Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Smirnov Alexei Vasilievich

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Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy

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abstract 1602006007 issue 160 pp. 73 – 82 30.06.2020 ru 7
The article studies the effects of different sawing rates of witer barley on crop yield. The studies were conducted on the experimental field of the Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Education in the Nizhny Novgorod State Agricultural Academy at the Novinki training experimental establishment from 2015 to 2018 on light gray forest soils. The object of research was Volzhsky Perviy variety of winter barley. We studied different sowing rates: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 million germinating seeds per 1 hectare. The predecessor was clean fallow. On average, over 3 years of research, we observed the seeds field germination rate of 84.0-84.5%. The survival rate of plants at harvest was quite satisfactory 51.4-69.3%. We have noticed that an increase in the seeding rate from 2 to 7 million units / ha has led to a decrease in survival rate of plants by 17.9%. The highest grain yield in the experiment - 4.47 t / ha was obtained at a sowing rate of 6 million germinating seeds per 1 ha. An increase in the seeding rate from 2.0 to 7.0 million germinating seeds per 1 ha has led to an increase in the density of the productive stalk from 252 to 367 pcs / m2. The number of grains per spike in the study varied within a narrow range from 38 to 39 pieces, whereas the weight of 1000 grains varied from 32.7 to 33.8 g. We observed high spike productivity from 1.260 to 1.303 g due to the high number of grains per spike. Volzhsky Perviy variety of winter barley, showed good tillering ability when cultivated in the conditions of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The coefficient of total tillering capacity varied from 2.03 to 2.78, whereas the productive tillering capacity varied from 1.99 to 1.42