Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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129 kb

THE SYSTEM ARGUMENT OF NECESSITY OF CREATION OF NEW TECHNIQUE AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR MEETING THE CRISIS IN AGRICULTURE

abstract 0591005011 issue 59 pp. 158 – 167 31.05.2010 ru 2817
System substantiation of necessity of creation of new techniques and technologies for crisis overcoming in agriculture. In the article the basic moments of a substantiation of creation of new techniques are reviewed. The system substantiation of directions of researches of the actual problems is given
137 kb

ESTIMATE OF SOIL PHYTOTOXICITY OF SUNFLOWER CROPS WITH LEMNA-TEST (Lemna minor L.)

abstract 0591005019 issue 59 pp. 301 – 309 31.05.2010 ru 2812
Soil bioassay and soil herbicide contamination are reviewed in this paper. The parameters for toxicity detection in soil and different test-systems are discussed
701 kb

INNOVATIONS OF VINE GROWING IN RUSSIA. 18. ESTABLISHMENT OF VINEYARD

abstract 0571003010 issue 57 pp. 159 – 189 30.03.2010 ru 2795
In this article the questions of rational placing of bushes on sites when establishing new vineyards are taken up; requirements to a planting material - to cuttings and transplants imparted and own-rooted, one-year and vegetative, technologies of their preparation for planting and planting by different ways, etc. are concerned
198 kb

INNOVATIONS OF WINE GROWING IN RUSSIA. 10. THE CHARACTERISTICS OF RECOMMENDED SORTS OF GRAPE

abstract 0551001006 issue 55 pp. 76 – 84 31.01.2010 ru 2779
In the article the characteristics of 138 zoned grades of grapes included in the State register of the Russian Federation in different years and recommended for cultivation in southern regions of the North Caucasus are resulted. Color images in the form of photos of these grades of grapes are presented in earlier published section 7 of the given collective monograph
566 kb

MARIA CALLAS – THE NEW WINE HIGH-GRADE FRAGRANT PINK-BERRY GRAPE BREED

abstract 0701106031 issue 70 pp. 443 – 460 30.06.2011 ru 2766
Maria Callas is the new wine high-grade fragrant pink-berry breed, bred in Greece by Panteley Zamanidi, Leonid Troshin and Alexander Isachkin in 2003 by mating of Greek breed of Roditis with Traminer pink. Under morpho-physiological characteristics, it is included in ecological and geographical group of breeds of the Western Europe. Duration of productive phase is 146-155 days. A breed is strong grown; a degree of ripening of a vine is very high. Productivity is high. The medial mass of racemations is 180 gr. Differs with high winter-hardiness, drought resistance and raised sustainability to fungous diseases in comparison with breeds of Vitis vinifera. The flower is bisexual. A racemation is medial, conic with medial denseness. Bacca is medial, oval, pink color, with a dense wax coating. Peel is tight. Pulp is juicy with strongly expressed high quality flavour. Sugar content is high. Baccas become dry and raisin-like when overrippen and are duratingly maintained on scrubs: sugar content thus attains more than 30 %. The breed is designed for production of dry white wines of excellent quality, and also high-grade dessert and sweet wines; it is applicable for production of high-grade juice, compotes and jam as well; at drying of baccas the raisin of high quality with fragrant tender tang is gained
608 kb

NEW COMPLEX-STEADY HIGH-GRADE TECHNICAL BLACK BERRY VARIETY OF GRAPE - ALEKSAMPELO

abstract 0641010021 issue 64 pp. 268 – 284 22.12.2010 ru 2760
New complex-steady black berry technical kind of a grape - "Aleksampelo" is breed in Greece by P.Zamanidi and L.Troshin in 2003 by mating of Firstborn Magaracha with a mixture of blossom dust of Greek black berry sorts of Bakuri and Mavrostifo. Duration of productional phase is 146-155 days. This sort is сильнорослый. A degree of ripening of a vine is very high. Productivity is high. The medial mass of racemations is 230 gr. It differs with high winter-hardiness, drought resistance and raised sustainability to fungous diseases in comparison with sorts of Vitis vinifera L.; it is tolerant to a phylloxera. A flower is bisexual. A racemation is medial, cylinder-conical, medial denseness. A bacca is medial, roundish, blue - black colour, with a dense wax coating. A peel is tight, strong. Pulp and juice with the expressed high quality flavour. Sugar content of juice of baccas is very high. The crop is maintained on bushes duratingly enough. The sort is designed for production of dry red wines of the excellent quality and also for high-grade dessert and sweet wines; it is applicable for development of high-grade juice and compotes as well
179 kb

OPTIMIZATION OF MEDIUM FOR GRAPEVINE PLANT DEVELOPMENT BY APPLYING A MATHEMATICAL DESIGN OF EXPERIMENT

abstract 0571003008 issue 57 pp. 123 – 140 30.03.2010 ru 2753
Two methods were developed, one to assess experimental results by reducing a number of developmental parameters to the overall quality, leading to the overall quality criterion, and the other to optimize processes affected by numerous interacting factors, in-vitro plant development in this case, by applying a mathematical design of experiment. Single-bud cuttings with one leaf of two Vitis vinifera L. genotypes were excised from the central part of two-month-old in-vitro grown plants and used as explants. The explants were established on bridges of filtering paper in liquid media and on solid media. Eighteen modifications of these media contained five macro-elements, each at three concentrations, and the distribution of these macro-element concentrations followed the law of random numbers (Experiment I). Parameters characterizing arm, leaf and root development of two-month-old plants of each study genotype established on each liquid or solid medium were reduced to the overall quality of plant development. Since the study genotypes differed in the ability to grow on liquid and solid media with different macro-element concentrations and also in the ability to utilize these macro-elements, the dependence of in-vitro plant development on macro-element concentrations was described by different regression equations. That is why the regression equation describing the average outcome of plant development in the two genotypes on liquid and solid media was not as significant and the description of the process was not as adequate (determined) as regression equations calculated for each process. The regression equation which describes the dependence of the average outcome of plant development on macro-element concentrations in Experiment I is as follows: y5 = 0.027 + 0.116x22 + 0.109x2x4 + 0.106x2x3 + 0.114x4. Stepwise calculation of macro-element concentrations to optimize in-vitro plant development was done based on macro-element concentrations of the initial medium of Experiment I as starting points since that medium was best efficient for this purpose by using regression equation (y5) and algorithms of multiple curvilinear stepwise regression according to the Box-Wilson method of steepest ascent. Experiment II was undertaken where macro-element concentrations (‘steps’) were calculated in a stepwise manner to optimize in-vitro plant development of the two V. vinifera genotypes and the rootstock ‘Kober 5BB’. This led to a liquid medium and a solid one which enabled a better plant development in the three genotypes relative to the use of controls: media with ½ MS macro-elements and the initial medium whose macro-element concentrations entered as starting points to calculate ‘steps’ for optimization of in-vitro plant development. The optimized medium contained macro-elements: 318 mg l-1 NH4NO3 (x1), 1188 mg l-1 KNO3 (x2), 370 mg l-1 MgSO4 7H20 (x3) (MS), 370 mg l-1 KH2PO4 (x4), 331 mg l-1 CaCl2 (x5) (MS), and other substances at optimum concentrations adjusted earlier: ¼ MS Fe-EDTA, ¼ MS micro-elements, 20 mg l-1 myo-inositol, 0.1 mg l-1 thiamine (MS), 0.5 mg l-1 nicotinic acid (MS), 0.2 mg l-1 pyridoxine, 2 mg l-1 glycine (MS), 0.1 mg l-1 indole-3-acetic acid, 10 g l-1 sucrose and, only for solid media, 7 g l-1 Difco agar. The optimized medium may be used for propagation of virus-free plants, valuable clones and grapevine genotypes created by gene engineering. The mathematical design of experiment reported in this paper which enables stepwise optimization of in-vitro plant development may be used both in agriculture and in the food industry
178 kb

EFFICIENCY OF DIFFERENT TECHNOLOGIES OF SUNFLOWER CULTIVATION

abstract 0591005015 issue 59 pp. 244 – 254 31.05.2010 ru 2733
In the article results of a comparative study of technologies of cultivation of sunflower with application and without application of herbicides are resulted, and also their economic assessment is given
112 kb

INFLUENCE OF SYSTEM OF FERTILIZERS ON AGRO PHYSYCAL PROPERTIES OF LEACHED BLACK SOIL AND CROP YIELD OF SOY BEAN ON BACKGROUND MINIMAL TILLAGE

abstract 0520908012 issue 52 pp. 164 – 171 30.10.2009 ru 2712
The results of researching conditions of agro physical properties of leached black soil and crop yield of soy bean subject to system of fertilizers on minimal tillage, is reviewed in this article
558 kb

INNOVATIONS OF WINE GROWING IN RUSSIA. 13. THE NATIVE ZONED VARIETIES OF GRAPES

abstract 0561002010 issue 56 pp. 86 – 117 26.02.2010 ru 2703
In the article ampelographical descriptions and color photos of all of 13 native grades of the grapes zoned at 6 North Caucasian region of Russian Federation are presented. These varieties are national property of our state and pride of domestic wine growing
.