Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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251 kb

IMPROVEMENTS OF CLONAL MICROPROPAGATION TECHNOLOGY OF APPLE ROOTSTOCKS AT THE STAGE OF INTRODUCTION TO IN VITRO CULTURE

abstract 1111507113 issue 111 pp. 1713 – 1731 30.09.2015 ru 1356
The stage of introduction of plantlets to in vitro culture is an important stage of technology of clonal micropropagation of plants. For the purpose of decrease in a share of the plantlets that were lost from an infection and increase of their regeneration ability, sterilizers and antibiotics, effective and safe for apple rootstocks’ plantlets wee allocated, and also favorable terms of introduction to in vitro culture were allocated. As a result of the conducted researches, we have established that on influence on an nutrient medium and plantlets infection and on growth and development of plants, beneficial effect on apple rootstocks’ plantlets has an antibiotic nystatin of 200 mg/l: the reproduction coefficient on the medium with this antibiotic is equal 4,3, in the same concentration nystatin has the sanifying effect of 60-75% for stocks of SK 2 and MM 106. During researches of sterilizers for apple rootstocks’ plantlets SK 2, SK 3, SK 4, SK 7, MM 106 as an alternative to widely applied highly toxic sterilizer corrosive sublimate (the first class of danger) were picked up effective and safe preparations for sanitation of plantlets from an infection, such as the household preparation "Whiteness" (sodium hypochlorite) in cultivation 1:2, low-dangerous substance of the fourth class of danger (a share of viable plantlets of 75,5% from initially introduced), and also fosfopag, a preparation of the fourth class of danger (a share of viable plantlets of 65% from initially introduced). The favorable term for a meristem of apple rootstocks’ plantlets’ introduction to in vitro culture are phases of buds’ burgeoning (March) and the intensive growth of shoots (May – June)
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UTILIZATION OF THE WORLD TOBACCO COLLECTION’S GENETIC RESOURCES FOR BREEDING

abstract 1101506034 issue 110 pp. 508 – 518 30.06.2015 ru 1072
Tobacco collection of All-Russian research institute of tobacco, makhorka and tobacco products is unique and only in the world because of its quantity and composition. It has 4500 foreign and national sorts of tobacco, Nicotiana Rustica and wild species of Nicotiana variety from 70 countries around the world. According to sort breeding aims, compliant with agricultural demands for 20 year period (1994-2014), 15 000 sorts of tobacco, Nicotiana Rustica and wild species of Nicotiana variety were analyzed. 820 donor sorts with valuable properties were defined and the best of them were involved in breeding process. During national selection history on the base of institute’s world tobacco collection over 180 sorts and hybrids of tobacco were created by our breeders. In recent years the interest from farmers and other small plant growers in tobacco production is constantly raising. As some of them are from northern non-traditional for Russia tobacco growing regions there is necessity for more intense utilization of the world collection’s genetic resources
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INFLUENCE OF CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY ON GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTIVITY AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF WINTER WHEAT ON THE LEACHED BLACK SOIL OF THE CENTRAL CAUCASUS

abstract 1101506050 issue 110 pp. 750 – 758 30.06.2015 ru 958
The article discusses the influence of conventional technology and the technology of direct seeding at different doses of mineral fertilizers on the growth, development, productivity and economic efficiency of winter wheat cultivation on the leached black soil of the Central Caucasus. It is established that the cultivation of winter wheat without tillage its vegetative mass, leaf area and the efficiency of the assimilation apparatus is significantly less than for sowing the traditional tillage technology recommended by scientific institutions in the region. It is caused by excessive seal of leached black soil, which was used in the study. Such a density of addition of black soils adversely affects the growth, development and yield of crops. As a result, the yield of winter wheat on the technology of direct seeding without fertilizers was 2.46 t / ha, which was significantly lower than for conventional technology, which received 3.21 t / ha. Adding fertilizers increased crop yield for both technologies, but it was significantly higher on the traditional technology. Despite the decline in production costs for the cultivation of winter wheat without tillage, higher profits and profitability were obtained using traditional technology
273 kb

ABOUT DIAGNOSIS OF THE POSSIBILITY OF REQUIREMENTS ЩА SOYBEAN PLANTS IN SULFUR, MOLYBDENUM AND BORON FOR EFFECTIVE FOLIAR APPLICATION

abstract 1101506071 issue 110 pp. 1073 – 1090 30.06.2015 ru 1221
The article presents the results of diagnosis of soybean plants with sulfur, molybdenum and boron in a Western Ciscaucasia on leached chernozem (black soil). The soil testing has shown that the availability of sulfur in the experimental plots is low (2,10-7,02 mg / kg), molybdenum - average (0,20-0,28 mg / kg), boron - low to high (0, 22-0,63 mg / kg). The sulfur content was optimal in 2013 (2309 mg / kg), molybdenum - 2013 and 2014 (1.11 and 0.94 mg / kg) and the boron content was high (65,2-94, 1 mg / kg) in soybean plants. The soybean plants needed sulfur fertilizer in 2012 and 2014, molybdenum - in 2014, and boron fertilizers are not needed, according to the functional diagnosis. The results of various methods of diagnosis coincided with the response of soybean plants for foliar application: sulfur fertilizer increases the yield in 2012 and 2014 by 7.1 and 8.9 %, molybdenum also in 2012 and 2014 - by 6.0 and 10.0 %. Boron fertilizers in 2014 increased soybean yields (17.1%), despite the lack of need for soybean plants in Bor. So, the method of functional diagnostics is more accurate than chemical soil and plant diagnostics
202 kb

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF DIFFERENT SORTS OF HUMIC COMPLEX AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE GROWTH OF PLANTS

abstract 1101506077 issue 110 pp. 1168 – 1178 30.06.2015 ru 1255
The article represents the results of the experiments on biological activity of humits of different sorts. The object of research was humic preparation called Vermistar, which was obtained by vermiculturing, on the basis of brown coal. Humics are group of high-molecular substances which have high physiological activity. Humic substances stimulate all biochemical processes on all the stages of plant growth. They change the permeability of the cell membranes, increase activity of ferments, amount of chlorophyll and productivity of photosynthesis. Also humits are not toxic; they don’t have carcinogen and mutagenic effects, so we have a chance of getting environmentally friendly products. The experiment results show high biological activity of humic preparations. Usage of humic stimulates germination, the accumulation of vegetative mass, weight gain. The frequency of shoot has been increased by 17-32%. Height of shoots, roots and vegetative mass has also been increased
178 kb

POPONA FOR COMFORT AND HEALTH OF CALVES

abstract 1091505034 issue 109 pp. 573 – 584 29.05.2015 ru 890
Milk productivity of cows is largely dependent on the efficiency of their own genetic potential. For the successful solution of this question it this essential the creation of proper technological conditions for high live stock process of ontogeny beginning from the neonatal period. One of the significant factors that influence the growth, development and safety of young grows in early of young grows in early postembryonic period are zoo-hygienic conditions of calves. Currently the "cold" method of keeping calves in individual houses is developed and widely used. It promotes the increase in the intensity of growth by 8,1%, prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract improving hygienic conditions and rising of profitability of their growing by 4,2%. It is now that calves kept individual houses in the face of increasing wind and decreasing temperatures as well as high humidity of air environment in winter, feel discomfort, move less, stay lying on the litter in the house. For the purpose of warming the animals in cold frosty days keeping outside in the houses, increasing their viability, growth intensity and the guarantee of prevention gastrointestinal tract and pulmonary system diseases development the staff of the Department of private zoo techniques (animal genetics) and pig-keeping from Kuban State Agrarian University have developed Popona - blanket-clothes for calves, which will allow to redirect received from feed energy to a calf growth. It will happen by reducing energy consumption for heating the body and prevent the development of colds due to the formation and preservation of the heat in the body in the absence of wet wool on with the external precipitation
309 kb

UVOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY OF RED WINE VARIETIES IN TAMAN

abstract 1091505053 issue 109 pp. 781 – 800 29.05.2015 ru 981
The article contains the results the study of the mechanical composition of clusters and biochemical characteristics of the red wine grape varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot (regionalized), Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Kortis and Verdot black (introduced). In terms of the structure of the cluster of the variety they can be divided into three groups: Cabernet Kortis and Cabernet Sauvignon (16,6-16,8), Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Franc and Verdot Black (17,5-17,9), Merlot (19.9 ). In terms of addition of the variety they can be divided into four groups: Cabernet Franc (6.3), Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot (4.9-5.0), Cabernet Carbon (4.3), Verdot Black and Cabernet Kortis (3, 7-3,4). Structural parameters of the clusters of the varieties we have studied were ranged from 5.1 to 5.6, and the berry from 64.3 to 74. The yield of the wort from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Merlot is equal to 75,1-77,7% from Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Kortis and Verdot Black - 70,5-72%. Mass concentration of sugars in the studied varieties was in the range of 22,3-26 g / 100 cm3, titrated acids - 0,47-0,77 g / 100 cm3, active acidity - 3.1-3.8. The ratio of fructose to glucose was: Verdot Black - 1.2, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Carbon - 1.5, Cabernet Kortis - 1.8, Kabernet Franc - 2.8, Merlot - 3.2. Most ranged organic acid in all varieties – wine acide. Relation of the content of tartaric and wine acids in varieties amounted: Cabernet Kortis 7: 1, Cabernet Karbon 6: 1, Cabernet Franc 2.8: 1, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot 2: 1, Verdot Black 1,4-1. Mass concentration of cations in the varieties was (in mg / dm3): potassium - 816,4-1770, sodium - 13,03-21,31, magnesium - 76,21-106, calcium - 52,24-89,45. In comparison with Cabernet Sauvignon larger potassium cations had Cabernet Franc and Merlot, sodium cations - Cabernet Carbon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, magnesium cations - Cabernet Carbon, Kortis, Cabernet, Merlot, calcium cations - Cabernet Kortis, Merlot and Cabernet Carbon
755 kb

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE ANALYSIS OF STREETS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE “RED LINE” TOURIST ROUTE IN YEKATERINBURG

abstract 1091505055 issue 109 pp. 813 – 823 29.05.2015 ru 834
The article contains information about landscape architecture analysis of the cities, its methodology and an example of using of this approach on the part of the Red Line touristic rote in Yekaterinburg. Analysis process included counting of ratio of built-up areas, landscaping and roads, and examination of the street transvers profile with further filling of local landscape passports. As the object of study, the part of route between the opera and ballet theatre and the monument of V. Vysotsky and M. Vlady. Here is noticeable contrast between environmental characteristics of stopping point areas. The site around the theatre has enough quantity of landscaping, good compositional solution, well developed path network. The intermediate part of the route passing by Krasnoarmeyskaya st. has asymmetric shape of the transvers profile. The street landscaped on East side but public services on the opposite side not improved – homogeneous facade creates adverse visual field here. A sidewalk on the East part of the street duplicated with a path in a garden. Analyzed zone around the second point has no single composition, high traffic influence level. Landscaping almost not presented here, varied advertising constructions widely installed. For improve environment, developed a list of recommendations. It contain using of container plants to separate pedestrian area; reconstruction of the East part of Krasnoarmeyskaya st. with replace sidewalk for green hedge; repair or replacement of sidewalk asphalt pavement on the West side of the street; reconstruction of area near the Antey business-center with creating greened dividing line
173 kb

INFLUENCE OF WAYS OF MAIN SOIL TREATMENT UNDER SOYA BEANS ON CHANGE OF AGROPHYSICAL INDEXES OF LEACHED BLACK SOIL

abstract 1091505057 issue 109 pp. 837 – 847 29.05.2015 ru 1025
There were cited the results of researches for 2010-2012 obtained in the stationary experiment of the chair of general and irrigated land management of Kuban State Agrarian University on the study of influence of the system of main soil processing under soya beans on the dynamics of main agrophysical indexes of leached black soil: on density of composition, solidity, general porosity, coefficient of structural properties in the article. There was stated that in the beginning of vegetation on the background of direct sowing of soya beans, the soil layer in 0-30 cm was characterized by values of density and solidity and in the result of it we observed the weak development of the root system. The worsening of air regime led to the decrease of symbiotic nitrogen fixation, it negatively affected on the growth and development of a cultivar. Agrophysical indexes brought nearer to optimal on variants with disposal tip on 20-22 cm and disk-shaped hulling on 8-10 cm. The worsening of investigated agrophysical soil indexes has been happened since the phase of florescence – soya bean formation till the harvesting. But the variant with disposal tip where we observed the high content of agronomically valuable fraction at the coefficient of structural property 2,42 was the closest to optimal ones. The minimization of soil treatment and especially the denial from its implementation significantly made worse the main agrophysical indexes of soil on variants with direct sowing to critical values for soya beans
162 kb

ENRICHMENT OF GRAPE RAW MATERIAL WITH BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES WHICH INPROVE THE NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF WINE PRODUCTION

abstract 1091505089 issue 109 pp. 1267 – 1278 29.05.2015 ru 930
This article presents the possibilities of using organic fertilizers, which allow you to recharge grape raw material with biologically active substances and improve the nutritional value of wine production. The influence of organic fertilizers on activation of process for detoxification of soil toxic compounds has been measured, ensuring food safety of raw materials for the production of grape wine products by reducing of hazardous chemicals. The use of biotechnology preserves and also enhances the uniqueness and diversity of the chemical composition of the grape raw material. We have established that after the four-year application of biotechnology the content of toxic compounds in grape raw material was reduced by 7%, and the concentration of biologically active substances increased in 1,5-2% times in comparison with the production of commercial plantations
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