Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Tuchapsky Yuri Alexandrovich

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 2

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INFLUENCE OF BASIC PROCESSING AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON AGRIBIOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF WINTER BARLEY

abstract 1541910015 issue 154 pp. 161 – 171 30.12.2019 ru 4
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of mineral fertilizers and basic tillage in the technology of cultivating winter barley on its agrophysical properties. Object of research - plants of winter barley cultivar called Rubezh. Soil - typical low-humus heavy-duty leached chernozems. In the experiment, the influence of two factors on the formation of the productivity of winter barley was studied. Factor A - the method of primary tillage: option 1 (A0) - dump plowing to a depth of 20-22 cm (control); option 2 (A1) - chisel for 20-22 cm; option 3 (A2) - disk peeling at 8-10 cm; option 4 (A3) - zero treatment (direct sowing). Factor (B) - fertilizer rate: option 1 (B0) - without fertilizing (control); option 2 (B1) - recommended norm N40P40 + N20; option 3 (B2) - double norm N60P60 + N40. According to the data of our experiments, the general orientation in the technology of cultivating winter barley has been revealed, during the entire growing season, the height of its plants decreases while the tension of its main processing decreases - from 89.6-90.3 cm for deep processing to 87.7 cm for surface processing and up to 73.7 cm at zero. Moreover, the type of tillage did not affect the stem of winter barley plants of the Rubezh variety. At the same time, on all tillage options, one can notice the dependence of the height and density of the stand on the dose of fertilizer application - from 80.6 cm in the control to 84.4 cm at the recommended dose of mineral fertilizers and up to 91.4 with a double. It was also noted in relation to the density of plant standing - from 335 pcs / m2 in the control to 358 pcs / m2 with the recommended dose of mineral fertilizers and up to 376 pcs / m2 with a double
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INFLUENCE OF BASIC TREATMENT ON AGROPHYSICAL SOIL PROPERTIES IN CROPS OF WINTER BARLEY

abstract 1531909002 issue 153 pp. 8 – 18 29.11.2019 ru 14
The article presents the results of studies on the influence of the main tillage in the technology of cultivating winter barley on its agrophysical properties. The object of research was winter barley, sort Rubezh, the predecessor - winter wheat. Soil - heavy duty, low humus, typical leached chernozems. The studies were carried out in a stationary experiment on the basis of the experimental field of the Department of General and Irrigated Agriculture at KubSAU in accordance with generally accepted methods for experiments with grain crops. Scheme of experience (primary tillage): option 1 (A0) - dump plowing to a depth of 20-22 cm (control); option 2 (A1) - chisel for 20-22 cm; option 3 (A2) - disk peeling at 8-10 cm; option 4 (A3) - zero treatment (direct sowing). Based on the research, a general orientation is revealed in the technology of cultivating winter barley to reduce the agrophysical indicators of the soil throughout the growing season of the development of its plants while lowering the tension of its main processing. So, the density of the soil was minimal, and the structure and moisture of the soil, as well as the reserves of productive moisture were maximum on the option with dump plowing to a depth of 20-22 cm. Conducting deep loosening at the same depth (chiseling by 20-22 cm) somewhat worsened these parameters . Implementation of disk peeling in the main tillage (by 8-10 cm) contributed to the deterioration of these parameters. The option of zero tillage was in last place according to these indicators. And only before harvesting, zero tillage contributed to the formation of higher soil moisture and productive moisture reserves
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