Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Tkachenko Vasily Vladimirovich

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Kuban State Agrarian University
   

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Articles count: 16

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699 kb

ACCOUNTING AND ANALYSIS DATA OF THE BOOK OF THE FIELDS OF CROP CIRCLES HISTORY USING THE TECHNOLOGIES OF AUTOMATED STORAGE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING

abstract 1572003028 issue 157 pp. 382 – 391 31.03.2020 ru 9
The problems of automated control of the technological processes of crop production and the tasks of supporting the adoption of managerial decisions at each stage of the production cycle have become even more urgent in view of the processes of transformation, globalization and digitalization of the economy, which have recently become widespread. The agricultural sector of the economy of the Russian Federation is no exception, because agricultural products, especially crop production, are of strategic importance and are the basis of food security in our country. In this scientific project, the problems of agricultural enterprises of the Krasnodar region, in particular, in the field of management processes, its information and software, were investigated. At this stage, it was determined that the measures taken to increase labor productivity at the agricultural enterprises of the Krasnodar region and the automation of technological processes in crop production were not complex, therefore, they had a slight effect on the efficiency of the industry. Studying the IT services and software market made it possible to draw a well-founded conclusion that decision-making support processes in crop management, especially issues related to the justified choice of crop cultivation technology, rationalization of a crop rotation system, analysis of a history book of crop rotation fields, calculation of dosages of organic fertilizers for a deficit-free balance of humus, are not covered by the funds of software systems offered on the market. As a result, the demand for industrial analytical systems and, in particular, integrated automation systems for managing crop production processes for agricultural enterprises is forming in the software market. Therefore, the development and implementation of a computer decision support system for managing crop production processes, based on mathematical models for analyzing and evaluating the economic efficiency of crop cultivation technologies, crop rotation rationalization models, data analysis models for crop rotation field history books, models of optimal selection of crop protection products plants and fertilizers has become very relevant. These studies can be considered priority and highly demanded, as they are directly related to one of the fundamental directions of the modern development of agricultural production - the study of the problems of development and implementation of an integrated automated information system for crop management. The article is devoted to the theoretical justification and feasibility of the practical implementation of the software module for accounting and analysis of data from the e-book of the history of crop rotation fields, which is part of the developed automated crop management information system
161 kb

ADAPTATION OF THE MODEL OF BINARY DECISION MATRIX TO THE PROBLEM OF THE CHOICE THE TECHNOLOGY OF CULTIVATION CROPS

abstract 1141510115 issue 114 pp. 1595 – 1606 30.12.2015 ru 618
Grain is of strategic importance and is the basis for food security. The gross national product share of grain and its products is about 10-15%. It always stands out from other types of raw materials, as it is used to produce the most popular daily foods. According to the characteristics of management in agriculture, it should be emphasized that the absence of objective and timely information at all stages of production of the plant-breeding, and as a result, non-optimal choice of technology of cultivation of agricultural crops, might result in the fact that the cost of labor and material resources increases significantly, the company does not receive profits, and sometimes suffers losses. When selecting cultivation technology for agricultural crops, an agronomist has a database of more than a hundred times-personal of alternative technologies for each crop. It is up to the decision-maker (DMP) to find specific criteria to select the most suitable (for the owners and the climatic zone) technology of cultivating for the culture. These circumstances explain the relevance of in-depth research of economic and mathematical models and methods of analysis and evaluation of the economic efficiency of technologies of cultivation agricultural crops. The article deals with the process of adaptation and the possibility of using the model and the method of binary matrices to solve the problem of the choice for cropping technology
510 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SPECIALIZED SOFTWARE COMPLEX FOR THE PROBLEM OF MANAGEMENT FOR TECHNOLOGICAL PROCESSES OF CROP PRODUCTION

abstract 1331709070 issue 133 pp. 924 – 935 30.11.2017 ru 82
Production and processing of grains have formed a number of cereals-governmental sectors in the national economic system of the country, such as grain production, grain elevator industry, flour, cereals and mixed fodder production, which constitute the grain complex country. The significance and the role of the grain as a commodity in the state economy can not be overestimated. This product is totally liquid; it has a constant, steady demand at any time of the year, in any region. Ongoing measures to increase grain production and improve its implementation did not have a complex character, therefore, insignificant effect on the efficiency of the industry and the competitiveness of grain production. The shortage was covered by imports. According to the characteristics of management in agriculture, it should be especially emphasized that the lack of objective and timely information at all stages of crop production, and, as a consequence, the adoption of suboptimal management decisions, leads to the fact that labor and material resources increase substantially, the enterprise receives less profit , and sometimes incurs losses.When selecting cultivation technology for agricultural crops, an agronomist has a database of more than a hundred times-personal of alternative technologies for each crop. It is up to the decision-maker (DMP) to find specific criteria to select the most suitable (for the owners and the climatic zone) technology of cultivating for the culture. These circumstances explain the relevance of in-depth research of economic and mathematical models and methods of analysis and evaluation of the economic efficiency of technologies of cultivation agricultural crops. The article deals with the task of developing and implementing a specialized software package for the task of managing technological processes in crop production with the goal of improving the quality, efficiency and validity of management decisions
221 kb

FEATURES OF USE AND PROSPECTS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN AGRICULTURE

abstract 1261702062 issue 126 pp. 880 – 891 28.02.2017 ru 192
One of the priority directions of development of the Russian economy, in terms of import substitution and maintenance of food security of the state is agriculture. Agricultural production is a complex, high-risk business that requires the most careful calculation and planning. The achievement of the objectives to improve production efficiency and reduce risks in the agricultural sector can contribute to the use of the design of controls, instruments, components of complex project management. Project management is an opportunity not only to use the existing internal resources of the enterprise, but also actively to attract additional investment. In connection with this topic is the use of project management elements or transition the agricultural sector enterprises from the classical management to project management is quite important. Partly to reduce the risks associated with the implementation of agricultural projects, and in some cases completely eliminate them, you can with the help of new information technologies in project management of agricultural production. This can greatly affect the quality and efficiency of management processes. More and more computer equipment and automation introduced in crop management processes to perform field work at the optimum time and progressively reduce costs and improve profitability. For example, the system "GEO-AGRO” helps organize all coming from various sources, information and process it to make decisions. Using the project approach more actively in the agricultural sector in conjunction with information technology is possible, first of all, with the state support of the agricultural sector projects. In addition, it is advisable to form the design thinking of farm managers. Implementation of these proposals will help to attract more investment and boost profitability for agricultural production
475 kb

INFORMATION SUBSYSTEM OF PLANNING AND CALCULATION OF DOSAGES OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

abstract 0801206047 issue 80 pp. 593 – 608 30.06.2012 ru 1411
Plant growing successes influence the effectiveness not only the branch in itself, but the other branches of agriculture, economics of agricultural enterprises in whole as well. In article the method of calculation of sufficient balance soil is considered.
301 kb

METHODS AND MEANS OF ESTIMATION EFFICIENCY TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT OF THE СО2-EXTRACTION SYSTEM VEGETABLE RAW MATERIAL

abstract 1321708110 issue 132 pp. 1355 – 1366 31.10.2017 ru 130
Modern extraction systems are characterized by a change in the parameters of the production cycle under the influence of a number of causes caused by the structural dynamics of systems. Information systems can successfully function by solving the tasks of collecting, processing, analyzing and distributing real-time information, which involves the use of modern information technology methods. With increasing requirements to the volume, speed and quality of information on the progress of extraction processes, modernization of information systems is required, allowing to make informed decisions by management structures. In the article the regularities of mass transfer of n-components in carbon dioxide of the solid-liquid system are considered. The effect of spontaneous interfacial convection in the mass transfer of individual components under the influence of an electromagnetic field of low frequency is detected. The joint mass transfer of extractive substances during spontaneous interfacial convection leads to an increase in the mass transfer coefficient of eugenol compared to its diffusion mass transfer
325 kb

METHODS OF MULTICRITERIAL COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT AND SELECTION OF THE TECHNOLOGY FOR GROWING CROPS

abstract 1231609112 issue 123 pp. 1640 – 1658 30.11.2016 ru 238
Production and processing of grains have formed a number of cereals-governmental sectors in the national economic system of the country, such as grain production, grain elevator industry, flour, cereals and mixed fodder production, which constitute the grain complex country. The significance and the role of the grain as a commodity in the state economy can not be overestimated. This product, which is totally liquid, has a constant, steady demand at any time of the year, in any region. Ongoing measures to increase grain production and improve its implementation did not have a complex character, therefore, insignificant effect on the efficiency of the industry and the competitiveness of grain production. The shortage was covered by imports.According to the characteristics of management in agriculture, it should be emphasized that the absence of objective and timely information at all stages of production of the plant-breeding, and as a result, non-optimal choice of technology of cultivation of agricultural crops, might result in the fact that the cost of labor and material resources increases significantly, the company does not receive profits, and sometimes suffers losses. When selecting cultivation technology for agricultural crops, an agronomist has a database of more than a hundred times-personal of alternative technologies for each crop. It is up to the decision-maker (DMP) to find specific criteria to select the most suitable (for the owners and the climatic zone) technology of cultivating for the culture. These circumstances explain the relevance of in-depth research of economic and mathematical models and methods of analysis and evaluation of the economic efficiency of technologies of cultivation agricultural crops. The article discusses the methodology of multicriteria comprehensive evaluation of technology cultivation crops
632 kb

MODELS AND METHODS OF EVALUATING TECHNOLOGIES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION (ON THE EXAMPLE OF CROP PRODUCTION): SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION AND MAIN RESULTS

abstract 1341710104 issue 134 pp. 1293 – 1321 29.12.2017 ru 55
Production and processing of grains formed in the national economic system of the country a number of cereals-governmental sectors, such as grain production, grain elevator industry, flour, cereals and mixed fodder production, which constitute the grain complex country. The significance and role of the grain as a commodity in the state economy can not be overestimated. This product is totally liquid, which has a constant, steady demand at any time of the year, in any region. Ongoing measures to increase grain production and improve its implementation did not have a complex character, therefore, insignificant effect on the efficiency of the industry and the competitiveness of grain production. The shortage was covered by imports. According to the characteristics of management in agriculture, it should be emphasized that the absence of objective and timely information at all stages of production of the plant-breeding, and as a result, non-optimal choice of technology of cultivation of agricultural crops, might result in the fact that the cost of labor and material resources increases significantly, the company does not receive profits, and sometimes suffers losses. When selecting cultivation technology for agricultural crops, an agronomist has a database of more than a hundred times-personal of alternative technologies for each crop. It is up to the decision-maker (DMP) to find specific criteria to select the most suitable (for the owners and the climatic zone) technology of cultivating for the culture. These circumstances explain the relevance of in-depth research of economic and mathematical models and methods of analysis and evaluation of the economic efficiency of technologies of cultivation agricultural crops. The article deals with the process of developing a complex of mathematical models and methods for evaluating alternative technologies for agricultural production (using the example of crop production), their software implementation, and the main scientific results of the project
214 kb

MODELS AND METHODS OF GRAIN PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENT IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE NORTH ZONE OF KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 0370803013 issue 37 pp. 186 – 206 31.03.2008 ru 4050
Plant growing successes influence the effectiveness not only the branch in itself, but the other branches of agriculture, economics of agricultural enterprises in whole as well. Models and methods of decision taking process improvement in plant growing were considered in the paper.
236 kb

PLANNING AND CALCULATION OF ORGANIC MINERAL FERTILIZERS DOSAGES IN FIELD CROP ROTATIONS WITH THE USE OF AUTOMATED INFORMATION SUBSYSTEM (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF THE AGROINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF THE KRASNODAR REGION)

abstract 1461902013 issue 146 pp. 58 – 67 28.02.2019 ru 55
The problems of crop management and management decision support are still relevant at the moment. Crop production is of strategic importance and is the basis of our country's food security. The use of information technology in agriculture was limited to the use of computers and software, mainly for managing financial transactions and maintaining accounting and operational accounting. It should be noted that the measures taken to increase labor productivity and automate technological processes in the agro-industrial complex did not have an integrated nature; therefore, they slightly influenced the efficiency of the industry and, as a result, the competitiveness of products. Thus, the development and implementation of a computerized decision support system in crop management based on mathematical models for analyzing and evaluating the economic efficiency of crop cultivation technologies, crop rotation rationalization models, data analysis models of the book on crop field history, optimal selection of plant protection products and fertilizers highly relevant. This scientific project can be considered a priority and highly demanded, as contributing to the implementation of one of the requirements of the State program for the development of agriculture and regulation of the markets of agricultural products, raw materials and food of the Russian Federation for 2013-2020. The aim of the project is to improve the mathematical models and methods for managing technological processes at agricultural enterprises through the development and implementation of an integrated automated information system for crop management. The article is devoted to the theoretical substantiation and expediency of the practical implementation of the program module for solving the problem of planning and calculating the dosages of organic and mineral fertilizers in the field crop rotation of farms of the Krasnodar region, which is a part of the developed integrated automated plant management information system at agricultural enterprises
.