Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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177 kb

CROP YIELD AND PRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY OF WINTER BARLEY GRAIN IN THE HEAVY LEACHED BLACK HUMUS OF THE WESTERN PRE-CAUCASIAN REGION

abstract 1311707132 issue 131 pp. 1612 – 1626 29.09.2017 ru 380
The influence of different agricultural technologies on the yield of winter barley variety ‘Gordei’ was studied. Economic evaluation was given to the researched factors. The studies were carried out at the experimental station of Kuban State Agrarian University in the conditions of polyfactorial long-term soil monitoring. The soil is represented by strongly leached, light-clay black humus with an average thickness of the humus horizon - 150 cm. It was found that with the change of technology (fertilizer, tillage, sowing method, means of protection) winter barley yields increases to 50% in comparison with the control. According to the analysis of bioenergetic and economic evaluation it makes sense to use the variants 022, 111 and 222 at plowing, where the maximum net efficiency ratio and net income are noticed
16400 kb

COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT SCHEMES OF ORGANIZATION OF SQUASH HYBRID SEED PRODUCTION IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1211607072 issue 121 pp. 1151 – 1165 30.09.2016 ru 382
In the conditions of the Krasnodar region, we consider the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of seeds obtained when using different schemes of organization of hybrid seed production of squash in the Krasnodar region. As a result of studying various techniques in the production of hybrid seed of summer squash, we have established the effectiveness of using open pollination, and assessed the approbation of the signs of F1 hybrid plants obtained under different schemes of organization of hybrid seed production of squash
152 kb

APPLICATION OF BIOFUNGICIDES CALLED GUAPSIN AND TRIHODERMIN DURING THE PERIOD OF PRODUCTION OF GRAFTED PLANTING MATERIAL AT THE STAGE OF STRATIFICATION OF GRAFTED GRAPES CUTTINGS

abstract 1211607104 issue 121 pp. 1692 – 1702 30.09.2016 ru 382
The article gives the results of the three years of research to identify the main species composition of fungal pathogens when stratified open and closed methods. Biological efficiency of Guapsin, 0,2%, and Trichodermin, 0,5% is shown. During the period of stratification, using an open method "on the water", the following pathogens have evolved: Cladosporium herbarum (18,6%), Trichotecium roseum (16,3%), Phomopsis viticola (13,9%), Alternaria spp. (13,4%), Penicillium sp. ( 9,1%), Aspergillus sp. (5,6%), Pythium sp. (4,3%), Gonatobotrys flava (4,3%), Mycelia sterilia (2,8%), Botrytis cinerea (2,2%). The studies found that the close method of stratification in the peat developed the following specific composition of pathogens: Penicillium spp. (21,1%), Phomopsis viticola (16,4%), Botrytis cinerea (15,3%), Trichotecium roseum (11,1%), Alternaria spp. (8,2%), Mycelia sterilia (1,0%). During the period of stratification, biological efficiency Guapsin, 0.2%, and Trichodermin, 0,5%, was 31,9-88,0% and 28,2-86,3%, respectively
284 kb

DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY-RIPENING WHITE CABBAGE VARIETIES IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1231609101 issue 123 pp. 1488 – 1497 30.11.2016 ru 383
Early-ripening white cabbage has a special place among the vegetables cultivated in the Kuban region. It opens the pipeline of vegetables from the open ground and is supplied to other regions at a time when shortage of vegetables of domestic production is felt the most. Modern producer requirements to domestic hybrids are the highest - product quality, uniformity and productivity should not concede to foreign analogues. Ways to improve the quality of early ripening hybrids: development of lines based on modern foreign hybrids, high uniformity of lines by morphological and economic traits. Development of male sterile lines and dihaploid lines in culturein vitro can more successfully solve the problem of quality of early ripening hybrids. The use of the above methods and approaches helped develop series of inbred lines - gene sources for complex agronomic traits. On the vase of obtained lines promising earlyripening hybrids were developed. One of the hybrids, Ritsa F1, entered the State register of breeding achievements. Advantages of the hybrid: earliness, uniformity and high marketability of heads, high productivity. According to results of contest trial new hybrid Milana F1 is passed for State trial, this hybrid has high productivity potential for growing in sale cropping. Both hybrids were produced with the participation of male sterile line Dt46f, resistant to fusarium. High quality seeds of these hybrids were produced in a greenhouse in direct crop for a wide industrial and environmental testing
447 kb

THE QUALITY OF MERLOT GRAPE AND WINE ON A BACKGROUND OF APPLICATION OF MINERAL FERTILIZERS IN THE CONDITIONS OF ANAPA-TAMAN AREA

abstract 1301706090 issue 130 pp. 1236 – 1248 30.06.2017 ru 383
The article reviews the results of studying the influence of mineral fertilizers on the qualitative indices of the Merlot grape variety in the Anapo-Taman zone of the Krasnodar region. The technology of cultivation of grapes on the experimental plot was in accordance with the accepted for the given zone and culture. Agrobiological work was carried out at the optimal time and had a high quality of execution. Grape bushes are laid in a 3.0 x 2.0 m pattern. Formation - a twoshoulder horizontal cordon. On the bushes we formed the same load of shoots and bunches. Scheme of the experiment: option 1 – no fertilizers (control); option 2-superphosphate with a mixture of potassium salt (P90K90) from the autumn; option 3 –nitroammofoska (N120P120K120) from autumn; option 4 – ammonium nitrate (N60) in early spring. Analysis of the results of studies on the study of biological features of growth, fruiting, yield and quality of Merlot grape varieties on the background of the use of mineral fertilizers shows their high efficiency in the conditions of the AnapoTamanskaya zone of the Krasnodar region and can be recommended for use in production conditions. Mineral fertilizers ensures the receipt of dry bulk wine of superior quality control sample (without fertilizers) the concentration of tartaric acid 17.3 25.1 percent, phenolic compounds 17.1 – 40.0 %, and alcohol content of 7.2 and 9.3 %, titratable acids 11.8 and 13.7 %, given extract by 17.4 %, with a decrease of the mass concentration of total sulfur dioxide and pH. The most effective is the introduction of NPK (N120P120K120)
1419 kb

RESEARCH OF FLOW OF LIQUID IN THE LABORATORY STANDARD OF BAND OBTURATOR OF WATER REGULATOR WHEN USING SAE-SYSTEMS OF FLOWVISION

abstract 1191605080 issue 119 pp. 1134 – 1158 31.05.2016 ru 384
Limited resource of irrigation water in the South of Russia is a particularly actual task in the production of moisture-loving crops, such as rice. To solve the problem of rational use of water when watering is not possible without the organization of an automated water distribution. As it was shown by the analysis of tools and technologies of regulation of water supply, the most promising, form tested and used, can be tape regulators of flow and water level. They have a simple construction diagram, unpretentious in operation. However, we have identified a fault – unregulated leaking, not fully covered through the bore, which in turn increases the uncontrolled consumption of irrigation water. To solve this problem we propose a number of designs, protected by patents of the Russian Federation, having special fixture to ensure unauthorized leaks, even in a state almost close to the fully closed opening expiration from the regulator. The article comprehensively considers hydraulic studies of controller initially, without any additions that contribute to the problem of eliminating leakage. The proposed study with the analysis of the distribution of velocities and pressures in the design of belt regulator, will allow you to have the basic reference model against which it will be possible to analyze the degree of influence of constructive-technological changes at the work the newly developed devices. For this, we modeled tape controller in the software package FreeCАD version 0.15, when using SAE - system FlowVision. The task of modeling water flow were solved in flat statement, including the moment of full closing of the belt passage opening of the regulator. For plotting surfaces, lines, levels and cross-section response functions, we used a software package wxMaxima. The results obtained allowed a comprehensive analysis of the work tape of the locking device, hydraulically actuated device in all modes of the major factors and, in the future, will help to address the issue of studying the impact of introduced technological changes in the design of controllers
127 kb

THE PATH FOR IMPORT- SUBSTITUTION OF THE USE OF FOREIGN BREED PIGS

abstract 1301706078 issue 130 pp. 1058 – 1065 30.06.2017 ru 385
The extensive path for development in the country in the twentieth century caused low competitiveness of Russian pig production. The productivity of domestic pig production was significantly lower than in Europe, US, Canada and China. Feed costs per 1 kg of gain were 2-3 times higher with a low yield of piglets from a sow per year: 14-16 with an average European 25-27 heads. The country did not have enough meat; as a result, a significant amount of meat products was imported to Russia. Restrictions on imports in connection to the imposition of embargoes contributed to the increase in demand for domestic products and opened new opportunities for Russian producers. One way to increase the production of pork is to use pigs with a high genetic potential for productivity, imported for breeding from Canada and Europe. Based on the conducted studies, it has been established that pigs of foreign breeding have high reproductive qualities, which proves the expediency of their application in commercial pig production to increase the efficiency of the industry development and reduce the import of pedigree youngsters from abroad. The implementation of two breed gilts will help increase productivity in the industrial pig production
151 kb

INFLUENCE SOIL AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS FOR GROWING GRAPE VARIETIES BRANDY AND DEFINITION OF AREA OF SPECIALISATION BRANDY PRODUCTION

abstract 1201606093 issue 120 pp. 1392 – 1402 30.06.2016 ru 387
Improving the quality of Russian cognac is of great national importance. It should be noted that about 80% of Russian foreign brandies made from aged cognac distillates. To obtain high-quality products necessary technical-chemical control of production starting from the vine and the conditions of its growth. For a comprehensive evaluation of the totality of important factors: climate, relief, soil and variety. It is important to add that this grading must be accompanied by the release of environmental macro zones with viticulture specialization. In this regard, there has been conducted a soil-cartographic survey of lands of ACE "Fanagoria" in the Temryuk district of the Krasnodar region. Evaluation took place in view of all 4 factors, notably the soil factor; and the content of lime in the soil and the degree of salinity of soils. Soil analyzes were carried out in FGBNU Anapa ZOSViV SKZNIISiV using the latest equipment generally accepted methods for determining indicators of soil characteristics. The purpose of the research - to give a detailed description of the survey area, as well as highlight the boundaries of environmental macro zones for the cultivation of grapes brandy. During the research, it was found that for the selection and evaluation of raw material zones for brandy production we must take into account soil and climatic optimum performance to get quality brandy raw materials
587 kb

STRUCTURING THE INFORMATION SYSTEM OF DATABASE "PARAMETERS OF QUALITY OF GRAIN" IN RICE PLANT BREEDING

abstract 1341710111 issue 134 pp. 1437 – 1447 29.12.2017 ru 388
In breeding programs, evaluation of initial material is made on all the stages of developing the variety. Great difficulties for the breeding process are made by absence of modern mechanisms for storing, retrieving, manipulating the relevant data, and using the information previously obtained for use in solving the set breeding task. In order to organize the management of breeding process for development of high-quality rice varieties, based on the urgency of problem of intellectual analysis of data, the Database "Rice Quality" was designed as a set of structured data - the rice quality characteristics identified in the stages of the process of developing variety belonging to the "Rice". In the domain model, the infologic model, a set of parameters for evaluating rice quality in terms of out-of-program components is defined. The program is written in the Microsoft Access database environment using built-in query building tools, forms, reports. The structure of the developed tables includes static and refreshed directories in which the necessary information is stored, the tables are combined into one-to-many relationships, while ensuring data integrity, cascading updates and deletion of fields
128 kb

REPRODUCTIVE, FATTENING AND MEAT QUALITIES OF YOUNG PIGS AT USING BOARS OF SPECIALIZED BREEDS AND TYPES

abstract 1221608008 issue 122 pp. 89 – 98 31.10.2016 ru 390
The article describes the evaluation of reproductive, fattening and meat qualities of pigs of purebred large white breed (KB), crossbred ewes, derived from crosses KB sows with boars of steppe type (ST) CM-1 and three-pedigree animals, obtained by crossing crossbred ewes KB x ST with imported boars of specialized meat breeds, such as Landrace (L) Duroc (D) and pietrain (P). We have studied qualities such as prolificacy, milk yield, live weight of the nest, the average weight of one Piglet, the safety of the offspring to weaning, maturity, which is closely associated with average daily gain in live weight, meat content of carcasses, their linear dimensions, meat productivity, the amount of kidney fat, weight of carcasses of animals of the experimental groups, carcass yield
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