3 - 15 %), streptoccocus (2-13,7 %), and diseases caused by conditionally pathogenic microflora (17,9-20 %). In the Krasnodar region, we annually allocate different serotypes of E. Coli that vary depending on areas and farms, however, regularly in pigs in the Krasnodar region there are the following serotypes: A8, О20, О119, О26, О86 in Bryukhovetskiy, Dinskoy, Kalininskiy, Korenovskiy, Kurganinskiy, Kushchevskaiy, Labinskiy regions of the Krasnodar territory. According to the reports of outbreaks, colibacillosis in pigs for several years were recorded in the Central, Korenovskiy, Kushchevskaya, Labinskiy, Primorsko-Akhtarskiy, Seversky, Slavyanskiy, Tbilisskiy, Timashevskiy, Ust-Labinskiy districts of the Krasnodar region and in the city of Krasnodar. After 2013-2014, after the total absence of the disease in the region, there were reported outbreaks in 2015 in some farms in the Timashevskiy district, and in 2016 – in Kurganinskiy
.