Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
AGRIS logo UlrichsWeb logo DOAJ logo
Search by author's name Search by title
Sort by: Date Title Views
235 kb

ADAPTIVE-SIGNIFICANT SIGNS OF THE STUDIED VARIETIES OF A WINTER SOFT WHEAT

abstract 0851301007 issue 85 pp. 69 – 81 28.01.2013 ru 1753
The article presents the analysis of the experimental data obtained during testing varieties of soft winter wheat. Such characteristics as plasticity, stability, homeostaticity, yielding capacity and bakery qualities are discussed
151 kb

ADAPTIBILITY AND STABILITY OF MANIFESTATIONS OF YIELD PROPERTIES OF MAIZE HYBRIDS AT BACKGROUND ANTHROPOGENOUS FACTORS

abstract 0771203008 issue 77 pp. 70 – 84 30.03.2012 ru 1690
The article reviews the results of studies of adaptive properties of the hybrid corn of different groups of maturity at the background of anthropogenic factors. It discusses the practical application of research results in order to maximize grain yields from 1 ha, environmentally friendly products (including at cultivation of corn on the protected areas), economically viable crop with maximum return on investment, as well as the possibility of extensive corn cultivation technology with limited material resources-money producers
109 kb

ADAPTABILITY OF CORN COLLECTION SAMPLES OF ALL-RUSSIA RESEARCH INSTITUTE NAMED BY N.I. VAVILOV TO THE CONDITIONS OF MOUNTAIN ZONE OF KABARDINO-BALKARIAN REPUBLIC

abstract 0420808015 issue 42 pp. 202 – 209 14.10.2008 ru 2848
Results of morphobiological analysis of productivity and adaptivity of corn collections samples of ARRI named by N.I. Vavilov to the concrete ecological Conditions. More than 60 samples ( varieties, hybrids, self-pollinating lines) concerning to the different Subspecies are casted.
520 kb

ACTUALIZATION OF USING MATHEMATICAL MODELS IN APPLE-TREE SELECTION ON THE GIVEN SIGNS

abstract 0901306028 issue 90 pp. 435 – 449 30.06.2013 ru 1202
There was shown the possibility of assessment of hybrid apple-tree posterity on relation to the drought with the help of mathematical modeling. There was worked out the mathematical model of prognosis character on assessment of apple-tree genotypes to the given stressor. There were offered ways of optimization of hybrid posterity selection conducting in modern selection programs
259 kb

ACTUAL PROBLEMS IN ORGANIZATION OF FEEDING IN MODERN CONDITIONS

abstract 1151601060 issue 115 pp. 951 – 980 27.01.2016 ru 883
Modern pig farming is a leading global livestock industry, but the organization of adequate balanced feeding is actual for the industry. Digestibility of metabolizable energy of feed depends on various factors, including the content of non-starch polysaccharides, which have a negative effect on the digestibility of key nutrients of the feed, lead to a decrease in growth rate and conversion efficiency of nutrients. Enzyme preparations which composition generally includes Xylanase, cellulase, β-glucanase activities, may avoid the negative impact of non-starch polysaccharides. Today's promising preparation that combines the functions of two feed additives - feed enzyme and probiotic, is an enzyme preparation Cellobacterin that, due to the particular organization of the enzyme complex, increases the digestibility of barley grain and effectively effects on sunflower meal. As a probiotic preparation it inhibits the development of pathogenic microorganisms and promotes the formation of beneficial microflora in the digestive tract. The introduction of Cellobacterin enzyme preparation into the compound feed with a high content of barley grain and sunflower meal increases the body weight of young pigs by 4.8% and reduces the cost of feed per 1 kg of live weight gain. The results of hematological studies found no significant deviations from the physiological norm in the morphological picture of the blood in experimental animals. The group, where Cellobacterin was added, showed higher vitamin A content by 2.8% as compared to the control, while vitamin E is found in both groups on the same level. Based on the results of the research to improve the productivity and growth rate in compound feed based on barley and sunflower meal with higher fiber content, it is recommended to include in the compound feed Cellobacterin enzyme preparation at the rate of 1 kg per 1 ton of feed
616 kb

ACROPOLIS - NEWEST WINE WHITE BERRY AROMATIC GRAPE VARIETY

abstract 0971403011 issue 97 pp. 138 – 158 31.03.2014 ru 1406
The newest aromatic wine white berry grape variety Acropolis was breeded by hybridization at the Athens Institute of Viticulture (Likovrisi, Greece) by professors P.Zamanidi and L.Troshinym in 2006 by crossing the Greek variety Kidonitsa with European Riesling. According to the morphological and physiological characteristics it is related to the eco-geographical group of Black Sea. Strong growth of shoots (2,1-3,0 m). Degree of ripening vines is very high: over the entire length, except for the top. Length of production period 146-155 days. High yield 25-30 t / ha. Average weight of cluster is 360 g. Characterized by high resistance to cold, drought and increased resistance to fungal diseases in comparison with common varieties of Vitis vinifera L. Flower is androgynous. Bunch is medium, conical, medium density. Berry is medium, spherical, greenish-yellow color with a thick waxy coating. Cuticle of medium thickness, dense, durable. Pulp and juice are with pronounced varietal type taste of Riesling. Sugar content is very high: up to 24% more. Bunches of variety Acropolis continuously stored in the bushes. Variety is intended for manufacturing dry white wines of excellent grade and high-quality sparkling wines, dessert and sweet wines, suitable for production of high quality aromatic juices
472 kb

ACREAGE AND YIELD OF WINTER BARLEY IN THE MAJOR REGIONS OF GROWING

abstract 1121508119 issue 112 pp. 1640 – 1650 30.10.2015 ru 875
The article presents a comparative analysis of national economic importance of winter barley in relation to other crops. The advantages of winter barley in a number of factors have been observed. The information about acreage under crop and gross yield of this crop is presented in an article in the form of tables. The authors have studied such important factors as a dynamics of acreage of crop yield in the main regions of cultivation. Against the overall negative dynamics of sown areas, they noted a clear increase in 2013. An analysis of grain yield of winter barley in the main regions of cultivation by year has been presented graphically. Special attention was paid to the Southern Federal District and the Krasnodar Territory in particular as a major producer of grain of winter barley. The analysis of yields in the major regions of cultivation of winter barley showed a clear advantage of the Krasnodar region. The index of the average grain yield of winter barley cultivation in this region for the period from 2003 to 2008 has been shown. Moreover, the article has presented the role of sorts in increasing the yield grade. We have also highlighted the issue of selection of winter barley in our country. The desirability of increasing the production of winter barley in the Russian Federation has been noted as well
147 kb

ACHIEVEMENTS IF WINTER PEA BREEDING

abstract 0781204078 issue 78 pp. 972 – 981 30.04.2012 ru 1641
Winter pea is being bred at Krasnodar in the Research Institute of Agriculture of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences. An alternative pea variety Legion has been bred and included into the National List of Varieties. The article presents the description of the first winter leafless pea varieties - Zimus and Fokus, which have been passed to the National Variety Testing System in 2011
167 kb

ACCLIMATIZATION OF HOLSTEIN BLACKAND-WHITE CATTLE IMPORTED FROM DIFFERENT COUNTRIES IN THE CENTRAL NONBLACK SOIL AREA OF RUSSIA

abstract 1211607030 issue 121 pp. 609 – 619 30.09.2016 ru 638
The article presents a study of acclimatization characteristics and the effectiveness in the use of Holstein black-and-white cattle imported from Germany, Denmark and the USA under the conditions of the Central Non-Black Soil Area of Russia. The analysis shows that the imported animals are exposed to a number of stress factors that often cause the diseases and serious losses of cattle. The main reasons for the losses of heifers were the pathologies of the reproductive organs and the mammary gland (26,3%), locomotor system and distal extremities (15%), respiratory organs (21,2%), etc. The highest-producing dairy cows were those imported from the USA (9158 kg of milk throughout the first lactation). For the yield of milk, they are superior to animals imported from Germany in 1828 kg (P≥0,999) and those imported from Denmark in 1184 kg (P≥0,999). The average American Holsteins’ milk over a 305-day lactation is higher in fat (4,14%) than that of their German (in 0,28%) and Danish (in 0,21%) counterparts (P≥0,999). The same tendency is observed in the protein content in the milk
199 kb

ACCELERATED REPROCESSING TECHNOLOGY FOR RECYCLING PIG MANURE INTO ORGANIC FERTILIZER

abstract 1331709080 issue 133 pp. 1094 – 1113 30.11.2017 ru 414
The article considers the accelerated reprocessing technology for recycling pig manure into organic fertilizer. Today, closely relevant is the matter of environmentally friendly technologies for cattle manure utilization. Export of wastes in its pure form to agricultural land cannot be applied, because disease causing and chemical compound penetrated the soil, entered the groundwater and contaminated many water sources. Experiments for the accelerated reprocessing of the pig manure into organic fertilizer were conducted on the basis of PCF No. 2 of the APC "Maryanskaya" in the Krasnoarmeisky district. With the aim of eliminating the filtering of pollutants in soil and groundwater, the experiment was performed in a concreted area, located within a farm. For the test, we used pig manure of animals, whose age was 2-8 months. The total weight of used manure was 40 t. The accumulation of manure was carried out in containers, containing 4 tons; the total time for the accumulation of necessary amount of manure for 2 months. Comparing the quality of compost obtained by the proposed technology recommended for industrial applications, control, we found differences in the chemical and biological properties. Overall, the conducted experiment has allowed to establish that the best option, given the speed of the flow of chemical and biological processes, demands environmental protection, is composting manure with straw, adding a biological product "Tamir" at the rate of 0.5 l/t. The Obtained results are comparable with data of previous years and indicate the possibility of reducing the quantity of a biological product from 1 to 0.5 l/t of waste without reducing the efficiency of the process of accelerated decomposition of nitrogenous organic compounds
.