Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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Name

Troshin Leonid Petrovich

Scholastic degree


Academic rank

professor

Honorary rank

Organization, job position

Kuban State Agrarian University
   

Web site url

Email

lptroshin@mail.ru


Articles count: 170

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644 kb

ARTEMIS - NEW GREEK-RUSSIAN WINE FRAGRANT HIGH-GRADE WHITE-BERRY GRAPE VARIETY

abstract 0631009020 issue 63 pp. 262 – 275 27.11.2010 ru 2213
The sort of Artemis is created as a result of the Greek-Russian scientific creative cooperation, it is breed in Greece P.Zamanidi and L.Troshin in 2003, by mating of the Greek sort of Kondokladi with Traminerom pink introduct. Duration of rule-oriented phase is 146-155 days. Productivity is high. The medial mass of a racemation is 140gr. Differs the raised sustainability to fungous diseases and a drought in comparison with Vitis vinifera sorts. A flower is bisexual. A racemation is small, cylinder-conic, a medial denseness. A bacca is small-medial, circular, greenish-yellow, with a dense wax coating. A peel is tight. Pulp and juice with the expressed high quality flavor. Sugar content is high. The sort of Artemis on morpho-physiological performances is referred to the West European ecological geographical bunch. The sort is designed for production of dry white wines of the excellent class, and also for high-grade dessert and sweet wines; it is applicable for development of high-grade juice, compotes, grape honey as well
5856 kb

APPLICATION OF THE INFORMATION THEORY AND COGNITIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR SOLVING PROBLEMS OF GENETICS (on the example of calculation of the amount of information in the genes about characteristics and properties of the various indigenous grape varieties)

abstract 1211607003 issue 121 pp. 116 – 165 30.09.2016 ru 508
It is well known that genetics studies the mechanisms of variation/heredity and widely uses the concept of "genetic information". While genetics considers the information as the content of the genetic code - structure of DNA and RNA included in the cell of a living organism. Genetics examines the mechanisms of recording, copying, readout of genetic information, the possibility of its modification and its influence on the characteristics and properties of the organism. In conversational and scientific language we know phrases, such as "Genes contain information about the characteristics/properties of the body." Paradoxically, we see no attempts to determine the amount of information contained in specific genes on specific characteristics or phenotypic properties of the organism. It would seem that the application of information theory in genetics is a completely natural and suggests itself. More strange that there are practically no works devoted to the application of information theory for solving problems of genetics. This article is intended, to some extent, to fill this gap on the example of calculating the amount of information in the genes of the characteristics or properties of different grape varieties. It examines the application of automated system-cognitive analysis (ASC-analysis), its mathematical model – system of information theory and software tools – intellectual system called "Eidos" for solving one of the important tasks of genetics: determine the amount of information contained in the genes on various phenotypic characteristics/properties of the grapes. To solve this problem, we perform the following steps: 1) cognitive-targeted structuring of the subject area; 2) the formalization of the subject area, i.e. development of classification and descriptive dials and graduations and training samples; 3) synthesis and verification of information model, reflecting the amount of information in the genes on the phenotypic characteristics/properties (multiparameter typing); 4) displaying the information about the genetic determination system of phenotypic characteristics/properties (SWOT analysis of Fennovoima); 5) displaying the information about the strength and direction of influence of a specific gene on phenotypic characteristics/properties (SWOT-diagrams of genes); 6) the solution to the problem of system identification phenotypic characteristics/properties by the presence of certain genes; 7) quantification of the similarities-differences of the various phenotypic characteristics/properties, upon determination system genes. A specific phenotypic property (or characteristic) is regarded as a noisy genetic text, including genetic information about the true gene property (clean signal) and the noise that distorts this information due to the random effects of the environment. The software tool of the ask-analysis which is "Eidos" intellectual system provides the noise suppression and the selection of true signal
671 kb

APOLLON – THE NEW WINE HIGH QUALITY GRAPE VARIETY WITH BLACK BERRY

abstract 0751201011 issue 75 pp. 121 – 139 27.01.2012 ru 2060
Universal black-berry Apollo grape has been launched in Greece by P.Zamanidi, L.Troshin and A.Isachkin in 2003 with combinative selection - crossing of the Fi-lery Greek variety with the French Cabernet-Sauvignon. The duration of the production period 136-145 days. The strength of growth of arms is strong (2,1-3,0 m), the degree of maturation of the vines is high. Crop yields are very high - 35-40 t/ha. The aver-age mass of clusters is 430 g. It is characterized by high winter hardiness, drought-resistance and high resistance to fungal diseases in comparison with varie-ties of Vitis vinifera. The flower is bisexual. Cluster is big or very big, conical with the wing, loose. Berries are medium or large, oval, blue-black in color, with a thick wax coating. The skin is thick. The pulp and juice - with varietal flavor. Sugar content is high. Notable for long saving the harvest in the bushes, well-kept in the cooler cells. The variety is meant for the fresh consumption and for manufacture of red dry, desert and sweet wines; suitable for production of high-quality juices
487 kb

ANALYSIS OF FORMING OF ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF WINE MATERIALS FROM SAUVIGNON BLANC GRAPES GROWN UNDER AF "SOUTH" IN TEMRJUKSKY AREA DEPENDING ON THE COMPOSITION OF AR-OMATIC SUBSTANCES

abstract 0981404076 issue 98 pp. 1058 – 1072 30.04.2014 ru 1700
In the article we show the investigations of aromatic wine produced from grapes of Sauvignon blanc grown in AF South in Temryuk District. As a result, the article estimates obtained good organoleptic characteristics of the taste, within 7.3-7.9 points, which is higher than the passing score. It was found that the greatest negative impact on the formation of mutual organoleptic properties have such flavors as metilatse-tal and the amount of volatile acids
1625 kb

AMPELOGRAPHIC AND BREEDING RESEARCHES OF KUBAN STATE AGRARIAN UNIVERSITY

abstract 0811207039 issue 81 pp. 523 – 542 30.09.2012 ru 1489
The report, presented by 18-20.09.2012 in Gaylvaylerhofe / Germany at the European meeting of Ampelography ECPGR in international cooperation of the COST project, provides the information about the collection, the study and the storage of wild grape vines, as well as indigenous and selected varieties in the National ampelographic collections of Russia, nowadays containing 3,220 specimens of 42 countries, 191 of which were oppressed with phylloxera. The modern zoned assortment of grapes in Russia (according to the State register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation) with the most common areas of local and introduced varieties is examined. The summary of the impact of the clonal selection of the classic industrial engineering classes, conducted by the author’s original technique, as well as the achievements of combinative breeding of the actively breed resistant varieties is given. Moreover, their reproduction at the level of selected protoclones or elite breeding forms (candidate variety) was conducted with in vitro method
3941 kb

AKVATOR INNOVATIONAL ECOLOGICALLY CLEAN TECHNOLOGY IN VITICULTURE

abstract 1031409001 issue 103 pp. 1 – 12 30.11.2014 ru 1213
The article provides an overview of the results of the research of non-root treatment of bushes with activated water with the features of BAS. We have found that activated water, charged with the "Akvator" device through the BAS matrix has the property of impact on plant and the efficiency exceeds impact of BAS solutions themselves
536 kb

AGROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME DON VARIETIES IN CONDITIONS OF THE ANAPA-TAMAN ZONE IN THE VITICULTURE OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1101506101 issue 110 pp. 1532 – 1545 30.06.2015 ru 1316
The article presents a study on agro-biological and technological indicators of Don indigenous wine grapes in the conditions of the Anapa-Taman area of the viticulture of the Krasnodar region. It was found that the introduced varieties are consistent with the conditions of the area and can be recommended for growing in production plantations in southern Russia. On ripening, the varieties are as follows: the early ripening varieties are Sibirkovy; a group of middle-ripening - Aligote, Plechistik, Varyushkin; to the medium-late - Bessergenevsky 10 and Krasnostop Anapsky. Highest yield was proved to for such grape varieties as Bessergenevsky 10 (150 kg / ha) and Varyushkin (140 kg / ha). Test grapes of Aligoté and Krasnostop Anapsky showed an average yield of 120 and 130 kg / ha, respectively, red and Sibirkovy Plechistik - 140 and 135 kg / ha. Comparing the current literature with the results, we noted the following notable differences: all the studied indigenous wine grapes in the conditions of the Anapa-Taman area of the Krasnodar region matured earlier, had higher productivity indexes and gave higher yields, than in the conditions of their homeland Rostov region
161 kb

AGRO-ECONOMICAL EVALUATION OF CRIMEAN INDIGENOUS GRAPE VARIETIES

abstract 1131509062 issue 113 pp. 841 – 854 30.11.2015 ru 899
The article presents the results of the studies of 11 varieties cultivated in the eastern region of South Coast wine-growing zone of Crimea (planting of "Solnechnaja Dolina ", near Sudak mountain) in the area of their natural growing, where was formed the gene pool of grapes for a long time. As a result, the three-year (2010-2012) study found that the majority of indigenous varieties had small number of fruitbearing shoots in the bush: the varieties with colored berry - 53,3-73,3%, in white-berry - 46,6-75,9% except Shabash variety - 79.9%. We have identified the most productive varieties which were Dzhevat kara (62.2 t / ha), Kokur Beliy (48.9 t / ha), Kapselsky Beliy (44.4 t / ha), and varieties with female type of flower: Kefesiya, Ekim kara, Kock pandas, Sary pandas and Crona gave not high yield: 22.2; 22.2; 24.4; 28.9 and 28.9 t / ha. On the strength of growth, productivity and the accumulation of sugars in the juice of berries, we picked out varieties of Dzhevat kara, Crona, Kapselsky beliy. According to the main economic indicators, it turned out that the most profitable varieties are Dzhevat Kara, Kokur beliy and Kapselsky beliy. Hence, these varieties in conditions of the Crimea have much greater prospect of reproduction and development of production
953 kb

AGAPI - NEWEST WINE WHITE BERRY AROMATIC GRAPE VARIETY

abstract 1001406019 issue 100 pp. 356 – 375 30.06.2014 ru 1527
Newest aromatic white berry wine grape variety Agapi was breeded by hybridization at the Athens Institute of Viticulture (Likovrisi, Greece) by professors P.Zamanidi, L.Troshin and P.Radchevskiy in 2006 by crossing the Greek varieties Afiri white with central European variety Traminer pink. Strong growth of shoots (2,1-3,0 m). Level of ripening vines is very high: over the entire length except the top. Length of production period 146-155 days. Productivity is very high: 25-30 t / ha. Average weight of cluster 300 g. Characterized by a high resistance to cold, drought and increased resistance to fungal diseases compared to varieties of Vitis vinifera L. Flower is androgynous. Bunch is medium, conical, medium density. Berry is medium, short elliptical or spherical, greenish-yellow in color, with a thick waxy coating. Cuticle of medium thickness, dense, and durable. Pulp and juice are with pronounced varietal flavor, similar to the aroma of Traminer pink. The sugar content is very high, more than 24%. Clusters of Agapi variety regardless of autumn weather conditions persist for a long time in the bushes. Variety intended for the manufacturing dry white wines of excellent grade and high-quality sparkling wines, dessert and sweet wines; suitable for production of high quality fragrant juices
616 kb

ACROPOLIS - NEWEST WINE WHITE BERRY AROMATIC GRAPE VARIETY

abstract 0971403011 issue 97 pp. 138 – 158 31.03.2014 ru 1283
The newest aromatic wine white berry grape variety Acropolis was breeded by hybridization at the Athens Institute of Viticulture (Likovrisi, Greece) by professors P.Zamanidi and L.Troshinym in 2006 by crossing the Greek variety Kidonitsa with European Riesling. According to the morphological and physiological characteristics it is related to the eco-geographical group of Black Sea. Strong growth of shoots (2,1-3,0 m). Degree of ripening vines is very high: over the entire length, except for the top. Length of production period 146-155 days. High yield 25-30 t / ha. Average weight of cluster is 360 g. Characterized by high resistance to cold, drought and increased resistance to fungal diseases in comparison with common varieties of Vitis vinifera L. Flower is androgynous. Bunch is medium, conical, medium density. Berry is medium, spherical, greenish-yellow color with a thick waxy coating. Cuticle of medium thickness, dense, durable. Pulp and juice are with pronounced varietal type taste of Riesling. Sugar content is very high: up to 24% more. Bunches of variety Acropolis continuously stored in the bushes. Variety is intended for manufacturing dry white wines of excellent grade and high-quality sparkling wines, dessert and sweet wines, suitable for production of high quality aromatic juices
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