Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Radchevskiy Petr Panteleyevich

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Academic rank

professor

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 73

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491 kb

PECULIARITIES OF FORMING AGROBIOLOGICAL INDEXES OF REAL FRUITFULNESS ON GRAPE BUSHES SAPERAVI VARIETY UNDER INFLUENSE OF TREATMENT BY “VIMPEL” PREPARATION AND NEW GENERATION FERTILIZER

abstract 1161602094 issue 116 pp. 1462 – 1490 29.02.2016 ru 581
This article deals with the results of the research work concerning the influence of foliar application of grape of Saperavi variety by soluble fertilizers of new generation-Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon. The influence of these fertilizers on yield and actual fruitfulness have also been investigated. The experiments have been carried out both in pureform and in a tankmixture with growth regulator “VIMPEL”. The treatment by these fertilizers has been done three times in the following period; after flowering, in fruit growth phase,(pea-size berry) and in the phase of fruit maturing The foliar treatment in a pure form as well as in a tank mixture led to increase of bunch weight, harvest per bush and the yield capacity of plantation. The influence of fertilizers depended not only on variants of experiment but also on weather conditions of the previous and current year as well as on the previous yield. The negative correlation between the indexes of yield structure of the previous year and the actual fruitfulness of the current year has been revealed. However, the character of these correlative connections depends on many factors and greatly differs according to the year. As a result of these investigations, it was stated that foliar application of Saperavi grape variety by fertilizers of a new generation Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassiumsilicon in a tank mixture with growth regulator “Vimpel” in periods after flowering, berry growth(pea-size berry) and at the beginning of berry maturing did not promote a stable and significant increase of the main indexes of an actual fruitfulness. The real increase observed in all experimental variants was achieved mainly due to the increase of the average weight of the bunch
266 kb

INFLUENCE OF A FOLIAR SPRAYING WITH NEW-GENERATION MINERAL FERTILIZERS ON AGROBIOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL INDICATORS OF CHARDONNAY GRAPES

abstract 1151601041 issue 115 pp. 665 – 690 27.01.2016 ru 643
The work presents the results of studies on the influence of the foliar spraying of white grapes of the technical sort of ‘Chardonnay’ with new water-soluble fertilizers: Nutrivant plus vinograd, Kelik potassiumsilicon, Atlanta plus and microelements in chelated form - Kelkat boron, Kelkat manganese and Kelkat zinc, on its agro biological and technological indicators. The field experiment was performed in the AF Close Joint-Stock company "Primorsk" in Temryuk District. The diagram of the experiment consisted of five options: without treatment (control); Nutrivant plus vinograd - 1 kg / ha; Kelik potassium silicon - 3 kg / ha; Atlanta plus - 2 kg / ha; a set of microelements - Kelkat boron, manganese and Kelkat Kelkat zinc 660 g / ha each. It was established that the foliar spraying with these fertilizers contributes to a more intensive accumulation of sugar in the juice of berries and to the acceleration of the harvest ageing. Furthermore, the productiveness of shoots has been increased, as it is shown in a greater number of inflorescences, and sometimes, the average bunch weight increases. All this contributes to a significant increase in a yield from a bush and to a crop yield. The highest content of chlorophyll (a + b), carotinoid and the amount of pigment were observed in cases of "Atlant plus" and "Kelik potassium-silicon," where the highest sugar was contained in the berries. Foliar spraying of grapes with the complex of microelements and also Nutrivant plus and Atlanta plus contributed to the improving of the quality of wine, as evidenced by the data of the tasting degustation. The highest mark was provided by the foliar spraying of bushes using the complex of microelements
688 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE ABILITY IN CUTTINGS OF TECHNICAL VARIETIES OF BIANCO, VIORICA AND RITON

abstract 1141510094 issue 114 pp. 1233 – 1256 30.12.2015 ru 793
The article presents the results of three years of studies on regenerative processes in technical white one-bud cuttings of resistant varieties of grapes Bianca, Viorica and Riton. The studies were conducted in greenhouse experiments at the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University. It was found, that the cuttings of Viorica varieties had achieved the best ripening, and the worst was Bianca. Varieties of Viorica and Ryton which have rather good level of ripening of the cuttings, had starch in carbohydrates and Bianca variety had sugar. Earlier blooming of buds characterized the cuttings of Ryton. Blooming of the buds of Bianca somewhat delayed. Maximum length of the shoots characterized the cuttings of Bianca, and the lowest – Viorica. The shortest pre-root period (26.3 days) was observed in Ryton, and the longest (29.3 days) – in Bianca. Viorica was characterized by the highest yield of cuttings with 3 roots and more (81.3%), this indicator was a bit less (72.5%) for Ryton. For Bianca it was minimal and it was 26.3%. A similar pattern was observed for the average number of cuttings formed at the roots: the variety Viorica - 9.4 pc.,Ryton - 8.1 pc. and Bianca - 4.3 pc. Thus, cuttings of the varieties of Viorica and Ryton belong to a group with a very high root growing activity and Bianca has an average activity
5269 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE PROPERTIES OF VINE CUTTINGS AFTER TREATMENT UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF STIMOLANT 66F GROWTH REGULATOR

abstract 1131509100 issue 113 pp. 1427 – 1455 30.11.2015 ru 809
The article presents the results of the research on the effect of processing cuttings grapes Moldova and Bianca by a growth regulator called Stimolant 66f (Stimolante 66f) on their regenerative properties, the yield and quality of seedlings. In Moldova grade, we tested three concentrations of the drug - 0.001; 0.01 and 0.1% and grade Bianca - five - - 0.001; 0.005; 0.01; 0.05 and 0.1%, compared to treatment with IAA (standard) or without treatment (control). It was found, that both types of processing cuttings with IAA led to the inhibition of blooming buds. Application of Stimolanta to both varieties accelerated blooming buds, and to the greatest extent on grade Bianca. On the variety Moldova, the processing cuttings with heteroauxin and Stimolant at 0.01 and 0.1% had an inhibitory effect on the growth of shoots, which survived to the end of the experiment. On the variety of Bianca, both the IAA and Stimolant at all concentrations of working solution contributed to a significant increase the length of the shoots. At grade Moldova, basal ends of cuttings treatment for 24 hours in solutions of Stimolanta at 0.01 and 0.1% concentration had the root-growing ability stimulated, enhanced the yield and quality of seedlings. In grade Bianca, better rooting of cuttings with 3 or more roots was observed in the variant of "Stimolant - 0.05%", and a greater number of roots were produced in the version of "Stimolant - 0.1%." In cuttings of varieties ofMoldova, Stimolant showed better results than the IAA in optimal concentrations, and grade Bianca had about the same results
716 kb

INFLUENCE OF HETEROAUXIN ON REGENERATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAPE CUTTINGS IN RELATION TO LIGHT CONDITIONS

abstract 1081504025 issue 108 pp. 379 – 400 30.04.2015 ru 834
This article is devoted to treatment effects of cuttings of a grape variety called Moldova with 0.01% solution of heteroauxin on their regenerative capacity, depending on the light conditions. We have established that the germination of cuttings in the dark, as well as the treatment of heteroauxin significantly stimulate their regenerative abilities. The length of the shoots, regardless of the use of heteroauxin, depends on the mode of the light produced during the germination of cuttings. In both studies, the length of the shoots on the end of experiment cuttings germinated in the dark, was 1,71-2,66 times more than when germinated in the light. Cuttings rooting ability also largely depends on the light produced in their germination. In both studies, the rooting of cuttings started earlier and passed more rapidly during their germination in the dark. Processing cuttings with heteroauxin, followed by germination in the dark, speeded up the formation of roots even more, compared with the case where the cuttings treated with heteroauxin germinated in the light. In the best case rooting increased by 42,5-47,5%, the number of roots on basal ends of cuttings in 18,3- 18,5 times, the numbers of cuttings with 3 or more roots to 72,5-80,0%
169 kb

QUALITY OF GRAPES AND WINE OF SAPERAVI DUE TO APPLICATION OF LIGNOHUMATES OF THE GRADE "В"

abstract 1111507028 issue 111 pp. 504 – 519 30.09.2015 ru 905
There was given the review of the results of the study in the conditions of the Anapa-Taman zone of the Krasnodar region of the influence of the treatment of vines of Saperavi of lignohumates of the grade "В" (“LG-B Bio”, “LG-B Best Bio”, “LG- Best L”) on the quality of must and wine materials. The technology of the grape cultivation on the experimental plot corresponded to the adopted technology which is used in the JSC "Pobeda" of Temryuk District and was widely accepted for the keeping of fruit-bearing plantations of the zone of uncovered viticulture. Agrobiological works were carried out at the optimum terms and were of high quality. Vines of the third- year of life, embodied by the scheme in 3,0 x 1,5 m. The forming is a one-sided Guyot with a height of the trunk in 60 cm. On bushes there was formed the same load shoots and clusters. There were carried out the treatments of grape leaf surfaces by the solutions of lignohumates twice: the 1st – before the flowering and the 2 nd in the beginning of the formation of berries (in 20 days after the first one). The spraying was carried out in the early morning hours. The accounting of the grape harvest and the sampling for the determination of the quality of must and wine materials (10 kg per each type) was conducted in September 20, 2012. The technological and physical-chemical analyses were carried out in the shop of mini winemaking and in the accredited testing laboratory of the grape processing of the scientific center of the winemaking SCSRIHGG of the RAAS. The preparations "LG-B Bio", "LG-B Super Bio" and "LG-B Best A" as grape growth regulators have the equal and stable effect
268 kb

INFLUENCE OF THE PREPARATION CASLLED “VYMPEL” AND MINERAL FERTILIZERS OF NEW GENERATION ON OF SAPERAVI VARIETY

abstract 1111507026 issue 111 pp. 461 – 488 30.09.2015 ru 909
The article presents the results of the studies on the effect of the processing of grape variety Saperavi with a growth regulator called Vimpel with water soluble and foliar fertilizers of new generation - Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium silicon, both in pure form and in a tank mixture. Processing of bushes was performed three times: after flowering, growth phase of berries (berry of a pea), the beginning of ripening berries. We used Vimpel drug and foliar fertilizers such as Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium-silicon, both in pure form and in conjunction with Vimpel; it led to a significant increase in weight of the bunch, bush crop and planting yields. The smallest yield increase was provided by Vimpel. However, the combined use of this drug on a background of Kelik silicon- potassium foliar fertilizer and Nutrivant plus led to a greater increase in yield from the bush than when used fertilizers only. Processing of bushes by Vimpel in combination with a foliar application of Kelik potassium-silicon not only led to a significant increase in crop yields from the bush and plantations, but in two cases of the three it contributed to a significant increase of the mass concentration of sugars in the juice of berries. Using Vimpel, together with Nutrivant plus foliar application for two years out of three promoted maximize yields (23.4 and 18.4%) with a decrease in sugar content, and in one year - an increase in the harvest of 10.4%, with a significant increase in mass sugar concentration (1.92 g / 100 cm3 or 9.2%). Thus, the processing of Saperavi grapes with a growth regulator called Vimpel and water soluble foliar fertilizers of new generation - Nutrivant plus and Kelik potassium and silicon is an effective method of increasing the yield and quality of Saperavi grapes
211 kb

FEATURES OF REGENERATIVE CAPACITY OF CUTTINGS OF TECHNICAL GRAPE VARIETIES (SELECTION OF INSTITUTE OF GRAPE AND WINE) MAGARACH - PERVENETS MAGARACHA, PODAROK MAGARACHA AND CYTRONY MAGARACHA

abstract 1141510093 issue 114 pp. 1211 – 1232 30.12.2015 ru 911
The article presents the results of three years of researches conducted at the Department of Viticulture of Kuban State Agrarian University, to study the processes of shoots and rooting of the three-bud cuttings of grapes of Pervenets Magaracha, Podarok Magaracha and Cytrony Magaracha of the selection of Magarach Institute of Grape and Wine. The area of these varieties, which are inter-specific hybrids, in the Krasnodar region is more than 2 thousands hectares. The cuttings were rooted in sawdust in a greenhouse on a heated rack. It was found, that the regenerative capacity of cuttings was strongly dependent on the method of their storage prior to installation on the germination. The best results were obtained in the case when cuttings had been stored in the refrigerator before starting the experiment. The lowest impact of the way to store cuttings was on the percentage of cuttings with blossoming eyes, and the largest - the length of the shoots, the output of the cuttings with at least 3 of the roots, and the average number of roots developed on one cutting. Rooting of cuttings and their growth with three and more roots were different over the years for the varieties of Pervenets Magaracha and Cytrony Magaracha, in favor of one sort or another, but the average 3-year difference between varieties was not significant. On average, in two or three years, the maximum number of roots appeared in the variety of Cytrony Magaracha, which was a bit ahead of Pervenets Magaracha. The difference in the number of cuttings formed at the roots was authentic. Correlation analysis showed that the closest relationship to the performance of the rooting ability of cuttings was found in the length of the shoots. The level and the nature of the identified correlations suggests that the rooting ability of the cuttings of the varieties of Pervenets Magaracha was determined primarily by hormonal activity, Podarok Magaracha by its supply of plastic substances, and Cytrony Magaracha had equally both factors
247 kb

INFLUENCE OF RUDIX PLUS ON REGENERATIVE PROPERTIES OF CUTTINGS OF GRAPE VARIETY VOSTORG IN DEPENDENCE ON THEIR LENGTH

abstract 1051501014 issue 105 pp. 265 – 291 30.01.2015 ru 958
The article presents the results of the studies on the effect of processing grape cuttings of different lengths with Norwegian rooting stimulator called Radix plus on their regenerative capacity. In the experiment we used two-, three-, four- and five buds cuttings of Vostorg table grape variety, characterized by weak rooting activity. Paraffined and pre-processed by growth regulator, these cuttings were rooted in vessels with water. The studies found that with the increasing length of cuttings we decrease the degree of blooming buds, which is associated with the manifestation of the longitudinal polarity. Processing cuttings with Radix Plus leads to inhibition of blooming buds and shoot growth, which is enhanced by increasing the length of cuttings from two to five buds. The maximum of rooting ability of the cuttings and output with 3 or more was reached by roots of two-buds cuttings. The regularity of these parameters decrease with increasing length of the four buds cuttings with some increase in the five buds; the maximum number of roots was reached by two buds and five buds cuttings. Using of Radix Plus reduces the difference between the rooting on short and long cuttings. The most consistent effect of Radix Plus is the output of the cuttings with 3 roots and more on three buds cuttings, and on the increasing number of roots - in the three- and four buds cuttings. When germinating the cuttings of Vostorg variety in comfortable conditions, without using growth regulators, it is better to use two buds cuttings, and in the case of pre-processing them with Radix Plus – we suggest three buds cuttings
325 kb

THE EFFECT OF TREATMENT OF GRAPE CUTTINGS WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ON THEIR REGENERATIVE SKILLS

abstract 1141510095 issue 114 pp. 1257 – 1274 30.12.2015 ru 970
The article presents the results of studies on the effect of processing varieties of grape cuttings of Pervenets Magaracha using alternating electromagnetic field on their regenerative skills. Processing the cuttings with alternating electromagnetic field was carried out using an induction coil for 5,10,15 and 20 min. As a control option, the cuttings were soaked in water, as a standard option – the cuttings were soaked for 24 hours in a 0.01% solution of IAA. Rooting was performed in vessels with water at optimum temperature conditions. It was found, that the use of IAA for the first time led to the inhibition of blooming buds. EMF treatment of cuttings with each exposure has a stimulating effect on this indicator. Application of EMF exposures in the 5 to 15 minutes resulted in a significant increase in the length of shoots, compared to the control variant and the option to IAA. Processing cuttings with EMF exposures at 5,15 and 20 minutes resulted in a significant increase in rooting compared with the control. Maximum rooting was obtained at an exposure of 15 minutes. It was the same as in the version with a standard rooting stimulant - IAA. However, the highest yield of cuttings with 3 roots and ended up in a version with a 20-minute exposure. Maximum number was noted on the heel of the roots cuttings option with IAA. Treatment of cuttings with EMF exposure 5, 10 and 20 minutes, has also led to a significant increasing of this indicator, respectively, 45.5; 22.7 and 79.5%. The maximum increase in the number of roots was obtained in the variant with exposure 20 minutes. Thus, this option should be considered as the best one
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