Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Radchevskiy Petr Panteleyevich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 73

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305 kb

EFTIHIYA – THE NEWEST WINE AROMATIC VARIETY WITH PINK COLORED BERRY

abstract 1031409031 issue 103 pp. 478 – 497 30.11.2014 ru 862
The newest wine grape variety Eftihiya with aromatic pink colored skin (in Greek the name means “happi-ness”) was breed with hybridization at the Athens In-stitute of Viticulture by P. Zamanidi, L. Troshin and P. Radchevskiy in 2005 by crossing the Greek varieties and Malaguzya with Eurasian Traminer pink. Dura-tion of production period from bud burst to harvest 146-155 days. Yields are very high: 25-30 t / ha. Modal mass of clusters is 250 g. Bunch is conical, me-dium density. Berry is medium, short elliptical, pink colored, with a thick wax coating. Pulp and juice with the expressed varietal flavor, similar to the aroma of Traminer pink. Sugar content of more than 24%. Vari-ety is designed for production for the dry white wines of excellent class and high-quality sparkling, dessert and sweet wines; suitable for the production of high quality aromatic juices
409 kb

FEATURES OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE GENERATIVE ORGANS OF PLANTS OF GRAPES OF DIFFERENT ORIGIN IN THE CONDITIONS OF TAMAN

abstract 0971403010 issue 97 pp. 120 – 137 31.03.2014 ru 1040
The article presents data on the formation of the embryonic fruitfulness of central buds of wintering buds grapes of different origins in the period of relative calm of grapes and early spring period in dynamics with presence of positive air and soil temperatures
688 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE ABILITY IN CUTTINGS OF TECHNICAL VARIETIES OF BIANCO, VIORICA AND RITON

abstract 1141510094 issue 114 pp. 1233 – 1256 30.12.2015 ru 570
The article presents the results of three years of studies on regenerative processes in technical white one-bud cuttings of resistant varieties of grapes Bianca, Viorica and Riton. The studies were conducted in greenhouse experiments at the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University. It was found, that the cuttings of Viorica varieties had achieved the best ripening, and the worst was Bianca. Varieties of Viorica and Ryton which have rather good level of ripening of the cuttings, had starch in carbohydrates and Bianca variety had sugar. Earlier blooming of buds characterized the cuttings of Ryton. Blooming of the buds of Bianca somewhat delayed. Maximum length of the shoots characterized the cuttings of Bianca, and the lowest – Viorica. The shortest pre-root period (26.3 days) was observed in Ryton, and the longest (29.3 days) – in Bianca. Viorica was characterized by the highest yield of cuttings with 3 roots and more (81.3%), this indicator was a bit less (72.5%) for Ryton. For Bianca it was minimal and it was 26.3%. A similar pattern was observed for the average number of cuttings formed at the roots: the variety Viorica - 9.4 pc.,Ryton - 8.1 pc. and Bianca - 4.3 pc. Thus, cuttings of the varieties of Viorica and Ryton belong to a group with a very high root growing activity and Bianca has an average activity
211 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE CAPACITY OF CUTTINGS OF TECHNICAL GRAPE VARIETIES (SELECTION OF INSTITUTE OF GRAPE AND WINE) MAGARACH - PERVENETS MAGARACHA, PODAROK MAGARACHA AND CYTRONY MAGARACHA

abstract 1141510093 issue 114 pp. 1211 – 1232 30.12.2015 ru 591
The article presents the results of three years of researches conducted at the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University, to study the processes of shoots and rooting of the three-bud cuttings of grapes of Pervenets Magaracha, Podarok Magaracha and Cytrony Magaracha of the selection of Magarach Institute of Grape and Wine. The area of these varieties, which are inter-specific hybrids, in the Krasnodar region is more than 2 thousands hectares. The cuttings were rooted in sawdust in a greenhouse on a heated rack. It was found, that the regenerative capacity of cuttings was strongly dependent on the method of their storage prior to installation on the germination. The best results were obtained in the case when cuttings had been stored in the refrigerator before starting the experiment. The lowest impact of the way to store cuttings was on the percentage of cuttings with blossoming eyes, and the largest - the length of the shoots, the output of the cuttings with at least 3 of the roots, and the average number of roots developed on one cutting. Rooting of cuttings and their growth with three and more roots were different over the years for the varieties of Pervenets Magaracha and Cytrony Magaracha, in favor of one sort or another, but the average 3-year difference between varieties was not significant. On average, in two or three years, the maximum number of roots appeared in the variety of Cytrony Magaracha, which was a bit ahead of Pervenets Magaracha. The difference in the number of cuttings formed at the roots was authentic. Correlation analysis showed that the closest relationship to the performance of the rooting ability of cuttings was found in the length of the shoots. The level and the nature of the identified correlations suggests that the rooting ability of the cuttings of the varieties of Pervenets Magaracha was determined primarily by hormonal activity, Podarok Magaracha by its supply of plastic substances, and Cytrony Magaracha had equally both factors
5269 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE PROPERTIES OF VINE CUTTINGS AFTER TREATMENT UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF STIMOLANT 66F GROWTH REGULATOR

abstract 1131509100 issue 113 pp. 1427 – 1455 30.11.2015 ru 531
The article presents the results of the research on the effect of processing cuttings grapes Moldova and Bianca by a growth regulator called Stimolant 66f (Stimolante 66f) on their regenerative properties, the yield and quality of seedlings. In Moldova grade, we tested three concentrations of the drug - 0.001; 0.01 and 0.1% and grade Bianca - five - - 0.001; 0.005; 0.01; 0.05 and 0.1%, compared to treatment with IAA (standard) or without treatment (control). It was found, that both types of processing cuttings with IAA led to the inhibition of blooming buds. Application of Stimolanta to both varieties accelerated blooming buds, and to the greatest extent on grade Bianca. On the variety Moldova, the processing cuttings with heteroauxin and Stimolant at 0.01 and 0.1% had an inhibitory effect on the growth of shoots, which survived to the end of the experiment. On the variety of Bianca, both the IAA and Stimolant at all concentrations of working solution contributed to a significant increase the length of the shoots. At grade Moldova, basal ends of cuttings treatment for 24 hours in solutions of Stimolanta at 0.01 and 0.1% concentration had the root-growing ability stimulated, enhanced the yield and quality of seedlings. In grade Bianca, better rooting of cuttings with 3 or more roots was observed in the variant of "Stimolant - 0.05%", and a greater number of roots were produced in the version of "Stimolant - 0.1%." In cuttings of varieties ofMoldova, Stimolant showed better results than the IAA in optimal concentrations, and grade Bianca had about the same results
277 kb

FEATURES OF THE CORRELATION BERTWEEN SHOOT PERFORMANCE AND ABILITY OF ROOT GROWING OF VINE GRAPE CUTTINGS OF MOLDOVA AND VOSTORG VARIETIES OF DIFFERENT LENGHTS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF THE PROCESSING WITH RADIX PLUS PREPARATION

abstract 1051501021 issue 105 pp. 380 – 411 30.01.2015 ru 745
The article is dedicated to the features of the correlations between the indicators of shoot and root growth ability of grape cuttings varieties of Moldova and Vostorg of different lengths, under the influence of the processing them with Norwegian growth regulator - Radix plus. We have found that in the control variants on both varieties there are fairly close correlation connections between the number of shoots, their length and the degree of blooming buds. However, in the advanced options the character of the relationship between these parameters depends on the varietal characteristics manifested in the potential root activity cuttings. For Moldova cuttings which are characterized by high root activity, the use of Radix plus led to some strengthening of the correlations, and for Vostorg (with the weak activity of rooting of cuttings) - to decreasing of the correlations. This fact may indicate that the negative effects of growth regulators on the activity of endogenous hormones in the cuttings of Vostorg varieties, which explains the decrease of rooting of longer cuttings. Processing the cuttings of Moldova with Radix plus led to increasing in the frequency and extension of the correlations between shoot and root growth ability of cuttings. For Vostorg, on the contrary, the use of Radix plus led to the weakening of these connections. The reason for this phenomenon, as is the case with figures of shoot growth ability may be a change in the activity of the endogenous phytohormone influenced by exogenous auxin. Character of correlations identified between indicators of root growth ability of cuttings shows that rooting depends primarily on the hormonal activity of cuttings, number of roots - on cuttings plastic substances, and the yield of cuttings with 3 roots and more - on both of these points
266 kb

INFLUENCE OF A FOLIAR SPRAYING WITH NEW-GENERATION MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON AGROBIOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF CHARDONNAY GRAPES

abstract 1151601041 issue 115 pp. 665 – 690 27.01.2016 ru 388
The work presents the results of studies on the influence of the foliar spraying of white grapes of the technical sort of ‘Chardonnay’ with new water-soluble fertilizers: Nutrivant plus vinograd, Kelik potassiumsilicon, Atlanta plus and microelements in chelated form - Kelkat boron, Kelkat manganese and Kelkat zinc, on its agro biological and technological indicators. The field experiment was performed in the AF Close Joint-Stock company "Primorsk" in Temryuk District. The diagram of the experiment consisted of five options: without treatment (control); Nutrivant plus vinograd - 1 kg / ha; Kelik potassium silicon - 3 kg / ha; Atlanta plus - 2 kg / ha; a set of microelements - Kelkat boron, manganese and Kelkat Kelkat zinc 660 g / ha each. It was established that the foliar spraying with these fertilizers contributes to a more intensive accumulation of sugar in the juice of berries and to the acceleration of the harvest ageing. Furthermore, the productiveness of shoots has been increased, as it is shown in a greater number of inflorescences, and sometimes, the average bunch weight increases. All this contributes to a significant increase in a yield from a bush and to a crop yield. The highest content of chlorophyll (a + b), carotinoid and the amount of pigment were observed in cases of "Atlant plus" and "Kelik potassium-silicon," where the highest sugar was contained in the berries. Foliar spraying of grapes with the complex of microelements and also Nutrivant plus and Atlanta plus contributed to the improving of the quality of wine, as evidenced by the data of the tasting degustation. The highest mark was provided by the foliar spraying of bushes using the complex of microelements
125 kb

INFLUENCE OF FERTILIZERS ON QUALITY OF CHARDONNAY GRAPES AND WINE MATERIALS

abstract 1471903014 issue 147 pp. 53 – 61 29.03.2019 ru 87
The article presents the results of the fertilizers use effect on dry wine materials produced from the Chardonnay variety, grown in the Anapo-Taman soil and climatic zone of the Krasnodar region, Russia. As a result of wine materials analysis, increase of tartaric acid was noted, with the autumn application of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers and the spring application of ammonium nitrate. At the same time, its optimum content was noted with nitroammophos. Also, the minimum concentration of malic acids was detected by the application of nitroammophos with potassium fertilizers. In its turn, early spring application of ammonium nitrate reduced the concentration of malic acid below the control sample (without fertilizers). It was revealed that the use of mineral fertilizers in this winemaking zone also contributed to a reduction of lactic acid in the must. At the same time, the application of nitroammophos (especially together with other mineral fertilizers), contributed to the accumulation of citric and succinic acids, as well as phenolic compounds. Moreover, the application of phosphate-potassium fertilizers in the autumn contributed to the accumulation, and, consequently, also to the increase in the content of phenolic compounds in the resulting must. In addition, the studied samples of wine materials contained high alcohol concentrations and low concentrations of sugars with volatile acids. At the same time, the maximum amount of alcohol exceeding its content in the control sample was revealed when phosphorus-potassium fertilizers were used together with nitroammophos fertilizers. It is also noted that the application of ammonium nitrate did not affect this indicator. As a result, the use of mineral fertilizers in the studied concentrations made it possible to prepare wine materials that contained a low concentration of sulfur dioxide, which is substantially lower than the harmful concentration for humans. In addition, increased concentrations of hydrogen ions in variants with the application of phosphate-potassium fertilizers have made it possible to reduce the number of iron tanates and the intensity of oxidation-reduction processes
325 kb

INFLUENCE OF GRAPE VARIETY PECULIARITIES OF DIFFERENT ORIGIN ON WATER POTENTIAL OF LEAVES AND THE AREA OF LEAF SURFACE IN THE CONDITIONS OF TAMAN

abstract 0921308042 issue 92 pp. 643 – 652 31.10.2013 ru 1223
In the article there was given the survey of research results of leaf and leaf surface area potential of different origin in the conditions of Taman
716 kb

INFLUENCE OF HETEROAUXIN ON REGENERATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAPE CUTTINGS IN RELATION TO LIGHT CONDITIONS

abstract 1081504025 issue 108 pp. 379 – 400 30.04.2015 ru 615
This article is devoted to treatment effects of cuttings of a grape variety called Moldova with 0.01% solution of heteroauxin on their regenerative capacity, depending on the light conditions. We have established that the germination of cuttings in the dark, as well as the treatment of heteroauxin significantly stimulate their regenerative abilities. The length of the shoots, regardless of the use of heteroauxin, depends on the mode of the light produced during the germination of cuttings. In both studies, the length of the shoots on the end of experiment cuttings germinated in the dark, was 1,71-2,66 times more than when germinated in the light. Cuttings rooting ability also largely depends on the light produced in their germination. In both studies, the rooting of cuttings started earlier and passed more rapidly during their germination in the dark. Processing cuttings with heteroauxin, followed by germination in the dark, speeded up the formation of roots even more, compared with the case where the cuttings treated with heteroauxin germinated in the light. In the best case rooting increased by 42,5-47,5%, the number of roots on basal ends of cuttings in 18,3- 18,5 times, the numbers of cuttings with 3 or more roots to 72,5-80,0%
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