Scientific Journal of KubSAU

Polythematic online scientific journal
of Kuban State Agrarian University
ISSN 1990-4665
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132 kb

RESISTANCE OF WINTER WHEAT CULTIVARS TO YELLOW LEAF SPOT PATHOGEN

abstract 0911307116 issue 91 pp. 1728 – 1738 30.09.2013 ru 1777
The results of immunological assessment of winter wheat varieties included in the State register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation and the variety of different types of resistance to yellow leaf spot pathogen are presented in this article
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RESOURCE-SAVING APPROACHES TO THE POULTRY FEEDING

abstract 1151601001 issue 115 pp. 1 – 10 27.01.2016 ru 736
The experiment studied the use of an herbal component in feeding of young geese, consisting of hay meal and alfalfa juices coagulate. The replacement of 50 % of complete feed by the studied feeding stuff reduced the protein content in the diet by 9.9-14.9 % and increased the content of crude fiber 1.76-2.01 times. Gross weight gain in the experimental group decreased by 3.9 %, with an increase in feed cost by 17.1 %. However, carcasses of geese in experimental group increased absolute weight of muscles of the breast and legs by 28.6%, and the relative – 5.6 % (Р˃0.05). Using of herbal ingredients tended to increase the yield of dressed carcass by 4.8 %, while the share of internal fat and skin with subcutaneous fat was decreased. There were no differences in the chemical composition of poultry muscle tissue in the groups. Using of herbal ingredients decreased the cost of 1 kg of feed by 0.7 rubles, but the cost price of weight gain increased by 5.0 %. It was concluded that it is necessary to carry out additional studies involving the feeding of poultry with the identical by nutritional value compound feed with the additive under study or without it
748 kb

RESULTS OF CALVING AND THE COMPOSITION OF THE BLOOD OF HEIFERS OF SIMMENTAL BREED, MOVED TO THE TAMAN PENINSULA FROM THE ASTRAKHAN REGION

abstract 1341710107 issue 134 pp. 1350 – 1367 29.12.2017 ru 324
The article contains data on results of calving and blood tests of heifers moved from the Astrakhan region in the Temryuk district of the Krasnodar region in the condition of early pregnancy. According to the accompanying documents, cell blood count, hemoglobin and biochemical parameters were consistent with species and age normal. Calving took place without complications and did not require delivery; received 36 of 36 calves from cows. The quality of the calves found to be satisfactory. On the 45th day of service period, clinical signs of impaired health status were present in 2 animals, however biochemical markers of liver disease, inflammation, and anemia was identified in 7 heifers. In the context of work on creation of livestock combined milk and meat productivity of inseminated heifers and heifers of the Simmental breed the Simmental semen (25 cows) and Aberdeen Angus (34 cows) breeds. Fruitfully inseminated 55 out of 60 animals; indicator of severity of calving was 8 % for Simmental cows. Calves of Simmental breed and Simmental-Aberdeen Angus cross-breeds meet the requirements for live weight at birth and the exterior. Farming on the formation of herds of milk and meat direction of productivity are found to be effective
163 kb

RESULTS OF FEIJOA HYBRIDIZATION IN THE HUMID SUBTROPICS OF KRASNODAR REGION

abstract 1311707051 issue 131 pp. 595 – 603 29.09.2017 ru 382
Feijoa crop is valuable due to the complex of useful traits (high frost resistance, big yield, ornamental value and long profitable period). These fruits have delicate flavor, nutritional and dietary properties. The fruits are juicy with a pleasant, gentle, refreshing sweet and sour taste, specific strawberry-pineapple flavor and contain significant quantities of important substances for the human body. Pectin (up to 2.5%), sugars (6-14%), proteins, vitamins, organic acids, mineral salts, etc. are among them. However, the challenge of its cultivation is the lack of cultivars and plantations are represented by a mixture of hybrids originated from free pollination, and characterized by a great variety in biological and morphological traits, differing not only in yield, but in size, shape and yield period. In this connection, the breeders faced the objective to create new cultivars of feijoa, using classical and modern breeding methods and available genetic resources for commercial gardening and production. Development of the core hybrid diversity material and selection of promising forms are the most important stages of the breeding process, providing success of further breeding programs. The breeding of varieties and forms for crossings was carried out according to the principle of combining the desirable traits of the obtained offspring. There are direct and reverse crosses in six combinations ('Dachnaya' x 'Superba', 'September' x 'Superba', 'Dagomysskaya' x 'Superba', 'Superba' x 'Dachnaya', 'Superba' x 'September', Superba ; X 'Dachnaya'). The viability of the pollen was evaluated prior to pollination, by germination on a nutrient medium - 1% agar-agar + 15% sucrose. The degree of fertility varied year by year: in 2015 - 60-62%, and in 2016 - 68-77-88%. The best crossing combinations were established 'September' x 'Superba' and the 'Superba' x 'Dagomyskaya for the creation of the hybrid genepool of Feijoa sellowiana. A high percentage of germination of the feijoa seeds was noted in combinations of 'Dagomyskaya' x 'Superba' (74%) and 'Superba' x 'Dagomysskaya' (70%).
705 kb

RESULTS OF SELECTIONAL ESTIMATION OF FOREST CROPS OF LARCH IN MORDOVIA REPUBLIC

abstract 0901306055 issue 90 pp. 822 – 832 30.06.2013 ru 1417
We have studied the growth of larch plantations in the Republic of Mordovia in order to assess the breeding and selection of candidates for plus trees
188 kb

RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF THE WINTER BARLEY VARIETIES ESTABLISHED IN THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA

abstract 1231609024 issue 123 pp. 347 – 365 30.11.2016 ru 1037
Barley (hordeum vulgare) is a valuable food and forage crop. It is cultivated in the world on an area of about 60 million hectares. A major region of barley cultivation in the Russian Federation is the Southern Federal District. The variety is one of the main factors determining the demand for crop. To use the varieties effectively we must have a complex of economically valuable traits such as hardiness, resistance to lodging, disease and pest resistance. These traits make it possible to generate the harvest high and stable from year to year. The article is devoted to the analysis of winter barley varieties, created in the south of Russia from ancient times to the present day. The main achievements of the leading Russian breeding facilities and experienced breeders of scientists set out in chronological order. The article describes the methods and principles of selection (from individual selection to mutagenesis and complex selective breeding) used to breeding the new varieties of winter barley. The most attention is given to the outstanding varieties included to the mating program today
166 kb

REVISITING THE RICE SALT RESISTANCE (REVIEW)

abstract 1051501057 issue 105 pp. 932 – 947 30.01.2015 ru 839
The total area of saline soils of rice irrigation systems in the Kuban region reaches almost 80 thousands hectares. Salinization and alkalinization here become a limiting factor for cultivating rice and companion crops. In this regard, the tolerance of plants to soil salinity is a current problem of plant breeding that attracts the attention of many agricultural researchers whereas it is necessary to increase the yield in saline soils. Salt tolerance of crop plants is defined by a combination of properties which are based on the specific adaptation mechanisms. These mechanisms differ in nature and are associated with different levels of structural organization of the plant – from molecular to organismic one. The study of adaptation mechanisms at different levels of structural organization of plants is very important for increasing yield in saline soils. This article is a review giving a detailed analysis of plant salt tolerance research, particularly rice, which addresses the issues of inhibition of plant growth under saline conditions, the mechanisms of salt tolerance, the achievements and development of this branch of scientific research, as well as the application results of work found in the scientific literature
3245 kb

RICE AS A PRODUCT FOR DIETARY AND THERAPEUTIC NUTRITION

abstract 0721108002 issue 72 pp. 28 – 41 30.10.2011 ru 1370
Hulled rice has a high calorie content, light assimilability and dietary properties. It was shown why just after heavy application of chemical preparations on rice sowings its groats remain clean and are dietary and therapeutic product
2038 kb

RICE BLAST CONTROL WITH RELEASE OF RESISTANT VARIETIES

abstract 0851301048 issue 85 pp. 601 – 623 28.01.2013 ru 983
Among fungus diseases of rice, blast is the most harm-ful. The disease is caused by Pyricularia oryzae Cav. Rice is sensitive to blast at all fazes of vegetation. In Russia, the purposeful breeding of rice varieties re-sistant to this disease began in 1982. Over the past period, the rice varieties which are genetically protect-ed from blast and not requiring crop protection have been created
701 kb

ROBOTIC MEANS IN PLANT GROWING

abstract 1181604109 issue 118 pp. 1651 – 1661 29.04.2016 ru 563
The article considers tendencies of development of the agroindustrial complex based on intellectualization of technical means, development and implementation of robotic machines in different manufacturing operations. We have analyzed design features and practical application of robots with vision systems in crop production. We have identified the feasibility and effectiveness of the introduction of new physical methods of processing plants by means of robotic tools that will automate technological processes of processing plants. The article describes the analysis of the mobility of the model of robots developed in the WIM based on mathematical simulation at different operating conditions. To check the model, we present calculations of the dynamic behavior of the robot body at different driving modes. The study shows the graphs of movement parameters obtained from the results of simulation and dynamics of dispersal. The analysis identified the advantages of technological application of the robot on the example of gardening
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