Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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493 kb

STRUCTURAL AND PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF VVMYBA1, VVMYBA2 AND VVMYBA3 GRAPEVINE GENES

abstract 1341710026 issue 134 pp. 303 – 327 29.12.2017 ru 46
The article presents the structural and phylogenetic analysis of VIT_02s0033g00410, VIT_02s0033g00390 and VIT_02s0033g00450 genes of the grapevine genome and the closely related orthologous gene MYB114 of the Arabidopsis genome. These genes are responsible for the biosynthesis of anthocyanin in the organs of model plants and are of interest not only for practical production and breeding, but also for fundamental research. These genes were analyzed for GCcomposition of nucleotides, the presence of cisregulatory elements and promoter regions. DNA and protein sequences were aligned to look for similar elements, which allowed further analysis of the ultraconservative domains of four genes. Based on the results of search and identification of the conservative regions, a cluster tree was constructed, which made it possible to identify the separation of gene sidelines from, presumably, the main one. At the same time, the construction of consensus trees based on DNA and protein sequences revealed their absolute similarity. "The Minimal Evolution Tree" allowed calculating the approximate dates of the appearance of the mutations and the divergence times of the gene branches between each other. At the same time, the appearance of the Vitis genus and its separation from the Rosales was taken as the time first divergence point. In the end, homologous metabolic pathways were searched between grapevine and Arabidopsis, which revealed the presence of homologous proteins in the grape proteome. In this turn, it already confirms the existence of similar biosynthetic pathways and, as a consequence, interactions such as "DNA-protein" and "protein-protein"
1215 kb

CONSTRUCTION OF MUTANTS OF BACTERIOPHAGE T4 WITH REDUCED ANTIGENICITY

abstract 1341710034 issue 134 pp. 404 – 426 29.12.2017 ru 61
A method of obtaining insertion mutants for the hoc gene, which encodes for the main phage antigen, was developed on the model of bacteriophage T4. This gene was cloned in the plasmid pBSL0+ and was disrupted by insertion of foreign DNA. The phage mutants were obtained by in vivo phage-plasmid recombination. The construction of insertion bacteriophage mutants was carried out in two stages. The resulting mutants on this procedure could be grown on wild-type E. coli strains, which is convenient for the production and use of these phages in therapy. The mutants obtained had reduced antigenicity. At the same time, the yield of the mutant strains was high when they were grown on the non-suppressor E. coli laboratory strains. A number of stages of purification of the bacteriophage mutants obtained were performed. Preparations have been studied by transmission electron microscopy and mass spectrometry. By several periodic cultivations of the mutant bacteriophages, it was shown that mutations of this type are stably maintained during more than 50 generations. T4 related bacteriophages of the family Myoviridae, for example, T-even, have the significant homology amongst their genomes, which makes possible to produce similar mutants. Thus, our method was developed to obtain mutants with reduced antigenicity which can be used for both the treatment of systemic infections, and diarrhea in the case, when, bacteriophages penetrate into the bloodstream. Such phages can be used in medicine and veterinary. The reported study was partially supported by RFBR, research projects No. 13-04-00991, 16-44-230855
223 kb

SPECIFICITY OF HEAVY METALS ACCUMULATION IN STEVIA REBAUDIANA

abstract 1341710043 issue 134 pp. 525 – 533 29.12.2017 ru 49
The analysis of the accumulation and distribution of heavy metals in the stevia raw material grown in different agroecological regions is carried out. The elements present in the soils always have a complex effect on the plant and at the same time enhance or weaken each other's action. Plants of stevia are able to regulate the flow of the heavy metals under study, assimilating organs accumulate the optimal number of elements necessary for their growth and development, regardless of the growing conditions
296 kb

USING OF RETROTRANSPOSONE CASSANDRA BASED DNA-MARKERS FOR EVALUATION OF GENETIC DIVERSITY OF PRUNUS SPINOSA SPECIES

abstract 1341710094 issue 134 pp. 1166 – 1176 29.12.2017 ru 11
This article presents the results of testing IRAP DNA markers Cass1 and Cass2 applied to Prunus spinosa. The findings suggest the high perspectiveness of their using for the study of genetic diversity of the gene pool of this species. According to the results of the analysis of the sample 12 genotypes were identified from 6 to 13 fragments in the spectrum of Cass1 and from 5 to 11 fragments for Cass2. As a result of cluster analysis in the sample formed three groups of samples. In one of the groups, which is most distant from the other two, includes samples taken in Ukraine, while the remaining two groups included samples from Armenia, the Krasnodar region region, the Republic of Adygea, Ukraine and Moldova, and three cultural large-fruited form. The distribution of samples in clusters corresponded to their geographical origin that favors the objective assessment of genetic distances between the samples using Cass1 and Cass2 markers. Thus, it was concluded that the prospects of using DNA markers to study the genetic diversity within a species of Prunus spinosa
212 kb

SPECIES COMPOSITION OF ALGOFLORA IN AGROCENOSIS OF KUBAN

abstract 1341710095 issue 134 pp. 1177 – 1194 29.12.2017 ru 10
Species composition and abundance of soil algal flora were studied in the Central zone of the Krasnodar region on crops of crops cultivated by various technologies. In the algal flora of the studied area, 48 species of soil algae and cyanobacteria from 28 genera and 18 families, 7 classes and 4 divisions were identified. The largest and numerous in number of species are the departments: Cyanophyta and Chlorophyta. Extensive delivery: Oscillatoria, Gloeocapsa. They account for 22 % of the total number of species. A negative effect of herbicides on number and species composition of soil algae was noted. In all variants of their application there was no form of Klebsormidium flaccidum (Kützing). The number of species of Chlorella vulgaris Beyer. was low, Botrydiopsis arhiza Borzi. It is believed that these species of algae can be used as bioindicators. The positive effect of mineral fertilizers and the aftereffect of introducing organic matter on the soil algal flora have been established. In these variants the deleterious effect of herbicides was reduced. According to the calculated regression equations, the applied mineral fertilizers to a greater extent weakened the negative effect of herbicides on the total number of populations than the aftereffect of introduced organics
2252 kb

ICONOGRAPHY OF WHEAT

abstract 1331709021 issue 133 pp. 240 – 262 30.11.2017 ru 52
The study of agronomy plants history, its distribution and use through image analysis and iconography have been presented. As an object of study, the image of wheat has been taken as the ancient culture of the world among agricultural plants. After many years, the illustrative series takes on a completely different meaning, namely, it becomes an independent resource of information. The analysis includes images of wheat in painting, sculpture, mosaic, tapestries, murals, botanical illustrations, stamps, porcelain and scientific drawings. In the work, we have made an attempt to analyze the images of wheat in the works of art in order to search for species diversity, directions of selection and genetic research, and also to present the morphological characteristics of culture. The method of analysis is a method of visual notes or sketches, which consists in comparing and searching information by image. The analysis is carried out on grounds: tall wheat, multiflorous forms of wheat, nonspreading, thickness of straw. The visual analysis of the images of wheat in works of art by the method of sketches made it possible to reveal the species diversity of culture along the ear, to see the ancient forms that were cultivated in the world before the "green revolution". The analysis included works of art from the 14th to the 21st century, the masters of painting in Italy, Germany, Russia, the Netherlands, France, the United States, and others
263 kb

DESIGN OF THERAPEUTIC PHAGE COCKTAILS BASED ON T4-TYPE BACTERIOPHAGES: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

abstract 1331709063 issue 133 pp. 823 – 850 30.11.2017 ru 45
In the review, the stages of designing therapeutic cocktails of T4 type bacteriophages based on works by Harald Brüssow from Nestlé S.A. (Switzerland) are considered. The main stages of this process are identified: analysis of existing cocktails, selection of phages; creating a collection; cultivation of the host bacterium, multiplication of viruses; purification of the preparation; contamination testing; preservation, stabilization and storage; preclinical and clinical trials. H. Brüssow first studied the Russian drug " Coli-Proteus bacteriophage " of "Microgen" with the help of metagenomic analysis, electron microscopy and conducted its clinical studies. Prof. Brüssow considered the advantages of T4 bacteriophages for the treatment of Escherichia coli infections. Researchers studied methods of cultivation in Erlenmeyer flasks, in a bioreactor, in disposable sack cultivators for the propagation of viruses. For its purification the chromatography, centrifugation, filtration and polyethylene glycol precipitation were studied. To quickly check the contamination of phage cocktails, a mass spectrometry method is proposed. Researchers considered basic strategies, such as lyophilization, spray drying, the formation of microcrystals and microspheres to stabilize the preparations. They also reviewed the results of clinical trials of phage cocktails. We have listed the problems of selecting T4 bacteriophages from the point of view of modern knowledge. H. Brüssow and his colleagues carried out an interesting work on the construction of phage cocktails based on T4 type bacteriophages, and also revealed the problems of the current state of phage therapy
749 kb

APPROBATION OF ISSR DNA-MARKERS FOR GENOTYPING OF GALÁNTHUS WORONOWII LOSINSK.. AND ANALYSIS OF GENETIC STABILITY OF PLANTS, OBTAINED BY IN VITRO CULTURE

abstract 1331709088 issue 133 pp. 1166 – 1178 30.11.2017 ru 59
In the course of the work, 33 ISSR markers were evaluated for efficacy in the detection of genetic changes in regenerants of Galanthus woronowii Losinsk.. Ten markers were found suitable for genotyping according to the species under study. Five samples from the selected ten were analyzed for a sample of 20 plants of regenerants and a mother plant. The obtained data testify to genetic stability of plant material in the process of microclonal propagation
322 kb

STABILIZATION OF MRNA CEREALS IN VITRO UNDER THE SILICON INFLUENCE

abstract 1321708056 issue 132 pp. 685 – 719 31.10.2017 ru 30
The differential stability of mRNA is an important mechanism for posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes. Messenger RNA stability is controlled by specific genes and growth conditions. The review examines the theoretical possibility of mRNA stabilization in vivo as a consequence of replacing carbon atoms (C) or phosphorus (P), composed of nucleic acid on the silicon (Si) atom. During isolation of poly-(A)+mRNA from plant tissues by the two-cycle affinity chromatography on poly-(U)-Sepharose, regular changes in poly- (A)++mRNA yield were observed. The changes varied both with the plant genotype and growth conditions. Celite treatment of heated and unheated total RNA preparations from developing corn kernels and from green and etiolated wheat seedlings. Messenger RNA that differed in the length of poly- (A)-sequences was used for hybridization. It is evident that a reduction of poly-(A)-length causes alterations in spatial structure of mRNA, and associated proteins and cations Mg++ become accessible to celite absorption. Heating promotes melting of secondary structure, already initiated, and increases the efficiency of mRNA stabilization by celite. Interpreting the facts interact celite with mRNA in vitro and stabilization of mRNA in vivo by cycloheximide with a modern point of view can be considered with the position research of the phenomenon of RNA interference
740 kb

IDENTIFICATION OF S2 AND S3 ALLELES OF SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY GENE IN CRAB APPLE AND ADVANCED BREEDING SELECTIONS

abstract 1321708084 issue 132 pp. 1076 – 1085 31.10.2017 ru 53
Industrial horticulture assumes the most effective use of the potential of varieties. One of the key factors determining the yield of garden plantings is the effectiveness of pollination. To obtain the maximum yield, it is necessary to ensure maximum pollination during the flowering period. For this reason, much attention has been paid to the selection of pollinators. Crab-apple forms are promising for use as pollinators, so this work was aimed at identifying the most common alleles of the self-incompatibility gene in the crab-forms using the molecular genetic method of analysis. The object of the study was 29 apple-tree creams and 3 elite selection forms. They carried out the molecular genetic identification of alleles S2 and S10, which are among the most common apple trees in the world gene pool. Allele S2 was identified in 16 samples (14 forms and 2 elite selection forms), while S10 allele in one sample (elite form 12/2-20 (24-28)). Data on the allelic composition of the S gene in the samples studied are of value for the formation of a genetic passport on the compatibility of the studied samples of apple with modern industrial varieties
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